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Selected Works

2018

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Articles 1 - 30 of 45

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Abanador Dec 2018

Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Abanador

Paul Abanador

The interaction of atoms and molecules with strong laser pulses is of fundamental interest in physics and chemistry. Notably, the process known as high-order harmonic generation (HHG) refers to the production of extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) light, which occurs when an ensemble of atoms or molecules is subjected to a strong infrared laser field. Characterized by an attosecond time scale (1 as = 10^-18 s), the HHG process provides the capability for experimental measurements to capture the ultrafast motion of electrons in these target atoms and molecules. The underlying physical mechanism behind this process naturally leaves imprints in the properties of the ...


Interactions Between Disciplinary Practices And Joint Work In Undergraduate Physics Research Experiences, Gina M. Quan, Chandra Turpen, Andrew Elby Dec 2018

Interactions Between Disciplinary Practices And Joint Work In Undergraduate Physics Research Experiences, Gina M. Quan, Chandra Turpen, Andrew Elby

Gina Quan

We analyze how participating in undergraduate research experiences (UREs) influenced physics students’ trajectories of participation within the community of practice of physics researchers. Students in the study participated in an elective seminar in which they were paired with graduate student and faculty mentors on physics research projects and participated in weekly discussions about research. Using video data from student interviews and mentor interviews, we characterize two aspects of students’ engagement in the physics community of practice. First, we find variations in their engagement in physics practice, which we characterize as physics activities that are connected and purposeful. Second, we characterize ...


Generating High-Order Optical And Spin Harmonics From Ferromagnetic Monolayers, G.P. Zhang, M.S. Si, M. Murakami, Y.H. Bai, Thomas F. George Nov 2018

Generating High-Order Optical And Spin Harmonics From Ferromagnetic Monolayers, G.P. Zhang, M.S. Si, M. Murakami, Y.H. Bai, Thomas F. George

Thomas George

High-order harmonic generation (HHG) in solids has entered a new phase of intensive research, with envisioned band-structure mapping on an ultrashort time scale. This partly benefits from a flurry of new HHG materials discovered, but so far has missed an important group. HHG in magnetic materials should have profound impact on future magnetic storage technology advances. Here we introduce and demonstrate HHG in ferromagnetic monolayers. We find that HHG carries spin information and sensitively depends on the relativistic spin–orbit coupling; and if they are dispersed into the crystal momentum k space, harmonics originating from real transitions can be k-resolved ...


Time-Resolved Double-Resonance Spectroscopy: Lifetime Measurement Of The 61Σ+G(7,31) Electronic State Of Molecular Sodium, Michael Saaranen, Dinesh Wagle, Emma Mclaughlin, Amelia Paladino, Seth T. Ashman, Burcin Bayram Nov 2018

Time-Resolved Double-Resonance Spectroscopy: Lifetime Measurement Of The 61Σ+G(7,31) Electronic State Of Molecular Sodium, Michael Saaranen, Dinesh Wagle, Emma Mclaughlin, Amelia Paladino, Seth T. Ashman, Burcin Bayram

Seth Ashman

We report on the lifetime measurement of the 61Σ+g(7,31) state of Na2 molecules, produced in a heat-pipe oven, using a time-resolved spectroscopic technique. The 61Σ+g(7,31) level was populated by two-step two-color double resonance excitation via the intermediate A1Σ+u(8,30) state. The excitation scheme was done using two synchronized pulsed dye lasers pumped by a Nd:YAG laser operating at the second harmonics. The fluorescence emitted upon decay to the final state was measured using a time-correlated photon counting technique, as a function of argon pressure. From this, the radiative lifetime was extracted ...


Tim_Rinn_Final_Disertation.Pdf, Timothy T. Rinn Nov 2018

Tim_Rinn_Final_Disertation.Pdf, Timothy T. Rinn

Timothy Rinn

No abstract provided.


Dhital_Pnas.Pdf, Chetan Dhital Oct 2018

Dhital_Pnas.Pdf, Chetan Dhital

Chetan Dhital

No abstract provided.


