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Articles 1 - 30 of 816

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Memory Formation In Matter, Joseph Paulsen, Nathan C. Keim, Zorana Zeravcic, Srikanth Sastry, Sidney R. Nagel Jan 2019

Memory Formation In Matter, Joseph Paulsen, Nathan C. Keim, Zorana Zeravcic, Srikanth Sastry, Sidney R. Nagel

Physics

Memory formation in matter is a theme of broad intellectual relevance; it sits at the interdisciplinary crossroads of physics, biology, chemistry, and computer science. Memory connotes the ability to encode, access, and erase signatures of past history in the state of a system. Once the system has completely relaxed to thermal equilibrium, it is no longer able to recall aspects of its evolution. The memory of initial conditions or previous training protocols will be lost. Thus many forms of memory are intrinsically tied to far-from-equilibrium behavior and to transient response to a perturbation. This general behavior arises in diverse contexts ...


A Transparent Insulation Solar Façade Coupled With A Selective Absorber: An Experimentally Validated Building Energy Simulation Model, Miroslav Čekon, Jakub Čurpek Sep 2018

A Transparent Insulation Solar Façade Coupled With A Selective Absorber: An Experimentally Validated Building Energy Simulation Model, Miroslav Čekon, Jakub Čurpek

International Building Physics Conference

The development of various advanced materials and their subsequent integration into innovative building envelope concepts has the potential to achieve energy savings. Additionally, their usability in practical applications can be enhanced via the use of building energy simulation (BES) methods. Experimental procedures in conjunction with numerical computations could enable the prediction of the future performance of solar thermal façade concepts. The presented study is focused on the thermal response of a transparent insulation material (TIM) incorporated in a façade structure. An experimental prototype of a solar façade element with both a selective and a nonselective absorber was developed for use ...


Power Generation And Visual Comfort Performance Of Photovoltaic Toplighting Technologies In Transient Spaces, Nick Novelli, Brandon Andow, Scott Overall, Mohamed Aly, Christopher Morse, Berardo Matalucci Sep 2018

Power Generation And Visual Comfort Performance Of Photovoltaic Toplighting Technologies In Transient Spaces, Nick Novelli, Brandon Andow, Scott Overall, Mohamed Aly, Christopher Morse, Berardo Matalucci

International Building Physics Conference

Advances in long-span glazed structures and interest in high-performance building design has proliferated semi-conditioned spaces with large areas of overhead glazing. These spaces are often programmed with intermittent occupation where variability of the indoor climate is an intentional factor of the experience. Technological options for glazed canopy structures have likewise evolved, gaining functions such as power generation which diversifies the benefits of overhead glazing beyond weather protection and daylighting. Here we model the multiple benefits of current and emerging toplighting technologies deployed in the overhead glazing of a train station and compare power generation and visual comfort. A common building ...


Solar And Lighting Transmission In Complex Fenestration Systems With Perforated Solar Protection Systems, Waldo Bustamante, Daniel Uribe, Sergio Vera Sep 2018

Solar And Lighting Transmission In Complex Fenestration Systems With Perforated Solar Protection Systems, Waldo Bustamante, Daniel Uribe, Sergio Vera

International Building Physics Conference

Santiago de Chile is a city with a semi-arid climate, with prolonged periods of high temperature and solar radiation. In recent years, in this city, office buildings have been built with high window to wall ratio (WWR) facades. 65% of the office buildings built in the period 2005-2014 have a WWR higher than 60%. Only 5% of these buildings showed an efficient glazed façade solar protection device. One of these systems corresponds to an exterior textile solar protection. This type of systems, together with the perforated screens, could be effective solutions for the solar protection of glazed facades, reducing the ...


