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University of Nebraska - Lincoln

2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 59

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Magnon Spin Nernst Effect In Antiferromagnets, Vladimir Zyuzin, Alexey Kovalev Nov 2016

Magnon Spin Nernst Effect In Antiferromagnets, Vladimir Zyuzin, Alexey Kovalev

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We predict that a temperature gradient can induce a magnon-mediated spin Hall response in an antiferromagnet with nontrivial magnon Berry curvature. We develop a linear response theory which gives a general condition for a Hall current to be well defined, even when the thermal Hall response is forbidden by symmetry. We apply our theory to a honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet and discuss a role of magnon edge states in a finite geometry.


Theory Of Spin Loss At Metallic Interfaces, Kirill D. Belashchenko, Alexey Kovalev, Mark Van Schilfgaarde Nov 2016

Theory Of Spin Loss At Metallic Interfaces, Kirill D. Belashchenko, Alexey Kovalev, Mark Van Schilfgaarde

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Interfacial spin-flip scattering plays an important role in magnetoelectronic devices. Spin loss at metallic interfaces is usually quantified by matching the magnetoresistance data for multilayers to the Valet-Fert model, while treating each interface as a fictitious bulk layer whose thickness is δ times the spin-diffusion length. By employing the properly generalized circuit theory and the scattering matrix approaches, we derive the relation of the parameter δ to the spin-flip transmission and reflection probabilities at an individual interface. It is found that δ is proportional to the square root of the probability of spin-flip scattering. We calculate the spin-flip scattering probabilities ...


Theory Of Spin Loss At Metallic Interfaces, Kirill Belashchenko, Alexey Kovalev, Mark Van Schilfgaarde Nov 2016

Theory Of Spin Loss At Metallic Interfaces, Kirill Belashchenko, Alexey Kovalev, Mark Van Schilfgaarde

Faculty Publications: Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Interfacial spin-flip scattering plays an important role in magnetoelectronic devices. Spin loss at metallic interfaces is usually quantified by matching the magnetoresistance data for multilayers to the Valet-Fert model, while treating each interface as a fictitious bulk layer whose thickness is δ times the spin-diffusion length. By employing the properly generalized circuit theory and the scattering matrix approaches, we derive the relation of the parameter δ to the spin-flip transmission and reflection probabilities at an individual interface. It is found that δ is proportional to the square root of the probability of spin-flip scattering. We calculate the spin-flip scattering probabilities ...


Diffractive Imaging Of Coherent Nuclear Motion In Isolated Molecules, Jie Yang, Markus Guehr, Xiaozhe Shen, Renkai Li, Theodore Vecchione, Ryan Coffee, Jeff Corbett, Alan Fry, Nick Hartmann, Carsten Hast, Kareem Hegazy, Keith Jobe, Igor Makasyuk, Joseph Robinson, Matthew S. Robinson, Sharon Vetter, Stephen Weathersby, Charles Yoneda, Xijie Wang, Martin Centurion Oct 2016

Diffractive Imaging Of Coherent Nuclear Motion In Isolated Molecules, Jie Yang, Markus Guehr, Xiaozhe Shen, Renkai Li, Theodore Vecchione, Ryan Coffee, Jeff Corbett, Alan Fry, Nick Hartmann, Carsten Hast, Kareem Hegazy, Keith Jobe, Igor Makasyuk, Joseph Robinson, Matthew S. Robinson, Sharon Vetter, Stephen Weathersby, Charles Yoneda, Xijie Wang, Martin Centurion

Martin Centurion Publications

Observing the motion of the nuclear wave packets during a molecular reaction, in both space and time, is crucial for understanding and controlling the outcome of photoinduced chemical reactions. We have imaged the motion of a vibrational wave packet in isolated iodine molecules using ultrafast electron diffraction with relativistic electrons. The time-varying interatomic distance was measured with a precision 0.07 Å and temporal resolution of 230 fs full width at half maximum. The method is not only sensitive to the position but also the shape of the nuclear wave packet.


