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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Detection And Counting Of Micro Scale Particles And Pollen Using A Multi-Aperture Coulter Counter, Ashish Jagtiani, Jiang Zhe, Jun Hu, Joan Carletta Apr 2015

Detection And Counting Of Micro Scale Particles And Pollen Using A Multi-Aperture Coulter Counter, Ashish Jagtiani, Jiang Zhe, Jun Hu, Joan Carletta

Dr. Jiang Zhe

We demonstrate a high throughput, all-electronic Coulter-type sensor with four sensing microapertures to detect and count micro-scale particles. Four particle samples are utilized for this study: polymethacrylate particles 40 µm and 20 µm in diameter, Juniper Scopulorum (Rocky Mountain Juniper) pollen and Cottonwood pollen particles. The two types of pollen particles are roughly 20 µm in diameter. The particles are mixed with deionized water and forced to pass through the microapertures. Voltage pulses across all four apertures are recorded and analysed. Results demonstrate that the sensor can detect and count particles through its four sensing apertures simultaneously. Thus, the counting ...


Self-Assembled Composite Nano-/Micronecklaces With Sio2 Beads In Boron Strings, Hai Ni, Xiaodong Li Feb 2015

Self-Assembled Composite Nano-/Micronecklaces With Sio2 Beads In Boron Strings, Hai Ni, Xiaodong Li

Xiaodong Li

Nano-/micronecklaces with SiO2 beads in boron strings were synthesized by simply sublimating the desired powders in a sealed quartz tube at high temperature. The boron strings have a rectangular cross section with width varying from 80to1000nm while the SiO2 beads bear either spindle or spherical shape with a size ranging from 100nmto5μm. The spacing between the SiO2 beads is uniform in each boron string. Both the boron strings and the SiO2 beads are amorphous and free of defects. The supersaturated vapors of silicon and oxygen induced the SiO2 bead formation.


Obtaining Mixed Ionic/Electronic Conductivity In Perovskite Oxides In A Reducing Environment: A Computational Prediction For Doped Srtio3, Suwit Suthirakun, Salai Ammal, Guoliang Xiao, Fanglin Chen, Kevin Huang, Hans Zur Loye, Andreas Heyden Feb 2015

Obtaining Mixed Ionic/Electronic Conductivity In Perovskite Oxides In A Reducing Environment: A Computational Prediction For Doped Srtio3, Suwit Suthirakun, Salai Ammal, Guoliang Xiao, Fanglin Chen, Kevin Huang, Hans Zur Loye, Andreas Heyden

Kevin Huang

No abstract provided.


Extraction Of Signals From Chaotic Laser Data, John B. Geddes, Kevin Short, Kelly Black Oct 2011

Extraction Of Signals From Chaotic Laser Data, John B. Geddes, Kevin Short, Kelly Black

John B. Geddes

Several experimental groups have demonstrated communication with chaotic lasers. We analyzedata collected from a message-modulated erbium-doped fiber-ring laser (provided by VanWiggerenand Roy). We show that the transmitted signal is dominated by convolution of the message with theresponse function of the laser. A simple model based on the topology of the laser allows us to recovera hidden message. While prior estimates indicate that the laser dynamics are high dimensional, weshow that only four parameters are required, each of which can be recovered from the transmittedsignal alone.


Bistability In A Simple Fluid Network Due To Viscosity Contrast, John B. Geddes, Brian D. Storey, David Gardner, Russell T. Carr Jun 2011

Bistability In A Simple Fluid Network Due To Viscosity Contrast, John B. Geddes, Brian D. Storey, David Gardner, Russell T. Carr

John B. Geddes

We study the existence of multiple equilibrium states in a simple fluid network using Newtonian fluids and laminar flow. We demonstrate theoretically the presence of hysteresis and bistability, and we confirm these predictions in an experiment using two miscible fluids of different viscosity—sucrose solution and water. Possible applications include blood flow, microfluidics, and other network flows governed by similar principles.


Argon Rectification And The Cause Of Light Emission In Single-Bubble Sonoluminescence, Brian D. Storey, Andrew J. Szeri Mar 2011

Argon Rectification And The Cause Of Light Emission In Single-Bubble Sonoluminescence, Brian D. Storey, Andrew J. Szeri

Brian Storey

In single-bubble sonoluminescence, repeated brief flashes of light are produced in a gas bubble strongly driven by a periodic acoustic field. A startling hypothesis has been made by Lohse and co-workers [Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1359 (1997)] that the non-noble gases in an air bubble undergo chemical reaction into soluble products, leaving only argon. In the present work, this dissociation hypothesis is supported by simulations, although the associated temperatures of about 7000 K seem too low for bremsstrahlung, which has been proposed as the dominant light emission mechanism. This suggests that emission from water vapor and its reaction products, heretofore ...


