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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Transport Properties Of Bi2−Xinxse3 Single Crystals., J. Navrátil, T. Plecháček, J. Horák, S. Karamazov, P. LošŤÁK, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher Aug 2001

Transport Properties Of Bi2−Xinxse3 Single Crystals., J. Navrátil, T. Plecháček, J. Horák, S. Karamazov, P. LošŤÁK, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

The paper reports on the temperature dependence of the electrical and thermal conductivity, Hall constant, and Seebeck coefficient of Bi2−xInxSe3 (x=0, 0.2, 0.4) single crystals measured over the temperature range from 2 to 300 K. One single-valley conduction band model is used to interpret relations among transport coefficients. The data analysis relies on the use of a mixed carrier scattering mechanism consisting of acoustic scattering and scattering on ionized impurities. The effect of In incorporation into the Bi2Se3 crystal lattice on the individual components of thermal conductivity is evaluated and discussed. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.


Anomalous Barium Filling Fraction And N-Type Thermoelectric Performance Of Ba[Sub Y]Co[Sub 4]Sb[Sub 12]., L. Chen, T. Kawahara, X. Tang, T. Goto, T. Hirai, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher Aug 2001

Anomalous Barium Filling Fraction And N-Type Thermoelectric Performance Of Ba[Sub Y]Co[Sub 4]Sb[Sub 12]., L. Chen, T. Kawahara, X. Tang, T. Goto, T. Hirai, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

Barium-filled skutterudites BaCoSb with an anomalously large filling fraction of up to y=0.44 have been synthesized. The lattice parameters increase linearly with Ba content. Magnetic susceptibility data show that BaCoSb is paramagnetic, which implies that some of the Co atoms in BaCoSb have acquired a magnetic moment. The presence of the two different valence states of Co (Co3+ and Co2+) leads to the anomalously large barium filling fraction even without extra charge compensation. All samples show n-type conduction. The electrical conductivity increases with increasing the Ba filling fraction. The lattice thermal conductivity of BaCoSb is significantly depressed as ...


A2bi8se1 3 (A = Rb, Cs), Csbi3.67se6, And Babi2< /Inf>Se4: New Ternary Semiconducting Bismuth Selenides, Lykourgis Iordanidis, Paul Brazis, Theodora Kyratsi, John Irel, Melissa Lane, Carl Kannewurf, Wei Chen, Jeffrey Dyck, Ctirad Uher, Nishant Ghelani, Tim Hogan, Mercouri Kanatzidis Jan 2001

A2bi8se1 3 (A = Rb, Cs), Csbi3.67se6, And Babi2Se4: New Ternary Semiconducting Bismuth Selenides, Lykourgis Iordanidis, Paul Brazis, Theodora Kyratsi, John Irel, Melissa Lane, Carl Kannewurf, Wei Chen, Jeffrey Dyck, Ctirad Uher, Nishant Ghelani, Tim Hogan, Mercouri Kanatzidis

Jeffrey Dyck

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Ni On The Transport Properties Of Cosb3, C. Uher, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, G. Meisner, J. Yang Dec 2000

The Influence Of Ni On The Transport Properties Of Cosb3, C. Uher, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, G. Meisner, J. Yang

Jeffrey Dyck

The effect of Ni doping on the Co site of the binary skutterudite CoSb3 is investigated. We measured resistivity, Hall effect, magnetoresistance, thermopower, thermal conductivity, and magnetization of a series of samples of the form Co1-xNixSb3 with x in the range x=0 to x=0.01. We find that Ni takes the tetravalent state Ni4+, assumes the d6 electronic configuration for the lower energy non-bonding orbitals, and gives an electron to the conduction band. Ni doping dramatically suppresses the thermal conductivity, changes the temperature dependence of the thermopower, and increases the carrier concentration. Low temperature anomalies in thermopower, Hall ...


Low Temperature Thermoelectric Properties Of Ni Doped N-Type Filled Skutterudites Ba0.3co4sb12 ., W. Chen, Jeffrey Dyck, C. Uher, L. Chen, X. Tang, T. Hirai Dec 2000

Low Temperature Thermoelectric Properties Of Ni Doped N-Type Filled Skutterudites Ba0.3co4sb12 ., W. Chen, Jeffrey Dyck, C. Uher, L. Chen, X. Tang, T. Hirai

Jeffrey Dyck

n-type Ba filled skutterudites doped with Ni, Ba0.3Ni xCo4-xSb12 with 0⩽x⩽0.2, have been synthesized and the Seebeck coefficient, thermal conductivity, electrical resistivity and Hall coefficient have been measured. ZT of 1.2 has been achieved at 800 K with x=0.05. The thermal conductivity data are fitted and the rattling effect of the Ba atoms is identified through a resonance scattering term. The Hall mobility is studied and a mixed scattering mechanism of acoustic phonons and ionized impurities based on a single, rigid band picture is presented. The role of Ni atoms in enhancing the ...


