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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Ferroelectric Polarization Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Pbzr0.2ti0.8o3/La0.8sr0.2mno3 Heterostructures, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. L. Tao, Y. Hao, Jingfeng Song, Xiaoshan Xu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Xia Hong Feb 2019

Ferroelectric Polarization Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Pbzr0.2ti0.8o3/La0.8sr0.2mno3 Heterostructures, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. L. Tao, Y. Hao, Jingfeng Song, Xiaoshan Xu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Xia Hong

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The interfacial coupling between the switchable polarization and neighboring magnetic order makes ferroelectric/ferromagnetic composite structures a versatile platform to realize voltage control of magnetic anisotropy. We report the nonvolatile ferroelectric field effect modulation of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) in epitaxial PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 (PZT)/La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 (LSMO) heterostructures grown on (001) SrTiO3 substrates. Planar Hall effect measurements show that the in-plane magnetic anisotropy energy in LSMO is enhanced by about 22% in the hole accumulation state compared to the depletion state, in quantitative agreement with our first-principles ...


Electric Control Of Spin Injection Into A Ferroelectric Semiconductor, Xiaohui Liu, John D. Burton, M. Ye. Zhuravlev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Jan 2015

Electric Control Of Spin Injection Into A Ferroelectric Semiconductor, Xiaohui Liu, John D. Burton, M. Ye. Zhuravlev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Electric-field control of spin-dependent properties has become one of the most attractive phenomena in modern materials research due to the promise of new device functionalities. One of the paradigms in this approach is to electrically toggle the spin polarization of carriers injected into a semiconductor using ferroelectric polarization as a control parameter. Using first-principles density-functional calculations, we explore the effect of ferroelectric polarization of electron-doped BaTiO3 (n-BaTiO3) on the spin-polarized transmission across the SrRuO3/n-BaTiO3(001) interface. Our study reveals that, in this system, the interface transmission is negatively spin polarized and that ferroelectric ...


Chemically Induced Jahn–Teller Ordering On Manganite Surfaces, Zheng Gai, Wenzhi Lin, John D. Burton, K. Fuchigami, Paul C. Snijders, T. Z. Ward, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, J. Shen, Stephen Jesse, Sergei V. Kalinin, Arthur P. Baddorf Jul 2014

Chemically Induced Jahn–Teller Ordering On Manganite Surfaces, Zheng Gai, Wenzhi Lin, John D. Burton, K. Fuchigami, Paul C. Snijders, T. Z. Ward, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, J. Shen, Stephen Jesse, Sergei V. Kalinin, Arthur P. Baddorf

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Physical and electrochemical phenomena at the surfaces of transition metal oxides and their coupling to local functionality remains one of the enigmas of condensed matter physics. Understanding the emergent physical phenomena at surfaces requires the capability to probe the local composition, map order parameter fields and establish their coupling to electronic properties. Here we demonstrate that measuring the sub-30-pm displacements of atoms from high-symmetry positions in the atomically resolved scanning tunnelling microscopy allows the physical order parameter fields to be visualized in real space on the single-atom level. Here, this local crystallographic analysis is applied to the in-situ-grown manganite surfaces ...


Adherent Cells Avoid Polarization Gradients On Periodically Poled Litao3 Ferroelectrics, Christof Christophis, Elisabetta Ada Cavalcanti-Adam, Maximilian Hanke, Kenji Kitamura, Alexei Gruverman, Michael Grunze, Peter A. Dowben, Axel Rosenhahn Jan 2013

Adherent Cells Avoid Polarization Gradients On Periodically Poled Litao3 Ferroelectrics, Christof Christophis, Elisabetta Ada Cavalcanti-Adam, Maximilian Hanke, Kenji Kitamura, Alexei Gruverman, Michael Grunze, Peter A. Dowben, Axel Rosenhahn

Peter Dowben Publications

The response of fibroblast cells to periodically poled LiTaO3 ferroelectric crystals has been studied. While fibroblast cells do not show morphological differences on the two polarization directions, they show a tendency to avoid the field gradients that occur between polarization domains of the ferroelectric. The response to the field gradients is fully established after one hour, a time at which fibroblasts form their first focal contacts. If suspension cells, with a lower tendency to establish strong surface contacts are used, no influence of the field gradients is observed.


A Low-Voltage Retarding-Field Mott Polarimeter For Photocathode Characterization, J.L. Mccarter, M.L. Stutzman, K.W. Trantham, Timothy G. Anderson, A.M. Cook, Timothy J. Gay Jan 2010

A Low-Voltage Retarding-Field Mott Polarimeter For Photocathode Characterization, J.L. Mccarter, M.L. Stutzman, K.W. Trantham, Timothy G. Anderson, A.M. Cook, Timothy J. Gay

Timothy J. Gay Publications

Nuclear physics experiments at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility’s CEBAF rely on high polarization electron beams. We describe a recently commissioned system for prequalifying and studying photocathodes for CEBAF with a load-locked, low-voltage polarized electron source coupled to a compact retarding-field Mott polarimeter. The polarimeter uses simplified electrode structures and operates from 5 to 30 kV. The effective Sherman function for this device has been calibrated by comparison with the CEBAF 5 MeV Mott polarimeter. For elastic scattering from a thick gold target at 20 keV, the effective Sherman function is 0.201(5). Its maximum efficiency at 20 ...


Modelling Continuum Optical And Ultraviolet Polarization Of Active Galactic Nuclei, René W. Goosmann, C. Martin Gaskell Jun 2005

Modelling Continuum Optical And Ultraviolet Polarization Of Active Galactic Nuclei, René W. Goosmann, C. Martin Gaskell

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We present results from a new Monte Carlo radiative transfer computer code, STOKES, developed to model polarization induced by scattering off free electrons and dust grains. STOKES is freely available on the web and can be used to model scattering in a wide variety of astrophysical situations. For edge-on (type-2) viewing positions, the polarization produced by a dusty torus alone is largely wavelength-independent.

This is because the torus is optically thick and the change in albedo with wavelength is slight. Wavelength-independent polarization therefore does not necessarily imply electron scattering. We are able to fully explain wavelength independent type-2 polarization without ...