Gas Pressure Dependence Of Microwave Pulses Generated By Laser-Produced Filament Plasmas, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Remington Reid, Adrian Lucero, Hugh Pohle, Matthew Domonkos, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Karl Krushelnick, Andreas Schmitt-Sody Oct 2018

Gas Pressure Dependence Of Microwave Pulses Generated By Laser-Produced Filament Plasmas, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Remington Reid, Adrian Lucero, Hugh Pohle, Matthew Domonkos, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Karl Krushelnick, Andreas Schmitt-Sody

Serge Youri Kalmykov

The plasma arising due to the propagation of a filamenting ultrafast laser pulse in air contains currents driven by the pulse that generate radiated electromagnetic fields. We report absolutely calibrated measurements of the frequency spectrum of microwaves radiated by the filament plasma from 2–40 GHz. The emission pattern of the electric field spectrum is mapped as a function of air pressure from atmosphere to 0.5 Torr. For fixed laser pulse energy, duration, and focal geometry, we observe that decreasing the air pressure by a factor of approximately 103 increases the amplitude of the electric field waveform by a ...


Tailoring The Asymmetric Magnetoimpedance Response In Exchange-Biased Ni - Fe Multilayers, Ufuk Kilic, Carolina Ross, Carlos Garcia Sep 2018

Tailoring The Asymmetric Magnetoimpedance Response In Exchange-Biased Ni - Fe Multilayers, Ufuk Kilic, Carolina Ross, Carlos Garcia

Ufuk Kilic

The dependence of the asymmetric magnetoimpedance (MI) response on the directions of both the magnetic field and the exchange bias is studied for an [NiFe(60nm)/IrMn(35nm)]×5 multilayer system. The antiferromagnetic (AFM) layers create an exchange bias that shifts both the hysteresis loop and the MI response of NiFe; the strength of this coupling depends on the thicknesses of both the ferromagnetic layer and the AFM layer. Tuning the exchange-bias angle and the applied-magnetic-field direction provides a practical method to control the symmetry and the magnitude of the MI response. The observed asymmetric response can ...


Solid Deuterium Surface Degradation At Ultracold Neutron Sources, Alexander Anghel, Thomas L. Bailey, George Bison, Bertrand Blau, Leah J. Broussard, Stephen M. Clayton, Christopher Cude-Woods, Manfred Daum, Ayman I. Hawari, Nora Hild, Paul R. Huffman, Takeyasu M. Ito, Klaus Kirch, E. Korobkina, Bernhard Lauss, Kent Leung, E. M. Lutz, Mark Makela, G. Medlin, C. L. Morris, Robert W. Pattie, Dieter Ries, Alexander Saunders, Phillip Schmidt-Wellenburg, Vadim Talanov, Albert R. Young, Bernard Wehring, C. White, Michael Wohlmuther, Geza Zsigmond Aug 2018

Solid Deuterium Surface Degradation At Ultracold Neutron Sources, Alexander Anghel, Thomas L. Bailey, George Bison, Bertrand Blau, Leah J. Broussard, Stephen M. Clayton, Christopher Cude-Woods, Manfred Daum, Ayman I. Hawari, Nora Hild, Paul R. Huffman, Takeyasu M. Ito, Klaus Kirch, E. Korobkina, Bernhard Lauss, Kent Leung, E. M. Lutz, Mark Makela, G. Medlin, C. L. Morris, Robert W. Pattie, Dieter Ries, Alexander Saunders, Phillip Schmidt-Wellenburg, Vadim Talanov, Albert R. Young, Bernard Wehring, C. White, Michael Wohlmuther, Geza Zsigmond

Robert W. Pattie Jr.

Solid deuterium (sD  is used as an efficient converter to produce ultracold neutrons (UCN). It is known that the sD must be sufficiently cold, of high purity and mostly in its ortho-state in order to guarantee long lifetimes of UCN in the solid from which they are extracted into vacuum. Also the UCN transparency of the bulk sD  material must be high because crystal inhomogeneities limit the mean free path for elastic scattering and reduce the extraction efficiency. Observations at the UCN sources at Paul Scherrer Institute and at Los Alamos National Laboratory consistently show a decrease of the UCN ...


