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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Ferroelectric Polarization Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Pbzr0.2ti0.8o3/La0.8sr0.2mno3 Heterostructures, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. L. Tao, Y. Hao, Jingfeng Song, Xiaoshan Xu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Xia Hong Feb 2019

Ferroelectric Polarization Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Pbzr0.2ti0.8o3/La0.8sr0.2mno3 Heterostructures, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. L. Tao, Y. Hao, Jingfeng Song, Xiaoshan Xu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Xia Hong

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The interfacial coupling between the switchable polarization and neighboring magnetic order makes ferroelectric/ferromagnetic composite structures a versatile platform to realize voltage control of magnetic anisotropy. We report the nonvolatile ferroelectric field effect modulation of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) in epitaxial PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 (PZT)/La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 (LSMO) heterostructures grown on (001) SrTiO3 substrates. Planar Hall effect measurements show that the in-plane magnetic anisotropy energy in LSMO is enhanced by about 22% in the hole accumulation state compared to the depletion state, in quantitative agreement with our first-principles ...


Spin-Polarized Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At Gdtio3/Srtio3 Interfaces: Insight From First-Principles Calculations, J. Betancourt, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, J. P. Velev Jul 2017

Spin-Polarized Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At Gdtio3/Srtio3 Interfaces: Insight From First-Principles Calculations, J. Betancourt, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, J. P. Velev

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs) at oxide interfaces have been a topic of intensive research due to their high carrier mobility and strong confinement. Additionally, strong correlations in the oxide materials can give rise to new and interesting physics, such as magnetism and metal-insulator transitions at the interface. Using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory, we demonstrate the presence of a highly spin-polarized 2DEG at the interface between the Mott insulator GdTiO3 and a band insulator SrTiO3. The strong correlations in the dopant cause ferromagnetic alignment of the interface Ti atoms and result in a fully spin-polarized 2DEG ...


Long-Range Electronic Reconstruction To A Dxz,Yz-Dominated Fermi Surface Below The Laalo3/Srtio3 Interface, Alexander Paul Petrović, A. Pare, Tula R. Paudel, K. Lee, S. Holmes, Crispin H.W. Barnes, A. David, T. Wu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, C. Panagopoulos Jun 2014

Long-Range Electronic Reconstruction To A Dxz,Yz-Dominated Fermi Surface Below The Laalo3/Srtio3 Interface, Alexander Paul Petrović, A. Pare, Tula R. Paudel, K. Lee, S. Holmes, Crispin H.W. Barnes, A. David, T. Wu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, C. Panagopoulos

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Low dimensionality, broken symmetry and easily-modulated carrier concentrations provoke novel electronic phase emergence at oxide interfaces. However, the spatial extent of such reconstructions - i.e. the interfacial ‘‘depth’’ - remains unclear. Examining LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures at previously unexplored carrier densities n2D 14 cm-2 , we observe a Shubnikov-de Haas effect for small in-plane fields, characteristic of an anisotropic 3D Fermi surface with preferential dxz,yz orbital occupancy extending over at least 100 nm perpendicular to the interface. Quantum oscillations from the 3D Fermi surface of bulk doped SrTiO3 emerge simultaneously at higher n2D. We distinguish ...


Polarization-Controlled Ohmic To Schottky Transition At A Metal/Ferroelectric Interface, Xiaohui Liu, Yong Wang, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Oct 2013

Polarization-Controlled Ohmic To Schottky Transition At A Metal/Ferroelectric Interface, Xiaohui Liu, Yong Wang, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Ferroelectric polar displacements have recently been observed in conducting electron-doped BaTiO3 (n-BTO). The coexistence of a ferroelectric phase and conductivity opens the door to new functionalities that may provide a unique route for novel device applications. Using first-principles methods and electrostatic modeling, we explore the effect that the switchable polarization of n-BTO has on the electronic properties of the SrRuO3/n-BTO (001) interface. Ferroelectric polarization controls the accumulation or depletion of electron charge at the interface, and the associated bending of the n-BTO conduction band determines the transport regime across the interface. The interface exhibits ...


Thermodynamics Of Magnetic Multilayers, Tathagata Mukherjee Nov 2011

Thermodynamics Of Magnetic Multilayers, Tathagata Mukherjee

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Our interest in thermodynamics of magnetic thin film heterostructure began by exploring the possibility to use magnetic nanostructures in the search for optimized magnetocaloric materials for potential room temperature refrigeration. In the present thesis magnetic thin film heterostructures are experimentally realized by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD). Co/Cr and Fe/Cr superlattices were fabricated using mean-field theoretical concepts as guiding principles. The potential of artificial antiferromagnets for near room-temperature refrigeration is explored. Magnetocaloric properties are deduced from measurements of the temperature and field dependence of the magnetization of our samples. The effects of intra-plane and ...


Defect-Mediated Properties Of Magnetic Tunnel Junctions, Julian P. Velev, Mikhail Ye Zhuravlev, Kirill D. Belashchenko, Sitaram S. Jaswal, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, T. Katayama, S. Yuasa Jun 2007

Defect-Mediated Properties Of Magnetic Tunnel Junctions, Julian P. Velev, Mikhail Ye Zhuravlev, Kirill D. Belashchenko, Sitaram S. Jaswal, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, T. Katayama, S. Yuasa

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Defects play an important role in the properties of metal oxides which are currently used as barrier layers in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). We study the effect of O vacancies on the interlayer exchange coupling (IEC) and tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) in Fe–MgO–Fe tunnel junctions. Measurements of IEC in fully epitaxial Fe–MgO–Fe(001) tunnel junctions show IEC is antiferromagnetic (AFM) for small MgO thickness but changes sign and then vanishes for large barrier thickness. First-principles calculations based on density functional theory demonstrate that the presence of neutral O vacancies (F-centers) in the MgO barrier can explain ...


Exchange Bias In Fe0.6zn0.4f2 Heterostructures, Christian Binek Oct 2001

Exchange Bias In Fe0.6zn0.4f2 Heterostructures, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The previous exchange bias field, He, is measured in Fe0.6Zn0.4F2/Fe heterosystems prepared from Fe layers of 14 and 5 nm thickness which are deposited on top of the compensated (1 1 0) surface of the antiferromagnet. Deviations from a linear dependence of He on the magnetization of the Fe layer are attributed to ferromagnetic domains. Moreover, piezomagnetism and its influence on He are evidenced.


Domain State Susceptibility In Fecl2/Copt-Heterostructures, Christian Binek Sep 2001

Domain State Susceptibility In Fecl2/Copt-Heterostructures, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Magnetic heterostructures with perpendicular anisotropy consisting of antiferromagnetic (111)-oriented FeCl2 single crystals and thin ferromagnetic CoPt-multilayers are investigated by ac-susceptometry after cooling in various axial magnetic fields to below the Néel temperature. The freezing process drives the system into a metastable antiferromagnetic domain state which gives rise to a huge excess contribution to the complex parallel susceptibility on heating in zero magnetic field. Its glow curve-like temperature dependence is modeled within the framework of a simple analytical approach. It involves the susceptibility of thermally activated clusters originating from antiferromagnetic stacking faults as well as the contribution of pairs of ...