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University of Nebraska - Lincoln

2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 72

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Ferroelectric Polarization Dependent Interface Effects, Xiaohui Liu Dec 2014

Ferroelectric Polarization Dependent Interface Effects, Xiaohui Liu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Utilization of the switchable spontaneous polarization of nanometer scale ferroelectric materials offers a promising avenue for future nanoelectronic devices. In this dissertation, we use density-functional calculations and phenomenological modeling to explore the effects of interface termination on thin-film heterostructures, the effects of electron doping in bulk ferroelectric materials on ferroelectric stability, and the effects of ferroelectric polarization switching on the electronic and transport properties of interfaces.

For SrRuO3/BaTiO3/SrRuO3 epitaxial heterostructures grown on SrTiO3, we find that the built-in dipole at the BaO/RuO2 terminated interface leads to a strong preference for one polarization ...


Ferroelectric Tunnel Junctions With Graphene Electrodes, Haidong Lu, Alexey Lipatov, Sangjin Ryu, D. J. Kim, H. Lee, M. Ye. Zhuravlev, Chang-Beom Eom, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Alexander Sinitskii, Alexei Gruverman Nov 2014

Ferroelectric Tunnel Junctions With Graphene Electrodes, Haidong Lu, Alexey Lipatov, Sangjin Ryu, D. J. Kim, H. Lee, M. Ye. Zhuravlev, Chang-Beom Eom, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Alexander Sinitskii, Alexei Gruverman

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Polarization-driven resistive switching in ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs)—structures composed of two electrodes separated by an ultrathin ferroelectric barrier—offers new physics and materials functionalities, as well as exciting opportunities for the next generation of non-volatile memories and logic devices. Performance of FTJs is highly sensitive to the electrical boundary conditions, which can be controlled by electrode material and/or interface engineering. Here, we demonstrate the use of graphene as electrodes in FTJs that allows control of interface properties for significant enhancement of device performance. Ferroelectric polarization stability and resistive switching are strongly affected by a molecular layer at the ...


Nonlinear Dichroism In Back-To-Back Double Ionization Of He By An Intense Elliptically Polarized Few-Cycle Extreme Ultraviolet Pulse, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, N. L. Manakov, A. V. Meremianin, S. X. Hu, L. B. Madsen, Anthony F. Starace Nov 2014

Nonlinear Dichroism In Back-To-Back Double Ionization Of He By An Intense Elliptically Polarized Few-Cycle Extreme Ultraviolet Pulse, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, N. L. Manakov, A. V. Meremianin, S. X. Hu, L. B. Madsen, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Control of double ionization of He by means of the polarization and carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of an intense, few-cycle extreme ultraviolet (XUV) pulse is demonstrated numerically by solving the six-dimensional two-electron, time-dependent Schrödinger equation for He interacting with an elliptically polarized XUV pulse. Guided by perturbation theory (PT), we predict the existence of a nonlinear dichroic effect (∝ I3/2) that is sensitive to the CEP, ellipticity, peak intensity I, and temporal duration of the pulse. This dichroic effect (i.e., the difference of the two-electron angular distributions for opposite helicities of the ionizing XUV pulse) originates from interference of ...


Control Of Majorana Edge Modes By A G-Factor Engineered Nanowire Spin Transistor, Amrit De, Alexey Kovalev Nov 2014

Control Of Majorana Edge Modes By A G-Factor Engineered Nanowire Spin Transistor, Amrit De, Alexey Kovalev

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We propose the manipulation of Majorana edge states via hybridization and spin currents in a nanowire spin transistor. The spin transistor is based on a heterostructure nanowire comprising of semiconductors with large and small g-factors that form the topological and non-topological regions respectively. The hybridization of bound edge states results in spin currents and 4π-periodic torques, as a function of the relative magnetic field angle – an effect which is dual to the fractional Josephson effect. We establish relation between torques and spin-currents in the non-topological region where the magnetic field is almost zero and spin is conserved ...


