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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Cross Section For B-Jet Production In P̅P Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, B. Abbott, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration Dec 2000

Cross Section For B-Jet Production In P̅P Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, B. Abbott, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration

Gregory Snow Publications

Bottom-quark production in p̅p collisions at √s = 1.8 TeV is studied with 5 pb-1 of data collected in 1995 by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The differential production cross section for b jets in the central rapidity region (∣yb∣< 1) as a function of jet transverse energy is extracted from a muon-tagged jet sample. Within experimental and theoretical uncertainties, D0 results are found to be higher than, but compatible with, next-to-leading-order QCD predictions.


Measurement Of The W Boson Mass Using Large Rapidity Electrons, B. Abbott, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration Dec 2000

Measurement Of The W Boson Mass Using Large Rapidity Electrons, B. Abbott, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration

Gregory Snow Publications

We present a measurement of the W boson mass using data collected by the DØ. experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron during 1994–1995. We identify W bosons by their decays to en final states where the electron is detected in a forward calorimeter. We extract the W boson mass MW by fitting the transverse mass and transverse electron and neutrino momentum spectra from a sample of 11 089 Weν decay candidates. We use a sample of 1687 dielectron events, mostly due toZee decays, to constrain our model of the detector response. Using the forward calorimeter ...


Stabilization Of Bound State Decay In An Intense Monochromatic High-Frequency Field, N. L. Manakov, M. V. Frolov, Bogdan Borca, Anthony F. Starace Dec 2000

Stabilization Of Bound State Decay In An Intense Monochromatic High-Frequency Field, N. L. Manakov, M. V. Frolov, Bogdan Borca, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

The formalism of complex quasienergies is used for exact calculation of the field-dependent decay rate for a weakly bound particle (in the model of a three-dimensional zero-range potential) in a strong monochromatic laser field. It is shown that the adiabatic (quasistationary) stabilization regime in this model occurs at frequencies ω exceeding the binding energy and only in a limited intensity range. A simple estimate is obtained for the critical field of stabilization breakdown. The effect may be observed for the decay of H ions in the field of a neodymium laser of femtosecond duration.


Surface Segregation And Restructuring Of Colossal-Magnetoresistant Manganese Perovskites La0.65Sr0.35Mno3, Hani Dulli, Peter A. Dowben, Sy-Hwang Liou, E. Ward Plummer Dec 2000

Surface Segregation And Restructuring Of Colossal-Magnetoresistant Manganese Perovskites La0.65Sr0.35Mno3, Hani Dulli, Peter A. Dowben, Sy-Hwang Liou, E. Ward Plummer

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We have investigated the surface chemical composition of crystalline films of La0.65Sr0.35MnO3 by angle-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The surface composition was found to be significantly different from that of the bulk because of an appreciable Sr segregation. Furthermore, our study suggests that this Sr segregation has caused a major restructuring of the surface region characterized by the formation of a Ruddlesden-Popper phase (La,Sr)n+1MnnO3n+1 with n = 1. Segregation and restructuring in the surface region should be common in these doped perovskites and will have a profound ...


Measurement Of The Decay Amplitudes Of B0JK*0 And BS0J/Ψφ Decays, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Nov 2000

Measurement Of The Decay Amplitudes Of B0 → J/ΨK*0 And BS0 → J/Ψφ Decays, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

An angular analysis of B0JK*0and Bs0J/ψφ has been used to determine the decay amplitudes with parity-even longitudinal (A0) and transverse (A) polarization and parity-odd transverse (A) polarization. The measurements are based on 190 B0 and 40Bs0candidates obtained from 89 pb-1 of p̅p collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron. The longitudinal decay amplitude dominates with |A0|2= 0.59 ± 0.06 ± 0.01 for B0 and |A0|2 = 0.61 ± 0.14 ± 0.02 for Bs0 decays. The parity-odd ...


