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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Ordered Growth Of Ferroelectric Diisopropylammonium-Bromide Microcrystals Through Slotted-Jar Growth And Lithographically Controlled Wetting, Andrew J. Fanning Mar 2019

Ordered Growth Of Ferroelectric Diisopropylammonium-Bromide Microcrystals Through Slotted-Jar Growth And Lithographically Controlled Wetting, Andrew J. Fanning

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Organic molecular ferroelectrics show promise for industry applications because of their switchable high spontaneous polarization value, mechanical flexibility, and cost-effectiveness. Since these materials, namely diisopropylammonium bromide, exhibit ferroelectricity only in tandem with a high level of crystallinity, novel methods must be explored in order to ensure that high levels of crystallinity are achieved. This project seeked to perfect the methods of Slotted Jar Growth and Lithographically Controlled Wetting (LCW). Slotted Jar Growth uses temperature driven solution saturation to grow crystals on a desired substrate. LCW drives the growth of microscopic diisopropylammonium bromide crystals, in their ferroelectric phase, through the use ...


Phys 231: Electric And Electronic Circuits—A Peer Review Of Teaching Project Benchmark Portfolio, Xiaoshan Xu Jan 2015

Phys 231: Electric And Electronic Circuits—A Peer Review Of Teaching Project Benchmark Portfolio, Xiaoshan Xu

UNL Faculty Course Portfolios

In this portfolio, I employed a backward design teaching approach on the course PHY231 (Electric and Electronic circuit). I first decide the course objectives and choose the teaching strategies and activities emphasizing student engagement and feedbacks. The effectiveness of the teaching strategies and activities are assessed throughout the course; the adjustments are made accordingly. The results are analyzed at the end of the semester. The assessments indicate that the course objectives are fundamentally achieved and the teaching strategies are effective.

The objectives of the course are:

  1. Students will reinforce their understanding in electricity and magnetism.
  2. Students will learn theory of ...


Search For Heavy Long-Lived Charged Particles In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Search For Heavy Long-Lived Charged Particles In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

The result of a search for heavy long-lived charged particles produced in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV at the LHC is described. The data sample has been collected using the CMS detector and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb−1. The inner tracking detectors are used to define a sample of events containing tracks with high momentum and high ionization energy loss. A second sample of events, which have high-momentum tracks satisfying muon identification requirements in addition to meeting high-ionization and long time-of-flight requirements, is analyzed independently. In both cases, the results are consistent with the ...


Search For The Standard Model Higgs Boson Decaying Into Two Photons In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Search For The Standard Model Higgs Boson Decaying Into Two Photons In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

A search for a Higgs boson decaying into two photons is described. The analysis is performed using a dataset recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC from pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, which corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.8 fb−1. Limits are set on the cross section of the standard model Higgs boson decaying to two photons. The expected exclusion limit at 95% confidence level is between 1.4 and 2.4 times the standard model cross section in the mass range between 110 and 150 GeV. The analysis of the data ...


Search For Large Extra Dimensions In Dimuon And Dielectron Events In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Search For Large Extra Dimensions In Dimuon And Dielectron Events In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

Results are presented from a search for large, extra spatial dimensions in events with either two isolated muons or two isolated electrons. The data are from proton–proton interactions at √s = 7 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The size of the data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of approximately 2 fb−1. The observed dimuon and dielectron mass spectra are found to be consistent with standard-model expectations. Depending on the number of extra dimensions, the 95% confidence level limits from the combined μμ and ee channels range from Ms > 2.4 TeV to M ...


Measurement Of Isolated Photon Production In Pp And Pbpb Collisions At √Snn = 2.76 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, Jose Lazo-Flores, Helena Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Measurement Of Isolated Photon Production In Pp And Pbpb Collisions At √Snn = 2.76 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, Jose Lazo-Flores, Helena Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

Isolated photon production is measured in proton–proton and lead–lead collisions at nucleon–nucleon centre-of-mass energies of 2.76 TeV in the pseudorapidity range |η| < 1.44 and transverse energies ET between 20 and 80 GeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measured ET spectra are found to be in good agreement with next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD predictions. The ratio of PbPb to pp isolated photon ET -differential yields, scaled by the number of incoherent nucleon–nucleon collisions, is consistent with unity for all PbPb reaction centralities.


Search For Heavy Majorana Neutrinos In Μ±Μ± +Jets And E±E± + Jets Events In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Search For Heavy Majorana Neutrinos In Μ±Μ± +Jets And E±E± + Jets Events In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

A search is performed for heavy Majorana neutrinos (N) using an event signature defined by two samesign charged leptons of the same flavour and two jets. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.98 fb−1 of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. No excess of events is observed beyond the expected standard model background and therefore upper limits are set on the square of the mixing parameter, |VℓN|2, for ℓ = e,μ, as a function of heavy Majorana-neutrino mass. These are the ...