Temperaments And Learning Styles Vs. Academic Performance Of First-Semester Physics Students, Shel Randall Jul 2018

Temperaments And Learning Styles Vs. Academic Performance Of First-Semester Physics Students, Shel Randall

Shel Randall

Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective quantitative correlational study was to determine the relationship of student temperament (as measured by the online Jung Typology Test) and learning styles (as measured by the Felder-Soloman Index of Learning Styles) to academic performance of first-semester physics students while enrolled in a Sierra Community College Physics Department course during the 2014 – 2016 school years
Methodology: This is a retrospective quantitative correlational study of the relationship between student personality information self-reported by survey and student performance as measured by semester grades. The historical survey data consists of results from two online assessments: the JTT (measuring ...


Pondering Zeros: Uncovering Hidden Inequities Within A Decade Of Grades, Cassandra Paul Jul 2018

Pondering Zeros: Uncovering Hidden Inequities Within A Decade Of Grades, Cassandra Paul

Cassandra Paul

When assessing student work, graders will often find that some students will leave one or more problems blank on assessments. Since there is no work shown, the grader has no means to evaluate the student's understanding of a particular problem, and thus awards zero points. This practice punishes the student behavior of leaving a problem blank, but this zero is not necessarily an accurate assessment of student understanding of a particular topic. While some might argue that this grading practice is "fair" in that students know that they can't receive points for answers they don't submit, we ...


The Multimodal Interactional Work Of Having Wonderful Ideas, Benedikt W. Harrer Jul 2018

The Multimodal Interactional Work Of Having Wonderful Ideas, Benedikt W. Harrer

Benedikt W. Harrer

Learning physics is socially organized through interactions with peers and more competent others. Instructors' and peers' assessment of and responsiveness to learners' ideas in the moment is critical for the collaborative construction of knowledge in physics. However, we still know little about how instructors and learners negotiate the value and productiveness of ideas. While to an outsider, some of the ideas physics learners discuss do not seem immediately valuable or productive for the problem being solved, Duckworth encourages us to pursue an 'insider's view' on how a learner experiences their ideas. Building on Duckworth, I pursue an 'insider's ...


Robustness And Mode Selectivity In Parity-Time (Pt) Symmetric Lasers, M. H. Teimourpour, M. Khajavikhan, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, Ramy El-Ganainy Jul 2018

Robustness And Mode Selectivity In Parity-Time (Pt) Symmetric Lasers, M. H. Teimourpour, M. Khajavikhan, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, Ramy El-Ganainy

Ramy El-Ganainy

We investigate two important aspects of PT symmetric photonic molecule lasers, namely the robustness of their single longitudinal mode operation against instabilities triggered by spectral hole burning effects, and the possibility of more versatile mode selectivity. Our results, supported by numerically integrating the nonlinear rate equations and performing linear stability analysis, reveals the following: (1) In principle a second threshold exists after which single mode operation becomes unstable, signaling multimode oscillatory dynamics, (2) For a wide range of design parameters, single mode operation of PT lasers having relatively large free spectral range (FSR) can be robust even at higher gain ...


Non-Hermitian Matter-Wave Mixing In Bose-Einstein Condensates: Dissipation-Induced Amplification, S. Wuster, Ramy El-Ganainy Jul 2018

Non-Hermitian Matter-Wave Mixing In Bose-Einstein Condensates: Dissipation-Induced Amplification, S. Wuster, Ramy El-Ganainy

Ramy El-Ganainy

We investigate the nonlinear scattering dynamics in interacting atomic Bose-Einstein condensates under non-Hermitian dissipative conditions. We show that, by carefully engineering a momentum-dependent atomic loss profile, one can achieve matter-wave amplification through four-wave mixing in a quasi-one-dimensional nearly-free-space setup—a process that is forbidden in the counterpart Hermitian systems due to energy mismatch. Additionally, we show that similar effects lead to rich nonlinear dynamics in higher dimensions. Finally, we propose a physical realization for selectively tailoring the momentum-dependent atomic dissipation. Our strategy is based on a two-step process: (i) exciting atoms to narrow Rydberg or metastable excited states, and (ii ...


