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University of Nebraska - Lincoln

2018

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Articles 1 - 30 of 43

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Boundary Twists, Instabilities, And Creation Of Skyrmions And Antiskyrmions, Aldo Raeliarijaona, Rabindra Nepal, Alexey Kovalev Dec 2018

Boundary Twists, Instabilities, And Creation Of Skyrmions And Antiskyrmions, Aldo Raeliarijaona, Rabindra Nepal, Alexey Kovalev

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We formulate and study the general boundary conditions dictating the magnetization profile in the vicinity of an interface between magnets with dissimilar properties. Boundary twists in the vicinity of an edge due to Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions have been first discussed by Wilson et al. [Phys. Rev. B 88, 214420 (2013)] and by Rohart and Thiaville [Phys. Rev. B 88, 184422 (2013)]. We show that in general case the boundary conditions lead to the magnetization profile corresponding to the Néel, Bloch, or intermediate twist. We explore how such twists can be utilized for creation of skyrmions and antiskyrmions, e.g., in a ...


Application Of Bradford’S Law Of Scattering On Research Publication In Astronomy & Astrophysics Of India, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R. Dec 2018

Application Of Bradford’S Law Of Scattering On Research Publication In Astronomy & Astrophysics Of India, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The present study is focused on examining the application of Bradford’s law of scattering on research articles published in the field of Astronomy & Astrophysics by Indian scientist during 1988-2017. The bibliographic data was retrieved from Web of Science (WoS) bibliographic data base for different period of time. Total 18,877 journal’s article have been published by Indian scientist in the field of Astronomy & Astrophysics during 1988-2017 which was further retrieved and analyzed separately for different blocks of 10 years as well as for 30 years consolidated too. The core journal of the field was identified. The Bradford law ...


Dynamical Electron Vortices In Attosecond Double Photoionization Of H2, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, A. V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, L. B. Madsen, S. X. Hu, Anthony F. Starace Dec 2018

Dynamical Electron Vortices In Attosecond Double Photoionization Of H2, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, A. V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, L. B. Madsen, S. X. Hu, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We study electron momentum vortices in single-photon double ionization of H2 by time-delayed, counterrotating, elliptically polarized attosecond pulses propagating along either parallel or perpendicular to the molecular axis R. For kˆ | R, kinematical vortices occur similar to those found for He. For R, we find dynamical vortex structures originating from an ellipticity-dependent interplay of 1+u and 1+u continuum amplitudes. We propose a complete experiment to determine the magnitudes and relative phase of these amplitudes by varying pulse ellipticities and time delays.


Perturbative Representation Of Ultrashort Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Fields, Andrew Vikartofsky, Anthony F. Starace, Liang-Wen Pi Oct 2018

Perturbative Representation Of Ultrashort Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Fields, Andrew Vikartofsky, Anthony F. Starace, Liang-Wen Pi

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytical method for calculating the electromagnetic fields of a nonparaxial elegant Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) vortex beam is presented for arbitrary pulse duration, spot size, and LG mode. This perturbative approach provides a numerically tractable model for the calculation of arbitrarily high radial and azimuthal LG modes in the nonparaxial regime, without requiring integral representations of the fields. A key feature of this perturbative model is its use of a Poisson-like frequency spectrum, which allows for the proper description of pulses of arbitrarily short duration. This model is thus appropriate for simulating laser-matter interactions, including those involving short laser pulses.


Tunable Two-Dimensional Dirac Nodal Nets, Ding-Fu Shao, Shu-Hui Zhang, Xiaoqian Dang, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Oct 2018

Tunable Two-Dimensional Dirac Nodal Nets, Ding-Fu Shao, Shu-Hui Zhang, Xiaoqian Dang, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Nodal-line semimetals are characterized by symmetry-protected band crossing lines and are expected to exhibit nontrivial electronic properties. Connections of the multiple nodal lines, resulting in nodal nets, chains, or links, are envisioned to produce even more exotic quantum states. In this work, we propose a feasible approach to realize tunable nodal-line connections in real materials. We show that certain space group symmetries support the coexistence of the planar symmetry-enforced and accidental nodal lines, which are robust to spin-orbit coupling and can be tailored into intricate patterns by chemical substitution, pressure, or strain. Based on first-principles calculations, we identify nonsymmorphic centrosymmetric ...