Photonuclear Physics: Laser Splits Atom, Donald Umstadter Nov 2000

Photonuclear Physics: Laser Splits Atom, Donald Umstadter

Donald Umstadter Publications

Lasers have become ubiquitous, being used in everything from a bar-code reader to a compact disk player. Who would have thought that they might be used to split the atom? A few scientists proposed to do just that more that a decade ago. But accomplishing it in the laboratory had to await the maturity of new technology, which enabled the construction of the world's most powerful lasers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the United States and at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the United Kingdom. Now two independent research teams have used these lasers to split the ...


Dijet Production By Double Pomeron Exchange At The Fermilab Tevatron, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Nov 2000

Dijet Production By Double Pomeron Exchange At The Fermilab Tevatron, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We report the first observation of dijet events with a double Pomeron exchange topology produced in p̅p collisions at √s= 1800 GeV. The events are characterized by a leading antiproton, two jets in the central pseudorapidity region, and a large rapidity gap on the outgoing proton side. We present results on jet kinematics and production rates, compare them with corresponding results from single diffractive and inclusive dijet production, and test factorization.


Control Of Intense Laser- Atom Processes With Strong Static Fields, Dejan B. Milosevic, Anthony F. Starace Nov 2000

Control Of Intense Laser- Atom Processes With Strong Static Fields, Dejan B. Milosevic, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Atomic processes in the presence of intense fields continue to attract a great deal of attention [1-3]. Key goals of research in this area are to increase the intensities and frequencies of coherent light produced in these processes. In two recent works [4,5] we have demonstrated theoretically the possibility of controlling intense laser-atom interaction processes by employing strong, but experimentally feasible, static electric or magnetic fields. Thus, in Ref. [4] we demonstrated how a strong static electric field may induce a high-energy plateau for scattered x-ray photons in laser-assisted, x-ray-atom scattering in which the incident x-rays were assumed to ...


Angular Momentum Partitioning And Hexacontatetrapole Moments In Impulsively Excited Argon Ions, H. M. Al-Khateeb, B. G. Birdsey, Timothy J. Gay Nov 2000

Angular Momentum Partitioning And Hexacontatetrapole Moments In Impulsively Excited Argon Ions, H. M. Al-Khateeb, B. G. Birdsey, Timothy J. Gay

Timothy J. Gay Publications

We have studied polarized electron collisions with Ar in which the target is simultaneously ionized and excited to form Ar+(3p4(1D)4p) states. We measured the integrated Stokes parameters of the subsequent fluorescence emitted by the 2F7/2, 2F5/2, 2D5/2, and 2P3/2 states along the direction of electron polarization. The Rubin-Bederson hypothesis is shown to hold for the L and S multipoles of these states. The electric quadrupole and hexadecapole of the 1D core are derived. By recoupling these moments with the electric ...


Tabletop Accelerators Are Brighter And Faster, Phil Schewe, Ben Stein, Donald P. Umstadter Nov 2000

Tabletop Accelerators Are Brighter And Faster, Phil Schewe, Ben Stein, Donald P. Umstadter

Donald Umstadter Publications

At last week's APS plasma physics meeting, Donald Umstadter of the University of Michigan's Center for Ultrafast Optical Science (734-764-2284, dpu@umich.edu) reported on advances at his lab and elsewhere in tabletop laser accelerators, devices that use light to accelerate beams of electrons and protons to energies of a million volts in distances of only microns. This acceleration rate or "gradient" is up to a thousand times larger than in conventional accelerators because the tabletop laser light can now exert pressures of gigabars, the highest ever achieved, and approaching the pressure of light near the Sun. Not ...