Search For The Neutron Decay N → X + Γ , Where X Is A Dark Matter Particle, Zhoawen Tang, Marie Blatnik, Leah J. Broussard, J. H. Choi, Stephen M. Clayton, Christopher Cude-Woods, Scott Currie, D. E. Fellers, E. M. Fries, Peter Geltenbort, F. Gonzalez, Kevin P. Hickerson, Takeyasu M. Ito, Chen Y. Liu, S. W. T. Macdonald, Mark Makela, Christopher L. Morris, C. M. O'Shaughnessy, Robert W. Pattie Jr., Bradley R. Plaster, D. J. Salvat, Alexander Saunders, Zhehui Wang, Albert R. Young, B. A. Zeck Jul 2018

Search For The Neutron Decay N → X + Γ , Where X Is A Dark Matter Particle, Zhoawen Tang, Marie Blatnik, Leah J. Broussard, J. H. Choi, Stephen M. Clayton, Christopher Cude-Woods, Scott Currie, D. E. Fellers, E. M. Fries, Peter Geltenbort, F. Gonzalez, Kevin P. Hickerson, Takeyasu M. Ito, Chen Y. Liu, S. W. T. Macdonald, Mark Makela, Christopher L. Morris, C. M. O'Shaughnessy, Robert W. Pattie Jr., Bradley R. Plaster, D. J. Salvat, Alexander Saunders, Zhehui Wang, Albert R. Young, B. A. Zeck

Robert W. Pattie Jr.

Fornal and Grinstein recently proposed that the discrepancy between two different methods of neutron lifetime measurements, the beam and bottle methods, can be explained by a previously unobserved dark matter decay mode, nX+γ. We perform a search for this decay mode over the allowed range of energies of the monoenergetic γ ray for X to be dark matter. A Compton-suppressed high-purity germanium detector is used to identify γ rays from neutron decay in a nickel-phosphorous-coated stainless-steel bottle. A combination of Monte Carlo and radioactive source calibrations is used to determine the absolute efficiency for detecting γ rays arising ...


Status Of The Ucnτ Experiment, Robert W. Pattie Jr. May 2018

Status Of The Ucnτ Experiment, Robert W. Pattie Jr.

Robert W. Pattie Jr.

The neutron is the simplest nuclear system that can be used to probe the structure of the weak interaction and search for physics Beyond the Standard Model. Measurements of neutron lifetime and β-decay correlation coefficients with precisions of 0.02% and 0.1%, respectively, would allow for stringent constraints on new physics. The UCNτ experiment uses an asymmetric magneto-gravitational UCN trap with in situ counting of surviving neutrons to measure the neutron lifetime, \tau_n=877.7(0.7)_{stat}(+0.3 /-0.1 )_{sys}s. I will discuss the recent result from UCNτ, the status ...


Search For Dark Matter Decay Of The Free Neutron From The Ucna Experiment: N → Χ + E^+E^−, Xiaohui Sun, Edith Adamek, Bruno Allgeier, Matthias A. Blatnik, Thomas J. Bowles, Leah J. Broussard, Matthew A. Brown, Richard Carr, Steven M. Clayton, Chris Cude-Woods, Sonja Currie, Eric B. Dees, Xingxing Ding, Bradley W. Filippone, A. Bello García, Peter Geltenbort, Salajeghe Hasan, Kevin P. Hickerson, J. Todd Hoagland, R. Hong, Gary E. Hogan, Anthony T. Holley, Takeyasu M. Ito, Amanda L. Knecht, Chao-Yu Liu, Jingyang Liu, María Makela, Russel Mammei, J. W. Martin, Dan Melconian, Michael P. Mendenhall, Stephen D. Moore, Charles L. Morris, Sushil Nepal, N. Vahedi Nouri, Robert W. Pattie Jr., A. Pérez Galván, David G. Phillips, Richard H. Picker, Margaret L. Pitt, Blakely A. Plaster, Jana C. Ramsey, R. Barreto Rios, Daniel J. Salvat, Andy Saunders, Walter Sondheim, S. Sjue, Steven Slutsky, Charles Swank, Gyani Swift, E. Tatar, R. Bruce Vogelaar, Brittany Vorndick, Z. Wang, Wanchun Wei, J. Wexler, T. Womack, Christopher Wrede, Andrew R. Young, B. A. Zeck May 2018