Magnetoelectric Memory Cells With Domain-Wall-Mediated Switching, Kirill Belashchenko, Oleg Tchernyshyov, Alexey Kovalev, Dmitri Nikonov Oct 2018

Magnetoelectric Memory Cells With Domain-Wall-Mediated Switching, Kirill Belashchenko, Oleg Tchernyshyov, Alexey Kovalev, Dmitri Nikonov

Kirill Belashchenko Publications

A magnetoelectric memory cell with domain - wall - mediated switching is implemented using a split gate architecture . The split gate architecture allows a domain wall to be trapped within a magnetoelectric antiferromagnetic ( MEAF ) active layer . An extension of this architecture applies to multiple gate linear arrays that can offer advantages in memory density , programmability , and logic functionality . Applying a small anisotropic in - plane shear strain to the MEAF can block domain wall precession to improve reliability and speed of switching


Makerspace Club, Carolyn Brady Oct 2018

Makerspace Club, Carolyn Brady

Honors Expanded Learning Clubs

This is a unique club that allows children to explore the world around them and make projects using materials provided by educators, and to get children thinking about how things work in the world, and how they do. They gain knowledge about success and failure of these things by recreating them.


Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy In Bulk And Thin-Film Cumnas For Antiferromagnetic Memory Applications, Ivan A. Zhuravlev, Anil Adhikari, K. D. Belashchenko Oct 2018

Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy In Bulk And Thin-Film Cumnas For Antiferromagnetic Memory Applications, Ivan A. Zhuravlev, Anil Adhikari, K. D. Belashchenko

Kirill Belashchenko Publications

CuMnAs with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is proposed as an active material for antiferromagnetic memory. Information can be stored in the antiferromagnetic domain state, while writing and readout can rely on the existence of surface magnetization. It is predicted, based on first-principles calculations, that easy-axis anisotropy can be achieved in bulk CuMnAs by substituting a few percent of As atoms by Ge, Si, Al, or B. This effect is attributed to the changing occupation of certain electronic bands near the Fermi level induced by hole doping. The calculated temperature dependence of the magnetic anisotropy does not exhibit any anomalies. Thin CuMnAs ...


First-Principles Calculation Of The Spin-Orbit Torques In A Co/Pt Bilayer, K. D. Belashchenko, Alexey A. Kovalev, M. Van Schilfgaarde Oct 2018

First-Principles Calculation Of The Spin-Orbit Torques In A Co/Pt Bilayer, K. D. Belashchenko, Alexey A. Kovalev, M. Van Schilfgaarde

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

The spin-orbit torque in a disordered Co/Pt bilayer is calculated using a first-principles nonequilibrium Green's function formalism. The torque is formally split in the Fermi-sea and Fermi-surface contributions. The Fermi-sea term is important at low temperatures, but the Fermi-surface term dominates at room temperature. In addition to the usual damping-like and field-like terms, the odd torque contains a sizeable planar Hall-like term (m . E)m x (z x m) which contributes to damping. While the torques that contribute to damping are almost entirely due to spin-orbit coupling on the Pt atoms, the field-like torque does not require it.


Two-Dimensional Type-Ii Dirac Fermions In A Laalo3/Lanio3/Laalo3 Quantum Well, L. L. Tao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Sep 2018

Two-Dimensional Type-Ii Dirac Fermions In A Laalo3/Lanio3/Laalo3 Quantum Well, L. L. Tao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The type-II Dirac fermions that are characterized by a tilted Dirac cone and anisotropic magnetotransport properties have been recently proposed theoretically and confirmed experimentally. Here, we predict the emergence of two-dimensional (2D) type-II Dirac fermions in LaAlO3/LaNiO3/LaAlO3 quantum-well structures. Using first-principles calculations and model analyses, we show that the Dirac points are formed at the crossing between the dx2−y2 and dz2 bands protected by the mirror symmetry. The energy position of the Dirac points can be tuned to appear at the Fermi energy by changing the quantum-well width. For ...


