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Selected Works

Serge Youri Kalmykov

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Articles 1 - 30 of 61

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Generation Of Broadband Thz Pulses By Laser Wakefield At Radial Boundary Of Plasma Column, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Andreas Schmitt-Sody Mar 2019

Generation Of Broadband Thz Pulses By Laser Wakefield At Radial Boundary Of Plasma Column, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Andreas Schmitt-Sody

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Photoionization of an ambient gas by a tightly focused, femtosecond, weakly relativistic laser pulse leaves behind
the pulse a column of electron density (a “filament”). At the column surface, the density drops to zero within a thin (micronscale) boundary layer. Ponderomotive force of the pulse drives within the filament a cylindrical wave of charge separation (laser wake). If the pulse waist size is much smaller than the Langmuir wavelength, electron current in the wake is mostly transverse. In the filament surface area, this current rapidly decays (electrons, crossing the sharp density gradient, phase out of wake within a few Langmuir ...


Gas Pressure Dependence Of Microwave Pulses Generated By Laser-Produced Filament Plasmas, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Remington Reid, Adrian Lucero, Hugh Pohle, Matthew Domonkos, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Karl Krushelnick, Andreas Schmitt-Sody Oct 2018

Gas Pressure Dependence Of Microwave Pulses Generated By Laser-Produced Filament Plasmas, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Remington Reid, Adrian Lucero, Hugh Pohle, Matthew Domonkos, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Karl Krushelnick, Andreas Schmitt-Sody

Serge Youri Kalmykov

The plasma arising due to the propagation of a filamenting ultrafast laser pulse in air contains currents driven by the pulse that generate radiated electromagnetic fields. We report absolutely calibrated measurements of the frequency spectrum of microwaves radiated by the filament plasma from 2–40 GHz. The emission pattern of the electric field spectrum is mapped as a function of air pressure from atmosphere to 0.5 Torr. For fixed laser pulse energy, duration, and focal geometry, we observe that decreasing the air pressure by a factor of approximately 103 increases the amplitude of the electric field waveform by a ...


Optically Controlled Laser-Plasma Electron Acceleration For Compact Gamma-Ray Sources, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick Feb 2018

Optically Controlled Laser-Plasma Electron Acceleration For Compact Gamma-Ray Sources, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Thomson scattering (TS) from electron beams produced in laser-plasma accelerators may generate femtosecond pulses of quasi-monochromatic, multi-MeV photons. Scaling laws suggest that reaching the necessary GeVelectron energy, with a percent-scale energy spread and five-dimensional brightness over 10^16 A/m^2, requires acceleration in centimeter-length, tenuous plasmas (n ~ 10^17 cm^-#3;3), with petawatt-class lasers. Ultrahigh per-pulse power mandates single-shot operation, frustrating applications dependent on dosage. To generate high-quality near-GeV beams at a manageable average power (thus affording kHz repetition rate), we propose acceleration in a cavity of electron density, driven with an incoherent stack of sub-Joule laser pulses ...


Optically Controlled Laser-Plasma Electron Accelerator For Compact Gamma-Ray Sources, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick Feb 2018

Optically Controlled Laser-Plasma Electron Accelerator For Compact Gamma-Ray Sources, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Generating quasi-monochromatic, femtosecond gamma-ray pulses via Thomson scattering (TS) demands exceptional electron beam (e-beam) quality, such as percent scale energy spread and five-dimensional brightness over 10^16 A/m^2. We show that near-GeV e-beams with these metrics can be accelerated in a cavity of electron density, driven with an incoherent stack of Joule-scale laser pulses through a mm-size, dense plasma (n ~ 10^19 cm^-􀀀3). Changing the time delay, frequency difference, and energy ratio of the stack components controls the e-beam phase space on the femtosecond scale, while the modest energy of the optical driver helps afford kHz-scale repetition ...