Imaging Population Transfer In Atoms With Ultrafast Electron Pulses, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace Sep 2016

Imaging Population Transfer In Atoms With Ultrafast Electron Pulses, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We propose the use of ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) to image a controllable, laser-driven coherent electron population transfer in lithium atoms with currently available femtosecond electron pulses. Our simulations demonstrate the ability of ultrafast electrons to image such an electronic population transfer, thus validating UED as a direct means of investigating electron dynamics. Provided the incident electron pulses have sufficient temporal resolution, the diffraction images are shown to resolve also the relative phases of the target electronic wave functions.


Simulation Of Relativistic Electrons Through A Magnetic Chicane, Matthias Fuchs, John Chrostek, Nathan W. Ray, Jordan O'Neal Aug 2016

Simulation Of Relativistic Electrons Through A Magnetic Chicane, Matthias Fuchs, John Chrostek, Nathan W. Ray, Jordan O'Neal

UCARE Research Products

Poster describing the path length differences for two relativistic electrons going through a series of four dipoles. This preliminary work will lead to full simulation of electron beam being compressed for use in an X-Ray Free Electron Laser in conjunction with magnetic quadruple lenses to create a small electron beam.


Low-Dimensional Materials For Organic Electronic Applications, Sumit Beniwal Aug 2016

Low-Dimensional Materials For Organic Electronic Applications, Sumit Beniwal

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

This thesis explores the self-assembly, surface interactions and electronic properties of functional molecules that have potential applications in electronics. Three classes of molecules - organic ferroelectric, spin-crossover complex, and molecules that assemble into a 2D semiconductor, have been studied through scanning tunneling microscopy and surfacesensitive spectroscopic methods. The scientific goal of this thesis is to understand the self-assembly of these molecules in low-dimensional (2D) configurations and the influence of substrate on their properties. First, a H-bonded organic ferroelectric, the 3-Hydroxyphenalenone, is studied on two noble metal substrates. It is demonstrated how a variety of different assemblies including 1D chains, p-p stacked ...


Hydrogel Microphones For Stealthy Underwater Listening, Yang Gao, Jingfeng Song, Shumin Li, Christian Elowsky, You Zhou, Stephen Ducharme, Yong Mei Chen, Qin Zhou, Li Tan Aug 2016

Hydrogel Microphones For Stealthy Underwater Listening, Yang Gao, Jingfeng Song, Shumin Li, Christian Elowsky, You Zhou, Stephen Ducharme, Yong Mei Chen, Qin Zhou, Li Tan

Stephen Ducharme Publications

Exploring the abundant resources in the ocean requires underwater acoustic detectors with a high-sensitivity reception of low-frequency sound from greater distances and zero reflections. Here we address both challenges by integrating an easily deformable network of metal nanoparticles in a hydrogel matrix for use as a cavity-free microphone. Since metal nanoparticles can be densely implanted as inclusions, and can even be arranged in coherent arrays, this microphone can detect static loads and air breezes from different angles, as well as underwater acoustic signals from 20 Hz to 3 kHz at amplitudes as low as 4 Pa. Unlike dielectric capacitors or ...


Metal Semiconductor Contact Between Gold And Boron Carbide, Ethiyal Raj Wilson, Elena Echeverria, Aiyun Liu, Bin Dong, George Peterson, Michael Nastasi, Peter A. Dowben Aug 2016

Metal Semiconductor Contact Between Gold And Boron Carbide, Ethiyal Raj Wilson, Elena Echeverria, Aiyun Liu, Bin Dong, George Peterson, Michael Nastasi, Peter A. Dowben

UCARE Research Products

We have investigated the interaction of gold (Au) with the semiconductor boron carbide through X-ray photoemission and heterojunction diode fabrication. The plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) hydrogenated semiconducting boron carbide films, deposited from closo-1,7-dicarbadodecaborane (metacarborane, m-B10C2H12), shows a shift in the binding energies of the core level photoemission features when gold is deposited on the surface. The shifting of the B 1s level is smaller than for the C 1s level and the non-uniform nature of the shifts indicates a strong, complex and reversible gold chemical interaction with the surface, particularly with the ...


