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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Enhancement Of Local Piezoresponse In Polymer Ferroelectrics Via Nanoscale Control Of Microstructure, Yoon-Young Choi, Pankaj Sharma, Charudatta Phatak, David J. Gosztola, Yunya Liu, Joonseok Lee, Byeongdu Lee, Jiangyu Li, Alexei Gruverman, Stephen Ducharme, Seungbum Hong Feb 2015

Enhancement Of Local Piezoresponse In Polymer Ferroelectrics Via Nanoscale Control Of Microstructure, Yoon-Young Choi, Pankaj Sharma, Charudatta Phatak, David J. Gosztola, Yunya Liu, Joonseok Lee, Byeongdu Lee, Jiangyu Li, Alexei Gruverman, Stephen Ducharme, Seungbum Hong

Stephen Ducharme Publications

Polymer ferroelectrics are flexible and lightweight electromechanical materials that are widely studied due to their potential application as sensors, actuators, and energy harvesters. However, one of the biggest challenges is their low piezoelectric coefficient. Here, we report a mechanical annealing effect based on local pressure induced by a nanoscale tip that enhances the local piezoresponse. This process can control the nanoscale material properties over a microscale area at room temperature. We attribute this improvement to the formation and growth of β-phase extended chain crystals via sliding diffusion and crystal alignment along the scan axis under high mechanical stress. We believe ...


Why Ferroelectric Polyvinylidene Fluoride Is Special, Matt Poulsen, Stephen Ducharme Jan 2010

Why Ferroelectric Polyvinylidene Fluoride Is Special, Matt Poulsen, Stephen Ducharme

Stephen Ducharme Publications

Ferroelectric polymers entail a number of constraints, which together limit the useful compositional variations. These constraints include the following: a stable molecular dipole moment, compact crystal structure, conformational flexibility, and minimal steric hindrance. They are well satisfied by the prototype ferroelectric polymer, polyvinylidene fluoride, and yet almost every other conceivable molecular structure is limited by comparison.


Adsorbate/Absorbate Interactions With Organic Ferroelectric Polymers, Peter A. Dowben, Luis G. Rosa, Carolina C. Ilie, Jie Xiao Aug 2009

Adsorbate/Absorbate Interactions With Organic Ferroelectric Polymers, Peter A. Dowben, Luis G. Rosa, Carolina C. Ilie, Jie Xiao

Peter Dowben Publications

We discuss the interactions of adsorbates with the organic ferroelectric copolymer poly(vinylidene fluoride (PVDF)–trifluoroethylene (TrFE)). Range of molecular adsorbates is discussed from the smaller polar molecules like water, which is small enough to both adsorb and absorb, to the larger macrocyclic metal–organic metal phthalocyanines. The changes in local dipole orientation may affect the strength of the coupling between adsorbate or absorbate and the copolymer poly(vinylidene fluoride–trifluoroethylene). The interface dipole interactions may also affect device properties. The dipole interactions are implicated at the interface between copper phthalocyanine and poly(vinylidene fluoride with trifluoroethylene) affecting the band ...


Different Approaches To Adjusting Band Offsets At Intermolecular Interfaces, Peter A. Dowben, Jie Xiao, Bo Xu, Andrei Sokolov, Bernard Doudin Jan 2008

Different Approaches To Adjusting Band Offsets At Intermolecular Interfaces, Peter A. Dowben, Jie Xiao, Bo Xu, Andrei Sokolov, Bernard Doudin

Peter Dowben Publications

We show that at the hetero-molecular interface, the molecular band offsets can be modified by either adjusting the dopant or dopant concentration of one or both molecular layers or by changing the dipole orientation at the intermolecular interface. Photoemission studies reveal the changes in electronic structure and diode devices exhibit conduction properties that are altered in response to changes to the molecular band offsets. As a demonstration, thin film copper phthalocyanine to crystalline ferroelectric copolymer poly(vinylidene fluoride with trifluoroethylene) heterojunction diodes, without additional dopants, are compared with doped polyaniline layers on the crystalline ferroelectric copolymer poly(vinylidene fluoride with ...