Direct Observation Of Room-Temperature Out-Of-Plane Ferroelectricity And Tunneling Electroresistance At The Two-Dimensional Limit, H. Wang, Z R. Liu, H. Y. Yoong, Tula R. Paudel, J. X. Xia, R. Guo, W. N. Lin, P. Yang, J. Wang, G. M. Chow, T. Venkatesan, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, H. Tian, J. S. Chen Aug 2018

Direct Observation Of Room-Temperature Out-Of-Plane Ferroelectricity And Tunneling Electroresistance At The Two-Dimensional Limit, H. Wang, Z R. Liu, H. Y. Yoong, Tula R. Paudel, J. X. Xia, R. Guo, W. N. Lin, P. Yang, J. Wang, G. M. Chow, T. Venkatesan, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, H. Tian, J. S. Chen

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Out-of-plane ferroelectricity with a high transition temperature in nanometer-scale films is required to miniaturize electronic devices. Direct visualization of stable ferroelectric polarization and its switching behavior in atomically thick films is critical for achieving this goal. Here, ferroelectric order at room temperature in the two-dimensional limit is demonstrated in tetragonal BiFeO3 ultrathin films. Using aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy, we directly observed robust out-of-plane spontaneous polarization in one-unitcell-thick BiFeO3 films. High-resolution piezoresponse force microscopy measurements show that the polarization is stable and switchable, whereas a tunneling electroresistance effect of up to 370% is achieved in BiFeO3 films ...


Large T1 Contrast Enhancement Using Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles In Ultra-Low Field Mri, Xiaolu Yin, Stephen E. Russek, Gary Zabow, Fan Sun, Jeotikatan Mohapatra, Kathryn E. Keenan, Michael A. Boss, Hao Zeng, J. Ping Liu, Alexandrea Viert, Sy-Hwang Liou, John Moreland Aug 2018

Large T1 Contrast Enhancement Using Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles In Ultra-Low Field Mri, Xiaolu Yin, Stephen E. Russek, Gary Zabow, Fan Sun, Jeotikatan Mohapatra, Kathryn E. Keenan, Michael A. Boss, Hao Zeng, J. Ping Liu, Alexandrea Viert, Sy-Hwang Liou, John Moreland

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are widely investigated and utilized as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast and therapy agents due to their large magnetic moments. Local field inhomogeneities caused by these high magnetic moments are used to generate T2 contrast in clinical high-field MRI, resulting in signal loss (darker contrast). Here we present strong T1 contrast enhancement (brighter contrast) from SPIONs (diameters from 11 nm to 22 nm) as observed in the ultra-low field (ULF) MRI at 0.13 mT. We have achieved a high longitudinal relaxivity for 18 nm SPION solutions, r1 = 615 s−1 mM−1, which ...


Defect-Assisted Tunneling Electroresistance In Ferroelectric Tunnel Junctions, Konstantin Klyukin, L. L. Tao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Vitaly Alexandrov Aug 2018

Defect-Assisted Tunneling Electroresistance In Ferroelectric Tunnel Junctions, Konstantin Klyukin, L. L. Tao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Vitaly Alexandrov

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Recent experimental results have demonstrated ferroelectricity in thin films of SrTiO3 induced by antisite TiSr defects. This opens a possibility to use SrTiO3 as a barrier layer in ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs)—emerging electronic devices promising for applications in nanoelectronics. Here using density functional theory combined with quantum-transport calculations applied to a prototypical Pt/SrTiO3/Pt FTJ, we demonstrate that the localized in-gap energy states produced by the antisite TiSr defects are responsible for the enhanced electron tunneling conductance which can be controlled by ferroelectric polarization. Our tight-binding modeling, which takes into account multiple defects ...


