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Selected Works

2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 169

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Black Holes, Wormholes, And Extra Dimensions, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton Dec 2017

Black Holes, Wormholes, And Extra Dimensions, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton

Maria C. Babiuc-Hamilton

No abstract provided.


New Numerical Code For Black Hole Initial Data, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton Dec 2017

New Numerical Code For Black Hole Initial Data, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton

Maria C. Babiuc-Hamilton

There are no exact solutions of Einstein Equations that describes a bound system radiating gravitational waves. One needs to resort to numerical simulations, or analytical approximation methods. Current methods to constrained initial data exhibit junk radiation and ambiguities about constrained and free data. It was mathematically proved that given the correct initial data, Einstein equation will yield the expected solution.


Undergraduate Research In Gravitational Waves Astronomy At Marshall University, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton Dec 2017

Undergraduate Research In Gravitational Waves Astronomy At Marshall University, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton

Maria C. Babiuc-Hamilton

This is a presentation of undergraduate student research into gravitational waves at Marshall University.


Dawn Of Gravitational Wave Astronomy, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton Dec 2017

Dawn Of Gravitational Wave Astronomy, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton

Maria C. Babiuc-Hamilton

This presentation chronicles the discovery of gravity waves.


Learning To Teach And Teaching To Learn, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton Dec 2017

Learning To Teach And Teaching To Learn, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton

Maria C. Babiuc-Hamilton

New studies show that students do better in science classes that are taught interactively. We compare two different pedagogical approaches in teaching introductory physics: the lecture-based method, the active learning laboratories. We present the data on student performance on exams, homework, lab activities and tests, from 126 students taking the 200-level introductory physics courses at Marshall University, in Huntington, WV. We discuss the efficiency of each method in fostering the success of students in the introductory physics courses. We find that subtle differentiations can be implicitly detected in students’ exam grades, homework, participation, and choice of major.


Carbide-Derived Carbon By Electrochemical Etching Of Vanadium Carbides, Luis G.B. Camargo, Benjamin G. Palazzo, Greg Taylor, Zach A. Norris, Yash K. Patel, Jeffrey D. Hettinger, Lei Yu Nov 2017

Carbide-Derived Carbon By Electrochemical Etching Of Vanadium Carbides, Luis G.B. Camargo, Benjamin G. Palazzo, Greg Taylor, Zach A. Norris, Yash K. Patel, Jeffrey D. Hettinger, Lei Yu

Jeffrey Hettinger

Carbide-derived Carbon (CDC) has been demonstrated to be an excellent electrode material for electrochemical devices including supercapacitors due to its chemical and electrochemical stability, large specific surface area and controllable pore size and morphology. Currently, CDC is prepared from metal carbides by chlorination in a chlorine gas atmosphere at temperatures of 350°C or higher. In this paper, conversion using electrochemical methods is reported, which can be achieved by oxidizing vanadium carbides (VC or V2C) in aqueous solutions at room temperature and a mild electrode potential to prepare CDC thin film as electrode materials for “on-chip” supercapacitiors. It was found ...


Behavior Of Na+-Polystyrene Sulfonate At The Interface With Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (Swnts) And Its Implication To Swnt Suspension Stability, Tabbetha A. Dobbins, Richard Chevious, Yuri Lvov Nov 2017

Behavior Of Na+-Polystyrene Sulfonate At The Interface With Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (Swnts) And Its Implication To Swnt Suspension Stability, Tabbetha A. Dobbins, Richard Chevious, Yuri Lvov

Tabbetha A. Dobbins

The assembly of sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Na+-PSS) at the surface of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in pH 3 aqueous solution is described. Rather than forming linear or sheet-like chain morphologies over SWNT surfaces, Na+-PSS adopts a spherically collapsed conformation believed to be the result of cation (either Na+ or H+) condensation onto the ionized polymer chain. It is well reported that cations (and also anions) adsorb preferentially onto single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotube surfaces leading to an increased ion concentration in the near surface regions relative to the bulk solution. This work provides experimental evidence for preferentially absorbed ...