Report Of The Qcd Tools Working Group, R. K. Ellis, R. Field, S. Mrenna, Gregory R. Snow, C. Balazs, E. Boos, J. Campbell, R. Demina, J. Huston, C-Y. P. Ngan, A. Petrelli, I. Puljak, T. Sjostrand, J. Smith, D. Stuart, K. Sumorok Nov 2000

Report Of The Qcd Tools Working Group, R. K. Ellis, R. Field, S. Mrenna, Gregory R. Snow, C. Balazs, E. Boos, J. Campbell, R. Demina, J. Huston, C-Y. P. Ngan, A. Petrelli, I. Puljak, T. Sjostrand, J. Smith, D. Stuart, K. Sumorok

Gregory Snow Publications

We report on the activities of the “QCD Tools for heavy flavors and new physics searches” working group of the Run II Workshop on QCD and Weak Bosons. The contributions cover the topics of improved parton showering and comparisons of Monte Carlo programs and resummation calculations, recent developments in Pythia, the methodology of measuring backgrounds to new physics searches, variable flavor number schemes for heavy quark electro-production, the underlying event in hard scattering processes, and the Monte Carlo MCFM for NLO processes.


Comparative Studies Of Dissociative Electron Attachment To Methyl Halides, R. S. Wilde, Gordon A. Gallup, Ilya I. Fabrikant Nov 2000

Comparative Studies Of Dissociative Electron Attachment To Methyl Halides, R. S. Wilde, Gordon A. Gallup, Ilya I. Fabrikant

Gordon Gallup Publications

The dissociative electron attachment cross sections for the methyl halides vary in an enormous range from the virtually unmeasurable 10−23 cm2 for CH3Cl at room temperature to 10−14 cm2 for CH3I. In this paper we supplement our previous studies by calculations of dissociative electron attachment to CH3Br and compare results for all methyl halides studied so far. The rate as a function of temperature for CH3Cl and CH3Br exhibits an exponential dependence on 1/T (Arrhenius law) with the activation energy lower for CH3Br ...


Control Of High-Harmonic Generation And Laser-Assisted X-Ray-Atom Scattering With Static Electric And Magnetic Fields, D. B. Milošević, Anthony F. Starace Oct 2000

Control Of High-Harmonic Generation And Laser-Assisted X-Ray-Atom Scattering With Static Electric And Magnetic Fields, D. B. Milošević, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We consider the use of strong static fields to control two related atomic processes: laser-assisted x-ray-atom scattering (XAS) and high-harmonic generation (HHG). We first analyze the laser field intensity dependence of the differential cross section (DCS) plateau structures for the laser-assisted XAS process in the presence of a static electric field as a function of the number of photons exchanged with the laser field. Besides the recently discovered (Milošević, D.B. and Starace, A.F., 1998, Phys. Rev. Lett., 81, 5097) extended plateau for absorbed photons, which indicates a substantial increase of the scattered x-ray energies, a new plateau, having ...


Direct Measurement Of The W Boson Width In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Oct 2000

Direct Measurement Of The W Boson Width In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

This Letter describes a direct measurement of the W boson total decay width, Γ W, using the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The measurement uses an integrated luminosity of 90 pb-1, collected during the 1994–1995 run of the Fermilab Tevatron pp̅ collider. The width is determined by normalizing predicted signal and background distributions to 49 844 W candidates and 21 806 Wμν candidates in the transverse-mass region MT < 200 GeV and then fitting the predicted shape to the 438 electron events and 196 muon events in the high-MT region, 100<MT < 200 GeV. The result is G Γ W= 2.04 ± 0.11(stat) ± 0.09(syst) GeV.


Measurement Of J/Ψ And Ψ(2s) Polarization In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Oct 2000

Measurement Of J/Ψ And Ψ(2s) Polarization In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We have measured the polarization of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons produced in pp̅ collisions at √s= 1.8 TeV, using data collected at the Collider Detector at Fermilab during 1992–1995. The polarization of promptly produced J/ψ[ψ(2S)] mesons is isolated from those produced in B-hadron decay, and measured over the kinematic range 4 [5.5] < PT < 20 GeV/c and |y| < 0.6. For PT≥ 12 GeV/c we do not observe significant polarization in the prompt component.


