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Syracuse University

2018

Thermal comfort

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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Physics

The Effect Of The Position And Temperature Difference Of Local Radiant Asymmetry On Thermal Comfort: An Experimental Investigation, Stijn Van Craenendonck, Leen Lauriks, Cedric Vuye, Jarl Kampen Sep 2018

The Effect Of The Position And Temperature Difference Of Local Radiant Asymmetry On Thermal Comfort: An Experimental Investigation, Stijn Van Craenendonck, Leen Lauriks, Cedric Vuye, Jarl Kampen

International Building Physics Conference

In cold and moderate climates, poorly designed construction joints can lead to local low surface temperatures, which entails local radiant asymmetry. An experiment was set up to test the hypothesis that overall and local thermal sensation is influenced by temperature difference, and position and distance of local radiant asymmetry. In the experiment, 18 subjects participated where they were introduced in a room at 21°C and 45% relative humidity. The subjects were exposed to local radiant asymmetry created by a cooling plate. This plate was positioned at three different heights, and controlled for temperatures at 3, 6 or 10°C ...


Experimental Investigation Of Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage For Highly Glazed Apartments In A Continental Climate, Shahrzad Soudian, Umberto Berardi Sep 2018

Experimental Investigation Of Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage For Highly Glazed Apartments In A Continental Climate, Shahrzad Soudian, Umberto Berardi

International Building Physics Conference

The high solar heat gains in highly glazed buildings are a major thermal discomfort factor leading to higher energy consumption for space cooling. Higher window to wall ratios (WWR) also entail large temperature fluctuations due to heat loss and temperature extremes in buildings. Passive latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) is a potential solution to regulate the indoor thermal environment in buildings through mitigating the indoor surface temperatures. In this study, the effectiveness of phase change materials (PCMs) in the context of a highly glazed apartment unit with 80% WWR is investigated for internal wall and ceiling applications. To provide ...


Bioclimatic Tools For Sustainable Design – Uncertainty Perspective, Krystyna Pietrzyk Sep 2018

Bioclimatic Tools For Sustainable Design – Uncertainty Perspective, Krystyna Pietrzyk

International Building Physics Conference

Overall, holistic approach in which the building is integrated into its environment with respect to building physics principles allows for discussion of a variety of passive strategies regarding the building placement (local climatic conditions, microclimate etc.), building types, building materials and technical systems. Bioclimatic design is referred to as a proper approach to highlight the connection of a building with the natural environment, which can be treated as the prerequisite for energy efficient design. The research results within the reliability studies of building performance become an inspiration for architects and engineers to further discuss tools supporting decisions at the early ...


Thermal Performance Of An Electric-Driven Smart Window: Experiments In A Full-Scale Test Room And Simulation Model, Giovanni Ciampi, Antonio Rosato, Sergio Sibilio, Giuseppe Peter Vanoli, Manuela Almeida, Luigi Maffei Sep 2018

Thermal Performance Of An Electric-Driven Smart Window: Experiments In A Full-Scale Test Room And Simulation Model, Giovanni Ciampi, Antonio Rosato, Sergio Sibilio, Giuseppe Peter Vanoli, Manuela Almeida, Luigi Maffei

International Building Physics Conference

This paper reports the results of experimental tests and numerical simulations aimed at evaluating the performance of an electric-driven smart window with respect to solar control in buildings. The experimental performances of the electric-driven smart window were evaluated using a south oriented full scale experimental facility designed and realized. The tests were carried out during the summer under real sky conditions upon varying the state of the electricdriven smart window (clear and milky). In the first part of the paper, the experimental results are discussed in terms of surface temperature of glazings as well as indoor air temperature in order ...


Comparison Between Qualitative And Quantitative Measurement In Assessing Thermal Comfort In An Elementary School, Boyu Li, Ming Hu, Greg Goldstein Sep 2018

Comparison Between Qualitative And Quantitative Measurement In Assessing Thermal Comfort In An Elementary School, Boyu Li, Ming Hu, Greg Goldstein

International Building Physics Conference

We compare qualitative and quantitative measurements to assess an elementary school building’s thermal comfort. Quantitative measurements of the physical environment are useful but not sufficient, since different people respond differently in the same indoor environment. A qualitative survey of the school employees shows the thermal comfort level has a 3.73 out of 7 score and 40% of subjects rated it unsatisfactory, even though the temperature and humidity level are measured within the comfort range recommended by ASHERA 90.1 – 2004. This gap occurs because human metabolism is not taken into account in current design guidelines, even though there ...


Classification Of The Indoor Environment In A High-School Building By Means Of Subjective Responses, Lorenza Pistore, Ilaria Pittana, Francesca Cappelletti, Andrea Gasparella, Piercarlo Romagnoni Sep 2018

Classification Of The Indoor Environment In A High-School Building By Means Of Subjective Responses, Lorenza Pistore, Ilaria Pittana, Francesca Cappelletti, Andrea Gasparella, Piercarlo Romagnoni

International Building Physics Conference

In this paper the subjective evaluation of the indoor environment of a secondary school in Treviso (Italy) is presented. Field campaigns have been carried out during the winter season in order to assess people overall satisfaction about the environment, their behavior towards discomfort and their interactions with the building and the systems. A specific questionnaire has been elaborated, paying particular attention to the occupants target and to the questions needed to grasp not only the comfort feedbacks, but also the dynamics and the individual students’ attitudes that can influence the building energy performance. A first general evaluation has been elaborated ...