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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Heat Transport In Sb2àXvxte3 Single Crystals, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher, Č. DrašAr, P. LošŤÁK Sep 2002

Heat Transport In Sb2àXvxte3 Single Crystals, Jeffrey Dyck, W. Chen, C. Uher, Č. DrašAr, P. LošŤÁK

Jeffrey Dyck

Antimony telluride doped with small concentrations of vanadium was recently identified as a diluted magnetic semiconductor. We present a study of the heat transport in single crystals of [formula] with [formula] 0.01, 0.02, and 0.03. Thermopower and thermal conductivity were measured from 1.5 K to 300 K. The thermopower is positive for all samples investigated and has a modest dependence on vanadium content. At low temperatures, the lattice thermal conductivity has an approximate [formula] dependence and the data up to 100 K can be fitted well assuming that phonons scatter on boundaries, point defects, charge carriers ...


Highly Anisotropic Crystal Growth And Thermoelectric Properties Of K2bi8_Xsbxse13 Solid Solutions: Band Gap Anomaly At Low X, Jeffrey S. Dyck, Theodora Kyratsi, Wei Chan, Duck-Young Chung, Ctirad Uher, Konstantinos Paraskevopoulos, Mercouri Kanatzidis Jul 2002

Highly Anisotropic Crystal Growth And Thermoelectric Properties Of K2bi8_Xsbxse13 Solid Solutions: Band Gap Anomaly At Low X, Jeffrey S. Dyck, Theodora Kyratsi, Wei Chan, Duck-Young Chung, Ctirad Uher, Konstantinos Paraskevopoulos, Mercouri Kanatzidis

Jeffrey Dyck

The thermoelectric properties of solid solutions of the type B -K2Bi8_xSbxSe13 (0


Transport Properties Of Polycrystalline Type-I Sn Clathrates, G. S. Nolas, J. L. Cohn, Jeffrey Dyck, C. Uher, J. Lang Apr 2002

Transport Properties Of Polycrystalline Type-I Sn Clathrates, G. S. Nolas, J. L. Cohn, Jeffrey Dyck, C. Uher, J. Lang

Jeffrey Dyck

Thermal conductivity, resistivity, Seebeck coefficient, and Hall measurements on polycrystalline Sn-clathrate compounds with the type-I hydrate crystal structure are reported. Interstitial alkali-metal atoms in these compounds reside inside polyhedral cavities formed by the tetrahedrally bonded Sn network atoms. Localized disorder associated with “rattling” motion of these interstitial atoms contributes to the low thermal conductivity of these semiconducting compounds. The Hall coefficient and resistivity for some compounds exhibit nonmonotonic temperature dependences consistent with a crossover with decreasing temperature from conduction-band to impurity-band conduction. The carrier mobility is found to be low even in the absence of interstitial atoms within the Sn ...


Thermoelectric Properties Of The N-Type Filled Skutterudite Ba0.3co4sb12 Doped With Ni, Jeffrey Dyck, Wei Chen, Ctirad Uher, Lidong Chen, Xinfeng Tang, Toshio Hirai Mar 2002

Thermoelectric Properties Of The N-Type Filled Skutterudite Ba0.3co4sb12 Doped With Ni, Jeffrey Dyck, Wei Chen, Ctirad Uher, Lidong Chen, Xinfeng Tang, Toshio Hirai

Jeffrey Dyck

Synthesis and electrical and thermal transport properties are reported for several filled skutterudite compounds doped with Ni: Ba0.3NixCo4_xSb12 with 0


Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Based On Sb2àXvxte3 „0.01ïXï0.03., Jeffrey Dyck, Pavel Hájek, Petr LošŤÁK, Ctirad Uher Mar 2002

Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Based On Sb2àXvxte3 „0.01ïXï0.03., Jeffrey Dyck, Pavel Hájek, Petr LošŤÁK, Ctirad Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

We report on a diluted magnetic semiconductor based on the [formula] tetradymite structure doped with very low concentrations of vanadium (1—3 at. %). The anomalous transport behavior and robust magnetic hysteresis loops observed in magnetotransport and magnetic measurements are experimental manifestations of the ferromagnetic state in these materials. The [formula] exchange between holes and vanadium [formula] spins is estimated from the behavior of the magnetoresistance. A Curie temperature of at least 22 K is observed for [formula] This discovery offers possibilities for exploring magnetic properties of other tetradymite structure semiconductors doped with a wide range of [formula] transition metals.