Multi-Filling Approach For The Improvement Of Thermoelectric Properties Of Skutterudites., L. Chen, X. Tang, T. Kawahara, Jeffrey Dyck Dec 2000

Multi-Filling Approach For The Improvement Of Thermoelectric Properties Of Skutterudites., L. Chen, X. Tang, T. Kawahara, Jeffrey Dyck

Jeffrey Dyck

Several skutterudite antimonides filled with atoms of different kinds, (Ba, M)yCo4Sb12 (M=Ce, La, Sr), have been synthesized by the combination of solid state reaction and melting methods. Thermal conductivity of (Ba,Sr)yCo4 Sb12 samples shows a behavior similar to that of BayCo4Sb12. Adding a small amount of Ce or La to the BayCo4Sb12 system is effective in further reducing the lattice thermal conductivity. The difference in the ionic radii of the two co-filler atoms is the most sensitive factor for scattering of phonons. The multi-filled (Ba, M)yCo4Sb12 (M=Sr, Ce, La) show lower Seebeck coefficients as ...


High-Temperature Thermoelectric Properties Of N-Type Baynixco4-Xsb12., X. Tang, L. Zhang, R. Yuan, L. Chen, T. Goto, T. Hirai, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher Dec 2000

High-Temperature Thermoelectric Properties Of N-Type Baynixco4-Xsb12., X. Tang, L. Zhang, R. Yuan, L. Chen, T. Goto, T. Hirai, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

Effects of Ba filling fraction and Ni content on the thermoelectric properties of n-type BayNixCo4-xSb12 (x = 0-0.1, y = 0.-0.4) were investigated at temperature range of 300 to 900 K. Thermal conductivity decreased with increasing Ba filling fraction and temperature. When y was fixed at 0.3, thermal conductivity decreased with increasing Ni content and reached a minimum value at about x = 0.05. Lattice thermal conductivity decreased with increasing Ni content, monotonously (y ≤ 0.1). Electron concentration and electrical conductivity increased with increasing Ba filling fraction and Ni content. Seebeck coefficient increased with increasing temperature and ...


Preparation And Some Physical Properties Of Tetradymite-Type Sb2te3 Single Crystals Doped With Cds., P. LošŤÁK, Č. Drašar, A. Krejc ̆ Ova, L. Beneš, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher Dec 2000

Preparation And Some Physical Properties Of Tetradymite-Type Sb2te3 Single Crystals Doped With Cds., P. LošŤÁK, Č. Drašar, A. Krejc ̆ Ova, L. Beneš, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

Single crystals of Sb2Te3 doped with CdS were prepared by a modified Bridgman method from the elements Sb and Te of 5N purity and the CdS compound of 4.5N purity. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction and by measurement of reflectance in the plasma resonance frequency region at room temperature. Furthermore, we made measurements of temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity, Hall and Seebeck coefficients, and thermal conductivity in the temperature range of 4.2–300K. In the process of crystal growth, CdS dissociated and it was assumed that the Cd-atoms formed substitutional defects in the Sb-sublattice (CdSb′) while ...


Synthesis And High Temperature Thermoelectric Properties Of N-Type Baynixco4-Xsb12., X. Tang, L. Chen, T. Goto, Jeffrey Dyck Dec 2000

Synthesis And High Temperature Thermoelectric Properties Of N-Type Baynixco4-Xsb12., X. Tang, L. Chen, T. Goto, Jeffrey Dyck

Jeffrey Dyck

Single-phase filled skutterudite compounds BayNx Co4-xSb12 (x=0-0.1, y=0-0.4) were synthesized by a two-step solid state reaction. Effects of Ba filling fraction and Ni content on the thermoelectric properties of n-type Ba yNixCo4-xSb12 were investigated. Thermal conductivity decreased with increasing Ba filling fraction and temperature. When barium filling fraction (y) was fixed at 0.3, the thermal conductivity decreased with increasing Ni content, and reached a minimum value at about x=0.05. Electron concentration and electrical conductivity increased with increasing Ba filling fraction and Ni content. Seebeck coefficient increased with increasing temperature, and decreased with increasing ...


Thermoelectric Properties Of Yb-Filled And Sn-Compensated Skutterudites ., Jihui Yang, Gregory Meisner, Wei Chen, Jeffrey Dyck, Ctirad Uher Dec 2000

Thermoelectric Properties Of Yb-Filled And Sn-Compensated Skutterudites ., Jihui Yang, Gregory Meisner, Wei Chen, Jeffrey Dyck, Ctirad Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

The effect of alloying tin on the antimony site of ytterbium-filled skutterudites is examined. We performed measurements of Hall effect, electrical resistivity, Seebeck coefficient and thermal conductivity on the series Yb0.5Co4Sb12-x Snx, with x=0.5, 0.6, 0.8 and 0.83. We find that the substitution of tin does not alter the position of the Fermi level with respect to the conduction band of these heavily doped semiconducting samples, but rather it gives rise to a p-type band. Experimental data for x=0.83 can be understood in the context of a two-carrier electrical conduction. Thermal conductivity ...


Transport And Magnetic Properties Of Co1-Xnixsb3 With X Less Than 0.01, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, Y. Yang, G. Meisner, C. Uher Dec 2000

Transport And Magnetic Properties Of Co1-Xnixsb3 With X Less Than 0.01, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, Y. Yang, G. Meisner, C. Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

The filled skutterudite compounds based on the binary skutterudite CoSb3 are currently being investigated for their potential application as thermoelectric materials. One route to optimization of these compounds is by doping on the Co site. An obvious candidate for an n-type dopant is Ni, because it has one more electron in its valence shell than Co. We present electrical resistivity, thermopower, Hall effect and magnetic susceptibility measurements on polycrystalline, n-type Co1-xNixSb3 with x less than 0.01. A model which takes into account conduction of electrons residing in the conduction band in addition to hopping conduction within an impurity "band ...