Complex Band Structure Of Topologically Protected Edge States, Xiaoqian Dang, John D. Burton, Alan Kalitsov, Julian P. Velev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Oct 2014

Complex Band Structure Of Topologically Protected Edge States, Xiaoqian Dang, John D. Burton, Alan Kalitsov, Julian P. Velev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

One of the great successes of modern condensed matter physics is the discovery of topological insulators (TIs). A thorough investigation of their properties could bring such materials from fundamental research to potential applications. Here, we report on theoretical investigations of the complex band structure (CBS) of two-dimensional (2D) TIs. We utilize the tight-binding form of the Bernevig, Hughes, and Zhang model as a prototype for a generic 2D TI. Based on this model, we outline the conditions that the CBS must satisfy in order to guarantee the presence of topologically protected edge states. Furthermore, we use the Green’s function ...


Emergent Vortices At A Ferromagnetic Superconducting Oxide Interface, Alexander Paul Petrović, A. Paré, Tula R. Paudel, K. Lee, S. Holmes, Crispin H.W. Barnes, A. David, T. Wu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, C. Panagopoulos Sep 2014

Emergent Vortices At A Ferromagnetic Superconducting Oxide Interface, Alexander Paul Petrović, A. Paré, Tula R. Paudel, K. Lee, S. Holmes, Crispin H.W. Barnes, A. David, T. Wu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, C. Panagopoulos

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Understanding the cohabitation arrangements of ferromagnetism and superconductivity at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface remains an open challenge. Probing this coexistence with sub-Kelvin magnetotransport experiments, we demonstrate that a hysteretic in-plane magnetoresistance develops below the superconducting transition for H < 0.15 T, independently of the carrier density or oxygen annealing. This hysteresis is argued to arise from vortex depinning within a thin (< 20 nm) superconducting layer, mediated by discrete ferromagnetic dipoles located solely above the layer. The pinning strength may be modified by varying the superconducting channel thickness via electric field-effect doping. No evidence is found for bulk magnetism or finite-momentum pairing, and we conclude that ferromagnetism is strictly confined to the interface, where it competes with superconductivity. Our work indicates that oxide interfaces are ideal candidate materials for the growth and analysis of nanoscale superconductor/ferromagnet hybrids.


Effect Of Thermal Annealing On Ferroelectric Domain Structures In Poly(Vinylidene-Fluoride-Trifluorethylene) Langmuir-Blodgett Thin Films, Zhiyong Xiao, J. Hamblin, Shashi Poddar, Stephen Ducharme, P. Paruch, Xia Hong Aug 2014

Effect Of Thermal Annealing On Ferroelectric Domain Structures In Poly(Vinylidene-Fluoride-Trifluorethylene) Langmuir-Blodgett Thin Films, Zhiyong Xiao, J. Hamblin, Shashi Poddar, Stephen Ducharme, P. Paruch, Xia Hong

Stephen Ducharme Publications

We report a piezo-response force microscopy study of the effect of thermal annealing on ferroelectric domain structures in 6 to 20 monolayer (11 to 36 nm) polycrystalline poly(vinylidene-fluoridetrifluorethylene) thin films prepared using the Langmuir-Blodgett approach. Stripe-shape domains have been created at room temperature and subjected to thermal annealing at progressively higher temperatures up to the ferroelectric Curie temperature TC of approximately 110 °C. The static configuration of the domain walls exhibits no appreciable temperature dependence after thermal annealing, with the domain-wall roughness exponent ζ ranging from 0.4 to 0.5. Above 80 °C, we observed spontaneous polarization ...