Multi-Color, Femtosecond Gamma-Ray Pulse Trains Driven By Comb-Like Electron Beams, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick Feb 2018

Multi-Color, Femtosecond Gamma-Ray Pulse Trains Driven By Comb-Like Electron Beams, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Photon engineering can be exploited to control the nonlinear evolution of the drive pulse in a laser–plasma accelerator (LPA), offering new avenues to tailor electron beam phase space on a femtosecond time scale. One promising option is to drive an LPA with an incoherent stack of two sub-Joule, multi-TW pulses of different colors. Slow self-compression of the bi-color optical driver delays electron dephasing, boosting electron beam energy without accumulation of a massive low-energy tail. The modest energy of the stack affords kHz-scale repetition rate at manageable laser average power. Propagating the stack in a pre-formed plasma channel induces periodic ...


Multi-Color Γ-Rays From Comb-Like Electron Beams Driven By Incoherent Stacks Of Laser Pulses, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick Mar 2017

Multi-Color Γ-Rays From Comb-Like Electron Beams Driven By Incoherent Stacks Of Laser Pulses, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Trains of fs-length, GeV-scale electron bunches with controlled energy spacing and a 5-D brightness up to
10^17 A/m^2 may be produced in a mm-scale uniform plasma. The main element of the scheme is an incoherent stack of 10-TW-scale laser pulses of different colors, with mismatched focal spots, with the highest-frequency pulse advanced in time. While driving an electron density bubble, this stack remains almost proof against nonlinear red-shift and self-compression. As a consequence, the unwanted continuous injection of background electrons is minimized. Weak focusing of the trailing (lower-frequency) component of the stack enforces expansions and contractions of ...


Femtosecond Pulse Trains Of Polychromatic Inverse Compton Γ-Rays From Designer Electron Beams Produced By Laser-Plasma Acceleration In Plasma Channels, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Isaac Ghebregziabher, X. Davoine, Remi Lehe, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Victor Malka, Bradley A. Shadwick Oct 2016

Femtosecond Pulse Trains Of Polychromatic Inverse Compton Γ-Rays From Designer Electron Beams Produced By Laser-Plasma Acceleration In Plasma Channels, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Isaac Ghebregziabher, X. Davoine, Remi Lehe, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Victor Malka, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Propagating a short, relativistically intense laser pulse in a plasma channel makes it possible to generate clean comb-like electron beams – sequences of synchronized, low phase-space volume bunches with controllable energy spacing [S. Y. Kalmykov et al., “Accordion Effect Revisited: Generation of Comb-Like Electron Beams in Plasma Channels,” in Advanced Accelerator Concepts: 16th Workshop, AIP Conference Proceedings; this volume]. All-optical control of the electron beam phase space structure via manipulation of the drive pulse phase (negative chirp) and parameters of the channel enables the design of a tunable, all-optical source of polychromatic pulsed gamma-rays using the mechanism of inverse Compton scattering.


Accordion Effect Revisited: Generation Of Comb-Like Electron Beams In Plasma Channels, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Remi Lehe, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Bradley A. Shadwick Oct 2016

Accordion Effect Revisited: Generation Of Comb-Like Electron Beams In Plasma Channels, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Remi Lehe, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Propagating a short, relativistically intense laser pulse in a plasma channel makes it possible to generate comb-like electron beams – sequences of synchronized, low phase-space volume bunches with controllable energy difference. The tail of the pulse, confined in the accelerator cavity (electron density “bubble”), transversely flaps, as the pulse head steadily self-guides. The resulting oscillations of the cavity size cause periodic injection of electrons from ambient plasma, creating an energy comb with the number of components, their energy, and energy separation dependent on the channel radius and pulse length. Accumulation of noise (continuously injected charge) can be prevented using a negatively ...