Study Of Morphological Changes In Mgh2 Destabilized Libh4 Systems Using Computed X-Ray Microtomography, Tabbetha A. Dobbins, Shathabish Narasegowda, Leslie G. Butler Nov 2017

Study Of Morphological Changes In Mgh2 Destabilized Libh4 Systems Using Computed X-Ray Microtomography, Tabbetha A. Dobbins, Shathabish Narasegowda, Leslie G. Butler

Tabbetha A. Dobbins

The objective of this study was to apply three-dimensional x-ray microtomographic imaging to understanding morphologies in the diphasic destabilized hydride system: MgH2 and LiBH4. Each of the single phase hydrides as well as two-phase mixtures at LiBH4:MgH2 ratios of 1:3, 1:1, and 2:1 were prepared by high energy ball milling for 5 minutes (with and without 4 mol % TiCl3 catalyst additions). Samples were imaged using computed microtomography in order to (i) establish measurement conditions leading to maximum absorption contrast between the two phases and (ii) determine interfacial volume. The optimal energy for measurement was determined to ...


Improved Strategies For Dnp-Enhanced 2d 1h-X Heteronuclear Correlation Spectroscopy Of Surfaces, Takeshi Kobayashi, Frederic Perras, Umesh Chaudhary, Igor I. Slowing, Wenyu Huang, Aaron D. Sadow, Marek Pruski Nov 2017

Improved Strategies For Dnp-Enhanced 2d 1h-X Heteronuclear Correlation Spectroscopy Of Surfaces, Takeshi Kobayashi, Frederic Perras, Umesh Chaudhary, Igor I. Slowing, Wenyu Huang, Aaron D. Sadow, Marek Pruski

Aaron D. Sadow

We demonstrate that the dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced 1H-X heteronuclear correlation (HETCOR) measurements of surface species are better accomplished by using proton-free solvents. This approach notably prevents HETCOR spectra from being obfuscated by the solvent-derived signals otherwise present in DNP measurements. Additionally, in the hydrogen-rich materials studied here, which included functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles and metal organic frameworks, the use of proton-free solvents afforded higher sensitivity gains than the commonly used solvents containing protons. We also explored the possibility of using a solvent-free sample formulation and the feasibility of indirect detection in DNP-enhanced HETCOR experiments.


Hypervolatiles In A Jupiter-Family Comet: Observations Of 45p/Honda–Mrkos–Pajdušáková Using Ishell At The Nasa-Irtf, Michael A. Disanti, Boncho P. Bonev, Neil Dello Russo, Ronald J. Vervack, Erika L. Gibb, Nathan X. Roth, Adam J. Mckay, Hideyo Kawakita, Lori M. Feaga, Harold A. Weaver Nov 2017

Hypervolatiles In A Jupiter-Family Comet: Observations Of 45p/Honda–Mrkos–Pajdušáková Using Ishell At The Nasa-Irtf, Michael A. Disanti, Boncho P. Bonev, Neil Dello Russo, Ronald J. Vervack, Erika L. Gibb, Nathan X. Roth, Adam J. Mckay, Hideyo Kawakita, Lori M. Feaga, Harold A. Weaver

Erika Gibb

We used the new high spectral resolution cross-dispersed facility spectrograph, iSHELL, at the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility on Maunakea, HI, to observe Jupiter-family comet (JFC) 45P/Honda–Mrkos–Pajdušáková. We report water production rates, as well as production rates and abundance ratios relative to H2O, for eight trace parent molecules (native ices), CO, CH4, H2CO, CH3OH, HCN, NH3, C2H2, and C2H6, on 2 days spanning UT 2017 January 6/7 and 7/8, shortly following perihelion. Trace species were measured simultaneously with H2O and/or OH prompt emission, a proxy for H2O production, thereby providing a robust and consistent means ...