Solar Efficiency Index Of Building Envelopes And Load Matching In Low Energy Buildings, Ellika Taveres-Cachat, Francesco Goia, Steinar Grynning Sep 2018

Solar Efficiency Index Of Building Envelopes And Load Matching In Low Energy Buildings, Ellika Taveres-Cachat, Francesco Goia, Steinar Grynning

International Building Physics Conference

Net-zero energy buildings oftentimes rely on solar-based building integrated technologies to offset energy use and achieve their goals. However, the value of a particular system is difficult to assess given that these technologies often bring about complex interactions with the indoor environment, and building energy management systems. The approach chosen in this study was to propose and test a simple index called the Solar Efficiency index (SE index), which makes it possible to characterize the performance of building envelopes with integrated solar systems. The index was used to investigate the effect of different configurations of a PV integrated shading device ...


Study On The Design Method Of Integration Of Roof And Photovoltaic Based On Aesthetics, Technology And Energy-Saving Characteristic, Hongxin Feng, Juanli Guo, Gang Liu, Jiehui Wang Sep 2018

Study On The Design Method Of Integration Of Roof And Photovoltaic Based On Aesthetics, Technology And Energy-Saving Characteristic, Hongxin Feng, Juanli Guo, Gang Liu, Jiehui Wang

International Building Physics Conference

The development and utilization of new energy has been concerned due to the traditional energy is increasingly scarce. In recent years, solar building has developed rapidly in the construction industry which is a major energy consuming component. As an organic part of the building, the combination of roof and solar energy has become the focus of attention because of its large size, less shielding and other characteristics. Based on the works of recent years’ Solar Decathlon, this paper analysed the design and implementation of the integration of solar building’s roof and photovoltaic. Meanwhile, taking an office building in Xinjiang ...


Thermal Performance Of Pcm-Glazing Unit Under Moderate Climatic Conditions, Anna Wieprzkowicz, Dariusz Heim Sep 2018

Thermal Performance Of Pcm-Glazing Unit Under Moderate Climatic Conditions, Anna Wieprzkowicz, Dariusz Heim

International Building Physics Conference

Considering physical properties, transparent or translucent building components like windows or glazing facades are the weakest elements of building envelope. The heat transfer coefficient of such elements is approximately four times higher than for opaque partitions, which causes considerable increase of heat loss during winter. In summer relatively high solar transmittance is a source of heat gains which results in undesirable overheating. Application of phase change materials in glazing components affects its thermal performance by the increase of its heat capacity and decrease of solar heat gains, with regard to the current physical state of the PCM. The aim of ...


Application Of C-Svm Classification Algorithm To The Lighting Visual Comfort Of University Classrooms, Rui Dang, Qingchen Wang, Yanhui Bu, Gang Liu Sep 2018

Application Of C-Svm Classification Algorithm To The Lighting Visual Comfort Of University Classrooms, Rui Dang, Qingchen Wang, Yanhui Bu, Gang Liu

International Building Physics Conference

Considering the quality of the classroom light-environment will directly affect students' eye health and learning efficiency, it is a problem to be solved that how to evaluate the visual comfort levels of the classroom light-environment and save lighting energy on the premise of necessary visual comfort. Aiming at these problems above, this study restored the classroom scene through adjustable full-size light-environment simulation laboratory, in which 135 subjects participated in the visual comfort evaluation experiment of the indoor light-environment. After features (illuminance and correlated color temperature) and labels (comfort levels) preprocessed ,we trained and visualized the visual comfort classification models of ...


Developing And Testing Visual Privacy Metrics, Noor Alkhalili, Ted Kesik, William O'Brien, Terri Peters Sep 2018

Developing And Testing Visual Privacy Metrics, Noor Alkhalili, Ted Kesik, William O'Brien, Terri Peters

International Building Physics Conference

The dense redevelopment of inner cities (intensification) has been accompanied by a dramatic surge in the development of multi-unit residential buildings (MURBs) within ever shrinking proximities to one another. Modern multi-unit residential building design often embodies conflicting desires for daylighting and visual privacy, or designers simply do not consider collective occupant discomfort factors. Thus, the focus of this project was to develop and validate conceptual and quantitative variables influencing visual privacy, such that future and existing residential designs can be analyzed from a visual privacy perspective. This paper formulates an approach that combines building physics (visual angles and relative brightness ...


