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Selected Works

2007

Fluctuations

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Director Dynamics In Liquid-Crystal Physical Gels, Rafael Verduzco, Neal R. Scruggs, Samuel Sprunt, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, Julia A. Kornfield May 2007

Director Dynamics In Liquid-Crystal Physical Gels, Rafael Verduzco, Neal R. Scruggs, Samuel Sprunt, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, Julia A. Kornfield

Peter Palffy-Muhoray

Nematic liquid- crystal (LC) elastomers and gels have a rubbery polymer network coupled to the nematic director. While LC elastomers show a single, non- hydrodynamic relaxation mode, dynamic light- scattering studies of self- assembled liquid- crystal gels reveal orientational fluctuations that relax over a broad time scale. At short times, the relaxation dynamics exhibit hydrodynamic behavior. In contrast, the relaxation dynamics at long times are non-hydrodynamic, highly anisotropic, and increase in amplitude at small scattering angles. We argue that the slower dynamics arise from coupling between the director and the physically associated network, which prevents director orientational fluctuations from decaying ...