Nonadiabatic Heat-Capacity Measurements Using A Superconducting Quantum Interference Device Magnetometer, A.I. Kharkovski, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleeman Oct 2000

Nonadiabatic Heat-Capacity Measurements Using A Superconducting Quantum Interference Device Magnetometer, A.I. Kharkovski, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleeman

Christian Binek Publications

Nonadiabatic measurements of the heat capacity involving sample-inherent thermometry are proposed. The method is realized with superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry and applied to FeBr2 single crystals by using the magnetization for both thermometry and relaxation calorimetry. When heating with a step pulse of laser light, the magnetization relaxes on a characteristic time scale Ί = RC, where C is the heat capacity and R is the heat resistance between the sample and the bath. R is independently determined from the temperature dependence of the magnetic moment measured with and without stationary light irradiation. ©2000 American Institute of Physics.


Search For New Physics In Eμx Data At Dø Using Sleuth: A Quasi-Model-Independent Search Strategy For New Physics, B. Abbott, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration Oct 2000

Search For New Physics In Eμx Data At Dø Using Sleuth: A Quasi-Model-Independent Search Strategy For New Physics, B. Abbott, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration

Gregory Snow Publications

We present a quasi-model-independent search for the physics responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking. We define final states to be studied, and construct a rule that identifies a set of relevant variables for any particular final state. A new algorithm (“SLEUTH”) searches for regions of excess in those variables and quantifies the significance of any detected excess. After demonstrating the sensitivity of the method, we apply it to the semi-inclusive channel ℯμX collected in 108 pb-1 of pp̅ collisions at √s = 1.8 TeV at the DØ experiment during 1992–1996 at the Fermilab Tevatron. We find no evidence of ...


Nanostructured Fept:B2O3 Thin Films With Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy, C.P. Luo, Sy_Hwang Liou, L. Gao, Yi Liu, David J. Sellmyer Oct 2000

Nanostructured Fept:B2O3 Thin Films With Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy, C.P. Luo, Sy_Hwang Liou, L. Gao, Yi Liu, David J. Sellmyer

Si-Hwang Liou Publications

FePt/B2O3 multilayers were deposited by magnetron sputtering onto 7059 glass substrates. By annealing the as-deposited films at 550 °C, nanostructured FePt:B2O3 films consisting of FePt grains with L10 structure, embedded in a glassy B2O3 matrix, were obtained. The c axes of the FePt grains can be made to align with the film normal direction, which results in a perpendicular anisotropy constant of 3.5×107 erg/cc. The films remain layered structures after annealing when the B2O3 layer thickness exceeds 16 Å. The nanostructure of ...


Magnetic Properties Of Disordered Ni3C, Lanping Yue, R. Sabiryanov, E.M. Kirkpatrick, Diandra Leslie-Pelecky Oct 2000

Magnetic Properties Of Disordered Ni3C, Lanping Yue, R. Sabiryanov, E.M. Kirkpatrick, Diandra Leslie-Pelecky

Diandra Leslie-Pelecky Publications

The metastable Ni3C phase has been produced by mechanically alloying Ni and C. Ni3C particles of diameter 10 nm are produced after 90 h of mechanical alloying with no evidence of crystalline Ni in x ray or electron diffraction. Linear muffin-tin orbital band-structure calculations show that Ni3C is not expected to be ferromagnetic due to strong Ni-C hybridization in the ordered alloy; however, the introduction of even small amounts of disorder produces locally Ni-rich regions that can sustain magnetism. Mechanically alloyed Ni3C is ferromagnetic, with a room-temperature coercivity of 70 Oe and ...


Superspin Glass Behaviour Of Interacting Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles In Discontinuous Magnetic Multilayers, Christian Binek Oct 2000

Superspin Glass Behaviour Of Interacting Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles In Discontinuous Magnetic Multilayers, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Discontinuous magnetic multilayers [Co80Fe20(t)/Al2O3(3nm)]10 with t = 0.9 and 1.0nm are studied by SQUID magnetometry and ac susceptibility. Owing to dipolar interaction the superparamagnetic cluster systems undergo collective glass-like freezing upon cooling. While both samples exhibit very similar glass temperatures Tg » 45 K and critical exponents zn » 10 and g » 1.4 as obtained from the temperature dependencies of the relaxation time, t, and the nonlinear susceptibility, c3, dynamical scaling reveals different critical exponents, b(0.9nm) »1.0 and b(1.0nm) » 0.6, respectively.