Electron Acceleration And Generation Of High-Brilliance X-Ray Radiation In Kilojoule, Subpicosecond Laser-Plasma Interactions, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine Oct 2016

Electron Acceleration And Generation Of High-Brilliance X-Ray Radiation In Kilojoule, Subpicosecond Laser-Plasma Interactions, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Petawatt, picosecond laser pulses offer rich opportunities in generating synchrotron x-rays. This paper concentrates on the regimes accessible with the PETAL laser, which is a part of the Laser Megajoule (LMJ) facility. We explore two physically distinct scenarios through Particle-in-Cell simulations. The first one realizes in a dense plasma, such that the period of electron Langmuir oscillations is much shorter than the pulse duration. Hallmarks of this regime are longitudinal breakup (“self-modulation”) of the picosecond-scale laser pulse and excitation of a rapidly evolving broken plasma wake. It is found that electron beams with a charge of several tens of nCcan ...


High-Flux Femtosecond X-Ray Emission From Controlled Generation Of Annular Electron Beams In A Laser Wakefield Accelerator, T. Z. Zhao, K. Behm, C. F. Dong, X. Davoine, Serge Y. Kalmykov, V. Petrov, Vladimir Chvykov, P. Cummings, B. Hou, Anatoly Maksimchuk, J. A. Nees, Victor Yanovsky, A. G. R. Thomas, Karl Krushelnick Aug 2016

High-Flux Femtosecond X-Ray Emission From Controlled Generation Of Annular Electron Beams In A Laser Wakefield Accelerator, T. Z. Zhao, K. Behm, C. F. Dong, X. Davoine, Serge Y. Kalmykov, V. Petrov, Vladimir Chvykov, P. Cummings, B. Hou, Anatoly Maksimchuk, J. A. Nees, Victor Yanovsky, A. G. R. Thomas, Karl Krushelnick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Annular quasimonoenergetic electron beams with a mean energy in the range 200–400 MeV and charge on the order of several picocoulombs were generated in a laser wakefield accelerator and subsequently accelerated using a plasma afterburner in a two-stage gas cell. Generation of these beams is associated with injection occurring on the density down ramp between the stages. This well-localized injection produces a bunch of electrons performing coherent betatron oscillations in the wakefield, resulting in a significant increase in the x-ray yield. Annular electron distributions are detected in 40% of shots under optimal conditions. Simultaneous control of the pulse duration ...


Controlled Generation Of Comb-Like Electron Beams In Plasma Channels For Polychromatic Inverse Thomson Gamma-Ray Sources, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, I Ghebregziabher, R Lehe, A F. Lifschitz, B A. Shadwick Feb 2016

Controlled Generation Of Comb-Like Electron Beams In Plasma Channels For Polychromatic Inverse Thomson Gamma-Ray Sources, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, I Ghebregziabher, R Lehe, A F. Lifschitz, B A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Propagating a relativistically intense, negatively chirped laser pulse (the bandwidth > 150 nm) in a plasma channel makes it possible to generate background-free, comb-like electron beams - sequences of synchronized bunches with a low phase-space volume and controlled energy spacing. The tail of the pulse, confined in the accelerator cavity (an electron density ‘bubble’), experiences periodic focusing, while the head, which is the most intense portion of the pulse, steadily self-guides. Oscillations of the cavity size cause periodic injection of electrons from the ambient plasma, creating an electron energy comb with the number of components, their mean energy, and energy spacing dependent ...


Customizable Electron Beams From Optically Controlled Laser Plasma Acceleration For Γ-Ray Sources Based On Inverse Thomson Scattering, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick Jan 2016

Customizable Electron Beams From Optically Controlled Laser Plasma Acceleration For Γ-Ray Sources Based On Inverse Thomson Scattering, Serge Y. Kalmykov, X. Davoine, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Laser wakefield acceleration of electrons in the blowout regime can be controlled by tailoring the laser pulse phase and the plasma target. The100nm-scale bandwidth and negative frequency chirp of the optical driver compensate for the nonlinear frequency red-shift imparted by wakefield excitation.This mitigates pulse self-steepening and suppresses continuous injection. The plasma channel suppresses diffraction of the pulse leading edge, further reducing self-steepening, making injection even quieter. Besides, the channel destabilizes the pulse tail confined within the accelerator cavity (the electron density “bubble”), causing oscillations in the bubble size. The resulting periodic injection generates background-free comb-like beams – sequences of synchronized ...


