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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Precision Measurement Of The Lambda_B Baryon Lifetime, Bilas Kanti Pal Dec 2013

Precision Measurement Of The Lambda_B Baryon Lifetime, Bilas Kanti Pal

Dissertations - ALL

The ratio of the Lambda_b baryon lifetime to that of the B0 meson is measured using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 /fb collected with the LHCb detector using pp collisions at the LHC. The Lambda_b baryon is observed in the decay mode Lambda_b ->J/psi p K-, while the B0 meson decay used is the well known B0->J/psi pi+ K- mode, where the pi+K- mass is consistent with that of the K*0(892) meson. The ratio of lifetimes is measured to be 0.971+/-0.007+/-0.005, in agreement with theoretical ...


Measurement Of The Cp Violating Asymmetry A^S_Sl Using Bs0->(Ds->Phi Pi) Mu Nu, Alessandra Borgia Aug 2013

Measurement Of The Cp Violating Asymmetry A^S_Sl Using Bs0->(Ds->Phi Pi) Mu Nu, Alessandra Borgia

Dissertations - ALL

The time-integrated measurement of the semileptonic CP violating asymmetry, assl, with data acquired at the Large Hadron Collider with the LHCb experiment is presented. This measurement can help physicists understand some peculiarities in the Standard Model, which is the fundamental framework of knowledge of the universe. Should this asymmetry diverge from zero, new physics may be a main motivator. Using 1 fb-1 of collected data in 2011 with proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, the measured value of assl presented is (-0.06 ± 0.50 ± 0.36)%, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the ...


First Leptonic Probe Of Neutron Radii In Lead At Low-Q2, Chun-Min Jen May 2013

First Leptonic Probe Of Neutron Radii In Lead At Low-Q2, Chun-Min Jen

Physics - Dissertations

Over the past decade, in Hall-A of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), both the HAPPEX and PREx collaborations have carried out various high-precision polarized elastic electron scattering experiments to explore the nuclear structure, the nucleon form factor and the weak charge of proton and electron. They have done so through the technique of the parity-violating asymmetry measurement with limited theoretical uncertainties. My dissertation focuses on the study of nuclear structure, namely the thickness of the neutron skin, using elastic electron scattering experiments.

The direct measurement of the thickness of the neutron skin in heavy nuclei, where neutron are ...


Particle Physics In The Lhc Era, Don Bunk May 2013

Particle Physics In The Lhc Era, Don Bunk

Physics - Dissertations

During the past 100 years experimental particle physicists have collected an impressive amount of data. Theorists have also come to understand this data extremely well. It was in the first half of the 20th century the efforts of the early pioneers of quantum mechanics laid the ground work for this understanding: quantum field theory. Through the tireless efforts of researchers during the later half of the 20th century many ideas came together to form what we now call the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. Finally, it was through the ideas of the renormalization group and effective field theory that ...


Molecular Sensing With Protein And Solid-State Nanopores, David John Niedzwiecki May 2013

Molecular Sensing With Protein And Solid-State Nanopores, David John Niedzwiecki

Physics - Dissertations

In the past 15 years nanopore sensing has proven to be a successful method for probing a variety of molecules of biological interest, such as DNA, RNA and proteins. Of particular appeal is this technique's ability to probe these molecules without the need for chemical modification or labeling, to do so at physiological conditions, and to probe single molecules at a time, allowing the possibility for results masked in bulk measurements to come to light. In this thesis these advantageous properties will be used in work on both a synthetic (solid-state) nanopore system and an engineered biological nanopore. I ...


Where Does The Water Come From? A Temporal Geochemical Characterization Of Water Sources In The Lives Of Storms, Mallory Ringham May 2013

Where Does The Water Come From? A Temporal Geochemical Characterization Of Water Sources In The Lives Of Storms, Mallory Ringham

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

An analysis of the ion chemistry, δ18O, and δ2H values of precipitation may allow for the characterization of their water sources. As water evaporates, it retains a signature of its source in the ions that it carries and in the amount of fractionation of the oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. Precipitation samples for coastal, lake effect, and continental sources were collected over the months of October- January in Syracuse, New York throughout the duration of each storm, including one hurricane, one thunderstorm, two lake effect snowstorms, and seven rain events. These samples were run through IC, ICP-OES ...


