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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Superconducting Mgb2 Thin Films By Pulsed Laser Deposition, S. R. Shinde, S. B. Ogale, R. L. Greene, T. Venkatesan, Paul C. Canfield, Sergey L. Bud'ko, G. Lapertot, Cedomir Petrovic Jul 2001

Superconducting Mgb2 Thin Films By Pulsed Laser Deposition, S. R. Shinde, S. B. Ogale, R. L. Greene, T. Venkatesan, Paul C. Canfield, Sergey L. Bud'ko, G. Lapertot, Cedomir Petrovic

Ames Laboratory Publications

Growth of MgB2thin films by pulsed laser deposition is examined under ex situ and in situprocessing conditions. For the ex situ process, boronfilmsgrown by pulsed laser deposition were annealed at 900 °C with excess Mg. For the in situ process, different approaches involving ablation from a stoichiometric target under different growth conditions, as well as multilayer deposition involving interposed Mg layers were examined and analyzed. Magnetic measurements on ex situ processed films show Tc of ∼39 K, while the current best in situfilms show a susceptibility transition at ∼22 K.


Microwave Properties Of Superconducting Mgb2, N. Hakim, P. V. Parimi, C. Kusko, S. Sridhar, Paul C. Canfield, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Douglas K. Finnemore Jun 2001

Microwave Properties Of Superconducting Mgb2, N. Hakim, P. V. Parimi, C. Kusko, S. Sridhar, Paul C. Canfield, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Douglas K. Finnemore

Ames Laboratory Publications

Measurements of 10 GHz microwavesurface resistance, Rs, of dense MgB2wire and pellet are reported. Significant improvements are observed in the wire with reduction of porosity. The data lie substantially above the theoretical estimates for a pure Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer s-wave superconductor. However, the Rs (20 K) of the wire is an order of magnitude lower than that of polycrystalYBa2Cu3O6.95 and matches with single-crystal YBa2Cu3O6.95. The results show promise for the use of MgB2 in microwave applications.


Phonon Softening In Ni-Mn-Ga Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, C. Stassis Jun 2001

Phonon Softening In Ni-Mn-Ga Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, C. Stassis

Ames Laboratory Publications

The TA2 phonon dispersion curves of Ni-Mn-Ga alloys with different compositions which transform to different martensitic structures have been measured over a broad temperature range covering both paramagnetic and ferromagnetic phases. The branches show an anomaly (dip) at a wave number that depends on the particular martensitic structure, and there is softening of these anomalous phonons with decreasing temperature. This softening is enhanced below the Curie point, as a consequence of spin-phonon coupling. This effect is stronger for systems with higher electronic concentration.


Structural Characterization Of Thin Film Photonic Crystals, G. Subramania, Rana Biswas, Kristen P. Constant, M. M. Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho May 2001

Structural Characterization Of Thin Film Photonic Crystals, G. Subramania, Rana Biswas, Kristen P. Constant, M. M. Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We quantitatively analyze the structure of thin film inverse-opal photonic crystals composed of ordered arrays of air pores in a background of titania. Ordering of the sphere template and introduction of the titania background were performed simultaneously in the thin film photonic crystals. Nondestructive optical measurements of backfilling with high refractive index liquids, angle-resolved reflectivity, and optical spectroscopy were combined with band-structure calculations. The analysis reveals a thin film photonic crystal structure with a very high filling fraction (92–94 %) of air and a substantial compression along the c axis (∼22–25%).


Physical Properties Of Heusler-Like Fe2val, Ye Feng, J. Y. Rhee, T. A. Wiener, David W. Lynch, B. E. Hubbard, A. J. Sievers, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, L. L. Miller Apr 2001

Physical Properties Of Heusler-Like Fe2val, Ye Feng, J. Y. Rhee, T. A. Wiener, David W. Lynch, B. E. Hubbard, A. J. Sievers, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, L. L. Miller

Ames Laboratory Publications

A comprehensive characterization of the compound Fe2VAl was carried out. Samples grown by arc melting or the Bridgman method have Al and Fe deficiencies of up to 5 at. %. Czochralski-grown samples were Fe rich and Al deficient. X-ray diffraction implies appreciable antisite disorder in all of our samples. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy measurements showed that the carrier density and scattering time had little sample-to-sample variation or temperature dependence for near-stoichiometric samples. FTIR and dc resistivity suggest that the transport properties of Fe2VAl are influenced by both localized and delocalized carriers, with the former primarily responsible for ...