Chemically Induced Jahn–Teller Ordering On Manganite Surfaces, Zheng Gai, Wenzhi Lin, John D. Burton, K. Fuchigami, Paul C. Snijders, T. Z. Ward, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, J. Shen, Stephen Jesse, Sergei V. Kalinin, Arthur P. Baddorf Jul 2014

Chemically Induced Jahn–Teller Ordering On Manganite Surfaces, Zheng Gai, Wenzhi Lin, John D. Burton, K. Fuchigami, Paul C. Snijders, T. Z. Ward, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, J. Shen, Stephen Jesse, Sergei V. Kalinin, Arthur P. Baddorf

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Physical and electrochemical phenomena at the surfaces of transition metal oxides and their coupling to local functionality remains one of the enigmas of condensed matter physics. Understanding the emergent physical phenomena at surfaces requires the capability to probe the local composition, map order parameter fields and establish their coupling to electronic properties. Here we demonstrate that measuring the sub-30-pm displacements of atoms from high-symmetry positions in the atomically resolved scanning tunnelling microscopy allows the physical order parameter fields to be visualized in real space on the single-atom level. Here, this local crystallographic analysis is applied to the in-situ-grown manganite surfaces ...


Nonlinear Transport In Nanoscale Phase Separated Colossal Magnetoresistive Oxide Thin Films, V. R. Singh, L. Zhang, Anil Rajapitamahuni, N. Devries, Xia Hong Jul 2014

Nonlinear Transport In Nanoscale Phase Separated Colossal Magnetoresistive Oxide Thin Films, V. R. Singh, L. Zhang, Anil Rajapitamahuni, N. Devries, Xia Hong

Faculty Publications: Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

We report a study of the I-V characteristics of 2.5–5.4 nm epitaxial La1xSrxMnO3 (x = 0.33 and 0.5) and La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 thin films. While La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films exhibit linear conduction over the entire temperature and magnetic field ranges investigated, we observe a strong correlation between the linearity of the I-V relation and the metal-insulator transition in highly phase separated La0.5Sr0.5MnO3 and La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 films. Linear I-V ...


Below Gap Optical Absorption In Gaas Driven By Intense, Single-Cycle Coherent Transition Radiation, J. Goodfellow, Matthias Fuchs, D. Daranciang, S. Ghimire, F. Chen, H. Loos, D. A. Reis, A. S. Fisher, A. M. Lindenberg Jul 2014

Below Gap Optical Absorption In Gaas Driven By Intense, Single-Cycle Coherent Transition Radiation, J. Goodfellow, Matthias Fuchs, D. Daranciang, S. Ghimire, F. Chen, H. Loos, D. A. Reis, A. S. Fisher, A. M. Lindenberg

Matthias Fuchs Publications

Single-cycle terahertz fields generated by coherent transition radiation from a relativistic electron beam are used to study the high field optical response of single crystal GaAs. Large amplitude changes in the sub-band-gap optical absorption are induced and probed dynamically by measuring the absorption of a broad-band optical beam generated by transition radiation from the same electron bunch, providing an absolutely synchronized pump and probe geometry. This modification of the optical properties is consistent with strong-field-induced electroabsorption. These processes are pertinent to a wide range of nonlinear terahertz-driven lightmatter interactions anticipated at accelerator-based sources.


Investigation Of Ferroelectric Domains In Thin Films Of Vinylidene Fluoride Oligomers, Pankaj Sharma, Shashi Poddar, Rafal Korlacki, Stephen Ducharme, Alexei Gruverman Jul 2014

Investigation Of Ferroelectric Domains In Thin Films Of Vinylidene Fluoride Oligomers, Pankaj Sharma, Shashi Poddar, Rafal Korlacki, Stephen Ducharme, Alexei Gruverman

Stephen Ducharme Publications

High-resolution vector piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) has been used to investigate ferroelectric domains in thin vinylidene fluoride oligomer films fabricated by the Langmuir-Blodgett deposition technique. Molecular chains are found to be preferentially oriented normal to the substrate, and PFM imaging shows that the films are in ferroelectric β-phase with a predominantly in-plane polarization, in agreement with infrared spectroscopic ellipsometry and X-ray diffraction measurements. The fractal analysis of domain structure has yielded the Hausdorff dimension (D) in the range of ~1.3–1.5 indicating a random-bond nature of the disorder potential, with domain size exhibiting Landau-Lifshitz-Kittel scaling.