Search For Dark Matter Decay Of The Free Neutron From The Ucna Experiment: N → Χ + E^+E^−, Xiaohui Sun, Edith Adamek, Bruno Allgeier, Matthias A. Blatnik, Thomas J. Bowles, Leah J. Broussard, Matthew A. Brown, Richard Carr, Steven M. Clayton, Chris Cude-Woods, Sonja Currie, Eric B. Dees, Xingxing Ding, Bradley W. Filippone, A. Bello García, Peter Geltenbort, Salajeghe Hasan, Kevin P. Hickerson, J. Todd Hoagland, R. Hong, Gary E. Hogan, Anthony T. Holley, Takeyasu M. Ito, Amanda L. Knecht, Chao-Yu Liu, Jingyang Liu, María Makela, Russel Mammei, J. W. Martin, Dan Melconian, Michael P. Mendenhall, Stephen D. Moore, Charles L. Morris, Sushil Nepal, N. Vahedi Nouri, Robert W. Pattie Jr., A. Pérez Galván, David G. Phillips, Richard H. Picker, Margaret L. Pitt, Blakely A. Plaster, Jana C. Ramsey, R. Barreto Rios, Daniel J. Salvat, Andy Saunders, Walter Sondheim, S. Sjue, Steven Slutsky, Charles Swank, Gyani Swift, E. Tatar, R. Bruce Vogelaar, Brittany Vorndick, Z. Wang, Wanchun Wei, J. Wexler, T. Womack, Christopher Wrede, Andrew R. Young, B. A. Zeck

Robert W. Pattie Jr.

It has been proposed recently that a previously unobserved neutron decay branch to a dark matter particle (χ) could account for the discrepancy in the neutron lifetime observed in experiments that use two different measurement techniques. One of the possible final states discussed includes a single χalong with an e+e pair. We use data from the UCNA (Ultracold Neutron Asymmetry) experiment to set limits on this decay channel. Coincident electron-like events are detected with ∼4π acceptance using a pair of detectors that observe a volume of stored ultracold neutrons. The summed kinetic energy (Ee+e) from ...


High Consequence Scenarios For North Korean Atmospheric Nuclear Tests With Policy Recommendations For The U.S. Government, Thomas S. Popik, Jordan T. Kearns, George H. Baker Iii, Henry F. Cooper, William R. Harris May 2018

High Consequence Scenarios For North Korean Atmospheric Nuclear Tests With Policy Recommendations For The U.S. Government, Thomas S. Popik, Jordan T. Kearns, George H. Baker Iii, Henry F. Cooper, William R. Harris

George H Baker

The government of North Korea has declared high-altitude EMP-capability to be a “strategic goal” and has also threatened an atmospheric test of a hydrogen bomb. Atmospheric nuclear tests have the potential to cripple satellites and the undersea cable networks critical to communication, and navigation necessary for trans-Pacific trade among the U.S., China, and other nations. When a nuclear warhead is detonated at high altitude, a series of electromagnetic pulses radiate downward within the line of sight of the blast. These pulses can disable equipment with miniature electronics and long conductors. Electric grid controls and transmission systems are especially vulnerable ...


Measurement Of The Neutron Lifetime Using A Magneto-Gravitational Trap And In Situ Detection, Robert W. Pattie Jr., Nathan B. Callahan, Chris Cude-Woods, Edith R. Adamek, Leah J. Broussard, Stephen M. Clayton, Scott A. Currie, Eric B. Dees, Xiaoping Ding, Egbert M. Engel, D. E. Fellers, William Fox, Peter Geltenbort, Kevin P. Hickerson, Mark A. Hoffbauer, Anthony T. Holley, A. Komives, Chen Liu, S. W. T. Macdonald, Mark Makela, Christopher L. Morris, Joseph D. Ortiz, John C. Ramsey, Daniel J. Salvat, Alexander Saunders, Susan J. Seestrom, E. I. Sharapov, S. K. Sjue, Zebo Tang, J. Vanderwerp, Bruce Vogelaar, P. L. Walstrom, Zhehui Wang, Wei Wei, H. L. Weaver, Judith W. Wexler, Tanner L. Womack, Andrew R. Young, B. A. Zeck May 2018