Optical Control Of Electron Phase Space In Plasma Accelerators With Incoherently Stacked Laser Pulses, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Remi Lehe, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Bradley A. Shadwick May 2015

Optical Control Of Electron Phase Space In Plasma Accelerators With Incoherently Stacked Laser Pulses, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Remi Lehe, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

It is demonstrated that synthesizing an ultrahigh-bandwidth, negatively chirped laser pulse by incoherently stacking pulses of different wavelengths makes it possible to optimize the process of electron self-injection in a dense, highly dispersive plasma (n_0 \sim 10^{19} cm^{-3}). Avoiding transformation of the driving pulse into a relativistic optical shock maintains a quasi-monoenergetic electron spectrum through electron dephasing and boosts electron energy far beyond the limits suggested by existing scaling laws. In addition, evolution of the accelerating bucket in a plasma channel is shown to produce a background-free, tunable train of femtosecond-duration, 35 - 100 kA, time-synchronized quasi-monoenergetic electron bunches ...


Accordion Effect In Plasma Channels: Generation Of Tunable Comb-Like Electron Beams, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Bradley A. Shadwick, Isaac A. Ghebregziabher, Xavier Davoine, Remi Lehe, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Victor Malka May 2014

Accordion Effect In Plasma Channels: Generation Of Tunable Comb-Like Electron Beams, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Bradley A. Shadwick, Isaac A. Ghebregziabher, Xavier Davoine, Remi Lehe, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Victor Malka

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Propagating a short, relativistically intense laser pulse in a plasma channel makes it possible to generate comb-like electron beams for advanced radiation sources. The ponderomotive force of the leading edge of the pulse expels all electrons facing the pulse. The bare ions attract the ambient plasma electrons, forming a closed bubble of electron density confining the pulse tail. The cavity of electron density evolves slowly, in lock-step with the optical driver, and readily traps background electrons. The combination of a bubble (a self-consistently maintained, “soft” hollow channel) and a preformed channel forces transverse flapping of the laser pulse tail, causing ...


Physical Processes At Work In Sub-30fs, Pw Laser Pulse-Driven Plasma Accelerators: Towards Gev Electron Acceleration Experiments At Cilex Facility., Arnaud Beck, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Bradley A. Shadwick, Victor Malka, Arnd E. Specka Feb 2014

Physical Processes At Work In Sub-30fs, Pw Laser Pulse-Driven Plasma Accelerators: Towards Gev Electron Acceleration Experiments At Cilex Facility., Arnaud Beck, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Bradley A. Shadwick, Victor Malka, Arnd E. Specka

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Optimal regimes and physical processes at work are identified for the first round of laser wakefield acceleration experiments proposed at a future CILEX facility. The Apollon-10P CILEX laser, delivering fully compressed, near-PW-power pulses of sub-25 fs duration, is well suited for driving electron density wakes in the blowout regime in cm-length gas targets. Early destruction of the pulse (partly due to energy depletion)prevents electrons from reaching dephasing, limiting the energy gain to about 3 GeV. However, the optimal operating regimes, found with reduced and full three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, show high energy efficiency, with about 10%of incident pulse energy ...


All-Optical Control Of Electron Self-Injection In Millimeter-Scale, Tapered Dense Plasmas., Serge Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Bradley A. Shadwick Feb 2014

All-Optical Control Of Electron Self-Injection In Millimeter-Scale, Tapered Dense Plasmas., Serge Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

It is demonstrated that a laser pulse with an ultrahigh bandwidth (400 nm) is an asset for future high-repetition-rate , quasimonoenergetic (QME), GeV-scale laser plasma electron accelerators. Manipulating the phase of the driver has a direct impact on evolution of the accelerating bucket (a cavity of electron density maintained by the pressure of the laser pulse radiation), making it possible to control electron self-injection and the final parameters of the QME beam by purely optical means. The large bandwidth makes it possible to compensate for the frequency red-shift accumulated at the pulse leading edge in transit through the plasma. Advancing higher ...


