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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Transient Mid-Ir Nonlinear Refraction In Air And Nonlinear Optical Properties Of Organometallic Complexes, Salimeh Tofighi Jan 2020

Transient Mid-Ir Nonlinear Refraction In Air And Nonlinear Optical Properties Of Organometallic Complexes, Salimeh Tofighi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

This dissertation explores two main topics: Transient nonlinear refraction of air in Mid-IR spectral range and nonlinear optical properties of organometallic complexes. For seeing a vibrational and rotational Raman response the molecule should be Raman active. The first requirement for being a Raman active molecule is that the polarizability of molecule must be anisotropic. Linear symmetric molecules do have rotational Raman spectra. Not all the vibrational mode can be excited by a femtosecond pulse. The pulsewidth of our excitation beam should be less than the half of the vibration period. In this dissertation my excitation pulsewidth is not short enough ...


High-Fidelity Mini-Led And Micro-Led Displays, Yuge Huang Jan 2020

High-Fidelity Mini-Led And Micro-Led Displays, Yuge Huang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

Mini-LED and micro-LED are emerging disruptive display technologies, because they can work as local dimmable backlight to significantly enhance the dynamic range of conventional LCDs, or as sunlight readable emissive displays. However, there are still unresolved issues impairing their display fidelity: 1) motion blur on high-resolution, large-size and high-luminance devices, 2) limited contrast ratio on mini-LED backlit LCD (mLED-LCD), 3) relatively high power consumption, and 4) compromised ambient contrast ratio. This dissertation tackles with each of these issues for achieving high display fidelity. Motion blur is caused by slow liquid crystal response time and image update delays. Low-duty ratio operation ...


Theoretical Studies Of Collisions Involving Three Bodies And Electron-Molecule Collisions Relevant To Astrophysical And Atmospheric Conditions, Chi Hong Yuen Jan 2020

Theoretical Studies Of Collisions Involving Three Bodies And Electron-Molecule Collisions Relevant To Astrophysical And Atmospheric Conditions, Chi Hong Yuen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

Accurate rate coefficients of atomic and molecular processes allow us to probe the conditions in space and understand the history of the Universe. Although experimental rate coefficients are the most desirable, availability of accurate rate coefficients of some processes depends on rigorous theoretical studies. In this dissertation, theoretical tools for collisions involving three bodies are discussed and applied to three different reactions. Rate coefficient of the reactive scattering of H2 + D- is computed using the ABC program. The present results are about ten times smaller than the experimental upper limit, suggesting that a further improvement of the sensitivity of the ...


Characterization Of The Physical And Chemical Effect Of Membrane Disruption And Protein Inhibiting Treatments On E. Coli, Khadijah Wright Jan 2020

Characterization Of The Physical And Chemical Effect Of Membrane Disruption And Protein Inhibiting Treatments On E. Coli, Khadijah Wright

Honors Undergraduate Theses

The increase in antibacterial resistance has placed the issue of microbial multi-drug resistance on a global stage (Gurunathan, 2019). This issue poses a threat to human and animal health as well as to the environment (Aslam et al., 2018). It affects not only the efficacy of treatment but also how those treatments are conducted (Friedman, Temkin, & Carmeli, 2016). As a result of this ongoing threat, new treatments that have potent effects on bacteria are necessary. One scientific response to this issue has been the development of multifunctional nanoparticles (NPs)(H. Wang et al., 2018). NPs have the ability to be utilized by its varying modes of action and compatibility with other forms of treatments (Alavi & Rai, 2019). This advantage, when successful, would allow for the lowering of dosage and frequency of treatments required to achieve bacteria-killing (Alavi & Rai, 2019).