Magnetic Properties Of Ni Nanowires In Self-Assembled Arrays, M. Zheng, L. Menon, H. Zeng, Yi Liu, Supriyo Bandyopadhyay, Roger D. Kirby, David J. Sellmyer Oct 2000

Magnetic Properties Of Ni Nanowires In Self-Assembled Arrays, M. Zheng, L. Menon, H. Zeng, Yi Liu, Supriyo Bandyopadhyay, Roger D. Kirby, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Magnetic properties of Ni nanowires electrodeposited into self-assembled porous alumina arrays have been investigated. By anodizing aluminum in sulfuric acid and immersing the as-anodized template into phosphoric acid for different lengths of time, we are able to vary the diameters of the subsequently deposited nanowires between 8 and 25 nm. The coercivity measured along wire axis first increases with the wire diameter, reaches a maximum of 950 Oe near a diameter of 18 nm, and then decreases with further increase of wire diameter. The dependence of the magnetization of Ni nanowires is found to follow Bloch’s law at low ...


Sm–Co–Cu–Ti High-Temperature Permanent Magnets, Jian Zhou, Ralph Skomski, C. Chen, George C. Hadjipanayis, David J. Sellmyer Sep 2000

Sm–Co–Cu–Ti High-Temperature Permanent Magnets, Jian Zhou, Ralph Skomski, C. Chen, George C. Hadjipanayis, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

A class of promising permanent-magnet materials with an appreciable high-temperature coercivity of 8.6 kOe at 500 °C is reported. The Sm–Co–Cu–Ti magnets are prepared by arc melting and require a suitable heat treatment. Magnetization measurements as a function of temperature and x-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the samples are two-phase mixtures of 2:17 and 1:5 structures. Depending on heat treatment and composition, some of the magnets exhibit a positive temperature coefficient of coercivity. The promising high-temperature behavior of the coercivity is ascribed to the temperature dependence of the domain-wall energy, which affects the curvature ...


Search For Second And Third Generation Leptoquarks Including Production Via Technicolor Interactions In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Sep 2000

Search For Second And Third Generation Leptoquarks Including Production Via Technicolor Interactions In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We report the results of a search for second and third generation leptoquarks using 88 pb-1 of data recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Color triplet technipions, which play the role of scalar leptoquarks, are investigated due to their potential production in decays of strongly coupled color octet technirhos. Events with a signature of two heavy flavor jets and missing energy may indicate the decay of a second (third) generation leptoquark to a charm (bottom) quark and a neutrino. As the data are found to be consistent with standard model expectations, mass limits are determined.


Search For New Particles Decaying To Tt̅ In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Sep 2000

Search For New Particles Decaying To Tt̅ In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We use 106 pb-1 of data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab to search for narrow-width, vector particles decaying to a top and an antitop quark. Model independent upper limits on the cross section for narrow, vector resonances decaying to tt̅ are presented. At the 95% confidence level, we exclude the existence of a leptophobic Z′ boson in a model of top-color-assisted technicolor with mass MZ′ < 480 GeV/c2 for natural width Γ = 0.012MZ0 , and MZ′ < 780 GeV/c2 for Γ = MZ′ .


Strain And Strain Relief In Gd(0001) Films On Mo(112), Takashi Komesu, C. Waldfried, Peter A. Dowben Sep 2000

Strain And Strain Relief In Gd(0001) Films On Mo(112), Takashi Komesu, C. Waldfried, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The electronic structure of strained and unstrained Gd(0001) has been studied with spin-polarized photoemission spectroscopy and spin-polarized inverse photoemission spectroscopy. In this work, we observed that relaxation of the expansively strained in-plane crystal lattice constant, of Gd(0001) on Mo(112), significantly diminishes the differences in the electronic structure from that observed for Gd(0001) grown on W(110). The defects that are incorporated in the Gd films, with increasing film thickness, lead to an in-plane lattice relaxation. Such thickness dependent strain relief results a loss of net polarization for Gd(0001) grown on Mo(112) compared to the ...