Multistart Spiral Electron Vortices In Ionization By Circularly Polarized Uv Pulses, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, Alexei V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, S. X. Hu, L. B. Madsen, Anthony F. Starace Jul 2016

Multistart Spiral Electron Vortices In Ionization By Circularly Polarized Uv Pulses, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, Alexei V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, S. X. Hu, L. B. Madsen, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Multistart spiral vortex patterns are predicted for the electron momentum distributions in the polarization plane following ionization of the helium atom by two time-delayed circularly polarized ultrashort laser pulses. For two ultraviolet (UV) pulses having the same frequency (such that two photons are required for ionization), single-color two-photon interferometry with corotating or counter-rotating time-delayed pulses is found to lead respectively to zero-start or four-start spiral vortex patterns in the ionized electron momentum distributions in the polarization plane. In contrast, two-color one-photon plus two-photon interferometry with time-delayed corotating or counter-rotating UV pulses is found to lead respectively to one ...


Spica: Stereographic Projection For Interactive Crystallographic Analysis, Xingzhong Li Jul 2016

Spica: Stereographic Projection For Interactive Crystallographic Analysis, Xingzhong Li

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

In numerous research fields, especially the applications of electron and X-ray diffraction, stereographic projection represents a powerful tool for researchers. SPICA is a new computer program for stereographic projection in interactive crystallographic analysis, which inherits features from the previous JECP/SP and includes more functions for extensive crystallographic analysis. SPICA provides fully interactive options for users to plot stereograms of crystal directions and crystal planes, traces, and Kikuchi maps for an arbitrary crystal structure; it can be used to explore the orientation relationships between two crystalline phases with a composite stereogram; it is also used to predict the tilt angles ...


Femtosecond Gas Phase Electron Diffraction With Mev Electrons, Jie Yang, Markus Guehr, Theodore Vecchione, Matthew S. Robinson, Renkai Li, Nick Hartmann, Xiaozhe Shen, Ryan Coffee, Jeff Corbett, Alan Fry, Kelly Gaffney, Tais Gorkhover, Carsten Hast, Keith Jobe, Igor Makasyuk, Alexander Reid, Joseph Robinson, Sharon Vetter, Fenglin Wang, Stephen Weathersby, Charles Yoneda, Xijie Wang, Martin Centurion Jun 2016

Femtosecond Gas Phase Electron Diffraction With Mev Electrons, Jie Yang, Markus Guehr, Theodore Vecchione, Matthew S. Robinson, Renkai Li, Nick Hartmann, Xiaozhe Shen, Ryan Coffee, Jeff Corbett, Alan Fry, Kelly Gaffney, Tais Gorkhover, Carsten Hast, Keith Jobe, Igor Makasyuk, Alexander Reid, Joseph Robinson, Sharon Vetter, Fenglin Wang, Stephen Weathersby, Charles Yoneda, Xijie Wang, Martin Centurion

Martin Centurion Publications

We present results on ultrafast gas electron diffraction (UGED) experiments with femtosecond resolution using the MeV electron gun at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. UGED is a promising method to investigate molecular dynamics in the gas phase because electron pulses can probe the structure with a high spatial resolution. Until recently, however, it was not possible for UGED to reach the relevant timescale for the motion of the nuclei during a molecular reaction. Using MeV electron pulses has allowed us to overcome the main challenges in reaching femtosecond resolution, namely delivering short electron pulses on a gas target, overcoming the effect ...


Giant Enhancement Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Ultrathin Manganite Films Via Nanoscale 1d Periodic Depth Modulation, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. Zhang, Mark A. Koten, V. R. Singh, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Jeffrey E. Shield, Xia Hong May 2016

Giant Enhancement Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Ultrathin Manganite Films Via Nanoscale 1d Periodic Depth Modulation, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. Zhang, Mark A. Koten, V. R. Singh, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Jeffrey E. Shield, Xia Hong

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The relatively low magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) in strongly correlated manganites (La,Sr)MnO3 has been a major hurdle for implementing them in spintronic applications. Here we report an unusual, giant enhancement of in-plane MCA in 6 nm La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) films grown on (001) SrTiO3 substrates when the top 2 nm is patterned into periodic stripes of 100 or 200 nm width. Planar Hall effect measurements reveal an emergent uniaxial anisotropy superimposed on one of the original biaxial easy axes for unpatterned LSMO along (110) directions, with a 50-fold enhanced anisotropy energy ...


