Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Nonadiabatic Heat-Capacity Measurements Using A Superconducting Quantum Interference Device Magnetometer, A.I. Kharkovski, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleeman Oct 2000

Nonadiabatic Heat-Capacity Measurements Using A Superconducting Quantum Interference Device Magnetometer, A.I. Kharkovski, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleeman

Christian Binek Publications

Nonadiabatic measurements of the heat capacity involving sample-inherent thermometry are proposed. The method is realized with superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry and applied to FeBr2 single crystals by using the magnetization for both thermometry and relaxation calorimetry. When heating with a step pulse of laser light, the magnetization relaxes on a characteristic time scale Ί = RC, where C is the heat capacity and R is the heat resistance between the sample and the bath. R is independently determined from the temperature dependence of the magnetic moment measured with and without stationary light irradiation. ©2000 American Institute of Physics.


Superspin Glass Behaviour Of Interacting Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles In Discontinuous Magnetic Multilayers, Christian Binek Oct 2000

Superspin Glass Behaviour Of Interacting Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles In Discontinuous Magnetic Multilayers, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Discontinuous magnetic multilayers [Co80Fe20(t)/Al2O3(3nm)]10 with t = 0.9 and 1.0nm are studied by SQUID magnetometry and ac susceptibility. Owing to dipolar interaction the superparamagnetic cluster systems undergo collective glass-like freezing upon cooling. While both samples exhibit very similar glass temperatures Tg » 45 K and critical exponents zn » 10 and g » 1.4 as obtained from the temperature dependencies of the relaxation time, t, and the nonlinear susceptibility, c3, dynamical scaling reveals different critical exponents, b(0.9nm) »1.0 and b(1.0nm) » 0.6, respectively.


Transient Spin Structures At The Antifero-To-Paramagnetic Phase Boundary Of Febr2, Christian Binek Aug 2000

Transient Spin Structures At The Antifero-To-Paramagnetic Phase Boundary Of Febr2, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Excess magnetization and anomalous susceptibility loss is observed on antiferromagnetic FeBr2 in an axial field H below and above its H-T-phase boundary between the multicritical temperature (Tm = 4.6 K) and the Néel temperature (TN = 14.1 K). These and other unusual properties of FeBr2 are attributed to frustration-induced intraplanar non-critical spin fluctuations, which can be simulated within the framework of a triaxial version of the 2D-ANNNI model.


Crossover From Transient Spin Structures Ot The Field-Induced Griffiths Phase Of Febr2, Christian Binek Aug 2000

Crossover From Transient Spin Structures Ot The Field-Induced Griffiths Phase Of Febr2, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

In the presence of an applied axial magnetic field Ha the uniaxial antiferromagnets FeCl2 and FeBr2 show fluctuating domain-like antiferromagnetic correlations above the phase boundary Tc(Ha). They are detected by SQUID measurements of the low frequency out-of-phase susceptibility gc″ and indicate a field-induced Griffiths phase at temperatures Tc(Ha) < T < TN. In contrast to FeCl2, important additional frustration-induced intraplanar non-critical contributions to χ″ vs. T are found in FeBr2. For external fields above the Tc(Ha) line, Ha > 2.6 MA/m, they are shown to superimpose linearly on the Griffiths contributions. These dominate at Ha = 2.67 MA/m and are unequivocally modeled within the Landau theory of fluctuations near phase transitions by introducing a Lorentzian Tc distribution.


Freezing Field Dependance Of The Exchange Bias In Uniaxial Fef2-Copt Heterosystems With Perpendicular Anisotropy, Christian Binek Jul 2000

Freezing Field Dependance Of The Exchange Bias In Uniaxial Fef2-Copt Heterosystems With Perpendicular Anisotropy, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The exchange bias effect is measured for the first time in FeF2–CoPt heterosystems with perpendicular anisotropy. The exchange previous field exhibits a strong dependence on the axial previous freezing field. This behavior is explained in terms of the microscopic spin structure at the interface, which is established on cooling to below TN. We calculate the dependence of the spin structure on the previous freezing field within the framework of an Ising model. It takes into account the Zeeman energy as well as an antiferromagnetic exchange coupling between the adjacent layers at the interface.