Research And Development Of The Positron Damping Rings For The Proposed International Linear Collider And At Cern In Geneva, Switzerland For The Large Hadron Collider Atlas Experiment's Integrated Simulation Framwork, Ryan Badman May 2013

Research And Development Of The Positron Damping Rings For The Proposed International Linear Collider And At Cern In Geneva, Switzerland For The Large Hadron Collider Atlas Experiment's Integrated Simulation Framwork, Ryan Badman

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

The topic of part I of my capstone is electron clouds, studied in the Cornell synchrotron accelerator. Electron clouds are an important phenomenon to study in circular particle accelerators such as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the Cornell synchrotron, and the damping ring for the proposed International Linear Collider (ILC). Low energy background electrons are normally present in high energy accelerators and are often not detrimental to beam performance, but certain operation conditions cause them to interact strongly with the beam, as was first observed in the 1980s in positron storage rings. The generation and amplification of the electron cloud ...


Influence Of Genetic Variation On Birth Defects In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Daniel Robert Kepple May 2013

Influence Of Genetic Variation On Birth Defects In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Daniel Robert Kepple

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

In my Renee Crown Honors Capstone project, I studied how genetic variation influences birth defects that cause death in C. elegans embryos. I performed high-throughput hatching assay experiments of recombinant inbred advance intercross lines of C. elegans. These lines are genetically distinct from each other. I found significant variation in birth defects causing embryo death in these recombinant inbred advanced intercross lines. My results give evidence that gene interaction may play a significant role in causing birth defects resulting in death. My data also provides a starting point for studies making statistical arguments linking these birth defects to specific genetic ...


Research And Development Of The Positron Damping Rings For The Proposed International Linear Collider, And At Cern In Geneva, Switzerland For The Large Hadron Collider Atlas Experiment's Integrated Simulation Framework, Ryan Badman Apr 2013

Research And Development Of The Positron Damping Rings For The Proposed International Linear Collider, And At Cern In Geneva, Switzerland For The Large Hadron Collider Atlas Experiment's Integrated Simulation Framework, Ryan Badman

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

Abstract not available. Please download the full Capstone for abstract.


Measurement Of The Semileptonic Cp Violating Asymmetry A Sl S In B S Decays And The D S + -- D S - Production Asymmetry In 7 Tev Pp Collisions, Zhou Xing Jan 2013

Measurement Of The Semileptonic Cp Violating Asymmetry A Sl S In B S Decays And The D S + -- D S - Production Asymmetry In 7 Tev Pp Collisions, Zhou Xing

Physics - Dissertations

The large hadron collider (LHC) at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva is the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator. It is located in a tunnel with a circumference of 27 kilometers (17 miles) whose synchrotron is designed to mainly collide opposing particle beams of protons with energy up to 7 TeV in 2011 and 8 TeV in 2012. LHC is designed to address some of the fundamental open questions in physics regarding the basic laws governing the interactions and forces among the elementary particles. Among the four major experiments at LHC: A Toroidal LHC Apparatus ...


Light Trapping For Silicon Solar Cells: Theory And Experiment, Hui Zhao Jan 2013

Light Trapping For Silicon Solar Cells: Theory And Experiment, Hui Zhao

Physics - Dissertations

Crystalline silicon solar cells have been the mainstream technology for photovoltaic energy conversion since their invention in 1954. Since silicon is an indirect band gap material, its absorption coefficient is low for much of the solar spectrum, and the highest conversion efficiencies are achieved only in cells that are thicker than about 0.1 mm. Light trapping by total internal reflection is important to increase the optical absorption in silicon layers, and becomes increasingly important as the layers are thinned. Light trapping is typically characterized by the enhancement of the absorptance of a solar cell beyond the value for a ...