A Cylindrically Symmetric “Micro-Mott” Electron Polarimeter, Nathan B. Clayburn, Evan M. Brunkow, S. J. Burtwistle, George H. Rutherford, Timothy J. Gay May 2016

A Cylindrically Symmetric “Micro-Mott” Electron Polarimeter, Nathan B. Clayburn, Evan M. Brunkow, S. J. Burtwistle, George H. Rutherford, Timothy J. Gay

Timothy J. Gay Publications

A small, novel, cylindrically symmetric Mott electron polarimeter is described. The effective Sherman function, Seff , or analyzing power, for 20 kV Au target bias with a 1.3 keV energy loss window is 0.16 ± 0.01, where uncertainty in the measurement is due primarily to uncertainty in the incident electron polarization. For an energy loss window of 0.5 keV, Seff reaches its maximum value of 0.24 ± 0.02. The device’s maximum efficiency, I/Io, defined as the detected count rate divided by the incident particle rate, is 3.7 ± 0.2 ...


Charge Collection Kinetics On Ferroelectric Polymer Surface Using Charge Gradient Microscopy, Yoon-Young Choi, Sheng Tong, Stephen Ducharme, Andreas Roelofs, Seungbum Hong May 2016

Charge Collection Kinetics On Ferroelectric Polymer Surface Using Charge Gradient Microscopy, Yoon-Young Choi, Sheng Tong, Stephen Ducharme, Andreas Roelofs, Seungbum Hong

Stephen Ducharme Publications

A charge gradient microscopy (CGM) probe was used to collect surface screening charges on poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE)] thin films. These charges are naturally formed on unscreened ferroelectric domains in ambient condition. The CGM data were used to map the local electric current originating from the collected surface charges on the poled ferroelectric domains in the P(VDF-TrFE) thin films. Both the direction and amount of the collected current were controlled by changing the polarity and area of the poled domains. The endurance of charge collection by rubbing the CGM tip on the polymer film was limited to 20 ...


On The Structural Origin Of The Single-Ion Magnetic Anisotropy In Lufeo3, Shi Cao, Xiaozhe Zhang, Tula R. Paudel, Kishan Sinha, Xiao Wang, Xuanyuan Jiang, Wenbin Wang, Stuart Brutsche, Jian Wang, Philip J. Ryan, Jong-Woo Kim, Xuemei Cheng, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Peter A. Dowben, Xiaoshan Xu Apr 2016

On The Structural Origin Of The Single-Ion Magnetic Anisotropy In Lufeo3, Shi Cao, Xiaozhe Zhang, Tula R. Paudel, Kishan Sinha, Xiao Wang, Xuanyuan Jiang, Wenbin Wang, Stuart Brutsche, Jian Wang, Philip J. Ryan, Jong-Woo Kim, Xuemei Cheng, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Peter A. Dowben, Xiaoshan Xu

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Electronic structures for the conduction bands of both hexagonal and orthorhombic LuFeO3 thin films have been measured using x-ray absorption spectroscopy at oxygen K (O K) edge. Dramatic differences in both the spectra shape and the linear dichroism are observed. These differences in the spectra can be explained using the differences in crystal field splitting of the metal (Fe and Lu) electronic states and the differences in O 2p-Fe 3d and O 2p-Lu 5d hybridizations. While the oxidation states has not changed, the spectra are sensitive to the changes in the local environments of the Fe3+ and Lu ...


Diffractive Imaging Of A Rotational Wavepacket In Nitrogen Molecules With Femtosecond Megaelectronvolt Electron Pulses, Jie Yang, Markus Guehr, Theodore Vecchione, Matthew S. Robinson, Renkai Li, Nick Hartmann, Xiaozhe Shen, Ryan Coffee, Jeff Corbett, Alan Fry, Kelly Gaffney, Tais Gorkhover, Carsten Hast, Keith Jobe, Igor Makasyuk, Alexander Reid, Joseph Robinson, Sharon Vetter, Fenglin Wang, Stephen Weathersby, Charles Yoneda, Martin Centurion, Xijie Wang Apr 2016

