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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Equations Of State In A Strongly Interacting Relativistic System, Jason Paul Keith Jan 2014

Equations Of State In A Strongly Interacting Relativistic System, Jason Paul Keith

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

It has long been understood that the ground state of a superdense quark system, a Fermi liquid of weakly interacting quarks, is unstable with respect to the formation of diquark condensates. This nonperturbative phenomenon is essentially equivalent to the Cooper in-stability of conventional BCS superconductivity. As the quark pairs have nonzero color charge, this kind of superconductivity breaks the SU(3) color gauge symmetry, thus the phe-nomenon is called color superconductivity. However, not much is known about the behavior of quark systems at moderate densities between the formation of baryons and asymptotic freedom. Strong theoretical and experimental evidence suggests that ...


Super Resolution Pump-Probe Microscopy With Point Spread Function Engineering, Farzaneh Mohajerani Jan 2014

Super Resolution Pump-Probe Microscopy With Point Spread Function Engineering, Farzaneh Mohajerani

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Since the last decade, new techniques have made optical microscopy break the diffraction barrier of resolution where all of them are based on molecular fluorescence. Among them, stimulated emission depletion microscopy (STED) has reached less than 25 nm resolution by engineering the point spread function. However, the existing obstacles associated with fluorescence tagging makes it desirable to achieve label-free imaging. Recently the pump-probe method has made it possible to obtain image contrast from molecular absorption and vibration signatures that do not depend on fluorescence. We introduce Super Resolution Pump-Probe Microscopy (SRPPM), in which we combine both PSF engineering method and ...


Light Scattering From Aerosol Particles In The El Paso Del Norte Region / The Effect Of Humidity, Richard Medina Calderon Jan 2014

Light Scattering From Aerosol Particles In The El Paso Del Norte Region / The Effect Of Humidity, Richard Medina Calderon

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Atmospheric aerosols play an important role in climate forcing, through scattering and absorption of the incoming solar radiation. The extinction of light by the presence of atmospheric aerosols was studied using two first-principle models, and corresponding computer codes. In the first model the extinction of light from irregularly shaped aerosol particles was analyzed. In the second model it was assumed that the irregularly shaped aerosol particles were covered by a film of water, and the hygroscopicity and the extinction of light by the aerosols was analyzed. These models were then applied to the Paso del Norte region and their light ...


Digitally Manufactured Spatially Variant Photonic Crystals, Javier Jair Pazos Jan 2014

Digitally Manufactured Spatially Variant Photonic Crystals, Javier Jair Pazos

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Metamaterials and photonic crystals are engineered composites that exhibit electromagnetic properties superior to those found in nature. They have been shown to produce novel and useful phenomena that allow extraordinary control over the electromagnetic field. One of these phenomena is self-collimation, an effect observed in photonic crystals in which a beam of light propagates without diffraction and is forced to flow in the direction of the crystal. Self-collimation however, like many of the mechanisms enabled through dispersion engineering, is effective in directions only along the principal axes of the lattice. To this effect, a general purpose synThesis procedure was developed ...


Strongly Coupled Quark Matter: Chiral Symmetry Breaking In A Magnetic Field, And Eos In The Bec-Bec Crossover, Israel Portillo Vazquez Jan 2014

Strongly Coupled Quark Matter: Chiral Symmetry Breaking In A Magnetic Field, And Eos In The Bec-Bec Crossover, Israel Portillo Vazquez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

We explore chiral symmetry breaking in a magnetic field within a Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model of interacting massless quarks including tensor channels. The new interaction channels are opened up through Fierz identities due to the breaking of the rotational symmetry by the magnetic field. We demonstrate that the magnetic catalysis of chiral symmetry breaking leads to the generation of two independent condensates, the conventional chiral condensate and a spin-one condensate. While the chiral condensate generates a dynamical fermion mass, the spin-one condensate gives rise to a dynamical anomalous magnetic moment for the fermions. We also investigate the possibility of a crossover from ...


Two-Photon Microscopy For Biomedical Studies, Yassel Acosta Jan 2014

Two-Photon Microscopy For Biomedical Studies, Yassel Acosta

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Fluorescence optical microscopy is one of the most important tools to investigate biological samples and to observe structures in living cells. Based on the principle of the simultaneous absorption of two-photons and subsequent emission of fluorescent light we have developed a Two-Photon Laser Scanning Fluorescence Microscope that allow us to perform optical sectioning and three-dimensional reconstructions of structures in biological samples such as dopaminergic clusters of neurons and tracheal branches in Drosophila brain. The spatial confinement of the excitation light to the focal plane combined with the temporal compression of photons into short packets during femtosecond pulses make our system ...