Evolution And Rationale For United States Department Of Defense Electromagnetic Pulse Protection Standard, George H. Baker Iii Nov 2017

Evolution And Rationale For United States Department Of Defense Electromagnetic Pulse Protection Standard, George H. Baker Iii

George H Baker

The United States (US) Department of Defense (DoD) Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) protection standard offers a solid basis for protecting commercial communication, data, and control facilities. Because of the standard’s shielded barrier and test requirements, it is not surprising that there is a strong temptation within industry and government to dismiss the MIL-STD 188-125 approach in favor of less rigorous protection methods. It is important to understand that US DoD EMP protection standard for fixed facilities, MIL-STD-188-125, reflects an evolution by trial and error that spanned a period of decades beginning with the acquisition of the Minuteman Missile System in ...


Proposal For A Dod Combined Battlefield Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) Initiative, George H. Baker Iii Nov 2017

Proposal For A Dod Combined Battlefield Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) Initiative, George H. Baker Iii

George H Baker

The presentation emphasizes the growing importance of electromagnetic survivability and compatibility. Operation Desert Storm demonstrated the clear military advantage provided by sophisticated electronic weapon and communication systems. In addition, the offensive tactic of taking out the enemy's eyes and ears during the air war paid off, giving our military decisive air superiority. The lessons for the future are clear. High-tech electronics now so dominates the battlefield that the outcome of future conflicts could well be decided by electronics attrition rather than human casualties. Our Desert Storm experience thus accentuates the importance of guaranteeing that our electronic systems will not ...


First Direct Constraints On Fierz Interference In Free-Neutron Β Decay, Kevin P. Hickerson, Xiaohui Sun, Yelena Bagdasarova, David Bravo-Berguño, Leah J. Broussard, Peter Brown, Richard Carr, Scott Currie, Xinjian Ding, Bradley W. Filippone, Alejandro García, Peter Geltenbort, J. Todd Hoagland, A. T. Holley, Ran Hong, Takeyasu M. Ito, Andreas Knecht, Chao-Yu Liu, Jiang-Lai Liu, Mark Makela, Russell R. Mammei, J. W. Martin, Dan Melconian, Michael P. Mendenhall, Spencer D. Moore, Christopher L. Morris, Robert W. Pattie, A. Pérez Galván, Ruediger Picker, Margaret L. Pitt, Bradley R. Plaster, John C. Ramsey, Roger H. Rios, A. Saunders, Susan J. Seestrom, Eduard I. Sharapov, Walter E. Sondheim, Erdinch Tatar, R. Bruce Vogelaar, Brittney Vorndick, Christopher Wrede, Andrew R. Young, B. A. Zeck Nov 2017

First Direct Constraints On Fierz Interference In Free-Neutron Β Decay, Kevin P. Hickerson, Xiaohui Sun, Yelena Bagdasarova, David Bravo-Berguño, Leah J. Broussard, Peter Brown, Richard Carr, Scott Currie, Xinjian Ding, Bradley W. Filippone, Alejandro García, Peter Geltenbort, J. Todd Hoagland, A. T. Holley, Ran Hong, Takeyasu M. Ito, Andreas Knecht, Chao-Yu Liu, Jiang-Lai Liu, Mark Makela, Russell R. Mammei, J. W. Martin, Dan Melconian, Michael P. Mendenhall, Spencer D. Moore, Christopher L. Morris, Robert W. Pattie, A. Pérez Galván, Ruediger Picker, Margaret L. Pitt, Bradley R. Plaster, John C. Ramsey, Roger H. Rios, A. Saunders, Susan J. Seestrom, Eduard I. Sharapov, Walter E. Sondheim, Erdinch Tatar, R. Bruce Vogelaar, Brittney Vorndick, Christopher Wrede, Andrew R. Young, B. A. Zeck

Robert W. Pattie Jr.