Long-Range Electronic Reconstruction To A Dxz,Yz-Dominated Fermi Surface Below The Laalo3/Srtio3 Interface, Alexander Paul Petrović, A. Pare, Tula R. Paudel, K. Lee, S. Holmes, Crispin H.W. Barnes, A. David, T. Wu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, C. Panagopoulos Jun 2014

Long-Range Electronic Reconstruction To A Dxz,Yz-Dominated Fermi Surface Below The Laalo3/Srtio3 Interface, Alexander Paul Petrović, A. Pare, Tula R. Paudel, K. Lee, S. Holmes, Crispin H.W. Barnes, A. David, T. Wu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, C. Panagopoulos

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Low dimensionality, broken symmetry and easily-modulated carrier concentrations provoke novel electronic phase emergence at oxide interfaces. However, the spatial extent of such reconstructions - i.e. the interfacial ‘‘depth’’ - remains unclear. Examining LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures at previously unexplored carrier densities n2D 14 cm-2 , we observe a Shubnikov-de Haas effect for small in-plane fields, characteristic of an anisotropic 3D Fermi surface with preferential dxz,yz orbital occupancy extending over at least 100 nm perpendicular to the interface. Quantum oscillations from the 3D Fermi surface of bulk doped SrTiO3 emerge simultaneously at higher n2D. We distinguish ...


Polarization Imaging In Ferroelectric Polymer Thin Film Capacitors By Pyroelectric Scanning Microscopy, Jingfeng Song, Haidong Lu, Alexei Gruverman, Stephen Ducharme May 2014

Polarization Imaging In Ferroelectric Polymer Thin Film Capacitors By Pyroelectric Scanning Microscopy, Jingfeng Song, Haidong Lu, Alexei Gruverman, Stephen Ducharme

Stephen Ducharme Publications

A Pyroelectric Scanning Microscopy system, which uses laser-induced thermal modulation for mapping the pyroelectric response, has been used to image a bipolar domain pattern in a ferroelectric polymer thin film capacitor. This system has achieved a resolution of 660±28 nm by using a violet laser and high f-number microscope objective to reduce the optical spot size, and by operating at high modulation frequencies to reduce the thermal diffusion length. The results agree well with a thermal model implemented numerically using finite element analysis.


Electron Matter Interferometry And The Electron Double-Slit Experiment, Roger Bach Apr 2014

Electron Matter Interferometry And The Electron Double-Slit Experiment, Roger Bach

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Quantum mechanics has fundamentally changed the way scientists think about the world. Quantum mechanical theory has found it's way into our everyday lives through advances in technology. In this dissertation a fundamental quantum mechanical demonstration and the technological development of a new quantum mechanical device are presented.

Double-slit diffraction is a corner stone of quantum mechanics. It illustrates key features of quantum mechanics: interference and the particle-wave duality of matter. Here we demonstrate the full realization of Richard Feynman's famous thought experiment. By placing a movable mask in front of a double-slit to control the transmission through the ...


X-Ray Second Harmonic Generation, S. Shwartz, Matthias Fuchs, J. B. Hastings, Y. Inubushi, T. Ishikawa, T. Katayama, D. A. Reis, T. Sato, K. Tono, M. Yabashi, S. Yudovich, S. E. Harris Apr 2014

X-Ray Second Harmonic Generation, S. Shwartz, Matthias Fuchs, J. B. Hastings, Y. Inubushi, T. Ishikawa, T. Katayama, D. A. Reis, T. Sato, K. Tono, M. Yabashi, S. Yudovich, S. E. Harris

Matthias Fuchs Publications

We report clear experimental evidence for second harmonic generation at hard x-ray wavelengths. Using a 1.7 Å pumping beam generated by a free electron laser, we observe second harmonic generation in diamond. The generated second harmonic is of order 10 times the background radiation, scales quadratically with pump pulse energy, and is generated over a narrow phase-matching condition. Of importance for future experiments, our results indicate that it is possible to observe nonlinear x-ray processes in crystals at pump intensities exceeding 1016 W/cm2.