Two-Photon Detachment Cross Sections And Dynamic Polarizability Of H- Using A Variationally Stable, Coupled-Channel Hyperspherical Approach, Mauro Masili, Anthony F. Starace Sep 2000

Two-Photon Detachment Cross Sections And Dynamic Polarizability Of H- Using A Variationally Stable, Coupled-Channel Hyperspherical Approach, Mauro Masili, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We present a generalization of the variationally stable method of Gao and Starace [B. Gao and A. F. Starace, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 404 (1988); Phys. Rev. A 39, 4550 (1989)] for two-electron atoms and ions that incorporates a coupled-channel adiabatic hyperspherical approach. Using this approach, we report results for two-photon detachment of H-, in which we have coupled one, two, three, and four adiabatic hyperspherical channels within each term level of the initial, intermediate, and final states. We present results also for the dynamic polarizability of H- as well as for the one-photon detachment cross section. Comparisons are given ...


The Rr Lyrae Star V442 Herculis: An Extreme Case Of Light-Curve Modulation, Edward G. Schmidt, Kevin M. Lee Sep 2000

The Rr Lyrae Star V442 Herculis: An Extreme Case Of Light-Curve Modulation, Edward G. Schmidt, Kevin M. Lee

Edward Schmidt Publications

We have obtained photometric observations of the peculiar RR Lyrae star V442 Her during six observing seasons spanning an elapsed time of nearly 9 years. The period has undergone two large, abrupt changes in the past 5 years. Although light-curve modulation is fairly common among RR Lyrae stars, the modulation of the light curve of V442 Her is highly unusual for its large amplitude, long period, extreme alterations in light-curve shape, and large period changes.


Total Cross Sections For Dissociative Electron Attachment In Dichloroalkanes And Selected Polychloroalkanes: The Correlation With Vertical Attachment Energies, Kayvan Aflatooni, Paul Burrow Aug 2000

Total Cross Sections For Dissociative Electron Attachment In Dichloroalkanes And Selected Polychloroalkanes: The Correlation With Vertical Attachment Energies, Kayvan Aflatooni, Paul Burrow

Paul Burrow Publications

Electron attachment into the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of a typical polychloroalkane in the gas phase forms a temporary negative ion in which the impinging electron resides on a combination of local C–Cl σ* orbitals. Because of the antibonding character of these orbitals, these anions may dissociate, producing Cl- with cross sections that vary enormously over the chloroalkane family. In this work, we present absolute total dissociative electron attachment (DEA) cross sections for 33 of these compounds, and we show that the peak values of the cross sections correlate strongly with the vertical attachment energies (VAEs) for formation of ...


Search For R-Parity Violation In Multilepton Final States In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, B. Abbott, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration Aug 2000

Search For R-Parity Violation In Multilepton Final States In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, B. Abbott, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration

Gregory Snow Publications

The result of a search for gaugino pair production with a trilepton signature is reinterpreted in the framework of minimal supergravity (MSUGRA) with R-parity violation via leptonic λ Yukawa couplings. The search used 95 pb-1 of pp̅ collisions at √s =1.8 TeV recorded by the DO. detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. A large domain of the MSUGRA parameter space is excluded for λ121, λ122>10-4.


Limits On Light Gravitino Production And New Processes With Large Missing Transverse Energy In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Aug 2000

Limits On Light Gravitino Production And New Processes With Large Missing Transverse Energy In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, T. Affolder, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

Events collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) with an energetic jet plus large missing transverse energy can be used to search for physics beyond the standard model. We see no deviations from the expected backgrounds and set upper limits on the production of new processes. We consider in addition the production of light gravitinos and set a limit at 95% confidence level on the breaking scale √F ≥ 217 GeV, which excludes gravitino masses smaller than 1.1 x 10-5 eV/c2.