Probing Tunneling Spin Injection Into Graphene Via Bias Dependence, Tiancong Zhu, Simranjeet Singh, Jyoti Katoch, Hua Wen, Kirill Belashchenko, Igor Zutic, Roland K. Kawakami Aug 2018

Probing Tunneling Spin Injection Into Graphene Via Bias Dependence, Tiancong Zhu, Simranjeet Singh, Jyoti Katoch, Hua Wen, Kirill Belashchenko, Igor Zutic, Roland K. Kawakami

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

The bias dependence of spin injection in graphene lateral spin valves is systematically studied to determine the factors affecting the tunneling spin injection efficiency. Three types of junctions are investigated, including MgO and hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) tunnel barriers and direct contacts. A dc bias current applied to the injector electrode induces a strong nonlinear bias dependence of the nonlocal spin signal for both MgO and hBN tunnel barriers. Furthermore, this signal reverses its sign at a negative dc bias for both kinds of tunnel barriers. The analysis of the bias dependence for injector electrodes with a wide range of ...


Effects Of B And C Doping On Tunneling Magnetoresistance In Cofe/Mgo Magnetic Tunnel Junctions, Andy Paul Chen, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Yuan Ping Feng, Jingsheng Chen Jul 2018

Effects Of B And C Doping On Tunneling Magnetoresistance In Cofe/Mgo Magnetic Tunnel Junctions, Andy Paul Chen, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Yuan Ping Feng, Jingsheng Chen

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Using density-functional theory calculations, we investigate the dominant defects formed by boron (B) and carbon (C) impurities in a CoFe/MgO/CoFe magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) and their influence on conductivity and tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR). We find that, in the O-poor conditions relevant to experiment, B forms the substitutional defect BCo and C forms the interstitial site Ci at the CoFe/MgO interface. The C-doped MTJ is predicted to have a significantly higher TMR than the B-doped MTJ. This is due to interface state densities associated with the majority spin Δ1-symmetry bands being more heavily suppressed ...


Persistent Spin Texture Enforced By Symmetry, L. L. Tao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Jul 2018

Persistent Spin Texture Enforced By Symmetry, L. L. Tao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Persistent spin texture (PST) is the property of some materials to maintain a uniform spin configuration in the momentum space. This property has been predicted to support an extraordinarily long spin lifetime of carriers promising for spintronics applications. Here, we predict that there exists a class of noncentrosymmetric bulk materials, where the PST is enforced by the nonsymmorphic space group symmetry of the crystal. Around certain high symmetry points in the Brillouin zone, the sublattice degrees of freedom impose a constraint on the effective spin–orbit field, which orientation remains independent of the momentum and thus maintains the PST. We ...


Search For Production Of A Higgs Boson And A Single Top Quark In Multilepton Final States In Pp Collisions At √S = 13 Tev, Jose Andres Monroy Montanez Jul 2018

Search For Production Of A Higgs Boson And A Single Top Quark In Multilepton Final States In Pp Collisions At √S = 13 Tev, Jose Andres Monroy Montanez

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

The exciting work in high energy physics includes not only the analysis of the data taken by the experiment but also the development of detection systems. In this thesis, the results of a search for the production of a Higgs boson in association with a single top quark (tH) are presented. This process is of particular interest due to its sensitivity to the relative sign of the top-Higgs coupling and the vector bosons-Higgs coupling. The focus is on leptonic signatures provided by the H → W W , H → τ τ , and H → ZZ decay modes.

The analysis exploits final states with ...


Imaging Cf3I Conical Intersection And Photodissociation Dynamics With Ultrafast Electron Diffraction, Jie Yang, Xiaolei Zhu, Thomas J.A. Wolf, Zheng Li, J. Pedro F. Nunes, Ryan Coffee, James P. Cryan, Markus Gühr, Kareem Hegazy, Tony F. Heinz, Keith Jobe, Renkai Li, Xiaozhe Shen, Theodore Veccione, Stephen Weathersby, Kyle J. Wilkin, Charles Yoneda, Qiang Zheng, Todd J. Martinez, Martin Centurion, Xijie Wang Jul 2018

