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Condensed Matter Physics

2012

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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Incommensurate Spin Fluctuations In High-Transition Temperature Superconductors, Barrett Wells, Young Lee, Marc Kastner, Rebecca Christianson, Robert Birgeneau, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Yasuo Endoh, Gen Shirane Jul 2012

Incommensurate Spin Fluctuations In High-Transition Temperature Superconductors, Barrett Wells, Young Lee, Marc Kastner, Rebecca Christianson, Robert Birgeneau, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Yasuo Endoh, Gen Shirane

Rebecca J. Christianson

Neutron scattering experiments have revealed a fascinating interplay between the hole doping, the spin fluctuations, and the superconductivity of the cuprate superconductors. Recently, electrochemical techniques have been used to produce large single crystals of La2CuO4+ y, which has mobile oxygen dopants. Staging behavior of the excess oxygen has been demonstrated, and the low-energy spin fluctuations in stage 6 La2CuO4+ y have been measured. The spin fluctuations are incommensurate with the lattice and have spatial, energy, and temperature dependencies very much like those in La2− xSrxCuO4, with similar high transition temperature. This establishes the universality of the incommensurate spin fluctuations among ...


Structures And Incommensurate Spin Excitations In Excess Oxygen-Doped La2cuo4+Y, Robert Birgeneau, Rebecca Christianson, Yasuo Endoh, Marc Kastner, Young Lee, Gen Shirane, Barrett Wells, Kazuyoshi Yamada Jul 2012

Structures And Incommensurate Spin Excitations In Excess Oxygen-Doped La2cuo4+Y, Robert Birgeneau, Rebecca Christianson, Yasuo Endoh, Marc Kastner, Young Lee, Gen Shirane, Barrett Wells, Kazuyoshi Yamada

Rebecca J. Christianson

Over the past decade, we have studied in detail the low-energy spin fluctuations in :a2−xSrxCuO4 for xbetween 0 and 0.18. Our experiments, as well as those by others, have revealed a fascinating interplay between the hole doping, the static and dynamic spin fluctuations and superconductivity. Recently, using electrochemical techniques, we have learned how to produce large single crystals of La2CuO4+y which are relatively homogenous. In this latter system, the dopants are characterized by annealed rather than quenched disorder. Furthermore, we have demonstrated staging behavior of the excess oxygen analogous to staging in intercalated graphite. We have now ...


Size-Dependent Metal-Insulator Transition In Pt-Dispersed Sio2 Thin Film: A Candidate For Future Non-Volatile Memory, Albert B. Chen Jun 2012

Size-Dependent Metal-Insulator Transition In Pt-Dispersed Sio2 Thin Film: A Candidate For Future Non-Volatile Memory, Albert B. Chen

Albert B Chen

Non-volatile random access memories (NVRAM) are promising data storage and processing devices. Various NVRAM, such as FeRAM and MRAM, have been studied in the past. But resistance switching random access memory (RRAM) has demonstrated the most potential for replacing flash memory in use today. In this dissertation, a novel RRAM material design that relies upon an electronic transition, rather than a phase change (as in chalcogenide Ovonic RRAM) or a structural change (such in oxide and halide filamentary RRAM), is investigated. Since the design is not limited to a single material but applicable to general combinations of metals and insulators ...


Bulk Fermi Surface And Momentum Density In Heavily Doped La₂₋ₓSrₓCuo₄ Using High-Resolution Compton Scattering And Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies, W. Al-Sawai, B. Barbiellini, Y. Sakurai, M. Itou, P. E. Mijnarends, R. S. Markiewicz, S. Kaprzyk, S. Wakimoto, M. Fujita, S. Basak, H. Lin, Yung Jui Wang, S. W. H. Eijt, H. Schut, K. Yamada, A. Bansil Apr 2012

Bulk Fermi Surface And Momentum Density In Heavily Doped La₂₋ₓSrₓCuo₄ Using High-Resolution Compton Scattering And Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies, W. Al-Sawai, B. Barbiellini, Y. Sakurai, M. Itou, P. E. Mijnarends, R. S. Markiewicz, S. Kaprzyk, S. Wakimoto, M. Fujita, S. Basak, H. Lin, Yung Jui Wang, S. W. H. Eijt, H. Schut, K. Yamada, A. Bansil