Precision measurements of free-neutron β decay have been used to precisely constrain our understanding of the weak interaction. However, the neutron Fierz interference term bn, which is particularly sensitive to beyond-standard-model tensor currents at the TeV scale, has thus far eluded measurement. Here we report the first direct constraints on this term, finding bn=0.067±0.005stat+0.090−0.061sys, consistent with the standard model. The uncertainty is dominated by absolute energy reconstruction and the linearity of the β spectrometer energy response.


Testimony Of Dr. George H. Baker, Senior Advisor To The Congressional Emp Commission, George H. Baker Iii Nov 2017

Testimony Of Dr. George H. Baker, Senior Advisor To The Congressional Emp Commission, George H. Baker Iii

George H Baker

This is the script of testimony before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. It offers a vision for a future in which our electric power systems will be able to operate through or quickly recover from catastrophic failure due to electromagnetic pulse (EMP), cyber, and physical attacks. The scope of the term ‘EMP’ used in this testimony includes both naturally occurring solar storms and the more energetic man-made EMP hazards. The vision has been discussed with members of the electric power industry, and prominent EMP/cyber/physical protection advocates who find it to be supportable and actionable. The nature of EMP ...


Superconductivity At Т≈200 K In Bismuth Cuprates Synthesized Using Solar Energy, J. G. Chigvinadze, Juana Vivó Acrivos, S. M. Ashimov, D. D. Gulamova, G. J. Donadze Oct 2017

Superconductivity At Т≈200 K In Bismuth Cuprates Synthesized Using Solar Energy, J. G. Chigvinadze, Juana Vivó Acrivos, S. M. Ashimov, D. D. Gulamova, G. J. Donadze

Juana Vivó Acrivos

When investigating low-frequency (0.1 Hz) oscillations of multiphase high-temperature cuprate superconductors (HTCS) Bi1,7Pb0,3Sr2Ca(n-1)CunOy (n=2-30), a wide attenuation peak (ΔT~100 К) with a maximum at Т≈200 К was detected. This peak was particularly pronounced in field cooling (FC) experiments, i.e. after abrupt cooling of the sample in the external magnetic field at the temperature Т<Тс with subsequent slow warming up to room temperature with invariance of the applied field. The attenuation peak height depended on the preliminary
orientation (before cooling) of the samples θ in the measured permanent magnetic field Н ...


Applying A Resources Framework To Analysis Of The Force And Motion Conceptual Evaluation, Trevor I. Smith, Michael C. Wittmann Oct 2017

Applying A Resources Framework To Analysis Of The Force And Motion Conceptual Evaluation, Trevor I. Smith, Michael C. Wittmann

Trevor I. Smith

We suggest one redefinition of common clusters of questions used to analyze student responses on the Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation. Our goal is to propose a methodology that moves beyond an analysis of student learning defined by correct responses, either on the overall test or on clusters of questions defined solely by content. We use the resources framework theory of learning to define clusters within this experimental test that was designed without the resources framework in mind. We take special note of the contextual and representational dependence of questions with seemingly similar physics content. We analyze clusters in ways ...


Comparing Three Methods For Teaching Newton’S Third Law, Trevor I. Smith, Michael C. Wittmann Oct 2017

Comparing Three Methods For Teaching Newton’S Third Law, Trevor I. Smith, Michael C. Wittmann

Trevor I. Smith

Although guided-inquiry methods for teaching introductory physics have been individually shown to be more effective at improving conceptual understanding than traditional lecture-style instruction, researchers in physics education have not studied differences among reform-based curricula in much detail. Several researchers have developed University of Washington–style tutorial materials, but the different curricula have not been compared against each other. Our study examines three tutorials designed to improve student understanding of Newton’s third law: the University of Washington’s Tutorials in Introductory Physics (TIP), the University of Maryland’s Activity-Based Tutorials (ABT), and the Open Source Tutorials (OST) also developed at ...