Magnetic Properties Of Fe-Doped Mnal, Priyanka Manchanda, Arti Kashyap, Jeffrey E. Shield, L. H. Lewis, Ralph Skomski Apr 2014

Magnetic Properties Of Fe-Doped Mnal, Priyanka Manchanda, Arti Kashyap, Jeffrey E. Shield, L. H. Lewis, Ralph Skomski

Ralph Skomski Publications

Electronic and magnetic properties of L10-ordered FexMn1−xAl alloys (x = 0, 0.0625, 0.125, 0.1875, 0.5) are investigated by first-principle supercell calculations. Pristine MnAl exhibits robust ferromagnetism involving the dense-packed Mn atoms in (001) planes of the tetragonal structure. Iron substitution for Mn significantly deteriorates the magnetiza­tion of the alloy. The reduction is a dilution effect, caused by the relatively small Fe moment of about 1.9 μB per atom, as compared to the Mn moment, which exceeds 2.4 μB. By contrast, 50% Fe substituted for Mn ...


Spin Transfer Of Quantum Information Between Majorana Modes And A Resonator, Alexey Kovalev, Amrit De, Kirill Shtengel Mar 2014

Spin Transfer Of Quantum Information Between Majorana Modes And A Resonator, Alexey Kovalev, Amrit De, Kirill Shtengel

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We show that resonant coupling and entanglement between a mechanical resonator and Majorana bound states can be achieved via spin currents in a 1D quantum wire with strong spin-orbit interactions. The bound states induced by vibrating and stationary magnets can hybridize, thus resulting in spin-current induced 4π-periodic torques, as a function of the relative field angle, acting on the resonator. We study the feasibility of detecting and manipulating Majorana bound states with the use of magnetic resonance force microscopy techniques.


A Low-Power Optical Electron Switch, Wayne Cheng-Wei Huang, Roger Bach, Peter Beierle, Herman Batelaan Feb 2014

A Low-Power Optical Electron Switch, Wayne Cheng-Wei Huang, Roger Bach, Peter Beierle, Herman Batelaan

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

An electron beam is deflected when it passes over a silicon-nitride surface, if the surface is illuminated by a low-power continuous-wave diode laser. A deflection angle of up to 1.2 mrad is achieved for an electron beam of 29 μrad divergence. A mechanical beam-stop is used to demonstrate that the effect can act as an optical electron switch with a rise and fall time of 6 μs. Such a switch provides an alternative means to control electron beams, which may be useful in electron lithography and microscopy.


Resonant Electron-Atom Bremsstrahlung In An Intense Laser Field, A. N. Zheltukhin, A. V. Flegel, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, Anthony F. Starace Feb 2014

Resonant Electron-Atom Bremsstrahlung In An Intense Laser Field, A. N. Zheltukhin, A. V. Flegel, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We analyze a resonant mechanism for spontaneous laser-assisted electron bremsstrahlung (BrS) involving the resonant transition (via either laser-assisted electron-ion recombination or electron-atom attachment) into a laser-dressed intermediate quasibound state (corresponding, respectively, to either a field-free neutral atom or a negative-ion bound state) accompanied by ionization or detachment of this state by the laser field. This mechanism leads to resonant enhancement (by orders of magnitude) of the BrS spectral density for emitted photon energies corresponding to those for laser-assisted recombination or attachment. We present an accurate parametrization of the resonant BrS amplitude in terms of the amplitudes for nonresonant BrS, for ...