Imaging Cf3I Conical Intersection And Photodissociation Dynamics With Ultrafast Electron Diffraction, Jie Yang, Xiaolei Zhu, Thomas J.A. Wolf, Zheng Li, J. Pedro F. Nunes, Ryan Coffee, James P. Cryan, Markus Gühr, Kareem Hegazy, Tony F. Heinz, Keith Jobe, Renkai Li, Xiaozhe Shen, Theodore Veccione, Stephen Weathersby, Kyle J. Wilkin, Charles Yoneda, Qiang Zheng, Todd J. Martinez, Martin Centurion, Xijie Wang

Martin Centurion Publications

Conical intersections play a critical role in excited-state dynamics of polyatomic molecules because they govern the reaction pathways of many nonadiabatic processes. However, ultrafast probes have lacked sufficient spatial resolution to image wave-packet trajectories through these intersections directly. Here, we present the simultaneous experimental characterization of one-photon and two-photon excitation channels in isolated CF3I molecules using ultrafast gas-phase electron diffraction. In the two-photon channel, we have mapped out the real-space trajectories of a coherent nuclear wave packet, which bifurcates onto two potential energy surfaces when passing through a conical intersection. In the one-photon channel, we have resolved excitation ...


Control Of Harmonic Generation By The Time Delay Between Two-Color, Bicircular Few-Cycle Mid-Ir Laser Pulses, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, N. V. Vvedenskii, A. A. Silaev, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace Jun 2018

Control Of Harmonic Generation By The Time Delay Between Two-Color, Bicircular Few-Cycle Mid-Ir Laser Pulses, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, N. V. Vvedenskii, A. A. Silaev, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We study control of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) driven by time-delayed, few-cycle ω and 2ω counterrotating mid-IR pulses. Our numerical and analytical study shows that the time delay between the two-color pulses allows control of the harmonic positions, both those allowed by angular momentum conservation and those seemingly forbidden by it. Moreover, the helicity of any particular harmonic is tunable from left to right circular without changing the driving pulse helicity. The highest HHG yield occurs for a time delay comparable to the fundamental period T = 2π/ω.


Numerical And Analytical Bounds On Threshold Error Rates For Hypergraph-Product Codes, Alexey Kovalev, Sanjay Prabhakar, Ilya Dumer, Leonid P. Pryadko Jun 2018

Numerical And Analytical Bounds On Threshold Error Rates For Hypergraph-Product Codes, Alexey Kovalev, Sanjay Prabhakar, Ilya Dumer, Leonid P. Pryadko

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We study analytically and numerically decoding properties of finite-rate hypergraph-product quantum low density parity-check codes obtained from random (3,4)-regular Gallager codes, with a simple model of independent X and Z errors. Several nontrivial lower and upper bounds for the decodable region are constructed analytically by analyzing the properties of the homological difference, equal minus the logarithm of the maximum-likelihood decoding probability for a given syndrome. Numerical results include an upper bound for the decodable region from specific heat calculations in associated Ising models and a minimum-weight decoding threshold of approximately 7%.


Ambipolar Ferromagnetism By Electrostatic Doping Of A Manganite, L. M. Zheng, X. Renshaw Wang, W. M. Lü, C. J. Li, Tula R. Paudel, Z. Q. Liu, Z. Huang, S. W. Zeng, Kun Han, Z. H. Chen, X. P. Qiu, M. S. Li, Shize Yang, B. Yang, Matthew F. Chisholm, L. W. Martin, S. J. Pennycook, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, J. M. D. Coey, W. W. Cao May 2018

Ambipolar Ferromagnetism By Electrostatic Doping Of A Manganite, L. M. Zheng, X. Renshaw Wang, W. M. Lü, C. J. Li, Tula R. Paudel, Z. Q. Liu, Z. Huang, S. W. Zeng, Kun Han, Z. H. Chen, X. P. Qiu, M. S. Li, Shize Yang, B. Yang, Matthew F. Chisholm, L. W. Martin, S. J. Pennycook, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, J. M. D. Coey, W. W. Cao

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Complex-oxide materials exhibit physical properties that involve the interplay of charge and spin degrees of freedom. However, an ambipolar oxide that is able to exhibit both electron-doped and hole-doped ferromagnetism in the same material has proved elusive. Here we report ambipolar ferromagnetism in LaMnO3, with electron–hole asymmetry of the ferromagnetic order. Starting from an undoped atomically thin LaMnO3 film, we electrostatically dope the material with electrons or holes according to the polarity of a voltage applied across an ionic liquid gate. Magnetotransport characterization reveals that an increase of either electron-doping or hole-doping induced ferromagnetic order in this ...