Despite a plethora of proposed designs for the improvement of antibacterial treatment, questions remain concerning the mode of action of these new agents. The aim of this study is to develop a protocol facilitating the identification of modes of action of newly formulated antibacterial agents. Our hypothesis is that different modes of action will have distinct effects on the morphology and composition of the cells. To test this, we characterized the structural, physical and molecular changes of a model system, E. coli., before and after treatments using antibiotics with known modes of action. We selected two bactericidal antibiotics: colistin which is a membrane disrupting antibiotic, and streptomycin which is a protein inhibiting antibiotic (Santo-Domingo, Chareyron, Broenimann, Lassueur, & Wiederkehr, 2017; Sun et al., 2019; Thummeepak, Kitti, Kunthalert, & Sitthisak, 2016). We discuss the protocol development and the significant differences observed in the bacterial responses as well as the limitations of the envisioned approach. We conclude by providing a perspective of the impact our findings are ...


Parallelized X-Ray Tracing With Gpu Ray-Tracing Engine, Joseph Ulseth Jan 2020

Parallelized X-Ray Tracing With Gpu Ray-Tracing Engine, Joseph Ulseth

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

X-ray diffraction tomography (XDT) is used to probe material composition of objects, providing improved contrast between materials compared to conventional transmission based computed tomography (CT). In this work, a small angle approximation to Bragg's Equation of diffraction is coupled with parallelized computing using Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) to accelerate XDT simulations. The approximation gives rise to a simple yet useful proportionality between momentum transfer, radial distance of diffracted signal with respect to incoming beam's location, and depth of material, so that ray tracing may be parallelized. NVIDIA's OptiX ray-tracing engine, a parallelized pipeline for GPUs, is employed ...


Multi-Parameter Optical Metrology: Quantum And Classical, Walker Larson Jan 2020

Multi-Parameter Optical Metrology: Quantum And Classical, Walker Larson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

The insights offered by quantum mechanics to the field of optical metrology are many-fold, with non-classical states of light themselves used to make sensors that surpass the sensitivity of sensors using classical states of light. Unfortunately, this advantage, referred to often as "super-sensitivity" is notoriously fragile, and even the slightest experimental imperfections may greatly reduce the efficacy of the non-classical sensors, sometimes completely obviating their advantage. In my thesis I have shown that the performance of an otherwise ideal two-photon interferometer, which exploits entanglement between photons to make super-sensitive measurements of phase, is crippled by the slightest introduction of decoherence ...


Polarization Dependence Of High Order Harmonic Generation From Solids In Reflection And Transmission Geometries, Erin L. Crites Jan 2020

Polarization Dependence Of High Order Harmonic Generation From Solids In Reflection And Transmission Geometries, Erin L. Crites

Honors Undergraduate Theses

High harmonic generation (HHG) is a process that occurs when an intense laser interacts with a material and generates new frequencies of light. HHG has many practical applications, namely as a spectroscopy technique and source for high frequency light and attosecond pulses. While HHG has been done extensively in gases, HHG in solids is a relatively new field. Solids are appealing as an HHG medium as they require much simpler equipment and are subsequently much more compact, and thus may have a variety of applications previously inaccessible to gas-phase HHG. However, the generation mechanism of HHG in solids has not ...


Chemistry And Dissipation At Mineral Surfaces In The Space Environment, William Tucker May 2019

Chemistry And Dissipation At Mineral Surfaces In The Space Environment, William Tucker

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

The composition and morphology of mineral surfaces is known to play an important role in various phenomena relevant to planetary science. For example, the synthesis and processing of complex organics likely occurs at mineral surfaces strongly affected by the space environment. Furthermore, the dissipative and adhesive properties of dust grains may depend strongly on the chemical state of the surface including the presence of dangling bonds, adsorbates, and radicals. In this dissertation, experimental results are first presented which demonstrate that mineral grains subjected to high temperatures in a reducing environment lead to iron nanoparticles which are strongly catalytic for the ...


A Theoretical Investigation Of Small Organic Molecules On Transition Metal Surfaces, Walter Malone May 2019

A Theoretical Investigation Of Small Organic Molecules On Transition Metal Surfaces, Walter Malone

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

With the ever growing number of proposed desnity functional theory (DFT) functionals it becomes necessary to thoroughly screen any new method to determine its merit. Especially relevant methods include a proper description of the van der Waals (vdW) interaction, which can prove vital to a correct description of a myriad of systems of technological importance. The first part of this dissertation explores the utility of several vdW-inclusive DFT functionals including optB86b-vdW, optB88-vdW, optPBE-vdW, revPBE-vdW, rPW86-vdW2, and SCAN+rVV10 by applying them to model systems of small organic molecules, pyridine and thiophene, on transition metal surfaces. Overall, we find the optB88-vdW ...


