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Iowa State University

2001

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Articles 1 - 30 of 37

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Accuracy And Limitations Of Localized Green’S Function Methods For Materials Science Applications, Duane D. Johnson, Andrei V. Smirnov Dec 2001

Accuracy And Limitations Of Localized Green’S Function Methods For Materials Science Applications, Duane D. Johnson, Andrei V. Smirnov

Duane D. Johnson

We compare screened real-space and reciprocal-space implementations of Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker electronic-structure method for their applicability to largescale problems requiring various levels of accuracy. We show that real-space calculations in metals can become impractical to describe energies. We suggest a combined r- and k-space scheme as the most efficient and flexible strategy for accurate energy calculations. Our hybrid code is suitable for (parallel) large-scale calculations involving complex, multicomponent systems. We also discuss how details of numerical procedures can affect accuracy of such calculations.


Absence Of Fine Structure In The Photoemission Spectrum Of The Icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn Quasicrystal, Z. M. Stadnik, D. Purdie, Y. Baer, Thomas A. Lograsso Nov 2001

Absence Of Fine Structure In The Photoemission Spectrum Of The Icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn Quasicrystal, Z. M. Stadnik, D. Purdie, Y. Baer, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Publications

The results of the low-temperature ultrahigh-energy-resolution photoemission studies of a single-grain icosahedral alloy Al70Pd21.5Mn8.5 have been presented. The existence of the theoretically predicted pseudogap in the density of states at the Fermi energy has been confirmed. No evidence of the theoretically predicted spikiness of the density of states could be observed. It has been suggested that the failure to detect the predicted spikiness of the density of states in icosahedral quasicrystals is consistent with the results of Zijlstra and Janssen [Europhys. Lett. 52, 578 (2000)] who showed that the spikiness occurs only in ...


Classical Density Functional Theory Of Freezing In Simple Fluids: Numerically Induced False Solutions, M. Valera, F. J. Pinski, Duane D. Johnson Nov 2001

Classical Density Functional Theory Of Freezing In Simple Fluids: Numerically Induced False Solutions, M. Valera, F. J. Pinski, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

Density functional theory (DFT) has provided many insights into the freezing of simple fluids. Several analytical and numerical solution have shown that the DFT provides an accurate description of freezing of hard spheres and their mixtures. Compared to other techniques, numerical, grid-based algorithms for solving the DFT equations have more variational freedom and are capable of describing subtle behavior, as that seen in mixtures with multipeaked density profiles. However the grid-based approach is sensitive to the coarseness of the mesh employed. Here we summarize how the granularity of the mesh affects the freezing point within the DFT. For coarse meshes ...


Optical Properties And Electronic Structure Of Mgausn, S. J. Lee, J. M. Park, T. A. Wiener, L. L. Miller, David W. Lynch Sep 2001

Optical Properties And Electronic Structure Of Mgausn, S. J. Lee, J. M. Park, T. A. Wiener, L. L. Miller, David W. Lynch

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The optical conductivity spectrum of single-crystal MgAuSn was measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry in the energy range 1.5–5.0 eV. The spectrum has a large peak at 2.9 eV and a small shoulder around 4.3 eV. The band structure, density of states, and interband contribution to the optical conductivity were calculated with the tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital method in the atomic-sphere approximation. The intraband contribution to the optical conductivity was added using the Drude response fitted to the experimental data. The total theoretical spectrum, including the intraband contribution, agrees well with experimental data.


First Results From Rhic-Phenix, Tarun Kanti Ghosh, Sergey Belikov, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Athanasios Petridis, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Aug 2001

First Results From Rhic-Phenix, Tarun Kanti Ghosh, Sergey Belikov, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Athanasios Petridis, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

The PHENIX experiment consists of a large detector system located at the newly commissioned relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. The primary goal of the PHENIX experiment is to look for signatures of the QCD prediction of a deconfined high-energy-density phase of nuclear matter quark gluon plasma. PHENIX started data taking for Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 130 GeV in June 2000. The signals from the beam-beam counter (BBC) and zero degree calorimeter (ZDC) are used to determine the centrality of the collision. A Glauber model reproduces the ZDC spectrum reasonably well to determine the participants ...


Microscopic Kinetics And Time-Dependent Structure Factors, T. Aspelmeier, Beate Schmittmann, R. K. P. Zia Jul 2001

Microscopic Kinetics And Time-Dependent Structure Factors, T. Aspelmeier, Beate Schmittmann, R. K. P. Zia

Beate Schmittmann

The time evolution of structure factors (SF) in the disordering process of an initially phase-separated lattice depends crucially on the microscopic disordering mechanism, such as Kawasaki dynamics (KD) or vacancy-mediated disordering (VMD). Monte Carlo simulations show unexpected “dips” in the SFs. A phenomenological model is introduced to explain the dips in the odd SFs, and an analytical solution of KD is derived, in excellent agreement with simulations. The presence (absence) of dips in the even SFs for VMD (KD) marks a significant but not yet understood difference of the two dynamics.


