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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Horizontal Phase Speed Distribution Of Gravity Waves Observed In Mesospheric Temperature Maps, Ahmad Talaei, Michael J. Taylor, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, Yucheng Zhao, Takashi S. Matsuda, Takuji Nakamura Jun 2015

Horizontal Phase Speed Distribution Of Gravity Waves Observed In Mesospheric Temperature Maps, Ahmad Talaei, Michael J. Taylor, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, Yucheng Zhao, Takashi S. Matsuda, Takuji Nakamura

Graduate Student Posters

The goal of the current work is to develop a method suitable for analyzing the horizontal phase speeds of atmospheric gravity waves from an extensive amount of gravity wave data obtained by the USU Advanced Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (AMTM) from Antarctica. The AMTM is a novel infrared digital imaging system that measures selected emission lines in the mesospheric OH (3,1) band to create intensity and temperature maps of the mesosphere. This analysis builds on the recent work by Matsuda et al 2014 using all-sky intensity data to investigate the horizontal phase speed distribution. In our analyses we applied this ...


Satellite Measurements Of Mesospheric Gravity Wave Temperature Variances Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire Jun 2015

Satellite Measurements Of Mesospheric Gravity Wave Temperature Variances Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire

Graduate Student Posters

Utah State University’s Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (MTM) has operated continuously at the Andes Lidar Observatory on Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.3° S, 70.7° S) since August 2009. Its purpose is to quantify gravity wave (GW) activity as observed in OH rotational temperature measurements in the mesosphere at an altitude of ~87 km with a particular interest in investigating short period GWs and their seasonal variability. 5.5 years data to date.

The SABER instrument aboard the TIMED satellite provides complimentary data to measure temperature variances and GW potential energy (PE) to quantify the small-scale GWs propagating up into ...


Investigating Mesospheric Gravity Wave Dynamics Over Mcmurdo Station, Antarctica (77° S), Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, Dominique Pautet Dec 2014

Investigating Mesospheric Gravity Wave Dynamics Over Mcmurdo Station, Antarctica (77° S), Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, Dominique Pautet

Graduate Student Posters

The ANtarctic Gravity Wave Instrument Network (ANGWIN) is an NSF sponsored international program designed to develop and utilize a network of gravity wave observatories using existing and new instrumentation operated at several established research stations around the continent. The primary goal is to better understand and quantify large-scale gravity wave climatology and their effects on the upper atmosphere over Antarctica. ANGWIN currently comprises research measurements from five nations (U.S., U.K., Australia, Japan, and Brazil) at seven international stations. Utah State University’s Atmospheric Imaging Lab operates an all-sky CCD, all-sky infrared imagers and an Advanced Mesospheric Temperature Mapper ...


Initial Measurements Of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Over Mcmurdo, Antarctica, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, P.Dominique Pautet Jun 2014

Initial Measurements Of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Over Mcmurdo, Antarctica, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, P.Dominique Pautet

Graduate Student Posters

The ANtarctic Gravity Wave Instrument Network (ANGWIN) is an NSF sponsored international program designed to develop and utilize a network of gravity wave observatories using existing and new instrumentation operated at several established research stations around the continent. The primary goal is to better understand and quantify large-scale gravity wave climatology and their effects on the upper atmosphere over Antarctica. ANGWIN currently comprises research measurements from five nations (U.S., U.K., Australia, Japan, and Brazil) at seven international stations. Utah State University’s Atmospheric Imaging Lab operates all-sky infrared and CCD imagers and an Advanced Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (AMTM ...


Midlatitude Mesospheric Temperature Anomalies During Major Ssw Events As Observed With Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Chad Fish, Joshua P. Herron Jun 2014

Midlatitude Mesospheric Temperature Anomalies During Major Ssw Events As Observed With Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Chad Fish, Joshua P. Herron

Graduate Student Posters

While the mesospheric temperature anomalies associated with Sudden Stratospheric Warmings (SSWs) have been observed extensively in the polar regions, observations of these anomalies at midlatitudes are sparse. The original Rayleigh-scatter lidar that operated at the Atmospheric Lidar Observatory (ALO; 41.7°N, 111.8°W) in the Center for Atmospheric and Space Sciences (CASS) on the campus of Utah State University (USU) collected a very dense set of temperature data for 11 years, from 1993 through 2004. The temperatures derived from these data extended over the mesosphere, from 45 to 90 km. This work focuses on the extensive Rayleigh lidar ...