Integrating Two-Photon Microscopy And Cryo-Electron Microscopy For Studying The Interaction Of Caféteria Roenbergensis And Crov, Seyedmohammadali Aghvami Jan 2014

Integrating Two-Photon Microscopy And Cryo-Electron Microscopy For Studying The Interaction Of Caféteria Roenbergensis And Crov, Seyedmohammadali Aghvami

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Cafeteria roenbergensis (Cro) is a marine zooplankton; its voracious appetite plays a significant role in regulating bacteria populations. The giant virus that lives within Cro, known as Cafeteria roenbergensis virus (CroV), has an important effect on the mortality of Cro populations. Although viral infections are extremely abundant in oceans, the complete procedure of the infection is still unknown. We study the infection process of Cro by CroV to find out whether the initial contact is through phagocytosis or CroV penetrating the host cell membrane directly. Cro is a moving at speed in the range of 10-100 um/s, therefore, there ...


Electronic Structure And Charge Transfer Excited States Of Endohedral Fullerene Containing Electron Donor-Acceptor Complexes Utilized In Organic Photovoltaics, Fatemeh Amerikheirabadi Jan 2014

Electronic Structure And Charge Transfer Excited States Of Endohedral Fullerene Containing Electron Donor-Acceptor Complexes Utilized In Organic Photovoltaics, Fatemeh Amerikheirabadi

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Organic Donor &ndash Acceptor complexes form the main component of the organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs). The open circuit voltage of OPVs is directly related to the charge transfer excited state energies of these complexes. Currently a large number of different molecular complexes are being tested for their efficiency in photovoltaic devices. In this work, density functional theory as implemented in the NRLMOL code is used to investigate the electronic structure and related properties of these donor &ndash acceptor complexes. The charge transfer excitation energies are calculated using the perturbative delta self &ndash consistent field method recently developed in our group ...


The Study Of The Dielectric Properties Of The Endohedral Fullerenes, Shusil Bhusal Jan 2014

The Study Of The Dielectric Properties Of The Endohedral Fullerenes, Shusil Bhusal

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Dielectric response of the metal nitride fullerenes is studied using the density functional theory at the all-electron level using generalized gradient approximation. The dielectric response is studied by computing the static dipole polarizabilities using the finite field method, i.e. by numerically differentiating the dipole moments with respect to electric field. The endohedral fullerenes studied in this work are Sc3N@C68(6140), Sc3N@C68(6146), Sc3N@C70(7854), Sc3N@C70(7960), Sc3N@C76(17490), Sc3N@C78(22010), Sc3N@C80(31923), Sc3N@C80(31924), Sc3N@C82(39663), Sc3N@C90(43), Sc3N@C90(44), Sc3N@C92(85), Sc3N@C94(121), Sc3N@C96 ...


A Study Of Ti-Doped Wo3 Thin Films Using Comparative Theoretical And Experimental Approach, Aurelio Paez Jan 2014

A Study Of Ti-Doped Wo3 Thin Films Using Comparative Theoretical And Experimental Approach, Aurelio Paez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Metal oxides like Tungsten Oxide (WO3) are well documented and characterized in the literature, with uses in darkening windows and mirrors, flat computer displays, solar panel cooling, and sensors (of interest in this study). Ti doping of WO3 is less documented and the focus of this study. Sample thin films of pure WO3 and varyingly Ti doped WO3 were prepared using Radio Frequency magnetron sputtering (RF) (13.56 MHz) to grow thin films on a silicon substrate. This study aims to compare multiple Ti doping percentages in WO3 theoretically and then compare with experimental data taken from thin films of ...


Finite Density Qed At Strong Magnetic Field, Paul Lee Springsteen Jan 2014

Finite Density Qed At Strong Magnetic Field, Paul Lee Springsteen

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

In this Thesis we study the effect of a dense medium on the quantum properties of a relativistic electron-positron plasma under a magnetic field. From the calculation of the photon polarization operator depending on temperature, chemical potential, and the magnetic field; we study how the electric susceptibility of the strongly magnetized plasma is charged with temperature and density. In the same manner we study the dependence of the Debye mass with density. Then we investigated the phenomenon of magnetic catalysis of chiral symmetry breaking for a dense medium. We found that there exist a critical value of the chemical potential ...