Measurement Of The Neutron Lifetime Using A Magneto-Gravitational Trap And In Situ Detection, Robert W. Pattie Jr., Nathan B. Callahan, Chris Cude-Woods, Edith R. Adamek, Leah J. Broussard, Stephen M. Clayton, Scott A. Currie, Eric B. Dees, Xiaoping Ding, Egbert M. Engel, D. E. Fellers, William Fox, Peter Geltenbort, Kevin P. Hickerson, Mark A. Hoffbauer, Anthony T. Holley, A. Komives, Chen Liu, S. W. T. Macdonald, Mark Makela, Christopher L. Morris, Joseph D. Ortiz, John C. Ramsey, Daniel J. Salvat, Alexander Saunders, Susan J. Seestrom, E. I. Sharapov, S. K. Sjue, Zebo Tang, J. Vanderwerp, Bruce Vogelaar, P. L. Walstrom, Zhehui Wang, Wei Wei, H. L. Weaver, Judith W. Wexler, Tanner L. Womack, Andrew R. Young, B. A. Zeck

Robert W. Pattie Jr.

The precise value of the mean neutron lifetime, tn, plays an important role in nuclear and particle physics and cosmology. It is used to predict the ratio of protons to helium atoms in the primordial universe and to search for physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. We eliminated loss mechanisms present in previous trap experiments by levitating polarized ultracold neutrons above the surface of an asymmetric storage trap using a repulsive magnetic field gradient so that the stored neutrons do not interact with material trap walls. As a result of this approach and the use of an in ...


Power-Law Scaling Of Extreme Dynamics Near Higher-Order Exceptional Points, Q. Zhong, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, M. Khajavikhan, K. G. Makris, Ramy El-Ganainy Apr 2018

Power-Law Scaling Of Extreme Dynamics Near Higher-Order Exceptional Points, Q. Zhong, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, M. Khajavikhan, K. G. Makris, Ramy El-Ganainy

Ramy El-Ganainy

We investigate the extreme dynamics of non-Hermitian systems near higher-order exceptional points in photonic networks constructed using the bosonic algebra method. We show that strong power oscillations for certain initial conditions can occur as a result of the peculiar eigenspace geometry and its dimensionality collapse near these singularities. By using complementary numerical and analytical approaches, we show that, in the parity-time (PT) phase near exceptional points, the logarithm of the maximum optical power amplification scales linearly with the order of the exceptional point. We focus in our discussion on photonic systems, but we note that our results apply to other ...


Topological Hybrid Silicon Microlasers, Han Zhao, Pei Mao University Of Pennsylvania, Mohammad H. Teimourpour, Simon Malzard, Ramy El-Ganainy, Henning Schomerus, Liang Feng Apr 2018

Topological Hybrid Silicon Microlasers, Han Zhao, Pei Mao University Of Pennsylvania, Mohammad H. Teimourpour, Simon Malzard, Ramy El-Ganainy, Henning Schomerus, Liang Feng

Ramy El-Ganainy

Topological physics provides a robust framework for strategically controlling wave confinement and propagation dynamics. However, current implementations have been restricted to the limited design parameter space defined by passive topological structures. Active systems provide a more general framework where different fundamental symmetry paradigms, such as those arising from non-Hermiticity and nonlinear interaction, can generate a new landscape for topological physics and its applications. Here, we bridge this gap and present an experimental investigation of an active topological photonic system, demonstrating a topological hybrid silicon microlaser array respecting the charge-conjugation symmetry. The created new symmetry features favour the lasing of a ...