Environmental Conditions And Occupant Satisfaction In The Workplace: A Controlled Study In A Living Lab, Jennifer Nguyen, Stephanie Huynh, Anja Jamrozik, Nicholas Clements, Christian Ramos, Brent Bauer, Jie Zhao Sep 2018

Environmental Conditions And Occupant Satisfaction In The Workplace: A Controlled Study In A Living Lab, Jennifer Nguyen, Stephanie Huynh, Anja Jamrozik, Nicholas Clements, Christian Ramos, Brent Bauer, Jie Zhao

International Building Physics Conference

Living labs offer a powerful, new way to measure human-building interactions. In addition to having the advantages of a traditional controlled laboratory setting, living labs facilitate the study of how combinations of environmental factors directly affect human health and satisfaction in a real-world setting. The aim of this experimental study was to characterize the relationship between individual-level exposure to environmental conditions and reported satisfaction with environmental quality in a simulated open-office workspace created in a living lab. Eight office workers were exposed to six different week-long combinations of light (natural and electric), sound, and thermal conditions over 18 weeks in ...


Generating Design-Sensitive Occupant-Related Schedules For Building Performance Simulations, Mohamed Ouf, William O'Brien, Burak Gunay Sep 2018

Generating Design-Sensitive Occupant-Related Schedules For Building Performance Simulations, Mohamed Ouf, William O'Brien, Burak Gunay

International Building Physics Conference

Despite the benefits of occupant behavior (OB) models in simulating the effect of design factors on OB, there are challenges associated with their use in the building simulation industry due to extensive time and computational requirements. To this end, we present a novel method to incorporate these models in building performance simulations (BPS) as design-sensitive schedules. Over 2,900 design alternatives of an office were generated by varying orientation, window to wall ratio (WWR), the optical characteristics of windows and blinds, as well as indoor surfaces’ reflectance. By using daylight simulations and stochastic OB modeling, unique light use schedules were ...


Lighting Systems And Users Interactions In Classrooms And Laboratory Rooms, Camila Novais, Roberta Souza, Andrea Pereira Sep 2018

Lighting Systems And Users Interactions In Classrooms And Laboratory Rooms, Camila Novais, Roberta Souza, Andrea Pereira

International Building Physics Conference

In Brazil, there has been an increase in the use of certifications designed to assess and improve building performance. Despite these advances, there is still little knowledge concerning the buildings’ post-occupancy. Thus, the present work aimed to evaluate the occupants’ behaviour regarding the use of lighting and internal shading devices. Classrooms and laboratories at UFMG Architecture and Design School were used as case study. The main objective was to analyse how a cycle of influences works: how occupants influence energy consumption and act in relation to the buildings systems, as well as how the building and the internal systems influence ...


Visual Comfort Assessment Of Different Shading Strategies In A Commercial Office Building In The Southeastern Us, Armin Amirazar, Mona Azarbayjani, Ben Futrell, Amir Hosseinzadeh Zarrabi, Roshanak Ashrafi Sep 2018

Visual Comfort Assessment Of Different Shading Strategies In A Commercial Office Building In The Southeastern Us, Armin Amirazar, Mona Azarbayjani, Ben Futrell, Amir Hosseinzadeh Zarrabi, Roshanak Ashrafi

International Building Physics Conference

It is challenging to design buildings that simultaneously consider both the dynamic nature of daylight and specific occupant preferences. The authors have investigated this problem by studying the performance of four specific shading strategies using quantitative measurements of occupants visual comfort: discomfort glare and daylight availability. This paper specifically evaluates the performance of four shading strategies, two types of electrochromic (EC) glass, an automated fabric roller shade, and a venetian blind in a building located in the Southeastern United States. This paper examines how these technologies impact occupant visual comfort and it also examines how the buildings perform relative to ...


