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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Posterminaries: After Nabarro, Alexander H. King Nov 2006

Posterminaries: After Nabarro, Alexander H. King

Alexander H. King

With the passing of Frank Nabarro in July of this year, we have lost one of the founding fathers of materials science. His name appears in many of the textbooks from which we train our students today, and also on the spines of several volumes on dislocation theory, including his classic monograph on the subject. He rightly stands among the gods of our field. Ninety years old at his death, he was a sprightly dancer at the frontiers of knowledge, right up to the end.


Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopic And High-Pressure Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Studies Of Benzene Hydrogenation On Pt(111), Kaitlin M. Bratlie, Max O. Montano, Lucio D. Flores, Matti Paajanen, Gabor A. Somorjai Oct 2006

Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopic And High-Pressure Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Studies Of Benzene Hydrogenation On Pt(111), Kaitlin M. Bratlie, Max O. Montano, Lucio D. Flores, Matti Paajanen, Gabor A. Somorjai

Kaitlin M. Bratlie

Sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy and high-pressure scanning tunneling microscopy (HP-STM) have been used in combination for the first time to study a catalytic reaction. These techniques have been able to identify surface intermediates in situ during benzene hydrogenation on a Pt(111) single-crystal surface at Torr pressures.


Posterminaries: The Scales Of Judgement, Alexander H. King Sep 2006

Posterminaries: The Scales Of Judgement, Alexander H. King

Alexander H. King

Materials scientists are generally well-versed in physics, and physics, above all, is a science of measurements. The first instinct of a physicist is to parse a problem in terms of its measurables in the dimensions of mass, length, and time, and it is the shifting of attention down the scale of length that particularly characterizes our present times as the Nano Age.


Posterminaries: Plain Text, Alexander H. King Jan 2006

Posterminaries: Plain Text, Alexander H. King

Alexander H. King

You just can’t win an argument with an English professor.


Thermal Effects On Domain Orientation Of Tetragonal Piezoelectrics Studied By In Situ X-Ray Diffraction, Wonyoung Chang, Alexander H. King, Keith J. Bowman Jan 2006

Thermal Effects On Domain Orientation Of Tetragonal Piezoelectrics Studied By In Situ X-Ray Diffraction, Wonyoung Chang, Alexander H. King, Keith J. Bowman

Alexander H. King

Thermal effects on domain orientation in tetragonal lead zirconate titanate (PZT) and lead titanate (PT) have been investigated by using in situ x-ray diffraction with an area detector. In the case of a soft PZT, it is found that the texture parameter called multiples of a random distribution (MRD) initially increases with temperature up to approximately 100 °C and then falls to unity at temperatures approaching the Curie temperature, whereas the MRD of hard PZT and PT initially undergoes a smaller increase or no change. The relationship between the mechanical strain energy and domain wall mobility with temperature is discussed.


Quantum Monte Carlo Calculations Applied To Magnetic Molecules , Larry Paul Engelhardt Jan 2006

Quantum Monte Carlo Calculations Applied To Magnetic Molecules , Larry Paul Engelhardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, we have implemented a quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) algorithm, and have used it to perform calculations for a variety of finite Heisenberg spin systems. A detailed description of the QMC method has been provided, which is followed by applications of the method to various systems. These applications begin with a detailed analysis of the (calculated) equilibrium magnetization and magnetic susceptibility for a number of Heisenberg Hamiltonians. In particular, we have studied the dependence of these quantities on intrinsic spin s, and have quantified the approach to the classical (s → infinity) limit. These results are not specific to ...


Tribological Properties Of Quasicrystals: Effect Of Aperiodic Versus Periodic Surface Order, Jeong Young Park, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2006

Tribological Properties Of Quasicrystals: Effect Of Aperiodic Versus Periodic Surface Order, Jeong Young Park, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We investigated the nanoscale tribological properties of a decagonal quasicrystal using a combination of atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum. This combination permitted a variety of in situ measurements, including atomic-scale structure, friction and adhesion force, tip-sample current, and topography. We found that thiol-passivated tips can be used for reproducible studies of the tip-quasicrystal contact while nonpassivated probes adhere irreversibly to the clean quasicrystalline surface causing permanent modifications. The most remarkable results were obtained on the twofold surface of the Al-Ni-Co decagonal quasicrystal where atoms are arranged periodically along the tenfold axis and aperiodically in the ...


Cloning, Expression, Purification, Crystallization And Preliminary X-Ray Diffraction Analysis Of The Regulator Acrr From Escherichia Coli, Ming Li, Xi Qiu, Chih-Chia Su, Feng Long, Ruoyu Gu, Gerry Mcdermott, Edward Yu Jan 2006

Cloning, Expression, Purification, Crystallization And Preliminary X-Ray Diffraction Analysis Of The Regulator Acrr From Escherichia Coli, Ming Li, Xi Qiu, Chih-Chia Su, Feng Long, Ruoyu Gu, Gerry Mcdermott, Edward Yu

Physics and Astronomy Publications

This paper describes the cloning, expression, purification and preliminary X-ray data analysis of the AcrR regulatory protein. The Escherichia coli AcrR is a member of the TetR family of transcriptional regulators. It regulates the expression of the AcrAB multidrug transporter. Recombinant AcrR with a 6×His tag at the C-terminus was expressed in E. coli and purified by metal-affinity chromatography. The protein was crystallized using hanging-drop vapor diffusion. X-ray diffraction data were collected from cryocooled crystals at a synchrotron light source. The best crystal diffracted to 2.5 Å. The space group was determined to be P32, with ...


Conformation Of The Acrb Multidrug Efflux Pump In Mutants Of The Putative Proton Relay Pathway, Chih-Chia Su, Ming Li, Ruoyu Gu, Yumiko Takatsuka, Gerry Mcdermott, Hiroshi Nikaido, Edward Yu Jan 2006

Conformation Of The Acrb Multidrug Efflux Pump In Mutants Of The Putative Proton Relay Pathway, Chih-Chia Su, Ming Li, Ruoyu Gu, Yumiko Takatsuka, Gerry Mcdermott, Hiroshi Nikaido, Edward Yu

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We previously reported the X-ray structures of wild-type Escherichia coli AcrB, a proton motive force-dependent multidrug efflux pump, and its N109A mutant. These structures presumably reflect the resting state of AcrB, which can bind drugs. After ligand binding, a proton may bind to an acidic residue(s) in the transmembrane domain, i.e., Asp407 or Asp408, within the putative network of electrostatically interacting residues, which also include Lys940 and Thr978, and this may initiate a series of conformational changes that result in drug expulsion. Herein we report the X-ray structures of four AcrB mutants, the D407A, D408A, K940A, and T978A ...