Superconducting Mgb2 Thin Films By Pulsed Laser Deposition, S. R. Shinde, S. B. Ogale, R. L. Greene, T. Venkatesan, Paul C. Canfield, Sergey L. Bud'ko, G. Lapertot, Cedomir Petrovic Jul 2001

Superconducting Mgb2 Thin Films By Pulsed Laser Deposition, S. R. Shinde, S. B. Ogale, R. L. Greene, T. Venkatesan, Paul C. Canfield, Sergey L. Bud'ko, G. Lapertot, Cedomir Petrovic

Ames Laboratory Publications

Growth of MgB2thin films by pulsed laser deposition is examined under ex situ and in situprocessing conditions. For the ex situ process, boronfilmsgrown by pulsed laser deposition were annealed at 900 °C with excess Mg. For the in situ process, different approaches involving ablation from a stoichiometric target under different growth conditions, as well as multilayer deposition involving interposed Mg layers were examined and analyzed. Magnetic measurements on ex situ processed films show Tc of ∼39 K, while the current best in situfilms show a susceptibility transition at ∼22 K.


Measurement Of The Midrapidity Transverse Energy Distribution From Root(Nn)-N-S=130 Gev Au+Au Collisions At Rhic, K. Adcox, Sergey Belikov, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Athanasios Petridis, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jul 2001

Measurement Of The Midrapidity Transverse Energy Distribution From Root(Nn)-N-S=130 Gev Au+Au Collisions At Rhic, K. Adcox, Sergey Belikov, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Athanasios Petridis, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The first measurement of energy produced transverse to the beam direction at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory is presented. The midrapidity transverse energy density per participating nucleon rises steadily with the number of participants, closely paralleling the rise in charged-particle density, such that ⟨ET⟩/⟨Nch⟩ remains relatively constant as a function of centrality. The energy density calculated via Bjorken’s prescription for the 2% most central Au+Au collisions at √sNN=130GeV is at least εBj=4.6 GeV/fm3, which is a factor of 1.6 larger than found at √sNN=17.2 GeV ( Pb+Pb ...


Microwave Properties Of Superconducting Mgb2, N. Hakim, P. V. Parimi, C. Kusko, S. Sridhar, Paul C. Canfield, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Douglas K. Finnemore Jun 2001

Microwave Properties Of Superconducting Mgb2, N. Hakim, P. V. Parimi, C. Kusko, S. Sridhar, Paul C. Canfield, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Douglas K. Finnemore

Ames Laboratory Publications

Measurements of 10 GHz microwavesurface resistance, Rs, of dense MgB2wire and pellet are reported. Significant improvements are observed in the wire with reduction of porosity. The data lie substantially above the theoretical estimates for a pure Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer s-wave superconductor. However, the Rs (20 K) of the wire is an order of magnitude lower than that of polycrystalYBa2Cu3O6.95 and matches with single-crystal YBa2Cu3O6.95. The results show promise for the use of MgB2 in microwave applications.


Phonon Softening In Ni-Mn-Ga Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, C. Stassis Jun 2001

Phonon Softening In Ni-Mn-Ga Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, C. Stassis

Ames Laboratory Publications

The TA2 phonon dispersion curves of Ni-Mn-Ga alloys with different compositions which transform to different martensitic structures have been measured over a broad temperature range covering both paramagnetic and ferromagnetic phases. The branches show an anomaly (dip) at a wave number that depends on the particular martensitic structure, and there is softening of these anomalous phonons with decreasing temperature. This softening is enhanced below the Curie point, as a consequence of spin-phonon coupling. This effect is stronger for systems with higher electronic concentration.


Role Of Stratospheric Air In A Severe Weather Event: Analysis Of Potential Vorticity And Total Ozone, Melissa A. Goering, William A. Gallus Jr., Mark A. Olsen, John L. Stanford Jun 2001

Role Of Stratospheric Air In A Severe Weather Event: Analysis Of Potential Vorticity And Total Ozone, Melissa A. Goering, William A. Gallus Jr., Mark A. Olsen, John L. Stanford

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

The role of dry stratospheric air descending to low and middle tropospheric levels in a severe weather outbreak in the midwestern United States is examined using NCEP Eta model output, Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) analyses, and Earth probe Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (EP/TOMS) total ozone data. While stratospheric air was not found to play a direct role in the convection, backward trajectories show stratospheric air descended to 800 hPa just west of the convection. Damaging surface winds not associated with thunderstorms also occurred in the region of greatest stratospheric descent. Small-scale features in the high-resolution total ozone data compare ...