Diffractive Imaging Of A Rotational Wavepacket In Nitrogen Molecules With Femtosecond Megaelectronvolt Electron Pulses, Jie Yang, Markus Guehr, Theodore Vecchione, Matthew S. Robinson, Renkai Li, Nick Hartmann, Xiaozhe Shen, Ryan Coffee, Jeff Corbett, Alan Fry, Kelly Gaffney, Tais Gorkhover, Carsten Hast, Keith Jobe, Igor Makasyuk, Alexander Reid, Joseph Robinson, Sharon Vetter, Fenglin Wang, Stephen Weathersby, Charles Yoneda, Martin Centurion, Xijie Wang

Martin Centurion Publications

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Manipulation Of Beams Of Ultra-Relativistic Electrons To Create Femtosecond X-Ray Pulses, Jordan T. O'Neal, Austin Schulte, Rafal Rakowski, Matthias Fuchs Apr 2016

Manipulation Of Beams Of Ultra-Relativistic Electrons To Create Femtosecond X-Ray Pulses, Jordan T. O'Neal, Austin Schulte, Rafal Rakowski, Matthias Fuchs

UCARE Research Products

The research proposed here is expected to result in a crucial component used in a next-generation X-ray source. Typical conventional high-brightness X-ray sources (so-called synchrotron lightsources) are up to 30 football fields in size. Our group uses a novel technique based on ultrahigh-power lasers to develop a similar source that can readily fit into a single, university-scale laboratory. More specifically, the research conducted within this proposal will be concerned with the manipulation of beams of ultra-relativistic electrons, (electrons that move with almost the speed of light) with the goal to focus the particles into an area that is smaller than ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Layered Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, Peter Kosch, Zhiyong Xiao, Xia Hong Apr 2016

Fabrication And Characterization Of Layered Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, Peter Kosch, Zhiyong Xiao, Xia Hong

UCARE Research Products

The goal of my research was to mechanically exfoliate single to few atomic layer samples of Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2 ), Tungsten Diselenide (WSe2 ), and Tungsten Disulfide (WS2 ) and characterize these 2D materials by multiple methods. I used Atomic Force Microscopy, Raman Spectroscopy, and Optical Microscopy to accomplish this. In addition, I measured the electrical properties of the exfoliated materials by fabricating a device and taking basic measurements.


Dispersion Of Electric-Field-Induced Faraday Effect In Magnetoelectric Cr2o3, J. Wang, Christian Binek Mar 2016

Dispersion Of Electric-Field-Induced Faraday Effect In Magnetoelectric Cr2o3, J. Wang, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The frequency dependence of the electric-field-induced magneto-optical Faraday effect is investigated in the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet chromia. Two electrically induced Faraday signals superimpose in proportion to the linear magnetoelectric susceptibility α and the antiferromagnetic order parameter η. The relative strength of these contributions is determined by the frequency of the probing light and can be tuned between extreme characteristics following the temperature dependence of α or η. The frequency dependence is analyzed in terms of electric dipole transitions of perturbed Cr3+ crystal-field states. The results allow us to measure voltage-controlled selection, isothermal switching, and temperature dependence of η in a ...


Atomic Photoionization Experiment By Harmonic-Generation Spectroscopy, M. V. Frolov, T. S. Sarantseva, N. L. Manakov, K. D. Fulfer, B. P. Wilson, J. Troß, X. Ren, Erwin D. Poliakoff, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, Anthony F. Starace, C. A. Trallero-Herrero Mar 2016

Atomic Photoionization Experiment By Harmonic-Generation Spectroscopy, M. V. Frolov, T. S. Sarantseva, N. L. Manakov, K. D. Fulfer, B. P. Wilson, J. Troß, X. Ren, Erwin D. Poliakoff, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, Anthony F. Starace, C. A. Trallero-Herrero

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Measurements of the high-order-harmonic generation yield of the argon (Ar) atom driven by a strong elliptically polarized laser field are shown to completely determine the field-free differential photoionization cross section of Ar, i.e., the energy dependence of both the angle-integrated photoionization cross section and the angular distribution asymmetry parameter.