Light Matter Interaction In Single Molecule Magnets, Rebecca Cebulka May 2019

Light Matter Interaction In Single Molecule Magnets, Rebecca Cebulka

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

This dissertation includes a series of experimental realizations which focus on studying the coupling between photons and single-molecule magnets (SMMs) in both the weak and strong coupling regimes. In the weak coupling regime, the aim is to achieve coherent control over the time evolution of the spin of SMMs while applying rapid microwave pulses at sub-Kelvin temperatures, where polarization of the spin bath may be achieved without large magnetic fields, allowing the suppression of dipolar dephasing. The continuing results of this experiment will be to provide a window into fundamental sources of decoherence in single-crystal SMMs in an energy range ...


Sub-Terahertz Spin Pumping From An Insulating Antiferromagnet, Priyanka Vaidya Jan 2019

Sub-Terahertz Spin Pumping From An Insulating Antiferromagnet, Priyanka Vaidya

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

The combination of the spin transfer torque and spin Hall effects, or their reciprocal dynamical spin pumping and inverse spin Hall effects, respectively, enable reading and controlling the magnetization state in spintronics devices which are at the verge of mass commercialization as the next generation of energy-efficient and fast magnetic random-access memory applications with the use of ferromagnetic elements, e.g., the spin valve. However, these effects have remained elusive in antiferromagnetic-based devices up to date, despite the fascinating advantages offered by the absence of stray fields (zero net magnetization), Terahertz spin dynamics, and the widespread availability of metallic, insulating ...


Fundamental Properties Of Metallic Nanolasers, William Hayenga Jan 2019

Fundamental Properties Of Metallic Nanolasers, William Hayenga

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

The last two decades have witnessed tremendous advancements in the area of nanophotonics and plasmonics, which has helped propel the development of integrated photonic sources. Of central importance to such circuits is compact, scalable, low threshold, and efficient coherent sources that can be driven at high modulation frequencies. In this regard, metallic nanolasers offer a unique platform. Their introduction has enabled confinement of light at a subwavelength scale and the ultra-small size of the modes afforded by these structures allows for cavity enhancing effects that can help facilitate thresholdless lasing and large direct modulation bandwidths. In this report, I present ...


High Performance Liquid Crystal Devices For Augmented Reality And Virtual Reality, Md Javed Rouf Talukder Jan 2019

High Performance Liquid Crystal Devices For Augmented Reality And Virtual Reality, Md Javed Rouf Talukder

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

See-through augmented reality and virtual reality displays are emerging due to their widespread applications in education, engineering design, medical, retail, transportation, automotive, aerospace, gaming, and entertainment. For augmented reality and virtual reality displays, high-resolution density, high luminance, fast response time and high ambient contrast ratio are critically needed. High-resolution density helps eliminate the screen-door effect, high luminance and fast response time enable low duty ratio operation, which plays a key role for suppressing image blurs. A dimmer placed in front of AR display helps to control the incident background light, which in turn improves the image contrast. In this dissertation ...


Asteroid Surfaces: The Importance Of Cohesive Forces, Keanna Jardine Jan 2019

Asteroid Surfaces: The Importance Of Cohesive Forces, Keanna Jardine

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Adhesive forces play a significant role on airless bodies due to their weak gravities. Investigating adhesion at the surface of asteroids and their constituent components is vital to understanding their formation and evolution. Previous research has been done to understand the interaction of micron-sized spheres to planar surfaces and sphere-to-sphere interactions, which have been used to develop models of asteroid surfaces. Our investigation experimentally investigates adhesion through atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements between JSC-1 simulant particles and several AFM tips, including a typical pyramidal gold tip and microspheres of sizes 2 μm and 15 μm. The samples of JSC-1 consist ...