Syllabus_Lecture_Notes_Collective_Phenomena_In_Laser_Plasmas_Ii_Phy998_Spring_2014, Serge Y. Kalmykov Dec 2013

Syllabus_Lecture_Notes_Collective_Phenomena_In_Laser_Plasmas_Ii_Phy998_Spring_2014, Serge Y. Kalmykov

Serge Youri Kalmykov

High-power laser radiation beams interacting with a rarefied, fully ionized plasmas are essentially unstable. This fact is mainly due to the excitation of various modes of plasma oscillations, most important of which are electron Langmuir waves and ion acoustic waves. The stimulated scattering processes destroy and deplete the pulse in the as it propagates. On the other hand, at the moderate level of instability, spectral properties of the scattered light may serve as optical diagnostics of the pulse propagation dynamics. Knowing the dynamics of the stimulated scattering processes is thus essential for such applications as inertial confinement fusion and laser-plasma ...


All-Optical Control Of Electron Trapping In Plasma Channels, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Bradley A. Shadwick, Xavier Davoine Sep 2013

All-Optical Control Of Electron Trapping In Plasma Channels, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Bradley A. Shadwick, Xavier Davoine

Serge Youri Kalmykov

The accelerating bucket of a laser-plasma accelerator (a cavity of electron density maintained by the laser pulse radiation pressure) evolves slowly, in lock-step with the optical driver, and readily traps background electrons. The trapping process can thus be controlled by purely optical means. Sharp gradients in the nonlinear refractive index produce a large frequency red-shift, localized at the leading edge of the pulse. Negative group velocity dispersion associated with the plasma response compresses the laser pulse into a relativistic optical shock (ROS), slowing the pulse (and the bucket), reducing the electron dephasing length, and limiting energy gain. Even more importantly ...


Stable, Tunable, Quasimonoenergetic Electron Beams Produced In A Laser Wakefield Near The Threshold For Self-Injection, Sudeep Banerjee, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Nathan D. Powers, Gregory Golovin, Vidiya Ramanathan, Nathan J. Cunningham, Kevin J. Brown, Shouyuan Chen, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick, Donald P. Umstadter, Benjamin A. Cowan, David L. Bruhwiler, Arnaud Beck, Erik Lefebvre Mar 2013

Stable, Tunable, Quasimonoenergetic Electron Beams Produced In A Laser Wakefield Near The Threshold For Self-Injection, Sudeep Banerjee, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Nathan D. Powers, Gregory Golovin, Vidiya Ramanathan, Nathan J. Cunningham, Kevin J. Brown, Shouyuan Chen, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Bradley A. Shadwick, Donald P. Umstadter, Benjamin A. Cowan, David L. Bruhwiler, Arnaud Beck, Erik Lefebvre

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Stable operation of a laser-plasma accelerator near the threshold for electron self-injection in the blowout regime has been demonstrated with 25–60 TW, 30 fs laser pulses focused into a 3–4 millimeter length gas jet. Nearly Gaussian shape and high nanosecond contrast of the focused pulse appear to be critically important for controllable, tunable generation of 250–430 MeV electron bunches with a low energy spread, ~ 10 pC charge, a few-mrad divergence and pointing stability, and a vanishingly small low-energy background. The physical nature of the near-threshold behavior is examined using three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. Simulations indicate that properly locating ...


Dark-Current-Free Laser-Plasma Acceleration In Blowout Regime Using Nonlinear Plasma Lens, Serguei Y. Kalmykov Jan 2013

Dark-Current-Free Laser-Plasma Acceleration In Blowout Regime Using Nonlinear Plasma Lens, Serguei Y. Kalmykov

Serge Youri Kalmykov

It is demonstrated that a thin dense plasma slab (lens), placed before a multi-centimeter-length, low-density plasma (accelerator), overfocuses an incident petawatt laser pulse at a controlled location inside the accelerator, creating an expanding electron density bubble that traps plasma electrons over a brief time interval. As soon as the pulse stabilizes and self-guiding begins, the bubble stabilizes and transforms into the first (non-broken) bucket of a conventional three-dimensional nonlinear plasma wave, eliminating any chance for further injection. A well collimated, quasi-monoenergetic electron bunch with a zero low-energy background further accelerates to a multi-GeV energy.