Arun Bansil

We have observed the bulk Fermi surface (FS) in an overdoped (x=0.3) single crystal of La₂₋ₓSrₓCuO₄ by using Compton scattering. A two-dimensional (2D) momentum density reconstruction from measured Compton profiles yields a clear FS signature in the third Brillouin zone along [100]. The quantitative agreement between density functional theory (DFT) calculations and momentum density experiment suggests that Fermi-liquid physics is restored in the overdoped regime. In particular the predicted FS topology is found to be in good accord with the corresponding experimental data. We find similar quantitative agreement between the measured 2D angular correlation of positron annihilation ...


Fermi-Surface Topology And Low-Lying Electronic Structure Of The Iron-Based Superconductor Ca₁₀(Pt₃As₈)(Fe₂As₂)₅, Madhab Neupane, Chang Liu, Su-Yang Xu, Yung-Jui Wang, Ni Ni, J. M. Allred, N. Alidoust, Hsin Lin, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil, R. J. Cava, M. Z. Hasan Apr 2012

Fermi-Surface Topology And Low-Lying Electronic Structure Of The Iron-Based Superconductor Ca₁₀(Pt₃As₈)(Fe₂As₂)₅, Madhab Neupane, Chang Liu, Su-Yang Xu, Yung-Jui Wang, Ni Ni, J. M. Allred, N. Alidoust, Hsin Lin, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil, R. J. Cava, M. Z. Hasan

Arun Bansil

We report a study of low-energy electronic structure and Fermi surface topology for the recently discovered iron-based superconductor Ca₁₀(Pt₃As₈)(Fe₂As₂)₅(the 10-3-8 phase, with Tc∼8 K), via angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). Despite its triclinic crystal structure, ARPES results reveal a fourfold symmetric band structure with the absence of Dirac-cone-like Fermi dots (related to magnetism) found around the Brillouin zone corners in other iron-based superconductors. Considering that the triclinic lattice and structural supercell arise from the Pt₃As₈ intermediary layers, these results indicate that those layers couple only weakly to the FeAs layers in this new superconductor at least ...


Bulk Fermi Surface And Momentum Density In Heavily Doped La₂₋ₓSrₓCuo₄ Using High-Resolution Compton Scattering And Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies, W. Al-Sawai, B. Barbiellini, Y. Sakurai, M. Itou, P. E. Mijnarends, R. S. Markiewicz, S. Kaprzyk, S. Wakimoto, M. Fujita, S. Basak, H. Lin, Yung Jui Wang, S. W. H. Eijt, H. Schut, K. Yamada, A. Bansil Apr 2012

Bulk Fermi Surface And Momentum Density In Heavily Doped La₂₋ₓSrₓCuo₄ Using High-Resolution Compton Scattering And Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies, W. Al-Sawai, B. Barbiellini, Y. Sakurai, M. Itou, P. E. Mijnarends, R. S. Markiewicz, S. Kaprzyk, S. Wakimoto, M. Fujita, S. Basak, H. Lin, Yung Jui Wang, S. W. H. Eijt, H. Schut, K. Yamada, A. Bansil

Bernardo Barbiellini

We have observed the bulk Fermi surface (FS) in an overdoped (x=0.3) single crystal of La₂₋ₓSrₓCuO₄ by using Compton scattering. A two-dimensional (2D) momentum density reconstruction from measured Compton profiles yields a clear FS signature in the third Brillouin zone along [100]. The quantitative agreement between density functional theory (DFT) calculations and momentum density experiment suggests that Fermi-liquid physics is restored in the overdoped regime. In particular the predicted FS topology is found to be in good accord with the corresponding experimental data. We find similar quantitative agreement between the measured 2D angular correlation of positron annihilation ...


Surface Roughness And Dry Friction, J. Sokoloff Apr 2012

Surface Roughness And Dry Friction, J. Sokoloff

Jeffrey Sokoloff

Persson's multiscale contact mechanics theory combined with a multiscale Brillouin-Prandtl-Tomlinson model is used to show that on the basis of these models “dry friction” [i.e., kinetic friction that remains at exceedingly small velocities (but still above the creep range) close to its value at higher velocities] should almost always occur for self-affine surfaces when the dominant interaction between two surfaces in contact is due to interatomic hard core repulsion, except for extremely smooth surfaces (i.e., surfaces with a Hurst index very close to 1).