Large-Scale Solution Synthesis Of Narrow Graphene Nanoribbons, Timothy H. Vo, Mikhail Shekhirev, Donna A. Kunkel, Martha D. Morton, Eric Berglund, Lingmei Kong, Peter M. Wilson, Peter A. Dowben, Axel Enders, Alexander Sinitskii Feb 2014

Large-Scale Solution Synthesis Of Narrow Graphene Nanoribbons, Timothy H. Vo, Mikhail Shekhirev, Donna A. Kunkel, Martha D. Morton, Eric Berglund, Lingmei Kong, Peter M. Wilson, Peter A. Dowben, Axel Enders, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

According to theoretical studies, narrow graphene nanoribbons with atomically precise armchair edges and widths of(1.1 eV), which makes them potentially promising for logic applications. Different top–down fabrication approaches typically yield ribbons with width >10nm and have limited control over their edge structure. Here we demonstrate a novel bottom–up approach that yields gram quantities of high-aspect-ratio graphene nanoribbons, which are only ~1 nm wide and have atomically smooth armchair edges. These ribbons are shown to have a large electronic bandgap of ~1.3 eV, which is significantly higher than any value reported so far in experimental studies ...


Magnetic Nanostructuring And Overcoming Brown’S Paradox To Realize Extraordinary High-Temperature Energy Products, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Pinaki Mukherjee, Ralph A. Skomski, Priyanka Manchanda, Bhaskar Das, David J. Sellmyer Jan 2014

Magnetic Nanostructuring And Overcoming Brown’S Paradox To Realize Extraordinary High-Temperature Energy Products, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Pinaki Mukherjee, Ralph A. Skomski, Priyanka Manchanda, Bhaskar Das, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Nanoscience has been one of the outstanding driving forces in technology recently, arguably more so in magnetism than in any other branch of science and technology. Due to nanoscale bit size, a single computer hard disk is now able to store the text of 3,000,000 average-size books, and today’s high-performance permanent magnets—found in hybrid cars, wind turbines, and disk drives—are nanostructured to a large degree. The nanostructures ideally are designed from Co- and Fe-rich building blocks without critical rare-earth elements, and often are required to exhibit high coercivity and magnetization at elevated temperatures of typically ...


Spin Density Waves In Periodically Strained Graphene Nanoribbons, Nabil M. Al-Aqtash, Renat F. Sabirianov Jan 2014

Spin Density Waves In Periodically Strained Graphene Nanoribbons, Nabil M. Al-Aqtash, Renat F. Sabirianov

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Zigzag graphene nanoribbons (ZGNRs) are antiferromagnetic in the ground state with zero net magnetization due to the compensation of contributions from opposite edges. Uniform deformations (both shear and axial) do not produce magnetization due to symmetry restrictions. However, we report the results of first-principles calculations that predict the induction of spin density waves (SDWs) in ZGNRs under non-uniform periodic strain. Using the density functional theory (DFT) method, we show that a sinusoidal magnetization variation along the axis of the ribbon occurs under a sinusoidal transversal shear strain. SDWs appear due to the presence of a strain gradient that induced asymmetry ...


Tilted Femtosecond Pulses For Velocity Matching In Gas-Phase Ultrafast Electron Diffraction, Ping Zhang, Jie Yang, Martin Centurion Jan 2014

Tilted Femtosecond Pulses For Velocity Matching In Gas-Phase Ultrafast Electron Diffraction, Ping Zhang, Jie Yang, Martin Centurion

Martin Centurion Publications

Recent advances in pulsed electron gun technology have resulted in femtosecond electron pulses becoming available for ultrafast electron diffraction experiments. For experiments investigating chemical dynamics in the gas phase, the resolution is still limited to picosecond time scales due to the velocity mismatch between laser and electron pulses. Tilted laser pulses can be used for velocity matching, but thus far this has not been demonstrated over an extended target in a diffraction setting. We demonstrate an optical configuration to deliver high-intensity laser pulses with a tilted pulse front for velocity matching over the typical length of a gas jet. A ...