Development Of Nonlocal Green-Kubo Formalism With Applications To Coupled Heat And Mass Transport, Kevin Fernando Jan 2019

Development Of Nonlocal Green-Kubo Formalism With Applications To Coupled Heat And Mass Transport, Kevin Fernando

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Nonlocal equations for coupled heat and mass transport are developed within the Green-Kubo formalism. Nonlocal thermal transport in Lennard-Jones solids is computed to establish the existence of semi-ballistic transport. Deviations from the diffusive theory are shown by comparing the Fourier transform of the response function from the nonlocal theory to that of the diffusive one. It is shown that the deviations from the local theory correspond to acoustic phonons, whose frequency dependence gives rise to the observed deviations from the local theory.


Holographic Optical Elements For Visible Light Applications In Photo-Thermo-Refractive Glass, Fedor Kompan Jan 2019

Holographic Optical Elements For Visible Light Applications In Photo-Thermo-Refractive Glass, Fedor Kompan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

This dissertation reports on design and fabrication of various optical elements in Photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass. An ability to produce complex holographic optical elements (HOEs) for the visible spectral region appears very beneficial for variety of applications, however, it is limited due to photosensitivity of the glass confined within the UV region. First two parts of this dissertation present two independent approaches to the problem of holographic recording using visible radiation. The first method involves modification of the original PTR glass rendering it photosensitive to radiation in the visible spectral region and, thus, making possible the recording of holograms in PTR ...


Broadband Mid-Infrared Frequency Combs Generated Via Frequency Division, Qitian Ru Jan 2019

Broadband Mid-Infrared Frequency Combs Generated Via Frequency Division, Qitian Ru

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Frequency combs have revolutionized metrology and demonstrated numerous applications in science and technology. Combs operating in the mid-infrared region could be beneficial for molecular spectroscopy for several reasons. First, numerous molecules have their spectroscopic signatures in this region. Furthermore, the atmospheric window (3-5μm and 8-14μm) is located here. Additionally, a mid-infrared frequency comb could be employed as a diagnostic tool for the many components of human breath, as well as for detection of harmful gases and contaminants in the atmosphere. In this thesis, I used synchronously pumped subharmonic optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) operating at degeneracy to produce ultra-broadband outputs near ...


Non-Hermitian And Space-Time Mode Management, Nicholas Nye Jan 2019

Non-Hermitian And Space-Time Mode Management, Nicholas Nye

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

In the last few years, optics has witnessed the emergence of two fields namely metasurfaces and parity-time (PT) symmetry. Optical metasurfaces are engineered structures that provide unique responses to electromagnetic waves, absent in natural materials. On the other hand, PT symmetry has emerged from quantum mechanics, when a new class of non-Hermitian Hamiltonian quantum systems was shown to have real eigenvalues. In this work, we demonstrate how PT-symmetric diffractive structures are capable of eliminating diffraction orders in specific directions, while maintaining/enhancing the remaining orders. In the second part of this work, we emphasize on supersymmetry (SUSY) and its applications ...


Computational Imaging Systems For High-Speed, Adaptive Sensing Applications, Yangyang Sun Jan 2019

Computational Imaging Systems For High-Speed, Adaptive Sensing Applications, Yangyang Sun

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Driven by the advances in signal processing and ubiquitous availability of high-speed low-cost computing resources over the past decade, computational imaging has seen the growing interest. Improvements on spatial, temporal, and spectral resolutions have been made with novel designs of imaging systems and optimization methods. However, there are two limitations in computational imaging. 1), Computational imaging requires full knowledge and representation of the imaging system called the forward model to reconstruct the object of interest. This limits the applications in the systems with a parameterized unknown forward model such as range imaging systems. 2), the regularization in the optimization process ...