Comparison Of The Kinetic Friction Of Planar Neutral And Polyelectrolyte Polymer Brushes Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Yangpeng Ou, Jeffrey B. Sokoloff, Mark J. Stevens Apr 2012

Comparison Of The Kinetic Friction Of Planar Neutral And Polyelectrolyte Polymer Brushes Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Yangpeng Ou, Jeffrey B. Sokoloff, Mark J. Stevens

Jeffrey Sokoloff

We have simulated the relative shear motion of both neutral and polyelectrolyte end-grafted polymer brushes using molecular dynamics. The flexible neutral polymer brush is treated as a bead-spring model, and the polyelectrolyte brush is treated the same way except that each bead is charged and there are counterions present to neutralize the charge. We investigated the friction coefficient, monomer density, and brush penetration for both polyelectrolyte and neutral brushes with both equal grafting density and equal normal force under good solvent conditions. We found that polyelectrolyte brushes had a smaller friction coefficient and monomer penetration than neutral polymer brushes with ...


Bulk Fermi Surface And Momentum Density In Heavily Doped La₂₋ₓSrₓCuo₄ Using High-Resolution Compton Scattering And Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies, W. Al-Sawai, B. Barbiellini, Y. Sakurai, M. Itou, P. Mijnarends, R. Markiewicz, S. Kaprzyk, S. Wakimoto, M. Fujita, S. Basak, H. Lin, Yung Jui Wang, S. Eijt, H. Schut, K. Yamada, A. Bansil Apr 2012

Bulk Fermi Surface And Momentum Density In Heavily Doped La₂₋ₓSrₓCuo₄ Using High-Resolution Compton Scattering And Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies, W. Al-Sawai, B. Barbiellini, Y. Sakurai, M. Itou, P. Mijnarends, R. Markiewicz, S. Kaprzyk, S. Wakimoto, M. Fujita, S. Basak, H. Lin, Yung Jui Wang, S. Eijt, H. Schut, K. Yamada, A. Bansil

Robert Markiewicz

We have observed the bulk Fermi surface (FS) in an overdoped (x=0.3) single crystal of La₂₋ₓSrₓCuO₄ by using Compton scattering. A two-dimensional (2D) momentum density reconstruction from measured Compton profiles yields a clear FS signature in the third Brillouin zone along [100]. The quantitative agreement between density functional theory (DFT) calculations and momentum density experiment suggests that Fermi-liquid physics is restored in the overdoped regime. In particular the predicted FS topology is found to be in good accord with the corresponding experimental data. We find similar quantitative agreement between the measured 2D angular correlation of positron annihilation ...


Fermi-Surface Topology And Low-Lying Electronic Structure Of The Iron-Based Superconductor Ca₁₀(Pt₃As₈)(Fe₂As₂)₅, Madhab Neupane, Chang Liu, Su-Yang Xu, Yung-Jui Wang, Ni Ni, J. M. Allred, N. Alidoust, Hsin Lin, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil, R. J. Cava, M. Z. Hasan Apr 2012

Fermi-Surface Topology And Low-Lying Electronic Structure Of The Iron-Based Superconductor Ca₁₀(Pt₃As₈)(Fe₂As₂)₅, Madhab Neupane, Chang Liu, Su-Yang Xu, Yung-Jui Wang, Ni Ni, J. M. Allred, N. Alidoust, Hsin Lin, R. S. Markiewicz, A. Bansil, R. J. Cava, M. Z. Hasan

Robert Markiewicz

We report a study of low-energy electronic structure and Fermi surface topology for the recently discovered iron-based superconductor Ca₁₀(Pt₃As₈)(Fe₂As₂)₅(the 10-3-8 phase, with Tc∼8 K), via angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). Despite its triclinic crystal structure, ARPES results reveal a fourfold symmetric band structure with the absence of Dirac-cone-like Fermi dots (related to magnetism) found around the Brillouin zone corners in other iron-based superconductors. Considering that the triclinic lattice and structural supercell arise from the Pt₃As₈ intermediary layers, these results indicate that those layers couple only weakly to the FeAs layers in this new superconductor at least ...


