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University of Central Florida

2009

Condensed matter

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Decoherence In Semiconductor Solid-State Quantum Computers, Diego Valente Jan 2009

Decoherence In Semiconductor Solid-State Quantum Computers, Diego Valente

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation we discuss decoherence in charge qubits formed by multiple lateral quantum dots in the framework of the spin-boson model and the Born-Markov approximation. We consider the intrinsic decoherence caused by the coupling to bulk phonon modes and electromagnetic environmental fluctuations. In the case of decoherence caused by phonon coupling, two distinct quantum dot configurations are studied and proposed as setups that mitigate its nocive effects : (i) Three quantum dots in a ring geometry with one excess electron in total and (ii) arrays of quantum dots where the computational basis states form multipole charge configurations. For the three-dot ...