Chiral Topological Insulator Of Magnons, Bo Li, Alexey Kovalev May 2018

Chiral Topological Insulator Of Magnons, Bo Li, Alexey Kovalev

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We propose a magnon realization of 3D topological insulator in the AIII (chiral symmetry) topological class. The topological magnon gap opens due to the presence of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. The existence of the topological invariant is established by calculating the bulk winding number of the system. Within our model, the surface magnon Dirac cone is protected by the sublattice chiral symmetry. By analyzing the magnon surface modes, we confirm that the backscattering is prohibited. By weakly breaking the chiral symmetry, we observe the magnon Hall response on the surface due to opening of the gap. Finally, we show that by changing ...


Investigations Of Novel Sources Of Spin-Polarized Electrons, Evan Brunkow May 2018

Investigations Of Novel Sources Of Spin-Polarized Electrons, Evan Brunkow

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Using a pulsed laser, we investigated the spin-polarization of electrons emitted from bulk GaAs, Ti and Pd chiral nanostructures, and electro-chemically thinned GaAs. Standard sources of spin-polarized electrons from GaAs can have polarizations of approximately 30%, while state-of-the-art spin-polarized electron sources using GaAs cathodes can have as high as 85% spin polarization. Drawbacks for these sources are that they require constant upkeep, have strict vacuum requirements, and are very difficult to learn how to use. For these reasons, we investigated new methods through a different emission process and different materials to see if we could measure a spin-polarization from these ...


Enhancing High-Order Harmonic Generation By Sculpting Waveforms With Chirp, Dian Peng, M. V. Frolov, Liang-Wen Pi, Anthony F. Starace May 2018

Enhancing High-Order Harmonic Generation By Sculpting Waveforms With Chirp, Dian Peng, M. V. Frolov, Liang-Wen Pi, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We present a theoretical analysis showing how chirp can be used to sculpt two-color driving laser field waveforms in order to enhance high-order harmonic generation (HHG) and/or extend HHG cutoff energies. Specifically, we consider driving laser field waveforms composed of two ultrashort pulses having different carrier frequencies in each of which a linear chirp is introduced. Two pairs of carrier frequencies of the component pulses are considered: (ω, 2ω) and (ω, 3ω). Our results show how changing the signs of the chirps in each of the two component pulses leads to drastic changes in the HHG spectra. Our theoretical ...


Proximitized Materials, Igor Žutić, Alex Matos-Abiague, Benedikt Scharf, Hanan Dery, Kirill Belashchenko May 2018

Proximitized Materials, Igor Žutić, Alex Matos-Abiague, Benedikt Scharf, Hanan Dery, Kirill Belashchenko

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Advances in scaling down heterostructures and having an improved interface quality together with atomically thin two-dimensional materials suggest a novel approach to systematically design materials. A given material can be transformed through proximity effects whereby it acquires properties of its neighbors, for example, becoming superconducting, magnetic, topologically nontrivial, or with an enhanced spin-orbit coupling. Such proximity effects not only complement the conventional methods of designing materials by doping or functionalization but can also overcome their various limitations. In proximitized materials it is possible to realize properties that are not present in any constituent region of the considered heterostructure. While the ...