Syllabus_Lecture_Notes_Collective_Phenomena_In_Laser_Plasmas_Phy998_2_Fall_2013, Serge Y. Kalmykov Dec 2012

Syllabus_Lecture_Notes_Collective_Phenomena_In_Laser_Plasmas_Phy998_2_Fall_2013, Serge Y. Kalmykov

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Interaction of high-power laser radiation with rarefied, fully ionized plasmas is rich in nonlinear collective phenomena. It is essentially three-dimensional and is dominated by the excitation of various modes of plasma oscillations, most important of which are electron Langmuir waves. These waves may trap externally injected electrons or initially quiescent plasma electrons, accelerating them to GeV-scale energies. Laser pulses can also launch collisionless shocks, which may accelerate plasma ions to MeV energies. Furthermore, relativistic mass effect and electron density perturbations by the radiation pressure cause laser pulse self-focusing and filamentation, leading to the radiation pulse self-guiding over many Rayleigh lengths ...


Petawatt-Laser-Driven Wakefield Acceleration Of Electrons To 2 Gev In 10^{17} Cm^{-3} Plasma, Xiaoming Wang, Rafal B. Zgadzaj, Neil Fazel, Sunghwan A. Yi, X. Zhang, Watson Henderson, Yen-Yu Zhang, Rick Korzekwa, Hai-En Tsai, C.-H. Pai, Zhengyan Li, Hernan Quevedo, Gilliss Dyer, Erhard W. Gaul, Mikael Martinez, Aaron Bernstein, Ted Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Vladimir N. Khudik, Gennady Shvets, Todd Ditmire, Michael C. Downer Dec 2012

Petawatt-Laser-Driven Wakefield Acceleration Of Electrons To 2 Gev In 10^{17} Cm^{-3} Plasma, Xiaoming Wang, Rafal B. Zgadzaj, Neil Fazel, Sunghwan A. Yi, X. Zhang, Watson Henderson, Yen-Yu Zhang, Rick Korzekwa, Hai-En Tsai, C.-H. Pai, Zhengyan Li, Hernan Quevedo, Gilliss Dyer, Erhard W. Gaul, Mikael Martinez, Aaron Bernstein, Ted Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Vladimir N. Khudik, Gennady Shvets, Todd Ditmire, Michael C. Downer

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Electron self-injection into a laser-plasma accelerator (LPA) driven by the Texas Petawatt (TPW) laser is reported at plasma densities 1.7 - 6.2 x 10^{17} cm^{-3}. Energy and charge of the electron beam, ranging from 0.5 GeV to 2 GeV and tens to hundreds of pC, respectively, depended strongly on laser beam quality and plasma density. Angular beam divergence was consistently around 0.5 mrad (FWHM), while shot-to-shot pointing fluctuations were limited to ±1.4 mrad rms. Betatron x-rays with tens of keV photon energy are also clearly observed.


Sub-Millimeter-Scale, 100-Mev-Class Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser Plasma Accelerator Based On All-Optical Control Of Dark Current In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Bradley A. Shadwick Dec 2012

Sub-Millimeter-Scale, 100-Mev-Class Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser Plasma Accelerator Based On All-Optical Control Of Dark Current In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

It is demonstrated that by negatively chirping the frequency of a 20-fs, 15-TW driving laser pulse with an ultrabroad bandwidth (corresponding to a sub-2-cycle transform-limited duration it is possible to prevent early compression of the pulse into an optical shock, thus reducing expansion of the accelerating plasma bucket (electron density "bubble") and delaying dephasing of self-injected and accelerated electrons. These features help suppress unwanted continuous self-injection (dark current) in the blowout regime, making possible to use the entire dephasing length to generate low-background, quasi-monoenergetic 200-MeV-scale electron beams from sub-mm-length, dense plasmas (n_{e0} = 1.3 x 10^{19} cm^{−3}).