Condensation-Free Radiant Cooling Using Infrared-Transparent Enclosures Of Chilled Panels, Eric Teitelbaum, Adam Rysanek, Jovan Pantelic, Dorit Aviv, Simon Obelz, Alexander Buff, Yongqiang Luo, Forrest Meggers Sep 2018

Condensation-Free Radiant Cooling Using Infrared-Transparent Enclosures Of Chilled Panels, Eric Teitelbaum, Adam Rysanek, Jovan Pantelic, Dorit Aviv, Simon Obelz, Alexander Buff, Yongqiang Luo, Forrest Meggers

International Building Physics Conference

Radiant cooling power in the humid climates is inherently limited by condensation. This research investigates a type of radiant cooling methodology whereby the cold temperature source is convectively and conductively isolated from the environment with a membrane transparent to visible radiation to allow supply temperatures to be decreased for radiant cooling systems in humid climates. We conduct an FTIR analysis on three candidate membrane materials and fabricate a prototype experimental test panel that allows for thermal performance evaluation at different panel orientation and depths. Our study shows that for a 5 °C chilled panel temperature, the exterior membrane surface temperature ...


Experimental Study On The Impact Of Passive Chilled Beam In A Room With Displacement Ventilation, Zhu Shi, Vishal Anand, Qingyan Chen Sep 2018

Experimental Study On The Impact Of Passive Chilled Beam In A Room With Displacement Ventilation, Zhu Shi, Vishal Anand, Qingyan Chen

International Building Physics Conference

Previous studies have demonstrated that displacement ventilation (DV) can provide better air quality than mixing ventilation (MV), and may save energy in buildings. However, since DV introduces supply air to the occupied zone directly, the temperature of supply air it provides is normally higher than in a MV system, so the ability to remove cooling load is limited with the same amount of air. On the other hand, passive chilled beam (PCB) systems have been shown to be able to remove a large cooling load while saving energy. Therefore, this research studied a coupled configuration that combined DV and PCB ...


Liquid Desiccant-Polymeric Membrane Dehumidification System For Improved Cooling Efficiency In Built Environments, Michael Bozlar, Eric Teitelbaum, Forrest Meggers Sep 2018

Liquid Desiccant-Polymeric Membrane Dehumidification System For Improved Cooling Efficiency In Built Environments, Michael Bozlar, Eric Teitelbaum, Forrest Meggers

International Building Physics Conference

We have recently demonstrated a new type of moisture absorber using a silicone-based liquid desiccant and a nonporous hydrophilic membrane. The setup consists of a core-shell structure where the desiccant flows inside the hydrophilic membrane (core) surrounded with humid air and confined inside a larger diameter tube (shell). In this work, we propose to extend the capabilities of this moisture absorber prototype by addressing two additional characteristics in order to fully validate its capabilities in the built environment. In the first section of this study, we developed a new setup to demonstrate the regeneration process of the liquid desiccant. The ...


Simulation-Based Approach To Optimize Courtyard Form Concerning Climatic Comfort In Hot And Humid Climate, Mehmet Bekar, Gülten Manioğlu Sep 2018

Simulation-Based Approach To Optimize Courtyard Form Concerning Climatic Comfort In Hot And Humid Climate, Mehmet Bekar, Gülten Manioğlu

International Building Physics Conference

In hot and humid regions, in order to provide indoor thermal comfort conditions, most important design strategies are to maximize shady areas and natural ventilation. Courtyard building form was developed mainly in response to climatic requirements especially in hot climates. A courtyard is an unroofed area that is completely or partially enclosed by walls or building spaces. The function of the courtyard is to improve comfort conditions by modifying the microclimate around the building. The proportion of the courtyard affects considerably the shadows produced on the building envelope, and consequently the received solar radiation and the comfort conditions in the ...