Nonlinear Electrokinetics At Large Voltages, Martin Z. Bazant, Mustafa Sabri Kilic, Brian D. Storey, Armand Ajdari Mar 2011

Nonlinear Electrokinetics At Large Voltages, Martin Z. Bazant, Mustafa Sabri Kilic, Brian D. Storey, Armand Ajdari

Brian Storey

Part of Focus on Micro- and Nanofluidics The classical theory of electrokinetic phenomena assumes a dilute solution of point-like ions in chemical equilibrium with a surface whose double-layer voltage is of order the thermal voltage, kBT/e=25 mV. In nonlinear 'induced-charge' electrokinetic phenomena, such as ac electro-osmosis, several volts 100kBT/e are applied to the double layer, and the theory breaks down and cannot explain many observed features. We argue that, under such a large voltage, counterions 'condense' near the surface, even for dilute bulk solutions. Based on simple models, we predict that the double-layer capacitance decreases and the ...


Shape Stability Of Sonoluminescence Bubbles: Comparison Of Theory To Experiments, Brian D. Storey Mar 2011

Shape Stability Of Sonoluminescence Bubbles: Comparison Of Theory To Experiments, Brian D. Storey

Brian Storey

Single bubble sonoluminescence (SBSL) is the brief flash of light emitted from a single, stable, acoustically forced bubble. In experiments, the maximum pressure amplitude with which a bubble may be forced is limited by considerations of spherical stability. The traditional linear stability analysis predicts a threshold for SBSL at a much lower pressure amplitude than experimental observations. This work shows that if one constructs an accurate model of the radial dynamics, the traditional linear stability analysis predicts a boundary that is in excellent agreement with experimental data.


Field-Amplified Sample Stacking And Focusing In Nanofluidic Channels, Jess M. Sustarich, Brian D. Storey, Sumita Pennathur Mar 2011

Field-Amplified Sample Stacking And Focusing In Nanofluidic Channels, Jess M. Sustarich, Brian D. Storey, Sumita Pennathur

Brian Storey

Nanofluidic technology is gaining popularity for bioanalytical applications due to advances in both nanofabrication and design. One major obstacle in the widespread adoption of such technology for bioanalytical systems is efficient detection of samples due to the inherently low analyte concentrations present in such systems. This problem is exacerbated by the push for electronic detection, which requires an even higher sensor-local sample concentration than optical detection. This paper explores one of the most common preconcentration techniques, field-amplified sample stacking, in nanofluidic systems in efforts to alleviate this obstacle. Holding the ratio of background electrolyte concentrations constant, the parameters of channel ...


Rayleigh-Taylor Instability Of Violently Collapsing Bubbles, Hao Lin, Brian D. Storey, Andrew J. Szeri Mar 2011

Rayleigh-Taylor Instability Of Violently Collapsing Bubbles, Hao Lin, Brian D. Storey, Andrew J. Szeri

Brian Storey

In a classical paper Plesset has determined conditions under which a bubble changing in volume maintains a spherical shape. The stability analysis was further developed by Prosperetti to include the effects of liquid viscosity on the evolving shape modes. In the present work the theory is further modified to include the changing density of the bubble contents. The latter is found to be important in violent collapses where the densities of the gas and vapor within a bubble may approach densities of the liquid outside. This exerts a stabilizing influence on the Rayleigh–Taylor mechanism of shape instability of spherical ...


Electrohydrodynamic Instabilities In Microchannels With Time Periodic Forcing, David A. Boy, Brian D. Storey Mar 2011

Electrohydrodynamic Instabilities In Microchannels With Time Periodic Forcing, David A. Boy, Brian D. Storey

Brian Storey

In microfluidic applications it has been observed that flows with spatial gradients in electrical conductivity are unstable under the application of sufficiently strong electric fields. These electrohydrodynamic instabilities can drive a nonlinear flow despite the low Reynolds number. Such flows hold promise as a simple mechanism for mixing fluids. In this work, the effect of a time periodic electric field on the instability is explored. The case where an electric field is applied across a diffuse interface of two fluids with varying electrical conductivity is considered. Frequency-dependent behavior is found only in the regime where the instability growth rates are ...