Electron Self-Injection Into An Evolving Plasma Bubble: Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser-Plasma Acceleration In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, A. Beck, S. A. Yi, V. N. Khudik, Michael C. Downer, E. Lefebvre, Bradley Allan Shadwick, Donald Umstadter Nov 2012

Electron Self-Injection Into An Evolving Plasma Bubble: Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser-Plasma Acceleration In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, A. Beck, S. A. Yi, V. N. Khudik, Michael C. Downer, E. Lefebvre, Bradley Allan Shadwick, Donald Umstadter

Serge Youri Kalmykov

An electron density bubble driven in a rarefied uniform plasma by a slowly evolving laser pulse goes through periods of adiabatically slow expansions and contractions. Bubble expansion causes robust self-injection of initially quiescent plasma electrons, whereas stabilization and contraction terminate self-injection thus limiting injected charge; concomitant phase space rotation reduces the bunch energy spread. In regimes relevant to experiments with hundred terawatt- to petawatt-class lasers, bubble dynamics and, hence, the self-injection process are governed primarily by the driver evolution. Collective transverse fields of the trapped electron bunch reduce the accelerating gradient and slow down phase space rotation. Bubble expansion followed ...


Computationally Efficient Methods For Modelling Laser Wakefield Acceleration In The Blowout Regime, Benjamin M. Cowan, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Arnaud Beck, Xavier Davoine, Kyle Bunkers, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Erik Lefebvre, David L. Bruhwiler, Bradley A. Shadwick, Donald P. Umstadter Jun 2012

Computationally Efficient Methods For Modelling Laser Wakefield Acceleration In The Blowout Regime, Benjamin M. Cowan, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Arnaud Beck, Xavier Davoine, Kyle Bunkers, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Erik Lefebvre, David L. Bruhwiler, Bradley A. Shadwick, Donald P. Umstadter

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Electron self-injection and acceleration until dephasing in the blowout regime is studied for a set of initial conditions typical of recent experiments with 100-terawatt-class lasers. Two different approaches to computationally efficient, fully explicit, 3D particle-in-cell modelling are examined. First, the Cartesian code VORPAL (Nieter, C. and Cary, J. R. 2004 VORPAL: a versatile plasma simulation code. J. Comput. Phys. 196, 538) using a perfect-dispersion electromagnetic solver precisely describes the laser pulse and bubble dynamics, taking advantage of coarser resolution in the propagation direction, with a proportionally larger time step. Using third-order splines for macroparticles helps suppress the sampling noise while ...


Generation Of Tunable, 100–800 Mev Quasi-Monoenergetic Electron Beams From A Laser-Wakefield Accelerator In The Blowout Regime, Sudeep Banerjee, Nathan D. Powers, Vidiya Ramanathan, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Kevin J. Brown, Chakra M. Maharjan, Shouyuan Chen, Arnaud Beck, Erik Lefebvre, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Bradley A. Shadwick, Donald P. Umstadter Apr 2012

Generation Of Tunable, 100–800 Mev Quasi-Monoenergetic Electron Beams From A Laser-Wakefield Accelerator In The Blowout Regime, Sudeep Banerjee, Nathan D. Powers, Vidiya Ramanathan, Isaac Ghebregziabher, Kevin J. Brown, Chakra M. Maharjan, Shouyuan Chen, Arnaud Beck, Erik Lefebvre, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Bradley A. Shadwick, Donald P. Umstadter

Serge Youri Kalmykov

In this paper, we present results on a scalable high-energy electron source based on laser wakefield acceleration. The electron accelerator using 30 - 80 TW, 30 fs laser pulses, operates in the blowout regime, and produces high-quality, quasi-monoenergetic electron beams in the range 100 - 800 MeV. These beams have angular divergence of 1 - 4 mrad, and 5 - 25 percent energy spread, with a resulting brightness 10^{11} electrons mm^{-2} MeV^{-1} mrad^{-2}. The beam parameters can be tuned by varying the laser and plasma conditions. The use of a high-quality laser pulse and appropriate target conditions enables optimization of ...