Catalytic Properties Of Defect-Laden 2d Material From First-Principles, Tao Jiang Jan 2019

Catalytic Properties Of Defect-Laden 2d Material From First-Principles, Tao Jiang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Two dimensional (2D) materials offer excellent opportunities for application as catalysts for energy needs. Their catalytic activity depends on the nature of defects, their geometry and their electronic structure. It thus important that the characteristics of defect-laden 2D materials be understood at the microscopic level. My dissertation focuses on theoretical and computational studies of several novel nanoscale materials using state-of-the-art techniques based on density functional theory (DFT) with the objective of understanding the microscopic factors that control material functionality. My work has helped establish defect-laden hexagonal boron nitride (dh-BN) as a promising metal-free catalyst for CO2 hydrogenation. Firstly, I showed ...


Nanoscale Functional Imaging By Tailoring Light-Matter Interaction To Explore Organic And Biological Systems, Negar Otrooshi Jan 2019

Nanoscale Functional Imaging By Tailoring Light-Matter Interaction To Explore Organic And Biological Systems, Negar Otrooshi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Probing molecular systems with light has been critical to deepen our understanding of life sciences. However, conventional analytical methods fail to resolve small quantities of molecules or the heterogeneity in molecules assembled into complex systems. This bottleneck is mostly attributed to light diffraction limit. In recent years, the successful implementation of new approaches to achieve sub-wavelength chemical speciation with an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) has paved the way to a deeper understanding of the effect of local composition and structure on the functional properties of a larger scale system. The combination of infrared light, to excite the vibrational modes of ...


High-Dynamic-Range Foveated Near-Eye Display System, Guanjun Tan Jan 2019

High-Dynamic-Range Foveated Near-Eye Display System, Guanjun Tan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Wearable near-eye display has found widespread applications in education, gaming, entertainment, engineering, military training, and healthcare, just to name a few. However, the visual experience provided by current near-eye displays still falls short to what we can perceive in the real world. Three major challenges remain to be overcome: 1) limited dynamic range in display brightness and contrast, 2) inadequate angular resolution, and 3) vergence-accommodation conflict (VAC) issue. This dissertation is devoted to addressing these three critical issues from both display panel development and optical system design viewpoints. A high-dynamic-range (HDR) display requires both high peak brightness and excellent dark ...


Room Temperature Vox Air-Bridge Bolometer Integrated With Metal-Insulator-Metal Resonant Absorbers, Seth Calhoun Jan 2019

Room Temperature Vox Air-Bridge Bolometer Integrated With Metal-Insulator-Metal Resonant Absorbers, Seth Calhoun

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Spectrally-selective un-cooled micro-bolometers have many military and industrial applications for infrared sensing and imaging, e.g. target acquisition and chemical analysis. In this work, a micro-bolometer was fabricated with integrated wavelength-selective absorber based on subwavelength metal-insulator-metal (MIM) resonators. The fabricated air-bridge structure used a vanadium oxide thin film as the bolometric element. A novel aqueous deposition method of depositing vanadium oxide was investigated and compared to traditional sputtered vanadium oxide to determine achievable temperature coefficient of resistance. The MIM absorber itself was investigated as a function of the dielectric used, and the strong dependence of the resonance spectrum on dispersion ...


Design And Fabrication Of Scalable Multifunctional Multimaterial Fibers And Textiles, Felix Tan Jan 2019

Design And Fabrication Of Scalable Multifunctional Multimaterial Fibers And Textiles, Felix Tan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Multimaterial fibers eschew the traditional mono-material structures typical of traditional optical fibers for novel internal architectures that combine disparate materials with distinct optical, mechanical, and electronic properties, thereby enabling novel optoelectronic functionalities delivered in the form factor of an extended fiber. This new class of fibers developed over the past two decades is attracting interest from researchers in such different fields as optics, textiles, and biomedicine. The juxtaposition of multiple materials integrated at micro- and nanoscales in complex geometries while ensuring intimate smooth interfaces extending continuously for kilometers facilitates unique applications such as non-invasive laser surgery, self-monitoring fibers, e-textiles, and ...