Student Understanding Of Taylor Series Expansions In Statistical Mechanics, Trevor I. Smith, John R. Thompson, Donald B. Mountcastle Oct 2017

Student Understanding Of Taylor Series Expansions In Statistical Mechanics, Trevor I. Smith, John R. Thompson, Donald B. Mountcastle

Trevor I. Smith

One goal of physics instruction is to have students learn to make physical meaning of specific mathematical expressions, concepts, and procedures in different physical settings. As part of research investigating student learning in statistical physics, we are developing curriculum materials that guide students through a derivation of the Boltzmann factor using a Taylor series expansion of entropy. Using results from written surveys, classroom observations, and both individual think-aloud and teaching interviews, we present evidence that many students can recognize and interpret series expansions, but they often lack fluency in creating and using a Taylor series appropriately, despite previous exposures in ...


A Coarse-Graining Approach For Molecular Simulation That Retains The Dynamics Of The All-Atom Reference System By Implementing Hydrodynamic Interactions, Sergiy Markutsya, Monica H. Lamm Oct 2017

A Coarse-Graining Approach For Molecular Simulation That Retains The Dynamics Of The All-Atom Reference System By Implementing Hydrodynamic Interactions, Sergiy Markutsya, Monica H. Lamm

Monica H. Lamm

We report on a new approach for deriving coarse-grained intermolecular forces that retains the frictional contribution that is often discarded by conventional coarse-graining methods. The approach is tested for water and an aqueous glucose solution, and the results from the new implementation for coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation show remarkable agreement with the dynamics obtained from reference all-atom simulations. The agreement between the structural properties observed in the coarse-grained and all-atom simulations is also preserved. We discuss how this approach may be applied broadly to any existing coarse-graining method where the coarse-grained models are rigorously derived from all-atom reference systems.


Spin-Imbalance In A 2d Fermi-Hubbard System, Peter T. Brown, Debayan Mitra, Elmer Guardado-Sanchez, Peter Schauß, Stanimir S. Kondov, Ehsan Khatami, Thereza Paiva, Nandini Trivedi, David A. Huse, Waseem S. Bakr Sep 2017

Spin-Imbalance In A 2d Fermi-Hubbard System, Peter T. Brown, Debayan Mitra, Elmer Guardado-Sanchez, Peter Schauß, Stanimir S. Kondov, Ehsan Khatami, Thereza Paiva, Nandini Trivedi, David A. Huse, Waseem S. Bakr

Ehsan Khatami

The interplay of strong interactions and magnetic fields gives rise to unusual forms of superconductivity and magnetism in quantum many-body systems. Here, we present an experimental study of the two-dimensional Fermi-Hubbard model—a paradigm for strongly correlated fermions on a lattice—in the presence of a Zeeman field and varying doping. Using site-resolved measurements, we revealed anisotropic antiferromagnetic correlations, a precursor to long-range canted order. We observed nonmonotonic behavior of the local polarization with doping for strong interactions, which we attribute to the evolution from an antiferromagnetic insulator to a metallic phase. Our results pave the way to experimentally mapping ...


First Observation Of An Undular Mesospheric Bore In A Doppler Duct, J. Fechine, C. M. Wrasse, H. Takahashi, A. F. Medeiros, P. P. Batista, B. R. Clemesha, L. M. Lima, D. C. Fritts, B. Laughman, Michael J. Taylor, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, M. G. Mlynczak, J. M. Russell Sep 2017

First Observation Of An Undular Mesospheric Bore In A Doppler Duct, J. Fechine, C. M. Wrasse, H. Takahashi, A. F. Medeiros, P. P. Batista, B. R. Clemesha, L. M. Lima, D. C. Fritts, B. Laughman, Michael J. Taylor, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, M. G. Mlynczak, J. M. Russell

Pierre-Dominique Pautet

On 1 October 2005, during the SpreadFEx campaign, a distinct mesospheric bore was observed over S˜ao Jo˜ao do Cariri (7.4 S, 36.5 W), Brazil by using airglow allsky imagers. The event appeared both in the OI5577 and OH emissions, forming a well extended wave front which was followed by short waves from behind. Simultaneous wind and temperature data obtained by the meteor radar and the TIMED/SABER satellite instrument revealed that the bore event occurred during the Doppler ducting condition in the emission layers.