Laser Plasma Acceleration With A Negatively Chirped Pulse: All-Optical Control Over Dark Current In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Arnaud Beck, Xavier Davoine, Erik Lefebvre, Bradley A. Shadwick Mar 2012

Laser Plasma Acceleration With A Negatively Chirped Pulse: All-Optical Control Over Dark Current In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Arnaud Beck, Xavier Davoine, Erik Lefebvre, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Recent experiments with 100 terawatt-class, sub-50 femtosecond laser pulses show that electrons self-injected into a laser-driven electron density bubble can be accelerated above 0.5 gigaelectronvolt energy in a sub-centimetre length rarefied plasma. To reach this energy range, electrons must ultimately outrun the bubble and exit the accelerating phase; this, however, does not ensure high beam quality. Wake excitation increases the laser pulse bandwidth by red-shifting its head, keeping the tail unshifted. Anomalous group velocity dispersion of radiation in plasma slows down the red-shifted head, compressing the pulse into a few-cycle-long piston of relativistic intensity. Pulse transformation into a piston ...


Physics Of Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser-Plasma Acceleration Of Electrons In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Bradley A. Shadwick, Arnaud Beck, Erik Lefebvre Oct 2011

Physics Of Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser-Plasma Acceleration Of Electrons In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Bradley A. Shadwick, Arnaud Beck, Erik Lefebvre

Serge Youri Kalmykov

No abstract provided.


Electron Self-Injection Into An Evolving Plasma Bubble: Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser-Plasma Acceleration In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Arnaud Beck, Sunghwan A. Yi, Vladimir N. Khudik, Michael C. Downer, Erik Lefebvre, Bradley A. Shadwick, Donald P. Umstadter Apr 2011

Electron Self-Injection Into An Evolving Plasma Bubble: Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser-Plasma Acceleration In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Arnaud Beck, Sunghwan A. Yi, Vladimir N. Khudik, Michael C. Downer, Erik Lefebvre, Bradley A. Shadwick, Donald P. Umstadter

Serge Youri Kalmykov

An electron density bubble driven in a rarefied uniform plasma by a slowly evolving laser pulse goes through periods of adiabatically slow expansions and contractions. Bubble expansion causes robust self-injection of initially quiescent plasma electrons, whereas stabilization and contraction terminate self-injection thus limiting injected charge; concomitant phase space rotation reduces the bunch energy spread. In regimes relevant to experiments with hundred terawatt- to petawatt-class lasers, bubble dynamics and, hence, the self-injection process are governed primarily by the driver evolution. Collective transverse fields of the trapped electron bunch reduce the accelerating gradient and slow down phase space rotation. Bubble expansion followed ...


Dark-Current-Free Petawatt Laser-Driven Wakefield Accelerator Based On Electron Self-Injection Into An Expanding Plasma Bubble, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Sunghwan A. Yi, Arnaud Beck, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Xavier Davoine, Erik Lefebvre, Vladimir N. Khudik, Gennady Shvets, Michael C. Downer Dec 2010

Dark-Current-Free Petawatt Laser-Driven Wakefield Accelerator Based On Electron Self-Injection Into An Expanding Plasma Bubble, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Sunghwan A. Yi, Arnaud Beck, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Xavier Davoine, Erik Lefebvre, Vladimir N. Khudik, Gennady Shvets, Michael C. Downer

Serge Youri Kalmykov

A dark-current-free plasma accelerator driven by a short (~ 150 fs) self-guided petawatt laser pulse is proposed. The accelerator uses two plasma layers, one of which, short and dense, acts as a thin nonlinear lens. It is followed by a long rarefied plasma (~ 10^{17} electrons cm^{−3}) in which background electrons are trapped and accelerated by a nonlinear laser wakefield. The pulse overfocused by the plasma lens diffracts in low-density plasma as in vacuum and drives in its wake a rapidly expanding electron density bubble. The expanding bubble effectively traps initially quiescent electrons. The trapped charge given by quasi-cylindrical three-dimensional ...