Processing Of Advanced Infrared Materials, Daniel Mcgill Jan 2019

Processing Of Advanced Infrared Materials, Daniel Mcgill

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Infrared transparent glassy and crystalline materials often have unique and complex processing requirements but are an important class of materials for such applications as optical windows, lenses, waveplates, polarizers and beam splitters. This thesis investigates two specific materials, one amorphous and one crystalline, that are candidates for use in the short and midwave-infrared and mid and longwave infrared, respectively. It is demonstrated that an innovative uniaxial sintering process, which uses a sacrificial pressure-transmitting medium, can be used to fully densify a 70TeO2-20WO3-10La2O3 (TWL) glass powder. The characteristics of the sintered TWL glass is compared to that of a parent glass ...


Mode Coupling In Space-Division Multiplexed Systems, Huiyuan Liu Jan 2019

Mode Coupling In Space-Division Multiplexed Systems, Huiyuan Liu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Even though fiber-optic communication systems have been engineered to nearly approach the Shannon capacity limit, they still cannot meet the exponentially-growing bandwidth demand of the Internet. Space-division multiplexing (SDM) has attracted considerable attention in recent years due to its potential to address this capacity crunch. In SDM, the transmission channels support more than one spatial mode, each of which can provide the same capacity as a single-mode fiber. To make SDM practical, crosstalk among modes must be effectively managed. This dissertation presents three techniques for crosstalk management for SDM. In some cases such as intra-datacenter interconnects, even though mode crosstalk ...


Artificial Magnetism And Topological Phenomena In Optics, Midya Parto Jan 2019

Artificial Magnetism And Topological Phenomena In Optics, Midya Parto

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

Recent years have witnessed intense research activities to effectively control the flow of photons using various classes of optical structures such as photonic crystals and metamaterials. In this regard, optics has benefited from concepts in condensed matter and solid-state physics, where similar problems concerning electronic wavefunctions arise. An important example of such correspondence is associated with the photon dynamics under the effect of an artificial magnetic field. This is especially important since photons, as neutral bosons, do not inherently interact with magnetic fields. One way to mitigate this issue is to exploit magneto-optical materials. However, as is well known, using ...


Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities For Integrated Microwave Photonics Applications, Marcin Malinowski Jan 2019

Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities For Integrated Microwave Photonics Applications, Marcin Malinowski

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

The field of integrated photonics aims at compressing large and environmentally-sensitive optical systems to micron-sized circuits that can be mass-produced through existing semiconductor fabrication facilities. The integration of optical components on single chips is pivotal to the realization of miniature systems with high degree of complexity. Such novel photonic chips find abundant applications in optical communication, spectroscopy and signal processing. This work concentrates on harnessing nonlinear phenomena to this avail. The first part of this dissertation discusses, both from component and system level, the development of a frequency comb source with a semiconductor mode-locked laser at its heart. New nonlinear ...


Structure Difference And Implication To Assembly Morphology Control Of Rous Sarcoma Virus Capsid Protein, John Hastings Jan 2019

Structure Difference And Implication To Assembly Morphology Control Of Rous Sarcoma Virus Capsid Protein, John Hastings

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Rous Sarcoma Virus (RSV) is an avian retrovirus with an enclosing capsid protein (CA) shell. RSV CA is studied due to its similar molecular structure to other retrovirus capsid proteins such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In this project, turbidity assay is used to track the assembly process of RSV CA, while solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) is used to probe the CA structure at a site specific level and investigate the morphology of the spherical structure of the I190V mutated strain of RSV CA. The I190V mutant is a naturally occurring mutation and is able to form into ...


Grating Coupler For Surface Waves Based On Electrical Displacement Currents, Jonathan R. Brescia Jan 2019

Grating Coupler For Surface Waves Based On Electrical Displacement Currents, Jonathan R. Brescia

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Bound electromagnetic surface waves can be excited by free-space waves on a corrugated conduction surface. These electromagnetic surface waves, called surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), are coupled to a plasma of free charges, which travel together with the wave. We investigated the effect of separating metal corrugations from the smooth metal ground plane with a thin dielectric layer and show that SPPs can be excited via displacement currents. However, the SPP excitation resonances broaden and disappear as the dielectric thickness approaches 1% of the wavelength.