Unconventional Pairing Symmetry Of Interacting Dirac Fermions On A Π -Flux Lattice, Huaiming Guo, Ehsan Khatami, Yao Wang, Thomas P. Devereaux, Rajiv R.P. Singh, Richard T. Scalettar Apr 2018

Unconventional Pairing Symmetry Of Interacting Dirac Fermions On A Π -Flux Lattice, Huaiming Guo, Ehsan Khatami, Yao Wang, Thomas P. Devereaux, Rajiv R.P. Singh, Richard T. Scalettar

Ehsan Khatami

The pairing symmetry of interacting Dirac fermions on the π-flux lattice is studied with the determinant quantum Monte Carlo and numerical linked-cluster expansion methods. The s- (i.e., extended s-) and d-wave pairing symmetries, which are distinct in the conventional square lattice, are degenerate under the Landau gauge. We demonstrate that the dominant pairing channel at strong interactions is an unconventional ds-wave phase consisting of alternating stripes of s- and d-wave phases. A complementary mean-field analysis shows that while the s- and d-wave symmetries individually have nodes in the energy spectrum, the ds channel is ...


Issue 1. Shielding Of Ionic Radiation . Vol 1 . April 2018, Journal Port Science Research Apr 2018

Issue 1. Shielding Of Ionic Radiation . Vol 1 . April 2018, Journal Port Science Research

port Science Research

A selection of scientific values in the field of ionic radiation and radiation attenuation on various materials. Be useful to researchers for this exact field


The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Physics, Spring 2017, Sandy Avila Apr 2018

The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Physics, Spring 2017, Sandy Avila

Sandy Avila

No abstract provided.


The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Physics, Fall 2016, Sandy Avila Apr 2018

The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Physics, Fall 2016, Sandy Avila

Sandy Avila

No abstract provided.


Extracting Vibration Characteristics Of A Guitar Using Finite Element, Modal Analysis, And Digital Image Correlation Techniques, Kiran Patil, Javad Baqersad, Daniel Ludwigsen, Yaomin Dong Apr 2018

Extracting Vibration Characteristics Of A Guitar Using Finite Element, Modal Analysis, And Digital Image Correlation Techniques, Kiran Patil, Javad Baqersad, Daniel Ludwigsen, Yaomin Dong

Daniel Ludwigsen

The sound quality generated by the guitar depends on the vibration characteristics (i.e. natural frequencies and mode shapes) of this instrument. Thus, it is of particular interest to the guitar manufacturers to be able to obtain global information about the characteristics of the guitar. Traditional sensors can only measure at discrete locations. However, digital image correlation (DIC) can measure full-field data on the surface of the structure. In the current paper, a finite element (FE) model of a guitar with free boundary configurations was developed using quadratic solid elements. An eigensolution was performed on the FE model to determine ...


Hyperpolarization Of Silicon Nanoparticles With Tempo Radicals, Jingzhe Hu, Nicholas Whiting, Pratip Bhattacharya Mar 2018

Hyperpolarization Of Silicon Nanoparticles With Tempo Radicals, Jingzhe Hu, Nicholas Whiting, Pratip Bhattacharya

Nicholas Whiting

Silicon-based particles can be hyperpolarized via dynamic nuclear polarization to enhance 29Si magnetic resonance signals. Application of this technique to nanoscale silicon particles has been limited because of the low signal enhancements achieved; it is hypothesized that this is due to the low number of endogenous electronic defects inherent to the particles. We introduce a method of incorporating exogenous radicals into silicon nanoparticle suspensions in order to improve the hyperpolarization of 29Si nuclear spins to levels sufficient for in vivo MR imaging. Calibration of radical concentrations and polarization times are reported for a variety of silicon particle sizes (30−200 ...


Analysis Of Regolith Simulant Stratification And Migration In An Asteroid-Like Environment, Gillian Gomer, Michael Fraser, Adrienne Dove, Seamus Anderson, Akbar Whizin, Kristen John, Marc Fries Mar 2018

Analysis Of Regolith Simulant Stratification And Migration In An Asteroid-Like Environment, Gillian Gomer, Michael Fraser, Adrienne Dove, Seamus Anderson, Akbar Whizin, Kristen John, Marc Fries

Gillian Gomer

No abstract provided.