Temperatures In The Mid-Latitude Mesosphere During Sudden Stratospheric Warmings As Determined From Rayleigh Lidar Data, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Chad Fish, Joshua P. Herron Dec 2013

Temperatures In The Mid-Latitude Mesosphere During Sudden Stratospheric Warmings As Determined From Rayleigh Lidar Data, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Chad Fish, Joshua P. Herron

Graduate Student Posters

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings (SSWs) are major disturbances in the polar region of the winter hemisphere that cause major changes in stratospheric temperature and circulation. SSWs are characterized by a temperature increase of tens of degrees Kelvin, averaged over 60°-90° latitude, and a weakening of the polar vortex that persists for the order of a week at the 10 hPa level (roughly 32 km) [Labitzke and Naujokat, 2000]. The polar vortices are cyclones centered on both of the Earth’s poles that are present from the mid-troposphere to the lower stratosphere. Eastward zonal winds define the strong polar vortices in ...


Satellite And Ground-Based Measurements Of Mesospheric Temperature Variability Over Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.3° S), Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, P. D. Pautet, J. M. Russell Oct 2013

Satellite And Ground-Based Measurements Of Mesospheric Temperature Variability Over Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.3° S), Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, P. D. Pautet, J. M. Russell

Graduate Student Posters

— Observations of mesospheric OH (6,2) rotational temperatures by the Utah State University Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (MTM) located at the Andes Lidar Observatory, Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.3◦ S, 70.7◦ W) reveal a large range of nightly variations induced by atmospheric gravity waves and tides, as well as strong seasonal oscillations. This study investigates MTM temperature variability over the past 4 years comprising over 800 nights of high-quality data and compares the results with MTM measurements from Maui, Hawaii (2001-2005) and coincident mesospheric temperature measurement by the SABER instrument on the NASA TIMED satellite.


Ground-Based Observations With A Rayleigh-Mie-Raman Lidar From 15-120 Km, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Joshua P. Herron, David L. Barton, Matthew T. Emerick Oct 2013

Ground-Based Observations With A Rayleigh-Mie-Raman Lidar From 15-120 Km, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Joshua P. Herron, David L. Barton, Matthew T. Emerick

Graduate Student Posters

Rayleigh lidar systems have historically made ground-based observations of the upper atmosphere (stratosphere and mesosphere) from 35-90 km. This technology has helped fill the data collection gap between the troposphere and space. Recently our Rayleigh lidar group at the Atmospheric Lidar Observatory on the campus of Utah State University (42° N, 112° W) upgraded the original lidar system in order to extend the measurement range for neutral densities and temperatures to higher altitudes and has increased the upper limit, so far, from 90 to 110 km. Next, we will extend the lower altitude limit downward to 15 km. This will ...


Observations Of Mesospheric Temperature Variability Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, P. D. Paudet, James M. Russell Jun 2013

Observations Of Mesospheric Temperature Variability Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, P. D. Paudet, James M. Russell

Graduate Student Posters

Observations of mesospheric OH(6,2) rotational temperatures by the Utah State University Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (MTM) located at the Andes Lidar Observatory, Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.3°S, 70.7°S) reveal a large range of nightly variations induced by atmospheric gravity waves and tides, as well as strong seasonal oscillations. This study investigates MTM temperature variability over the past 3.5 years comprising over 800 nights of high-quality data and compares the results with ground-based spectrometric measurements from nearby El Leoncito Observatory, Argentina, Maui-MALT, Hawaii MTM measurements (2001-2005) and coincident mesospheric temperature measurement by SABER on the NASA ...


Electrostatic Discharge Properties Of Fused Silica Coatings, Allen Andersen, Charles Sim, Jr Dennison Oct 2012

Electrostatic Discharge Properties Of Fused Silica Coatings, Allen Andersen, Charles Sim, Jr Dennison

Graduate Student Posters

The electric field value at which electrostatic discharge (ESD) occurs was studied for thin coatings of fused silica (highly disordered SiO2/SiOx) on conductive substrates, such as those encountered as optical coatings and in Si microfabrication. The electrostatic breakdown field was determined using an increasing voltage, while monitoring the leakage current. A simple parallel-plate capacitor geometry was used, under medium vacuum and at temperatures down to ~150 K using a liquid N2 reservoir. The breakdown field, pre-breakdown arcing and I-V curves for fused silica samples are compared for ~60 nm and ~80 μm thick, room and low temperature, and untreated ...