Bistability In A Simple Fluid Network Due To Viscosity Contrast, John B. Geddes, Brian D. Storey, David Gardner, Russell T. Carr Mar 2011

Bistability In A Simple Fluid Network Due To Viscosity Contrast, John B. Geddes, Brian D. Storey, David Gardner, Russell T. Carr

Brian Storey

We study the existence of multiple equilibrium states in a simple fluid network using Newtonian fluids and laminar flow. We demonstrate theoretically the presence of hysteresis and bistability, and we confirm these predictions in an experiment using two miscible fluids of different viscosity—sucrose solution and water. Possible applications include blood flow, microfluidics, and other network flows governed by similar principles.


Bulk Electroconvective Instability At High Péclet Numbers, Brian D. Storey, Boris Zaltzman, Isaak Rubinstein Mar 2011

Bulk Electroconvective Instability At High Péclet Numbers, Brian D. Storey, Boris Zaltzman, Isaak Rubinstein

Brian Storey

Bulk electroconvection pertains to flow induced by the action of a mean electric field upon the residual space charge in the macroscopic regions of a locally quasielectroneutral strong electrolyte. For a long time, controversy has existed in the literature as to whether quiescent electric conduction from such an electrolyte into a uniform charge-selective solid, such as a metal electrode or ion exchange membrane, is stable with respect to bulk electroconvection. While it was recently claimed that bulk electroconvective instability could not occur, this claim pertained to an aqueous, low-molecular-weight electrolyte characterized by an order-unity electroconvection Péclet number. In this paper ...


Instability Of Electro-Osmotic Channel Flow With Streamwise Conductivity Gradients, J. Jobim Santos, Brian D. Storey Mar 2011

Instability Of Electro-Osmotic Channel Flow With Streamwise Conductivity Gradients, J. Jobim Santos, Brian D. Storey

Brian Storey

This work considers the stability of an electro-osmotic microchannel flow with streamwise electrical conductivity gradients, a configuration common in microfluidic applications such as field amplified sample stacking. Previous work on such flows has focused on how streamwise conductivity gradients set a nonuniform electro-osmotic velocity which results in dispersion of the conductivity field. However, it has been known for many years that electric fields can couple with conductivity gradients to generate unstable flows. This work demonstrates that at high electric fields such an electrohydrodynamic instability arises in this configuration and the basic mechanisms are explored through numerical simulations. The instability is ...


Steric Effects On Ac Electro-Osmosis In Dilute Electrolytes, Brian D. Storey, Lee R. Edwards, Mustafa Sabri Kilic, Martin Z. Bazant Mar 2011

Steric Effects On Ac Electro-Osmosis In Dilute Electrolytes, Brian D. Storey, Lee R. Edwards, Mustafa Sabri Kilic, Martin Z. Bazant

Brian Storey

The current theory of alternating-current electro-osmosis (ACEO) is unable to explain the experimentally observed flow reversal of planar ACEO pumps at high frequency (above the peak, typically 10–100 kHz), low salt concentration (1–1000 μM), and moderate voltage (2–6 V), even taking into account Faradaic surface reactions, nonlinear double-layer capacitance, and bulk electrothermal flows. We attribute this failure to the breakdown of the classical Poisson-Boltzmann model of the diffuse double layer, which assumes a dilute solution of pointlike ions. In spite of low bulk salt concentration, the large voltage induced across the double layer leads to crowding of ...


A Depth-Averaged Electrokinetic Flow Model For Shallow Microchannels, Hao Lin, Brian D. Storey, Juan G. Santiago Mar 2011

A Depth-Averaged Electrokinetic Flow Model For Shallow Microchannels, Hao Lin, Brian D. Storey, Juan G. Santiago

Brian Storey

Electrokinetic flows with heterogeneous conductivity configuration occur widely in microfluidic applications such as sample stacking and multidimensional assays. Electromechanical coupling in these flows may lead to complex flow phenomena, such as sample dispersion due to electro-osmotic velocity mismatch, and electrokinetic instability (EKI). In this work we develop a generalized electrokinetic model suitable for the study of microchannel flows with conductivity gradients and shallow-channel geometry. An asymptotic analysis is performed with the channel depth-to-width ratio as a smallness parameter, and the three-dimensional equations are reduced to a set of depth-averaged equations governing in-plane flow dynamics. The momentum equation uses a Darcy ...