New Result For The Neutron Β -Asymmetry Parameter A 0 From Ucna, Michael Brown, E. B. Dees, E. Adamek, B. Allgeier, M. Blatnik, Thomas J. Bowles, L. J. Broussard, Richard Carr, Stephen M. Clayton, C. Cude-Woods, S. A. Currie, Xiaoping Ding, B. W. Filippone, A. Garcia, Peter Geltenbort, Siraj S. Hasan, Kevin P. Hickerson, J. Hoagland, R. Hong, Gary E. Hogan, A. T. Holley, Takeyasu M. Ito, A. Knecht, C.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, M. Makela, J. W. Martin, Daniel G. Melconian, M. P. Mendenhall, S. D. Moore, Sandhya Nepal, N. Nouri, Robert W. Pattie Jr., A. Pérez Galván, David G. Phillips, Richard H. Picker, Margaret L. Pitt, Bradley R. Plaster, J. C. Ramsey, R. Rios, Daniel J. Salvat, Andy Saunders, Walter E. Sondheim, S.J. Seestrom, Sky Sjue, Steven Slutsky, Xiaohui Sun, Charles Swank, Gyani Swift, E. Tatar, R. Bruce Vogelaar, Brittany Vorndick, Z. Wang, J. Wexler, Tanner Womack, Christopher Wrede, Albert Young, B.A. Zeck Mar 2018

New Result For The Neutron Β -Asymmetry Parameter A 0 From Ucna, Michael Brown, E. B. Dees, E. Adamek, B. Allgeier, M. Blatnik, Thomas J. Bowles, L. J. Broussard, Richard Carr, Stephen M. Clayton, C. Cude-Woods, S. A. Currie, Xiaoping Ding, B. W. Filippone, A. Garcia, Peter Geltenbort, Siraj S. Hasan, Kevin P. Hickerson, J. Hoagland, R. Hong, Gary E. Hogan, A. T. Holley, Takeyasu M. Ito, A. Knecht, C.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, M. Makela, J. W. Martin, Daniel G. Melconian, M. P. Mendenhall, S. D. Moore, Sandhya Nepal, N. Nouri, Robert W. Pattie Jr., A. Pérez Galván, David G. Phillips, Richard H. Picker, Margaret L. Pitt, Bradley R. Plaster, J. C. Ramsey, R. Rios, Daniel J. Salvat, Andy Saunders, Walter E. Sondheim, S.J. Seestrom, Sky Sjue, Steven Slutsky, Xiaohui Sun, Charles Swank, Gyani Swift, E. Tatar, R. Bruce Vogelaar, Brittany Vorndick, Z. Wang, J. Wexler, Tanner Womack, Christopher Wrede, Albert Young, B.A. Zeck

Robert W. Pattie Jr.

Background: The neutron β-decay asymmetry parameter A0 defines the angular correlation between the spin of the neutron and the momentum of the emitted electron. Values for A0 permit an extraction of the ratio of the weak axial-vector to vector coupling constants, λgA/gV, which under assumption of the conserved vector current hypothesis (gV=1) determines gA. Precise values for gA are important as a benchmark for lattice QCD calculations and as a test of the standard model.

Purpose: The UCNA experiment, carried out at the Ultracold Neutron (UCN) source at the ...


How Accurate Are Physics Students In Evaluating Changes In Their Understanding?, Therese Claire, Tija L. Tippett, Andrew Boudreaux Feb 2018

How Accurate Are Physics Students In Evaluating Changes In Their Understanding?, Therese Claire, Tija L. Tippett, Andrew Boudreaux

Andrew Boudreaux

An assessment question involving Newton’s 2nd law was administered in a physics course for preservice elementary teachers before and again after instruction. The posttest included a prompt asking students to describe the specific ways their thinking changed. Student reasoning was coded for physics content accuracy; many students exhibited changes from primitive, experientially-based reasoning to more formal reasoning. Students' self-reported reflections were then compared to the differences in the pre- and posttest codes. We find that many students do not identify substantive changes in their reasoning, while other students reflect at only a surface level. We also find that some ...