Upgraded Alo Rayleigh Lidar System And Its Improved Gravity Wave Measurements, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Joshua P. Herron, Marcus J. Bingham Jun 2012

Upgraded Alo Rayleigh Lidar System And Its Improved Gravity Wave Measurements, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Joshua P. Herron, Marcus J. Bingham

Graduate Student Posters

The Rayleigh-Scatter lidar system at the Atmospheric Lidar Observatory (ALO) on the Utah State campus is currently going through a series of upgrades to significantly improve its observational abilities. A specific objective of these upgrades is to expand the altitude range over which backscattered photons can be collected. A second objective is to increase the sensitivity of the instrument to be able to analyze the raw data at finer temporal and/or spatial resolutions. By measuring relative densities, the system will be able to produce absolute temperatures and relative density perturbations, which illustrate gravity wave structures. Gravity wave studies will ...


Investigating Mountain Waves In Mtm Image Data At Cerro Pachon, Chile, Neal R. Criddle, Michael J. Taylor, P. D. Pautet, Y. Zhao, G. Swenson, S. Franke, A. Liu Jun 2012

Investigating Mountain Waves In Mtm Image Data At Cerro Pachon, Chile, Neal R. Criddle, Michael J. Taylor, P. D. Pautet, Y. Zhao, G. Swenson, S. Franke, A. Liu

Graduate Student Posters

Gravity waves are important drivers of chemical species mixing, energy and momentum transfer into the MLT (~80 - 100 km) region. As part of a collaborative program involving instruments from several institutions Utah State University has operated a Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (MTM) at the new Andes Lidar Observatory (ALO) on Cerro Pachon (30.2°S, 70.7°W) Since August 2009. A primary goal of this program is to quantify the impact of mountain waves on the MLT region. The Andes region is an excellent natural laboratory for investigating gravity wave influences on the MLT region, especially the study of mountain ...


Characterization Of An Axially Sampling Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometer For Upper Atmospheric Measurements, Addison E. Everett, Scott Schicker, Mike Watson, Wayne Sanderson, Dalon Work, Cameron Weston, James Dyer, Erik Syrstad May 2012

Characterization Of An Axially Sampling Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometer For Upper Atmospheric Measurements, Addison E. Everett, Scott Schicker, Mike Watson, Wayne Sanderson, Dalon Work, Cameron Weston, James Dyer, Erik Syrstad

Graduate Student Posters

The mesosphere/lower thermosphere (MLT) lies between the turbulent mixing and diffusive layers of the earth’s upper atmosphere. Temperatures in this region are varied and include the coldest region of the earth’s atmosphere, the mesopause. Too high for aircraft and too low for satellites, the only method of direct access to the MLT is by sounding rocket for periods of at most a few minutes. Because of this, the MLT is the most difficult region of the earth’s atmosphere to access and is therefore the least understood region of the earth’s atmosphere. Accurate in-situ measurements of ...


Observations With The Most Sensitive Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Joshua P. Herron, Marcus J. Bingham Apr 2012

Observations With The Most Sensitive Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Joshua P. Herron, Marcus J. Bingham

Graduate Student Posters

The mesosphere is the most unexplored region of the atmosphere. Its altitude range of 50-85 km lies in between the reaches of data collecting instruments like weather balloons and satellites. For this reason, remote sensing systems, such as lidar, which are able to employ ground-based instruments to make extensive measurements in this difficult to detect region. The Rayleigh-scatter lidar at USU is currently being redeveloped to be the most powerful and sensitive of its kind. This type of lidar exploits light and particle interactions, like those that account for the blue color of the sky, to make relative density and ...


A New Mass Spectrometer For Upper Atmospheric Measurements In The Auroral Region, Addison E. Everett, James S. Dyer, Mike Watson, Wayne Sanderson, Scott Schicker, Dalon Work, Christopher J. Mertens, Scott M. Bailey, Erik A. Syrstad Dec 2011

A New Mass Spectrometer For Upper Atmospheric Measurements In The Auroral Region, Addison E. Everett, James S. Dyer, Mike Watson, Wayne Sanderson, Scott Schicker, Dalon Work, Christopher J. Mertens, Scott M. Bailey, Erik A. Syrstad

Graduate Student Posters

We have previously presented a new rocket-borne time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOF-MS) for measurements in the mesosphere / lower thermosphere (MLT). Traditionally, mass spectrometry in the MLT has been difficult, mainly due to the elevated ambient pressures of the MLT and high speeds of a sounding rocket flight, which affect the direct sampling of the ambient atmosphere and spatial resolution. The TOF-MS is a versatile, inherently adaptable, axial-sampling instrument, capable of operating in a traditional TOF mode or in a multiplexing Hadamard-transform mode where high spatial resolution is desired. To minimize bow shock effects at low altitudes (~70-110km), the ram surface of ...


