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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Computational Studies Of Thermal Properties And Desalination Performance Of Low-Dimensional Materials, Yang Hong Aug 2019

Computational Studies Of Thermal Properties And Desalination Performance Of Low-Dimensional Materials, Yang Hong

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

During the last 30 years, microelectronic devices have been continuously designed and developed with smaller size and yet more functionalities. Today, hundreds of millions of transistors and complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor cells can be designed and integrated on a single microchip through 3D packaging and chip stacking technology. A large amount of heat will be generated in a limited space during the operation of microchips. Moreover, there is a high possibility of hot spots due to non-uniform integrated circuit design patterns as some core parts of a microchip work harder than other memory parts. This issue becomes acute as stacked microchips get ...


Gas-Phase Electron Diffraction From Laser-Aligned Molecules, Jie Yang, Martin Centurion Aug 2015

Gas-Phase Electron Diffraction From Laser-Aligned Molecules, Jie Yang, Martin Centurion

Martin Centurion Publications

Electron diffraction is a valuable tool to capture structural information from molecules in the gas phase. However, the information contained in the diffraction patterns is limited due to the random orientation of the molecules. Additional structural information can be retrieved if the molecules are aligned. Molecules can be impulsively aligned with femtosecond laser pulses, producing a transient alignment. The alignment persists only for a time on the order of a picosecond, so a pulsed electron gun is needed to record the diffraction patterns. In this manuscript, we describe the alignment process and show the changes in the diffraction pattern as ...


Titanium Trisulfide Monolayer: Theoretical Prediction Of A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor With High And Anisotropic Carrier Mobility, Jun Dai, Xiao Cheng Zeng Jun 2015

Titanium Trisulfide Monolayer: Theoretical Prediction Of A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor With High And Anisotropic Carrier Mobility, Jun Dai, Xiao Cheng Zeng

Xiao Cheng Zeng Publications

A new two-dimensional (2D) layered material, namely, titanium trisulfide (TiS3) monolayer, is predicted to possess novel electronic properties. Ab initio calculations show that the perfect TiS3 monolayer is a direct-gap semiconductor with a bandgap of 1.02 eV, close to that of bulk silicon, and with high carrier mobility. More remarkably, the in-plane electron mobility of the 2D TiS3 is highly anisotropic, amounting to about 10,000 cm2 V−1 s−1 in the b direction, which is higher than that of the MoS2 monolayer, whereas the hole mobility is about two orders of magnitude ...


Large-Scale Solution Synthesis Of Narrow Graphene Nanoribbons, Timothy H. Vo, Mikhail Shekhirev, Donna A. Kunkel, Martha D. Morton, Eric Berglund, Lingmei Kong, Peter M. Wilson, Peter A. Dowben, Axel Enders, Alexander Sinitskii Feb 2014

Large-Scale Solution Synthesis Of Narrow Graphene Nanoribbons, Timothy H. Vo, Mikhail Shekhirev, Donna A. Kunkel, Martha D. Morton, Eric Berglund, Lingmei Kong, Peter M. Wilson, Peter A. Dowben, Axel Enders, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

According to theoretical studies, narrow graphene nanoribbons with atomically precise armchair edges and widths of(1.1 eV), which makes them potentially promising for logic applications. Different top–down fabrication approaches typically yield ribbons with width >10nm and have limited control over their edge structure. Here we demonstrate a novel bottom–up approach that yields gram quantities of high-aspect-ratio graphene nanoribbons, which are only ~1 nm wide and have atomically smooth armchair edges. These ribbons are shown to have a large electronic bandgap of ~1.3 eV, which is significantly higher than any value reported so far in experimental studies ...