New Type Of Al-Based Decagonal Quasicrystal In Al60Cr20Fe10Si10 Alloy, Zhanbing He, Haikun Ma, Hua Li, Xingzhong Li, Xiuliang Ma Mar 2016

New Type Of Al-Based Decagonal Quasicrystal In Al60Cr20Fe10Si10 Alloy, Zhanbing He, Haikun Ma, Hua Li, Xingzhong Li, Xiuliang Ma

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

A new kind of decagonal quasicrystal (DQC) with a periodicity of 1.23 nm was observed in the as-cast quaternary Al60Cr20Fe10Si10 alloy. The intensity distribution of some spots in the selected-area electron diffraction pattern along the tenfold zone axis was found to be different from other Al-based DQCs. High-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy was adopted to reveal the structural features at an atomic level. Both the tenfold symmetry and symmetry-broken decagonal (D) clusters of 1.91 nm in diameter were found, but with structural characteristics different from the corresponding D clusters ...


Engineering Interfacial Energy Profile By Changing The Substrate Terminating Plane In Perovskite Heterointerfaces, S. Roy, Alim Solmaz, John D. Burton, Mark Huijben, Guus Rijnders, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, T. Banerjee Mar 2016

Engineering Interfacial Energy Profile By Changing The Substrate Terminating Plane In Perovskite Heterointerfaces, S. Roy, Alim Solmaz, John D. Burton, Mark Huijben, Guus Rijnders, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, T. Banerjee

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Atomically engineered oxide heterointerfaces show a range of novel phenomena not present in their bulk form, thus providing an additional knob to tune the functional properties across such interfaces. Here we show that for an oxide Schottky interface between metallic SrRuO3 and semiconducting Nb doped SrTiO3 (Nb:STO) the terminating surface of the substrate plays a crucial role in determining the electronic transport across it. Interestingly this is achieved by engineering a monolayer of a charge-neutral SrO layer across the Schottky interface and not by the insertion of charged layers at the interface, as has been demonstrated earlier ...


Control Of Threshold Enhancements In Harmonic Generation By Atoms In A Two-Color Laser Field With Orthogonal Polarizations, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, T. S. Sarantseva, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, Anthony F. Starace Feb 2016

Control Of Threshold Enhancements In Harmonic Generation By Atoms In A Two-Color Laser Field With Orthogonal Polarizations, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, T. S. Sarantseva, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Threshold phenomena (or channel-closing effects) are analyzed in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) by atoms in a two-color laser field with orthogonal linearly polarized components of a fundamental field and its second harmonic. We show that the threshold behavior of HHG rates for the case of a weak second harmonic component is sensitive to the parity of a closing multiphoton ionization channel and the spatial symmetry of the initial bound state of the target atom, while for the case of comparable intensities of both components, suppression of threshold phenomena is observed as the relative phase between the components of a two-color ...


Stability Of Skyrmion Lattices And Symmetries Of Quasi-Two-Dimensional Chiral Magnets, Utkan Güngördü, Rabindra Nepal, Oleg A. Tretiakov, Kirill D. Belashchenko, Alexey Kovalev Feb 2016

Stability Of Skyrmion Lattices And Symmetries Of Quasi-Two-Dimensional Chiral Magnets, Utkan Güngördü, Rabindra Nepal, Oleg A. Tretiakov, Kirill D. Belashchenko, Alexey Kovalev

Faculty Publications: Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Recently there has been substantial interest in realizations of skyrmions, in particular in quasi-two-dimensional (2D) systems due to increased stability resulting from reduced dimensionality. A stable skyrmion, representing the smallest realizable magnetic texture, could be an ideal element for ultradense magnetic memories. Here we use the most general form of the quasi-2D free energy with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions constructed from general symmetry considerations reflecting the underlying system. We predict that the skyrmion phase is robust and it is present even when the system lacks the in-plane rotational symmetry. In fact, the lowered symmetry leads to increased stability of vortex-antivortex lattices with ...


Ultrafast Imaging Of Isolated Molecules With Electron Diffraction, Martin Centurion Feb 2016

Ultrafast Imaging Of Isolated Molecules With Electron Diffraction, Martin Centurion

Martin Centurion Publications

Recent advances in ultrafast electron diffraction offer the possibility to image isolated molecules with sub-Angstrom spatial resolution in ultrafast time scales. In particular, diffraction from aligned molecules has opened the door to retrieving three-dimensional structures directly from experimental data. In this manuscript we review the progress in ultrafast gas electron diffraction and discuss remaining challenges to achieve a temporal resolution of sub-100 fs, which is needed to observe the nuclear motion in chemical reactions in the gas phase.