Non-Hermitian Engineering Of Single Mode Two Dimensional Laser Arrays, M. H. Teimourpour, Li Ge, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, Ramy El-Ganainy Sep 2017

Non-Hermitian Engineering Of Single Mode Two Dimensional Laser Arrays, M. H. Teimourpour, Li Ge, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, Ramy El-Ganainy

Ramy El-Ganainy

A new scheme for building two dimensional laser arrays that operate in the single supermode regime is proposed. This is done by introducing an optical coupling between the laser array and lossy pseudo-isospectral chains of photonic resonators. The spectrum of this discrete reservoir is tailored to suppress all the supermodes of the main array except the fundamental one. This spectral engineering is facilitated by employing the Householder transformation in conjunction with discrete supersymmetry. The proposed scheme is general and can in principle be used in different platforms such as VCSEL arrays and photonic crystal laser arrays.


Topological Tight-Binding Models From Nontrivial Square Roots, J. Arkinstall, M. H. Teimourpour, L. Feng, Ramy El-Ganainy, H. Schomerus Sep 2017

Topological Tight-Binding Models From Nontrivial Square Roots, J. Arkinstall, M. H. Teimourpour, L. Feng, Ramy El-Ganainy, H. Schomerus

Ramy El-Ganainy

We describe a versatile mechanism that provides tight-binding models with an enriched, topologically nontrivial band structure. The mechanism is algebraic in nature, and leads to tight-binding models that can be interpreted as a nontrivial square root of a parent lattice Hamiltonian—in analogy to the passage from a Klein-Gordon equation to a Dirac equation. In the tight-binding setting, the square-root operation admits to induce spectral symmetries at the expense of broken crystal symmetries. As we illustrate in detail for a simple one-dimensional example, the emergent and inherited spectral symmetries equip the energy gaps with independent topological quantum numbers that control ...


Non-Hermitian Engineering Of Synthetic Saturable Absorbers For Applications In Photonics, M. H. Teimourpour, A. Rahman, K. Srinivasan, Ramy El-Ganainy Sep 2017

Non-Hermitian Engineering Of Synthetic Saturable Absorbers For Applications In Photonics, M. H. Teimourpour, A. Rahman, K. Srinivasan, Ramy El-Ganainy

Ramy El-Ganainy

We explore a type of synthetic saturable absorber based on quantum-inspired photonic arrays. We demonstrate that the interplay between optical Kerr nonlinearity, interference effects, and non-Hermiticity through radiation loss leads to a nonlinear optical filtering response with two distinct regimes of small and large optical transmissions. More interestingly, we show that the boundary between these two regimes can be very sharp. The threshold optical intensity that marks this abrupt “phase transition” and its steepness can be engineered by varying the number of the guiding elements. The practical feasibility of these structures as well as their potential applications in laser systems ...


Supersymetric Laser Arrays, Ramy El-Ganainy, Li Ge, M. Khajavikhan, Demetrios N. Christodoulides Sep 2017

Supersymetric Laser Arrays, Ramy El-Ganainy, Li Ge, M. Khajavikhan, Demetrios N. Christodoulides

Ramy El-Ganainy

We introduce the concept of supersymmetric laser arrays that consist of a main optical lattice and its superpartner structure, and we investigate the onset of their lasing oscillations. Due to the coupling of the two constituent lattices, their degenerate optical modes form doublets, while the extra mode associated with unbroken supersymmetry forms a singlet state. Singlet lasing can be achieved for a wide range of design parameters, either by introducing stronger loss in the partner lattice or by pumping only the main array. Our findings suggest the possibility of building single-mode, high-power laser arrays and are also important for understanding ...