The Effect Of The Position And Temperature Difference Of Local Radiant Asymmetry On Thermal Comfort: An Experimental Investigation, Stijn Van Craenendonck, Leen Lauriks, Cedric Vuye, Jarl Kampen Sep 2018

The Effect Of The Position And Temperature Difference Of Local Radiant Asymmetry On Thermal Comfort: An Experimental Investigation, Stijn Van Craenendonck, Leen Lauriks, Cedric Vuye, Jarl Kampen

International Building Physics Conference

In cold and moderate climates, poorly designed construction joints can lead to local low surface temperatures, which entails local radiant asymmetry. An experiment was set up to test the hypothesis that overall and local thermal sensation is influenced by temperature difference, and position and distance of local radiant asymmetry. In the experiment, 18 subjects participated where they were introduced in a room at 21°C and 45% relative humidity. The subjects were exposed to local radiant asymmetry created by a cooling plate. This plate was positioned at three different heights, and controlled for temperatures at 3, 6 or 10°C ...


Thermal Effect Of Metal Fin Inside Elevated Radiant Floor Based On The Thermal Utilization Of A Burning Cave, Xueyan Zhang, Bin Chen, Jiayi Zhao Sep 2018

Thermal Effect Of Metal Fin Inside Elevated Radiant Floor Based On The Thermal Utilization Of A Burning Cave, Xueyan Zhang, Bin Chen, Jiayi Zhao

International Building Physics Conference

A rural house integrated with an elevated floor heating system based on the thermal utilization of a burning cave has been established to provide a more comfortable and clear indoor environment. Inside the elevated floor heating system, air is taken as the heat transfer medium and tin layer is designed as metal fin in the middle layer of the elevated floor to enhance heat transfer. In this study, heat transfer process and thermal performance of the inner metal fin were analyzed by theoretical calculations and field measurements. The results show that while the heat flux of the burning cave is ...


An Experimental And Modelling Study On The Adsorption Characteristics Of Activated Carbon Under Different Challenge Concentration Levels, Chuan He, Jingjing Pei, Jensen Zhang Sep 2018

An Experimental And Modelling Study On The Adsorption Characteristics Of Activated Carbon Under Different Challenge Concentration Levels, Chuan He, Jingjing Pei, Jensen Zhang

International Building Physics Conference

Applying air cleaning devices is an effective approach to control targeted indoor gaseous pollutants. It is important to understand the adsorption characteristics of filter media (e.g, activated carbon) at typical indoor application conditions as well as standard test conditions. Tests per ASHRAE Standard 145.1 for filter media performance evaluation can provide a relative comparison among different media. However, as the tests are conducted at elevated gas concentrations (1~100 ppm), they do not represent the media performance under lower concentrations typical of indoor applications (


Development Of A Procedure For Estimating The Parameters Of Mechanistic Emission Source Models From Chamber Testing Data, Zhenlei Liu, Andreas Nicolai, Marc Abadie, Menghao Qin, Jensen Zhang Sep 2018

Development Of A Procedure For Estimating The Parameters Of Mechanistic Emission Source Models From Chamber Testing Data, Zhenlei Liu, Andreas Nicolai, Marc Abadie, Menghao Qin, Jensen Zhang

International Building Physics Conference

In order to evaluate the impacts of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emissions from building materials on the indoor pollution load and indoor air quality beyond the standard chamber test conditions and test period, mechanistic emission source models have been developed in the past. However, very limited data are available for the required model parameters including the initial concentration (Cm0), in-material diffusion coefficient (Dm), partition coefficient (Kma), and convective mass transfer coefficient (km). In this study, a procedure is developed for estimating the model parameters by using VOC emission data from standard small chamber tests. Multivariate regression analysis on the experimental ...