Modification Of The G-Phonon Mode Of Graphene By Nitrogen Doping, Pavel V. Lukashev, Liuyan Zhao, Tula R. Paudel, Theanne Schiros, Noah Hurley, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Aron Pinczuk, Abhay Pasupathy, Rui He Jan 2016

Modification Of The G-Phonon Mode Of Graphene By Nitrogen Doping, Pavel V. Lukashev, Liuyan Zhao, Tula R. Paudel, Theanne Schiros, Noah Hurley, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Aron Pinczuk, Abhay Pasupathy, Rui He

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The effect of nitrogen doping on the phonon spectra of graphene is analyzed. In particular, we employ first-principles calculations and scanning Raman analysis to investigate the dependence of phonon frequencies in graphene on the concentration of nitrogen dopants. We demonstrate that the G phonon frequency shows oscillatory behavior as a function of nitrogen concentration. We analyze different mechanisms which could potentially be responsible for this behavior, such as Friedel charge oscillations around the localized nitrogen impurity atom, the bond length change between nitrogen impurity and its nearest neighbor carbon atoms, and the long-range interactions of the nitrogen point defects. We ...


Tunneling Anisotropic Magnetoresistance In A Magnetic Tunnel Junction With Half-Metallic Electrodes, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Jan 2016

Tunneling Anisotropic Magnetoresistance In A Magnetic Tunnel Junction With Half-Metallic Electrodes, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance (TAMR) is the difference in resistance of a magnetic tunnel junction due to a change in magnetization direction of one or both magnetic electrodes with respect to the flow of current. We present the results of first-principles density functional calculations of the TAMR effect in magnetic tunnel junctions with La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) electrodes and a SrTiO3 (STO) tunneling barrier. We find an ∼500% difference in resistance between magnetization in the plane and out of the plane. This large TAMR effect originates from the half-metallic nature of LSMO: When magnetization is ...


On The Ising Character Of The Quantum-Phase Transition In Lihof4, Ralph Skomski Jan 2016

On The Ising Character Of The Quantum-Phase Transition In Lihof4, Ralph Skomski

Ralph Skomski Publications

It is investigated how a transverse magnetic field affects the quantum-mechanical character of LiHoF4, a system generally considered as a textbook example for an Ising-like quantum-phase transition. In small magnetic fields, the low-temperature behavior of the ions is Ising-like, involving the nearly degenerate low-lying Jz = ± 8 doublet. However, as the transverse field increases, there is a substantial admixture of states having | Jz | < 8. Near the quantum-phase-transition field, the system is distinctively non-Ising like, and all Jz eigenstates yield ground-state contributions of comparable magnitude. A classical analog to this mechanism is the micromagnetic single point in magnets with uniaxial anisotropy. Since Ho3+ has J = 8, the ion’s behavior ...


Scaling Of Electroresistance Effect In Fully Integrated Ferroelectric Tunnel Junctions, Mohammad Abuwasib, Haidong Lu, Tao Li, Pratyush Buragohain, Hyungwoo Lee, Chang-Beom Eom, Alexei Gruverman, Uttam Singisetti Jan 2016

Scaling Of Electroresistance Effect In Fully Integrated Ferroelectric Tunnel Junctions, Mohammad Abuwasib, Haidong Lu, Tao Li, Pratyush Buragohain, Hyungwoo Lee, Chang-Beom Eom, Alexei Gruverman, Uttam Singisetti

Alexei Gruverman Publications

Systematic investigation of the scalability for tunneling electroresistance (TER) of integrated Co/BaTiO3/SrRuO3 ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs) has been performed from micron to deep submicron dimensions. Pulsed measurements of the transient currents confirm the ferroelectric switching behavior of the FTJs, while the hysteresis loops measured by means of piezoresponse force microscopy verify the scalability of these structures. Fully integrated functional FTJ devices with the size of 300×300 nm2 exhibiting a tunneling electroresistance (TER) effect of the order of 2.7×104% have been fabricated and tested. Measured current density of 75 A/cm2 ...