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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Incommensurate Spin Fluctuations In High-Transition Temperature Superconductors, Barrett Wells, Young Lee, Marc Kastner, Rebecca Christianson, Robert Birgeneau, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Yasuo Endoh, Gen Shirane Jul 2012

Incommensurate Spin Fluctuations In High-Transition Temperature Superconductors, Barrett Wells, Young Lee, Marc Kastner, Rebecca Christianson, Robert Birgeneau, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Yasuo Endoh, Gen Shirane

Rebecca J. Christianson

Neutron scattering experiments have revealed a fascinating interplay between the hole doping, the spin fluctuations, and the superconductivity of the cuprate superconductors. Recently, electrochemical techniques have been used to produce large single crystals of La2CuO4+ y, which has mobile oxygen dopants. Staging behavior of the excess oxygen has been demonstrated, and the low-energy spin fluctuations in stage 6 La2CuO4+ y have been measured. The spin fluctuations are incommensurate with the lattice and have spatial, energy, and temperature dependencies very much like those in La2− xSrxCuO4, with similar high transition temperature. This establishes the universality of the incommensurate spin fluctuations among ...


Structures And Incommensurate Spin Excitations In Excess Oxygen-Doped La2cuo4+Y, Robert Birgeneau, Rebecca Christianson, Yasuo Endoh, Marc Kastner, Young Lee, Gen Shirane, Barrett Wells, Kazuyoshi Yamada Jul 2012

Structures And Incommensurate Spin Excitations In Excess Oxygen-Doped La2cuo4+Y, Robert Birgeneau, Rebecca Christianson, Yasuo Endoh, Marc Kastner, Young Lee, Gen Shirane, Barrett Wells, Kazuyoshi Yamada

Rebecca J. Christianson

Over the past decade, we have studied in detail the low-energy spin fluctuations in :a2−xSrxCuO4 for xbetween 0 and 0.18. Our experiments, as well as those by others, have revealed a fascinating interplay between the hole doping, the static and dynamic spin fluctuations and superconductivity. Recently, using electrochemical techniques, we have learned how to produce large single crystals of La2CuO4+y which are relatively homogenous. In this latter system, the dopants are characterized by annealed rather than quenched disorder. Furthermore, we have demonstrated staging behavior of the excess oxygen analogous to staging in intercalated graphite. We have now ...