Evaluation Of The Physical Interpretability Of Calibrated Building Model Parameters, Sarah Juricic, Simon Rouchier, Aurélie Foucquier, Gilles Fraisse Sep 2018

Evaluation Of The Physical Interpretability Of Calibrated Building Model Parameters, Sarah Juricic, Simon Rouchier, Aurélie Foucquier, Gilles Fraisse

International Building Physics Conference

Identifying building envelope thermal properties from the calibration of a lumped model raises identifiability issues. Not only needs the simplified model to be structurally identifiable, i.e. deliver unique estimates after calibration, but also the data used might not be informative enough to result in either or both accurate estimates and physically interpretable values. This could particularly be the case when data is extracted from non intrusive in situ measurements, in the sense not disturbing potential occupancy. In this frame, this paper develops a method to investigate the physical interpretation of the parameters of lumped models through a numerical tests ...


Field Experimental Investigation Of Temperature, Humidity And Solar Radiation Impacts On Formaldehyde Emission From Interior Furnishing Material (Particle Board): A Preliminary Study, Alula Yadete, Fitsum Tariku, Doug Horn Sep 2018

Field Experimental Investigation Of Temperature, Humidity And Solar Radiation Impacts On Formaldehyde Emission From Interior Furnishing Material (Particle Board): A Preliminary Study, Alula Yadete, Fitsum Tariku, Doug Horn

International Building Physics Conference

Some part of indoor space components such as furniture and surfaces (like walls and floor carpet) contains contaminants and emit them over time. The emission is affected by different environmental factors like temperature, relative humidity, and solar radiation. As a result, three field experiments are conducted to assess the impact of these environmental factors on Formaldehyde emission. This study referred to previous literature on measuring volatile compound emission from wood stain using balance scale. Consequently, a similar test setup (balance scale) is adopted to investigate formaldehyde emission from test sample which is exposed to solar radiation in fully controlled test ...


Study On Improving The Surface Wet Condition Of Subfloor By Hygroscopic Material In Rural Residences Of China, Jinzhong Fang, Mingfang Tang, Lin Jiang, Dongfang Lai Sep 2018

Study On Improving The Surface Wet Condition Of Subfloor By Hygroscopic Material In Rural Residences Of China, Jinzhong Fang, Mingfang Tang, Lin Jiang, Dongfang Lai

International Building Physics Conference

Microporous surface materials are put forward to prevent condensation on subfloor in some building design standards and specifications in China. However, in the current study there are mostly applied cases, lacking of quantitative research. This paper simulated and compared the surface wet condition of three different surface materials by WUFI software: solid brick, hardwood and glazed tile brick. The results shows that the time on surface relative humidity that above 95%, hygroscopic subfloor reduces by more than 20% over non-hygroscopic subfloor, and the improvement is over 45% in relative humidity range of 99% to 100%. In high-humidity areas such as ...


The Application Of Computed Tomography For Characterising The Pore Structure Of Building Materials, Steven Claes, Wouter Van De Walle, Muhammad Islahuddin, Hans Janssen Sep 2018

The Application Of Computed Tomography For Characterising The Pore Structure Of Building Materials, Steven Claes, Wouter Van De Walle, Muhammad Islahuddin, Hans Janssen

International Building Physics Conference

Flow and transport phenomena in porous media play a significant role in various fields of science and technology, comprising a spectrum from medical sciences over material sciences to soil and rock sciences. Also in building materials, the transfer of moisture and heat play a crucial role when assessing their properties and performances. Hence, three-dimensional analyses of the pore structure of building materials are becoming progressively more important in recent years, to obtain more accurate interpretations and simulations of their characteristics. Computed tomography has proven to be an excellent and versatile tool to perform these analyses non-destructively. The reconstruction of the ...