Tilted Femtosecond Pulses For Velocity Matching In Gas-Phase Ultrafast Electron Diffraction, Ping Zhang, Jie Yang, Martin Centurion Jan 2014

Tilted Femtosecond Pulses For Velocity Matching In Gas-Phase Ultrafast Electron Diffraction, Ping Zhang, Jie Yang, Martin Centurion

Martin Centurion Publications

Recent advances in pulsed electron gun technology have resulted in femtosecond electron pulses becoming available for ultrafast electron diffraction experiments. For experiments investigating chemical dynamics in the gas phase, the resolution is still limited to picosecond time scales due to the velocity mismatch between laser and electron pulses. Tilted laser pulses can be used for velocity matching, but thus far this has not been demonstrated over an extended target in a diffraction setting. We demonstrate an optical configuration to deliver high-intensity laser pulses with a tilted pulse front for velocity matching over the typical length of a gas jet. A ...


Reconstruction Of Three-Dimensional Molecular Structure From Diffraction Of Laseraligned Molecules, Jie Yang, Varun Makhija, Vinod Kumarappan, Martin Centurion Jan 2014

Reconstruction Of Three-Dimensional Molecular Structure From Diffraction Of Laseraligned Molecules, Jie Yang, Varun Makhija, Vinod Kumarappan, Martin Centurion

Martin Centurion Publications

Diffraction from laser-aligned molecules has been proposed as a method for determining 3-D molecular structures in the gas phase. However, existing structural retrieval algorithms are limited by the imperfect alignment in experiments and the rotational averaging in 1-D alignment. Here, we demonstrate a two-step reconstruction comprising a genetic algorithm that corrects for the imperfect alignment followed by an iterative phase retrieval method in cylindrical coordinates. The algorithm was tested with simulated diffraction patterns. We show that the full 3-D structure of trifluorotoluene, an asymmetric-top molecule, can be reconstructed with atomic resolution.


Positive Exchange Bias In Epitaxial Permalloy/Mgo Integrated With Si (100), S. S. Rao, J. T. Prater, Fan Wu, S. Nori, D. Kumar, Lanping Yue, Sy_Hwang Liou, Jagdish Narayan Jan 2014

Positive Exchange Bias In Epitaxial Permalloy/Mgo Integrated With Si (100), S. S. Rao, J. T. Prater, Fan Wu, S. Nori, D. Kumar, Lanping Yue, Sy_Hwang Liou, Jagdish Narayan

Si-Hwang Liou Publications

In magnetic random access memory (MRAM) devices, soft magnetic thin film elements such as permalloy (Py) are used as unit cells of information. The epitaxial integration of these elements with the technologically important substrate Si (100) and a thorough understanding of their magnetic properties are critical for CMOS-based magnetic devices. We report on the epitaxial growth of Ni82.5Fe17.5 (permalloy, Py) on Si (100) using a TiN/MgO buffer layer. Initial stages of growth are characterized by the formation of discrete islands that gradually merge into a continuous film as deposition times are extended. Interestingly, we ...


Dynamic Analysis Of Dna Nanoparticle Immobilization To Model Biomaterial Substrates Using Combinatorial Spectroscopic Ellipsometry And Quartz Crystal Microbalance With Dissipation, Tadas Kasputis, Alex Pieper, Mathias Schubert, Angela K. Pannier Jan 2014

Dynamic Analysis Of Dna Nanoparticle Immobilization To Model Biomaterial Substrates Using Combinatorial Spectroscopic Ellipsometry And Quartz Crystal Microbalance With Dissipation, Tadas Kasputis, Alex Pieper, Mathias Schubert, Angela K. Pannier

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Gene expression within cells can be altered through gene delivery approaches, which have tremendous potential for gene therapy, tissue engineering, and diagnostics. Substrate-mediated gene delivery describes the delivery of plasmid DNA or DNA complexed with nonviral vectors to cells from a surface, with the DNA immobilized to a substrate through specific or nonspecific interactions. In this work, DNA-nanoparticle (DNA–NP) adsorption to substrates is evaluated using combinatorial, in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (SE/QCM-D), to evaluate the basic dynamic processes involved in the adsorption and immobilization of DNA–NP complexes to substrates. The concentration of ...