Equation Of State From The Potts-Percolation Model Of A Solid, Miron Kaufman Mar 2012

Equation Of State From The Potts-Percolation Model Of A Solid, Miron Kaufman

Miron Kaufman

We expand the Potts-percolation model of a solid to include stress and strain. Neighboring atoms are connected by bonds. We set the energy of a bond to be given by the Lennard-Jones potential. If the energy is larger than a threshold the bond is more likely to fail, whereas if the energy is lower than the threshold, the bond is more likely to be alive. In two dimensions we compute the equation of state: stress as a function of interatomic distance and temperature by using renormalization-group and Monte Carlo simulations. The phase diagram, the equation of state, and the isothermal ...


Microwave Optics Research, Allen Andersen, Todd Lines, Josh Barney Mar 2012

Microwave Optics Research, Allen Andersen, Todd Lines, Josh Barney

Allen Andersen

The BYU-Idaho Physics Department x-band microwave optics equipment was originally intended for use in classroom demonstrations. I evaluated this equipment for use in research. I designed and built additional equipment needed in order to perform attenuation and other experiments then used it to conduct research on the transmission properties of paper and other substances. The new equipment allowed me to create a standard experimental procedure, take reasonably accurate measurements, and reduce undesired standing wave effects. Mathematical and experimental analysis was done to determine the necessary parameters of the new equipment. The new apparatus is comparable to setups featured in published ...


Robust Isothermal Electric Control Of Exchange Bias At Room Temperature, Xi He, Yi Wang, Christian Binek, Peter Dowben Mar 2012

Robust Isothermal Electric Control Of Exchange Bias At Room Temperature, Xi He, Yi Wang, Christian Binek, Peter Dowben

Christian Binek

Voltage-controlled spin electronics is crucial for continued progress in information technology. It aims at reduced power consumption, increased integration density and enhanced functionality where non-volatile memory is combined with highspeed logical processing. Promising spintronic device concepts use the electric control of interface and surface magnetization. From the combination of magnetometry, spin-polarized photoemission spectroscopy, symmetry arguments and first-principles calculations, we show that the (0001) surface of magnetoelectric Cr2O3 has a roughness-insensitive, electrically switchable magnetization. Using a ferromagnetic Pd/Co multilayer deposited on the (0001) surface of a Cr2O3 single crystal, we achieve reversible, room-temperature isothermal switching of the exchange-bias field between ...


Capillary Force In High Aspect-Ratio Micropillar Arrays, Dinesh Chandra Feb 2012

Capillary Force In High Aspect-Ratio Micropillar Arrays, Dinesh Chandra

Dinesh Chandra

High aspect-ratio (HAR) micropillar arrays are important for many applications including, mechanical sensors and actuators, tunable wetting surfaces and substrates for living cell studies. However, due to their mechanical compliance and large surface area, the micropillars are susceptible to deformation due to surface forces, such as adhesive force and capillary force. In this thesis we have explored the capillary force driven mechanical instability of HAR micropillar arrays. We have shown that when a liquid is evaporated off the micropillar arrays, the pillars bend and cluster together due to a much smaller capillary meniscus interaction force while still surrounded by a ...


Structural, Optical And Electrical Properties Of Europium Picrate Tetraethylene Glycol Complex As Emissive Material For Oled, Wan Haliza Abd Majid Dec 2011

Structural, Optical And Electrical Properties Of Europium Picrate Tetraethylene Glycol Complex As Emissive Material For Oled, Wan Haliza Abd Majid

Wan Haliza binti Abd Majid

A new europium complex [Eu(Pic) 2(H 2O)(EO4)](Pic) ·0.75H 2O was synthesized and used as the emission material for the single layer device structure of ITO/EO4EuPic/Al, using a spin-coating technique. Study on the optical properties of the [Eu(Pic) 2(H 2O)(EO4)](Pic)·0.75H 2O complex where EO4=tetraethylene glycol and Pic=picrate anion, had to be undertaken before being applicable to the study of an organic light emitting diode (OLED). The electrical property of an OLED using currentvoltage (IV) measurement was also studied. In complex, the Eu(III) ion was coordinated ...