Observation Of A New Boson At A Mass Of 125 Gev With The Cms Experiment At The Lhc, Cms Collaboration, Garhan Attebury, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, Brian Bockelman, S. Bose, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, Carl Lundstedt, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow, David R. Swanson Jan 2012

Observation Of A New Boson At A Mass Of 125 Gev With The Cms Experiment At The Lhc, Cms Collaboration, Garhan Attebury, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, Brian Bockelman, S. Bose, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, Carl Lundstedt, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow, David R. Swanson

Kenneth Bloom Publications

Results are presented from searches for the standard model Higgs boson in proton–proton collisions at √s = 7 and 8 TeV in the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at the LHC, using data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1 fb−1 at 7 TeV and 5.3 fb−1 at 8 TeV. The search is performed in five decay modes: γγ, ZZ, W+W, τ+τ, and bb̅. An excess of events is observed above the expected background, with a local significance of 5.0 standard deviations, at a mass near 125 GeV, signalling the production of ...


Jet Momentum Dependence Of Jet Quenching In Pbpb Collisions At √Snn = 2.76 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, Jose Lazo-Flores, Helena Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Jet Momentum Dependence Of Jet Quenching In Pbpb Collisions At √Snn = 2.76 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, Jose Lazo-Flores, Helena Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

Dijet production in PbPb collisions at a nucleon–nucleon center-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV is studied with the CMS detector at the LHC. A data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 150 μb−1 is analyzed. Jets are reconstructed using combined information from tracking and calorimetry, using the anti-kT algorithm with R = 0.3. The dijet momentum balance and angular correlations are studied as a function of collision centrality and leading jet transverse momentum. For the most peripheral PbPb collisions, good agreement of the dijet momentum balance distributions with pp data and reference calculations at the ...


Search For Neutral Higgs Bosons Decaying To Tau Pairs In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Search For Neutral Higgs Bosons Decaying To Tau Pairs In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

A search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is performed using a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.6 fb−1 recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The search is sensitive to both the standard model Higgs boson and to the neutral Higgs bosons predicted by the minimal super symmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM). No excess of events is observed in the tau-pair invariant-mass spectrum. For a standard model Higgs boson in the mass range of 110–145 GeV upper limits at 95% confidence level ...


Inclusive And Differential Measurements Of The Tt̅ Charge Asymmetry In Proton–Proton Collisions At √S= 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Inclusive And Differential Measurements Of The Tt̅ Charge Asymmetry In Proton–Proton Collisions At √S= 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

The tt̅ charge asymmetry is measured in events containing a charged lepton (electron or muon) and at least four jets, one of which is identified as originating from b-quark hadronization. The analyzed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb−1 collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. An inclusive and three differential measurements of the tt̅ charge asymmetry as a function of rapidity, transverse momentum, and invariant mass of the tt̅ system are presented. The measured inclusive tt̅ charge asymmetry is AC = 0.004 ± 0.010 (stat.) ± 0.011 (syst.). This result and the ...


Search For Heavy, Top-Like Quark Pair Production In The Dilepton Final State In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Search For Heavy, Top-Like Quark Pair Production In The Dilepton Final State In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, J. Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

The results of a search for pair production of a heavy, top-like quark, t', in the decay mode t't̅' → bW+ b̅W → b +νb̅ν̅ are presented. The search is performed with a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb−1 in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The observed number of events agrees with the expectation from standard model processes, and no evidence of t't̅' production is found. Upper limits on the production cross section as a function of t ...


Study Of W Boson Production In Pbpb And Pp Collisions At √Snn = 2.76 Tev, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Study Of W Boson Production In Pbpb And Pp Collisions At √Snn = 2.76 Tev, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

A measurement is presented of W-boson production in PbPb collisions carried out at a nucleon–nucleon (NN) centre-of-mass energy √sNN of 2.76 TeV at the LHC using the CMS detector. In data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 μb−1, the number of W → μνμ decays is extracted in the region of muon pseudorapidity |ημ| < 2.1 and transverse momentum pμT > 25 GeV/c. Yields of muons found per unit of pseudorapidity correspond to (159 ± 10(stat.) ± 12(syst.)) × 10−8 W+ and (154 ± 10(stat.) ± 12(syst.)) × 10−8 W bosons per minimum-bias PbPb collision. The dependence ...


Search For The Standard Model Higgs Boson Decaying To Bottom Quarks In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Search For The Standard Model Higgs Boson Decaying To Bottom Quarks In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

A search for the standard model Higgs boson (H) decaying to bb̅ when produced in association with weak vector bosons (V) is reported for the following modes: W(μν)H, W(eν)H, Z(μμ)H, Z(ee)H and Z(νν)H. The search is performed in a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.7 fb−1, recorded by the CMS detector in proton–proton collisions at the LHC with a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. No significant excess of events above the expectation from background is observed. Upper limits on the V H production cross ...


Search For Physics Beyond The Standard Model In Events With A Z Boson, Jets, And Missing Transverse Energy In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Search For Physics Beyond The Standard Model In Events With A Z Boson, Jets, And Missing Transverse Energy In Pp Collisions At √S = 7 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, J. Lazo-Flores, H. Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

A search is presented for physics beyond the standard model (BSM) in events with a Z boson, jets, and missing transverse energy (EmissT ). This signature is motivated by BSM physics scenarios, including supersymmetry. The study is performed using a sample of proton–proton collision data collected at √s = 7 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.98 fb−1. The contributions from the dominant standard model backgrounds are estimated from data using two complementary strategies, the jet-Z balance technique and a method based on modeling EmissT with data ...