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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Molecular Nanoscience And Engineering On Surfaces, Willi Auwarter, Agustin Schiffrin, Alexander Weber-Bargioni, Yan Pennec, Andreas Riemann, Johannes V. Barth Nov 2014

Molecular Nanoscience And Engineering On Surfaces, Willi Auwarter, Agustin Schiffrin, Alexander Weber-Bargioni, Yan Pennec, Andreas Riemann, Johannes V. Barth

Andreas Riemann

Molecular engineering of low-dimensional materials exploiting controlled self-assembly and positioning of individual atoms or molecules at surfaces opens up new pathways to control matter at the nanoscale. Our research thus focuses on the study of functional molecules and supramolecular architectures on metal substrates. As principal experimental tools we employ low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. Here we review recent studies in our lab at UBC: Controlled manipulation of single CO molecules, self-assembled biomolecular nanogratings on Ag(111) and their use for electron confinement, as well as the organisation, conformation, metalation and electronic structure of adsorbed porphyrins.


Rhodizonic Acid On Noble Metals: Surface Reactivity And Coordination Chemistry, Donna A. Kunkel, James Hooper, Scott Simpson, Sumit Beniwal, Katie L. Morrow, Douglas C. Smith, Kimberly Cousins, Stephen Ducharme, Eva Zurek, Axel Enders Sep 2014

Rhodizonic Acid On Noble Metals: Surface Reactivity And Coordination Chemistry, Donna A. Kunkel, James Hooper, Scott Simpson, Sumit Beniwal, Katie L. Morrow, Douglas C. Smith, Kimberly Cousins, Stephen Ducharme, Eva Zurek, Axel Enders

Axel Enders

A study of the two-dimensional crystallization of rhodizonic acid on the crystalline surfaces of gold and copper is presented. Rhodizonic acid, a cyclic oxocarbon related to the ferroelectric croconic acid and the antiferroelectric squaric acid, has not been synthesized in bulk crystalline form yet. Capitalizing on surface-assisted molecular self-assembly, a two-dimensional analogue to the well-known solution-based coordination chemistry, two-dimensional structures of rhodizonic acid were stabilized under ultrahigh vacuum on Au(111) and Cu(111) surfaces. Scanning tunneling microscopy, coupled with first-principles calculations, reveals that on the less reactive Au surface, extended two-dimensional islands of rhodizonic acid are formed, in which ...


Reconstructing The Bulk Fermi Surface And Superconducting Gap Properties From Neutron Scattering Experiments, Tanmoy Das, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil Apr 2012

Reconstructing The Bulk Fermi Surface And Superconducting Gap Properties From Neutron Scattering Experiments, Tanmoy Das, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil

Robert Markiewicz

We develop an analytical tool to extract bulk electronic properties of unconventional superconductors from inelastic neutron scattering spectra. We show that the upward and downward branches of the spin excitation spectra have distinct origins, with the upper branch representing a gapped spin-wave dispersion and the lower branch associated with Bogoliubov quasiparticle scattering on the Fermi surface. Combined, they produce an "hourglass" dispersion with 45 degrees rotation of the spectrum, as found experimentally. The downward dispersion can be inverted to reveal the Fermi momentum dispersion of the single-particle spectrum as well as the corresponding superconducting (SC) gap function, analogously to the ...


Effect Of Orbital Symmetry Of The Tip On Scanning Tunneling Spectra Of Bi₂Sr₂Cacu₂O₈+Δ, Ilpo Suominen, Jouko Nieminen, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil Apr 2012

Effect Of Orbital Symmetry Of The Tip On Scanning Tunneling Spectra Of Bi₂Sr₂Cacu₂O₈+Δ, Ilpo Suominen, Jouko Nieminen, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil

Robert Markiewicz

We discuss how variations in the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) tip, whether unintentional or intentional, can lead to changes in topographic images and dI/dV spectra. We consider the possibility of utilizing functionalized tips in order to improve the sensitivity of STM experiments to local irregularities at the surface or hidden below the surface layers. The change in the tip symmetry can radically alter the contrast of the topographic image due to changes in tip-surface overlap. The dI/dV curves change their shape according to which sample bands the tip orbital tends to overlap. In addition, relative phases between competing ...


Effect Of Orbital Symmetry Of The Tip On Scanning Tunneling Spectra Of Bi₂Sr₂Cacu₂O₈+Δ, Ilpo Suominen, Jouko Nieminen, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil Apr 2012

Effect Of Orbital Symmetry Of The Tip On Scanning Tunneling Spectra Of Bi₂Sr₂Cacu₂O₈+Δ, Ilpo Suominen, Jouko Nieminen, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil

Arun Bansil

We discuss how variations in the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) tip, whether unintentional or intentional, can lead to changes in topographic images and dI/dV spectra. We consider the possibility of utilizing functionalized tips in order to improve the sensitivity of STM experiments to local irregularities at the surface or hidden below the surface layers. The change in the tip symmetry can radically alter the contrast of the topographic image due to changes in tip-surface overlap. The dI/dV curves change their shape according to which sample bands the tip orbital tends to overlap. In addition, relative phases between competing ...


Reconstructing The Bulk Fermi Surface And Superconducting Gap Properties From Neutron Scattering Experiments, Tanmoy Das, R. Markiewicz, A. Bansil Apr 2012

Reconstructing The Bulk Fermi Surface And Superconducting Gap Properties From Neutron Scattering Experiments, Tanmoy Das, R. Markiewicz, A. Bansil

Arun Bansil

We develop an analytical tool to extract bulk electronic properties of unconventional superconductors from inelastic neutron scattering spectra. We show that the upward and downward branches of the spin excitation spectra have distinct origins, with the upper branch representing a gapped spin-wave dispersion and the lower branch associated with Bogoliubov quasiparticle scattering on the Fermi surface. Combined, they produce an "hourglass" dispersion with 45 degrees rotation of the spectrum, as found experimentally. The downward dispersion can be inverted to reveal the Fermi momentum dispersion of the single-particle spectrum as well as the corresponding superconducting (SC) gap function, analogously to the ...


Competing Order Scenario Of Two-Gap Behavior In Hole-Doped Cuprates, Tanmoy Das, R. Markiewicz, A. Bansil Feb 2011

Competing Order Scenario Of Two-Gap Behavior In Hole-Doped Cuprates, Tanmoy Das, R. Markiewicz, A. Bansil

Arun Bansil

Angle-dependent studies of the gap function provide evidence for the coexistence of two distinct gaps in hole doped cuprates, where the gap near the nodal direction scales with the superconducting transition temperature Tc, while that in the antinodal direction scales with the pseudogap temperature. We present model calculations which show that most of the characteristic features observed in the recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) as well as scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) two-gap studies are consistent with a scenario in which the pseudogap has a non-superconducting origin in a competing phase. Our analysis indicates that, near optimal doping, superconductivity can quench ...


Competing Order Scenario Of Two-Gap Behavior In Hole-Doped Cuprates, Tanmoy Das, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil Jan 2011

Competing Order Scenario Of Two-Gap Behavior In Hole-Doped Cuprates, Tanmoy Das, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil

Robert Markiewicz

Angle-dependent studies of the gap function provide evidence for the coexistence of two distinct gaps in hole doped cuprates, where the gap near the nodal direction scales with the superconducting transition temperature Tc, while that in the antinodal direction scales with the pseudogap temperature. We present model calculations which show that most of the characteristic features observed in the recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) as well as scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) two-gap studies are consistent with a scenario in which the pseudogap has a non-superconducting origin in a competing phase. Our analysis indicates that, near optimal doping, superconductivity can quench ...