Synthesis, Magnetic Properties And X-Ray Analysis Of Zn0.97x0.03o Nanoparticles (X = Mn, Ni, And Co) Using Scherrer And Size-Strain Plot Methods, Wan Haliza Abd Majid Dec 2011

Synthesis, Magnetic Properties And X-Ray Analysis Of Zn0.97x0.03o Nanoparticles (X = Mn, Ni, And Co) Using Scherrer And Size-Strain Plot Methods, Wan Haliza Abd Majid

Wan Haliza binti Abd Majid

Un-doped and doped ZnO nanoparticles (Zn0.97X0.03O-NPs, X = Mn, Co, and Ni) were synthesized from a metal acetate precursor and acetic acid by a modified sol gel combustion method. The compounds were synthesized at calcination temperatures of 650 degrees C for 1 h. The synthesized un-doped/doped ZnO-NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and high-magnification transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The XRD results revealed that the sample product was crystalline with a hexagonal wurtzite phase. The TEM showed ZnO-NPs nearly spherical shapes and a non-uniform shape for doped ZnO-NPs. The crystalline development in the ZnO-NPs was investigated by ...


Theoretical And Experimental Approach On Dielectric Properties Of Zno Nanoparticles And Polyurethane/Zno Nanocomposites, Wan Haliza Binti Abd Majid Dec 2011

Theoretical And Experimental Approach On Dielectric Properties Of Zno Nanoparticles And Polyurethane/Zno Nanocomposites, Wan Haliza Binti Abd Majid

Wan Haliza binti Abd Majid

ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) were synthesized by a new, simple sol-gel method in gelatin media (particle size of ZnO ≈ 30 to 60 nm). Polyurethane/ZnO nanocomposites thin films (PU/ZnO-NPs) were prepared by mixing the ZnO-NPs into PU prepolymer. The nanocomposites were structurally characterized using Fourier transmission infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The interaction between ZnO-NPs and PU matrix is studied by analyzing the differences in C=O region and N-H region of FTIR spectra. The morphology of ZnO and PU/ZnO nanocomposites were assessed using transmission electron micrograph, TEM, and field emission scanning electron microscope, FESEM, respectively. The dielectric properties of ZnO-NPs ...


Angular-Dependences Of Giant In-Plane And Interlayer Magnetoresistances In Bi2te3 Bulk Single Crystals, Zengji Yue Dec 2011

Angular-Dependences Of Giant In-Plane And Interlayer Magnetoresistances In Bi2te3 Bulk Single Crystals, Zengji Yue

Zengji Yue

Angular-dependences of in-plane and interlayer magnetotransport properties in n-type Bi2Te3 bulk single crystals have been investigated over a broad range of temperatures and magnetic fields. Giant in-plane magnetoresistances (MR) of up to 500% and interlayer MR of up to 200% were observed, respectively. The observed MR exhibits quadratic field dependences in low fields and linear field dependences in high fields. The angular dependences of the MR represent strong anisotropy and twofold oscillations. The observed angle-dependent, giant MR might result from the strong coulomb scattering of electrons as well as impurity scattering in the bulk conduction bands of n-type Bi2Te3. The ...


An Analytical Model For Complete Solute Trapping During Rapid Solidification Of Binary Alloys, Sergey Sobolev Dec 2011

An Analytical Model For Complete Solute Trapping During Rapid Solidification Of Binary Alloys, Sergey Sobolev

Sergey Sobolev

An analytical model has been developed to describe solute partitioning during rapid solidification of binary alloys under local nonequilibrium conditions. The model takes into account the deviations from equilibrium both at the solid–liquid interface according to the kinetic approach of Jackson et al. based on Monte Carlo simulations and in the bulk liquid using local nonequilibrium diffusion model (LNDM). The dimensionless growth parameter b found in the Monte Carlo simulations as the important parameter for solute trapping has been modified for the local nonequilibrium diffusion case. An analytical expression has been developed for the velocity-dependent partition coefficient K which ...