A Dynamic Thermal Network Model Applied To Ventilated Attics, Johan Claesson, Petter Wallentén Sep 2018

A Dynamic Thermal Network Model Applied To Ventilated Attics, Johan Claesson, Petter Wallentén

International Building Physics Conference

The need for tools to analyze heat and moisture behavior in wooden constructions is increasing with the increasing awareness of the moisture problems. An example of a construction with a history of mould problems is cold attics. Most heat models of attics use a lumped node technique for energy balance and ignore the variation in heat transfer coefficients. A model based on so called dynamic thermal networks has been developed that takes into account radiation between the interior surfaces and the different boundary conditions at the outside and inside surfaces. The first step is to develop analytical solutions for the ...


A Holistic Decision Support Tool For Façade Design, Sinem Kultur, Nil Turkeri, Ulrich Knaack Sep 2018

A Holistic Decision Support Tool For Façade Design, Sinem Kultur, Nil Turkeri, Ulrich Knaack

International Building Physics Conference

The aim of this paper is to present a tool which will support decision-makers of façade design process while giving decisions on façade parameters to consider their interactions with functional performance issues. The tool is believed to contribute the holistic design of facades which is lacking in existing literature. The functional performance aspects included in the tool are structural, fire, water related, air permeability related, thermal, moisture related, daylighting, and acoustic performances. Façade parameters that are taken as the main decision subjects within the tool are orientation, transparency ratio, façade type, window type, glazing, framing, solar control, wall configuration, finishing ...


Considerations On The Thermal Modelling Of Insulated Metal Panel Systems, Ligia Moga, Ioan Moga Sep 2018

Considerations On The Thermal Modelling Of Insulated Metal Panel Systems, Ligia Moga, Ioan Moga

International Building Physics Conference

The very strict regulations imposed by the European directives regarding low energy consumptions of buildings imposes the availability of thermal and energy efficient solutions for the building envelope. One common solution is given by insulated metal penal systems, which are typically used for industrial buildings but lately also used for other types of buildings (e.g. residential buildings, hotels, hospitals). These types of solutions must be properly addressed from the thermal modelling and simulation point of view considering a different thermal behaviour due to its detail components. For insulated metal penal systems the typical calculations are done by considering only ...


Numerical Thermal Model Of A Double-Glazed Window Filled With Phase Change Materials, Daniel Uribe, Nicolás Benavente, Waldo Bustamante, Sergio Vera Sep 2018

Numerical Thermal Model Of A Double-Glazed Window Filled With Phase Change Materials, Daniel Uribe, Nicolás Benavente, Waldo Bustamante, Sergio Vera

International Building Physics Conference

Phase change materials (PCMs) glazing systems might be able to improve the building energy performance because of controlling solar heat gains and peak heating and cooling loads. EnergyPlus, a state-of-the-art energy simulation tool, allows simulating the heat transfer through opaque elements that incorporate PCMs. However, EnergyPlus does not allow this for transparent elements with PCMs. As consequence, the main objective of this research is to develop a numerical thermal model of double glazing windows with PCM in the cavity to be coupled with EnergyPlus in the future. To develop the numerical heat transfer model, the sensible and latent heat of ...


On The Compliance Of Thermal Performance Requirements For Highly Insulated Building Units, Giovanni Murano, Ilaria Ballarini, Giovanna De Luca, Domenico Dirutigliano, Elisa Primo, Vincenzo Corrado Sep 2018

On The Compliance Of Thermal Performance Requirements For Highly Insulated Building Units, Giovanni Murano, Ilaria Ballarini, Giovanna De Luca, Domenico Dirutigliano, Elisa Primo, Vincenzo Corrado

International Building Physics Conference

The target of the nearly zero-energy building (nZEB), stated by the European Union, represents one of the most strenuous challenges to reduce energy consumptions and greenhouse gas emissions in the building sector. In Italy, the nZEB concept refers to a set of energy performance requirements, fixed at national level and establishing a maximum allowable mean thermal transmittance value of the building envelope, as a function of the heating degree-days and of the shape factor. The building envelope is becoming more and more thermally insulated; this determines the reduction of the energy need for heating, but on the other hand it ...