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Iowa State University

Density functional theory

Materials Science and Engineering

2001

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Unbiased Density Functional Solutions Of Freezing In Binary Mixtures Of Hard Or Soft Spheres, M. Valera, R. F. Bielby, F. J. Pinksi, Duane D. Johnson Jan 2001

Unbiased Density Functional Solutions Of Freezing In Binary Mixtures Of Hard Or Soft Spheres, M. Valera, R. F. Bielby, F. J. Pinksi, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

various size ratios, σ2/σ1, using density functional theory. The Grand Potential is minimized using an unbiased, discrete, real-space mesh that does not constrain the shape of the density, and, in many cases, leads to solutions qualitatively different from those using Gaussians and plane-waves. Besides the usual face-centered-cubic solid-solution phase for σ2/σ1≈1.0, we find a sublattice-melt phase for σ2/σ1=0.85–0.5 (where the small-sphere density is nonlocalized and multi-peaked) and the NaCl phase for σ2/σ1=0.45–0.35 (when the small-sphere density again sharpens). For a range of size ratios of soft ...