Accessibility And Selective Stabilization Of The Principal Spin States Of Iron By Pyridyl Versus Phenolic Ketimines: Modulation Of The 6A1 ↔ 2T2 Ground-State Transformation Of The [Fen4O2]+ Chromophore, Musa S. Shongwe, Usama A. Al-Zaabi, Faizah Al-Mjeni, Carla S. Eribal, Imaddin A. Al-Omari, Hussein H. Hamdeh, Dariusz Matoga, Harry Adams, Michael J. Morris, Arnold L. Rheingold, Eckhard Bill, David J. Sellmyer Jan 2012

Accessibility And Selective Stabilization Of The Principal Spin States Of Iron By Pyridyl Versus Phenolic Ketimines: Modulation Of The 6A1 ↔ 2T2 Ground-State Transformation Of The [Fen4O2]+ Chromophore, Musa S. Shongwe, Usama A. Al-Zaabi, Faizah Al-Mjeni, Carla S. Eribal, Imaddin A. Al-Omari, Hussein H. Hamdeh, Dariusz Matoga, Harry Adams, Michael J. Morris, Arnold L. Rheingold, Eckhard Bill, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Several potentially tridentate pyridyl and phenolic Schiff bases (apRen and HhapRen, respectively) were derived from the condensation reactions of 2-acetylpyridine (ap) and 2′-hydroxyacetophenone (Hhap), respectively, with N-R-ethylenediamine (RNHCH2CH2NH2, Ren; R = H, Me or Et) and com-plexed in situ with iron(II) or iron(III), as dictated by the nature of the ligand donor set, to generate the six-coordinate iron compounds [FeII(apRen)2]X2 (R = H, Me; X– = ClO4–, BPh4–, PF6–) and [FeIII(hapRen)2]X (R = Me, Et; X– = ClO4–, BPh4–). Single-crystal X-ray analyses of [FeII(apRen ...


First-Principles Studies On Physical And Chemical Properties Of Nanostructures, Menghao Wu Dec 2011

First-Principles Studies On Physical And Chemical Properties Of Nanostructures, Menghao Wu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

The physical and chemical properties of decorated graphene and graphene ribbons, single-layer III-V systems, three-dimensional carbon and BN foam, and transition-metal-molecular sandwich nanowires have been investigated by first-principle calculations and their potential applications have been predicted. First, it is shown that zigzag graphene nanoribbons (ZGNRs) can be converted into half metal when their edges are decorated by some chemical functional groups, and the half-metalicity is induced by chemical potential difference between two edges when one edge is decorated by electron-donating group like –OH and the other edge is decorated by electron-accepting group like –F, -NH2, -N(CH3)2 ...


Ultrafast Rempi In Benzene And The Monohalobenzenes Without The Focal Volume Effect, Timothy D. Scarborough, James Strohaber, David B. Foote, Collin J. Mcacy, Cornelis J. Uiterwaal Jan 2011

Ultrafast Rempi In Benzene And The Monohalobenzenes Without The Focal Volume Effect, Timothy D. Scarborough, James Strohaber, David B. Foote, Collin J. Mcacy, Cornelis J. Uiterwaal

C.J.G.J. Uiterwaal Publications

We report on the photoionization and photofragmentation of benzene (C6H6) and of the monohalobenzenes C6H5–X (X = F, Cl, Br, I) under intense-field, single-molecule conditions. We focus 50-fs, 804-nm pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser source, and record ion mass spectra as a function of intensity in the range ~1013 W/cm2 to ~1015 W/cm2. We count ions that were created in the central, most intense part of the focal area; ions from other regions are rejected. For all targets, stable parent ions (C6H5X+) are ...


Oligo(Vinylidene Fluoride) Langmuir-Blodgett Films Studied By Spectroscopic, Rafal Korlacki, J. Travis Johnston, Jihee Kim, Stephen Ducharme, Daniel W. Thompson, Vladimir M. Fridkin, Zhongxin Ge, James M. Takacs Jan 2008

Oligo(Vinylidene Fluoride) Langmuir-Blodgett Films Studied By Spectroscopic, Rafal Korlacki, J. Travis Johnston, Jihee Kim, Stephen Ducharme, Daniel W. Thompson, Vladimir M. Fridkin, Zhongxin Ge, James M. Takacs

Stephen Ducharme Publications

Thin films of amphiphilic vinylidene fluoride oligomers prepared by Langmuir–Blodgett deposition on silicone substrates were investigated by comparing experimental and theoretical mid-infrared (IR) spectra. The experimental spectra were obtained using infrared spectroscopic ellipsometry. Theoretical spectra were calculated using density functional theory. Excellent correspondence of major IR bands in both data sets shows that the molecular backbone is oriented with the long axis normal to the substrate plane. This is in contrast to poly vinylidene fluoride[1] LB films, in which the polymer chains are parallel to the substrate.