Mesospheric Temperature Variability And Seasonal Characteristics Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Yucheng Zhao, Michael J. Taylor, P D. Pautet Jul 2011

Mesospheric Temperature Variability And Seasonal Characteristics Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Yucheng Zhao, Michael J. Taylor, P D. Pautet

Graduate Student Posters

The Utah State University CEDAR Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (MTM) is a high-quality CCD imager capable of remote sensing faint optical emissions from the night sky to determine mesospheric temperature and its variability at an altitude of ~87 km. The MTM was operated at the new Andes Lidar Observatory (ALO)located at Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.2° S, 70.7° W) since August 2009 to investigate the seasonal characteristic of the mesopause at mid-latitudes. Measurement were made alongside a powerful lidar capable of height sounding the mesosphere. In this study, the MTM data have been analyzed to determine night to night ...


Seasonal Variability And Dynamics Of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Over The Andes, Neal R. Criddle, Michael J. Taylor, P. D. Pautet, Y. Zhao Jun 2011

Seasonal Variability And Dynamics Of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Over The Andes, Neal R. Criddle, Michael J. Taylor, P. D. Pautet, Y. Zhao

Graduate Student Posters

The ALO is a new facility developed for atmospheric research, located at the foot of the Andes mountain range in Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.2°S, 70.7°W). As part of a collaborative program, Utah State has a mesospheric temperature mapper (MTM) on site, which is used to study short period gravity wave dynamics and temperature variations in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere region. The MTM began taking measurements of the OH(6,2) and O2(0,1) spectral bands in August 2009 and a complete profile of seasonal variation in gravity wave characteristics has been created for August 2009 through ...


A Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometer For Upper Atmospheric Measurements, Addison E. Everett, E. A. Syrstad Apr 2011

A Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometer For Upper Atmospheric Measurements, Addison E. Everett, E. A. Syrstad

Graduate Student Posters

The mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) is perhaps the least understood region of the earth’s atmosphere due to the difficulty of obtaining in-situ measurements. Access to the MLT is limited to high-speed sounding rockets for brief periods of at most a few minutes. Because of its wide mass range and high scan rate, Time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS) has potential to resolve thin layers of diverse species in the MLT. However, because ambient pressures can reach into the millitorr range, TOF-MS has rarely been applied in the MLT due to its dependence on high voltages and microchannel plate (MCP) detectors. A novel ...


Characterization Of Pollen Particles Using Lidar, Leda Sox Oct 2010

Characterization Of Pollen Particles Using Lidar, Leda Sox

Graduate Student Posters

We have observed pollen in the local troposphere using the depolarization capabilities of a LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) system. The polarization characteristics of the received LIDAR signal, along with supplemental pollen forecast data, allowed me to characterize the shape of the pollen particles.


The First Ten Months Of Investigation Of Gravity Waves And Temperature Variability Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Neal Criddle, Michael J. Taylor, P. D. Pautet, Yucheng Zhao Oct 2010

The First Ten Months Of Investigation Of Gravity Waves And Temperature Variability Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Neal Criddle, Michael J. Taylor, P. D. Pautet, Yucheng Zhao

Graduate Student Posters

The Andes region is an excellent natural laboratory for investigating gravity wave influences on the Upper Mesospheric and Lower Thermospheric (MLT) dynamics. The instrument suite that comprised the very successful Maui-MALT program was recently re-located to a new Andes Lidar Observatory (ALO) located at Cerro Pachon, Chile to obtain in-depth seasonal measurements of MLT dynamics over the Andes mountains. As part of the instrument set the Utah State University CEDAR Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (MTM) has operated continuously since August 2009 measuring the near infrared OH(6,2) band and the O2(0,1) Atmospheric band intensity and temperature perturbations. This ...


Intra-Annual Comparison Of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Over Halley And Rothera Stations, Antarctica, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, K. Nielsen, A. Wall, J. Thompson, P. D. Pautet Oct 2009

Intra-Annual Comparison Of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Over Halley And Rothera Stations, Antarctica, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, K. Nielsen, A. Wall, J. Thompson, P. D. Pautet

Graduate Student Posters

No abstract provided.