Effect Of Ni On The Transport And Magnetic Properties Of Co1àXnixsb3, Jeffrey Dyck, Wei Chen, Jihui Yang, Gregory P. Meisner, Ctirad Uher Mar 2002

Effect Of Ni On The Transport And Magnetic Properties Of Co1àXnixsb3, Jeffrey Dyck, Wei Chen, Jihui Yang, Gregory P. Meisner, Ctirad Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

The filled skutterudite compounds based on the binary skutterudite [formula] are currently being investigated for their potential applications as thermoelectric materials. One route to optimization of these compounds is by doping on the Co site. An obvious candidate for an n-type dopant is Ni, since it has one more electron in its valence shell than Co. Up to now, however, only high concentrations of Ni in [formula] have been studied; and the valence of Ni in this compound and its influence on the transport and magnetic properties has been an open question. We present electrical resistivity, thermopower, Hall effect, magnetoresistance ...


Low-Temperature Ferromagnetism And Magnetic Anisotropy In The Novel Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor Sb2−Xvxte3, Jeffrey Dyck, Wei Chen, Pavel Hájek, Petr Lošt’Ák, Ctirad Uher Feb 2002

Low-Temperature Ferromagnetism And Magnetic Anisotropy In The Novel Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor Sb2−Xvxte3, Jeffrey Dyck, Wei Chen, Pavel Hájek, Petr Lošt’Ák, Ctirad Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

We report on a novel diluted magnetic semiconductor based on the Sb2Te3 tetradymite structure doped with very low concentrations of vanadium (1–3at%). Anisotropy in the magnetic hysteresis loops and magnetoresistance are observed at temperatures below the ferromagnetic ordering temperature. A Curie temperature of 24K is observed for Sb1.97V0.03Te3.


Influence Of Electron-Phonon Interaction On The Lattice Thermal Conductivity Of Co1àXnixsb3, J. Yang, D. T. Morelli, G. P. Meisner, W. Chen, Jeffrey Dyck, C. Uher Feb 2002

Influence Of Electron-Phonon Interaction On The Lattice Thermal Conductivity Of Co1àXnixsb3, J. Yang, D. T. Morelli, G. P. Meisner, W. Chen, Jeffrey Dyck, C. Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

We have investigated the effect of electron-phonon scattering in a series of n-type nickel-doped [formula] skutterudite materials. Samples were polycrystalline of the form [formula] with [formula] 0.001, 0.003, 0.005, 0.0075, and 0.01. The lattice thermal conductivity decreases dramatically with increasing Ni doping for [formula] For higher Ni concentration the reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity saturates. Our theoretical analysis indicates that this reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity cannot be explained solely by point-defect scattering of the phonons. Rather, we can fit the lattice thermal conductivity of Ni-doped [formula] by introducing an electron-phonon scattering mechanism ...


Thermoelectric Properties Of K[Subscript 2]Bi[Subscript 8-X]Sb[Subscript X]Se[Subscript 13] Solid Solutions And Se Doping [Et Al.], Theodora Kyratski, Jeffrey Dyck, Wei Chen Dec 2001

Thermoelectric Properties Of K[Subscript 2]Bi[Subscript 8-X]Sb[Subscript X]Se[Subscript 13] Solid Solutions And Se Doping [Et Al.], Theodora Kyratski, Jeffrey Dyck, Wei Chen

Jeffrey Dyck

Our efforts to improve the thermoelectric properties of β-K2Bi8Se13, led to systematic studies of solid solutions of the type β-K2Bi8−xSbxSe13. The charge transport properties and thermal conductivities were studied for selected members of the series. Lattice thermal conductivity decreases due to the mass fluctuation generated in the lattice by the mixed occupation of Sb and Bi atoms. Se excess as a dopant was found to increase the figure-of merit of the solid solutions.