Resonant Tunneling Across A Ferroelectric Domain Wall, M. Li, L. L. Tao, J. P. Velev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Apr 2018

Resonant Tunneling Across A Ferroelectric Domain Wall, M. Li, L. L. Tao, J. P. Velev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Motivated by recent experimental observations, we explore electron transport properties of a ferroelectric tunnel junction (FTJ) with an embedded head-to-head ferroelectric domain wall, using first-principles density-functional theory calculations. We consider a FTJ with La0.5Sr0.5MnO3 electrodes separated by a BaTiO3 barrier layer and show that an in-plane charged domain wall in the ferroelectric BaTiO3 can be induced by polar interfaces. The resulting V-shaped electrostatic potential profile across the BaTiO3 layer creates a quantum well and leads to the formation of a two-dimensional electron gas, which stabilizes the domain wall. The confined ...


Dielectric Properties Of Thin Cr2o3 Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide Metallic Substrates, Ather Mahmood, Mike Street, Will Echtenkamp, Chun Pui Kwan, Jonathan P. Bird, Christian Binek Apr 2018

Dielectric Properties Of Thin Cr2o3 Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide Metallic Substrates, Ather Mahmood, Mike Street, Will Echtenkamp, Chun Pui Kwan, Jonathan P. Bird, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

In an attempt to optimize leakage characteristics of α-Cr2O3 thin films, its dielectric properties were investigated at local and macroscopic scale. The films were grown on Pd(111), Pt(111), and V2O3 (0001), supported on Al2O3 substrate. The local conductivity was measured by conductive atomic force microscopy mapping of Cr2O3 surfaces, which revealed the nature of defects that formed conducting paths with the bottom Pd or Pt layer. A strong correlation was found between these electrical defects and the grain boundaries revealed in the corresponding topographic scans ...


Optimization Of Magnetic Chicane For Maximum Electron Beam Compression, Nathan W. Ray, Vida-Michelle Nixon, Matthias Fuchs Apr 2018

Optimization Of Magnetic Chicane For Maximum Electron Beam Compression, Nathan W. Ray, Vida-Michelle Nixon, Matthias Fuchs

UCARE Research Products

Research concerned with optimizing a negatively chirped, relativistic, short electron beam using General Particle Tracer (GPT). The GPT simulations have the ability to include realistic beam effects such as space charge, fringe fields and emittance. A series of electron beam energy spreads were simulated through several different iterations of dipole magnets and, utilizing GPT's optimization ability, the most consistent set of parameters was selected and displayed on the poster. With our presented iteration of parameters we noted a 89.5% compression of the electron beam along the propagating axis.


Origin Of Spin Reorientation Transitions In Antiferromagnetic Mnpt-Based Alloys, P.-H. Chang, I. A. Zhuravlev, K. D. Belashchenko Apr 2018

Origin Of Spin Reorientation Transitions In Antiferromagnetic Mnpt-Based Alloys, P.-H. Chang, I. A. Zhuravlev, K. D. Belashchenko

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Antiferromagnetic MnPt exhibits a spin reorientation transition (SRT) as a function of temperature, and off-stoichiometric Mn-Pt alloys also display SRTs as a function of concentration. The magnetocrystalline anisotropy in these alloys is studied using first-principles calculations based on the coherent potential approximation and the disordered local moment method. The anisotropy is fairly small and sensitive to the variations in composition and temperature due to the cancellation of large contributions from different parts of the Brillouin zone. Concentration and temperature-driven SRTs are found in reasonable agreement with experimental data. Contributions from specific band-structure features are identified and used to explain the ...


Polarization-Controlled Modulation Doping Of A Ferroelectric From First Principles, Xiaohui Liu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Karin M. Rabe Mar 2018

Polarization-Controlled Modulation Doping Of A Ferroelectric From First Principles, Xiaohui Liu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Karin M. Rabe

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

In a ferroelectric field effect transistor (FeFET), it is generally assumed that the ferroelectric gate plays a purely electrostatic role. Recently it has been shown that in some cases, which could be called “active FeFETs,” electronic states in the ferroelectric contribute to the device conductance as the result of a modulation doping effect in which carriers are transferred from the channel into the ferroelectric layers near the interface. Here we report first-principles calculations and model analysis to elucidate the various aspects of this mechanism and to provide guidance in materials choices and interface termination for optimizing the on-off ratio, using ...