The Spin State Of A Molecular Adsorbate Driven By The Ferroelectric Substrate Polarization†, Xin Zhang, Tatiana Palamarciuc, Jean-François Létard, Patrick Rosa, Eduardo Vega Lozada, Fernand Torres, Luis G. Rosa, Bernard Doudin, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2014

The Spin State Of A Molecular Adsorbate Driven By The Ferroelectric Substrate Polarization†, Xin Zhang, Tatiana Palamarciuc, Jean-François Létard, Patrick Rosa, Eduardo Vega Lozada, Fernand Torres, Luis G. Rosa, Bernard Doudin, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The spin state of [Fe(H2B(pz)2)2(bipy)] thin films is mediated by changes in the electric field at the interface of organic ferroelectric polyvinylidene fluoride with trifluoroethylene (PVDF–TrFE). Signatures of the molecular crossover transition are evident in changes in the unoccupied states and the related shift from diamagnetic to paramagnetic characteristics. This may point the way to the molecular magneto-electric effect on devices.


Structural And Electronic Origin Of The Magnetic Structures In Hexagonal Lufeo3, Hongwei Wang, Igor V. Solovyev, Wenbin Wang, Xiao Wang, Philip J. Ryan, David J. Keavney, Jong-Woo Kim, Thomas Z. Ward, Leyi Zhu, Jian Shen, X. M. Cheng, Lixin He, Xiaoshan Xu, Xifan Wu Jan 2014

Structural And Electronic Origin Of The Magnetic Structures In Hexagonal Lufeo3, Hongwei Wang, Igor V. Solovyev, Wenbin Wang, Xiao Wang, Philip J. Ryan, David J. Keavney, Jong-Woo Kim, Thomas Z. Ward, Leyi Zhu, Jian Shen, X. M. Cheng, Lixin He, Xiaoshan Xu, Xifan Wu

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Using combined theoretical and experimental approaches, we studied the structural and electronic origin of the magnetic structure in hexagonal LuFeO3. Besides showing the strong exchange coupling that is consistent with the high magnetic ordering temperature, the previously observed spin reorientation transition is explained by the theoretically calculated magnetic phase diagram. The structural origin of this spin reorientation that is responsible for the appearance of spontaneous magnetization, is identified by theory and verified by x-ray diffraction and absorption experiments.


Active Control Of Magnetoresistance Of Organic Spin Valves Using Ferroelectricity, Dali Sun, Mei Fang, Xiaoshan Xu, Lu Jiang, Hangwen Guo, Yanmei Wang, Wenting Yang, Lifeng Yin, Paul C. Snijders, T. Z. Ward, Zheng Gai, X. -G. Zhang, Ho Nyung Lee, Jian Shen Jan 2014

Active Control Of Magnetoresistance Of Organic Spin Valves Using Ferroelectricity, Dali Sun, Mei Fang, Xiaoshan Xu, Lu Jiang, Hangwen Guo, Yanmei Wang, Wenting Yang, Lifeng Yin, Paul C. Snijders, T. Z. Ward, Zheng Gai, X. -G. Zhang, Ho Nyung Lee, Jian Shen

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Organic spintronic devices have been appealing because of the long spin lifetime of the charge carriers in the organic materials and their low cost, flexibility and chemical diversity. In previous studies, the control of resistance of organic spin valves is generally achieved by the alignment of the magnetization directions of the two ferromagnetic electrodes, generating magnetoresistance. Here we employ a new knob to tune the resistance of organic spin valves by adding a thin ferroelectric interfacial layer between the ferromagnetic electrode and the organic spacer: the magnetoresistance of the spin valve depends strongly on the history of the bias voltage ...