Fractal Holography: A Geometric Re-Interpretation Of Cosmological Large Scale Structure, Jonas R. Mureika Sep 2017

Fractal Holography: A Geometric Re-Interpretation Of Cosmological Large Scale Structure, Jonas R. Mureika

Jonas Mureika

The fractal dimension of large-scale galaxy clustering has been demonstrated to be roughly DF∼2 from a wide range of redshift surveys. If correct, this statistic is of interest for two main reasons: fractal scaling is an implicit representation of information content, and also the value itself is a geometric signature of area. It is proposed that the fractal distribution of galaxies may thus be interpreted as a signature of holography (``fractal holography''), providing more support for current theories of holographic cosmologies. Implications for entropy bounds are addressed. In particular, because of spatial scale invariance in the matter distribution ...


Differentiating Unparticles From Extra Dimensions Via Mini Black Hole Thermodynamics, Jonas R. Mureika Sep 2017

Differentiating Unparticles From Extra Dimensions Via Mini Black Hole Thermodynamics, Jonas R. Mureika

Jonas Mureika

A thermodynamics-based method is presented for differentiating mini black hole creation mechanisms in high energy parton collisions, including scenarios with large compactified extra dimensions and unparticle-enhanced gravity with real scaling dimension dU. Tensor unparticle interactions are shown to mimic the physics of (2dU−2) noninteger extra spatial dimensions. This yields unique model-dependent production rates, Hawking temperature profiles, and decay multiplicities for black holes of mass MBH∼1–15  TeV that may be created at the LHC and other future colliders.


Vector Unparticle Enhanced Black Holes: Exact Solutions And Thermodynamics, Jonas R. Mureika, Euro Spallucci Sep 2017

Vector Unparticle Enhanced Black Holes: Exact Solutions And Thermodynamics, Jonas R. Mureika, Euro Spallucci

Jonas Mureika

Tensor and scalar unparticle couplings to matter have been shown to enhance gravitational interactions and provide corrections to the Schwarzschild metric and associated black hole structure. We derive an exact solution to the Einstein equations for vector unparticles, and conclusively demonstrate that these induce Riessner–Nordström (RN)-like solutions where the role of the “charge” is defined by a composite of unparticle phase space parameters. These black holes admit double-horizon structure, although unlike the RN metric these solutions have a minimum inner horizon value. In the extremal limit, the Hawking temperature is shown to vanish. As with the scalar/tensor ...


Self-Completeness And Spontaneous Dimensional Reduction, Jonas R. Mureika, Piero Nicolini Sep 2017

Self-Completeness And Spontaneous Dimensional Reduction, Jonas R. Mureika, Piero Nicolini

Jonas Mureika

A viable quantum theory of gravity is one of the biggest challenges physicists are facing. We discuss the confluence of two highly expected features which might be instrumental in the quest of a finite and renormalizable quantum gravity —spontaneous dimensional reduction and self-completeness. The former suggests the spacetime background at the Planck scale may be effectively two-dimensional, while the latter implies a condition of maximal compression of matter by the formation of an event horizon for Planckian scattering. We generalize such a result to an arbitrary number of dimensions, and show that gravity in higher than four dimensions remains self-complete ...


The Effects Of Temperature, Humidity, And Barometric Pressure On Short-Sprint Race Times, Jonas R. Mureika Sep 2017

The Effects Of Temperature, Humidity, And Barometric Pressure On Short-Sprint Race Times, Jonas R. Mureika

Jonas Mureika

A numerical model of 100 m and 200 m world class sprinting performances is modified using standard hydrodynamic principles to include effects of air temperature, pressure, and humidity levels on aerodynamic drag. The magnitude of the effects are found to be dependent on wind speed. This implies that differing atmospheric conditions can yield slightly different corrections for the same wind gauge reading. In the absence of wind, temperature is found to induce the largest variation in times (0.01 s per 10◦C increment in the 100 m), while relative humidity contributes the least (under 0.01 s for all ...