Phase Transitions In Mixed Adsorbed Layers: Effect Of Repulsion Between “Hard Squares” And “Point Particles”, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans Jun 2001

Phase Transitions In Mixed Adsorbed Layers: Effect Of Repulsion Between “Hard Squares” And “Point Particles”, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans

Mathematics Publications

It is shown that repulsive interactions between larger “hard squares” and smaller “point particles” in a mixed adlayer model modify the hard-square order–disorder transition and can produce phase separation.


Structural Characterization Of Thin Film Photonic Crystals, G. Subramania, Rana Biswas, Kristen P. Constant, M. M. Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho May 2001

Structural Characterization Of Thin Film Photonic Crystals, G. Subramania, Rana Biswas, Kristen P. Constant, M. M. Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We quantitatively analyze the structure of thin film inverse-opal photonic crystals composed of ordered arrays of air pores in a background of titania. Ordering of the sphere template and introduction of the titania background were performed simultaneously in the thin film photonic crystals. Nondestructive optical measurements of backfilling with high refractive index liquids, angle-resolved reflectivity, and optical spectroscopy were combined with band-structure calculations. The analysis reveals a thin film photonic crystal structure with a very high filling fraction (92–94 %) of air and a substantial compression along the c axis (∼22–25%).


Optical Properties Of Rni2b2c (R=Y,Tb,Er,Dy), S. J. Lee, B. K. Cho, Paul C. Canfield, David W. Lynch May 2001

Optical Properties Of Rni2b2c (R=Y,Tb,Er,Dy), S. J. Lee, B. K. Cho, Paul C. Canfield, David W. Lynch

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The optical properties of single crystals of RNi2B2C (R=Y,Tb,Er, and Dy) were measured between 1.7 and 5.2 eV at room temperature using a spectroscopic ellipsometer. The spectra for all compounds are similar and the peak positions appear in a similar energy region. The similarity of the spectra of RNi2B2C (R=Tb,Er,Dy) to that of YNi2B2C indicates that the rare-earth 4f states are not actively involved in the optical transitions.


Physical Properties Of Heusler-Like Fe2val, Ye Feng, J. Y. Rhee, T. A. Wiener, David W. Lynch, B. E. Hubbard, A. J. Sievers, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, L. L. Miller Apr 2001

Physical Properties Of Heusler-Like Fe2val, Ye Feng, J. Y. Rhee, T. A. Wiener, David W. Lynch, B. E. Hubbard, A. J. Sievers, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, L. L. Miller

Ames Laboratory Publications

A comprehensive characterization of the compound Fe2VAl was carried out. Samples grown by arc melting or the Bridgman method have Al and Fe deficiencies of up to 5 at. %. Czochralski-grown samples were Fe rich and Al deficient. X-ray diffraction implies appreciable antisite disorder in all of our samples. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy measurements showed that the carrier density and scattering time had little sample-to-sample variation or temperature dependence for near-stoichiometric samples. FTIR and dc resistivity suggest that the transport properties of Fe2VAl are influenced by both localized and delocalized carriers, with the former primarily responsible for ...


Evolution Of Two-Dimensional Wormlike Nanoclusters On Metal Surfaces, Woei Wu Pai, John F. Wendelken, C. R. Stoldt, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu Apr 2001

Evolution Of Two-Dimensional Wormlike Nanoclusters On Metal Surfaces, Woei Wu Pai, John F. Wendelken, C. R. Stoldt, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu

Chemistry Publications

A pinch-off phenomenon is discovered in the evolution of 2D wormlike nanoclusters formed in homoepitaxial adlayers. This feature is shown to distinguish mass transport via periphery diffusion from other mechanisms. Continuum modeling of such evolution accurately describes experimental observations, particularly if one incorporates the anisotropy in step-edge line tension.


No Well-Defined Remnant Fermi Surface In Sr2cuo2cl2, S. Haffner, D. P. Brammeier, C. G. Olson, L. L. Miller, David W. Lynch Apr 2001

No Well-Defined Remnant Fermi Surface In Sr2cuo2cl2, S. Haffner, D. P. Brammeier, C. G. Olson, L. L. Miller, David W. Lynch

Physics and Astronomy Publications

In angle-resolved photoelectron spectra of the antiferromagnetic insulators Ca2CuO2Cl2 and Sr2CuO2Cl2, a sharp drop of the spectral intensity of the lowest-lying band is observed along a line in k space equivalent to the Fermi surface of the optimally doped high-temperature superconductors. This was interpreted as a signature of the existence of a remnant Fermi surface in the insulating phase of the high-temperature superconductors. In this paper it is shown that the drop of the spectral intensity is not related to the spectral function but is a consequence of the electron-photon matrix element.


Centrality Dependence Of Charged Particle Multiplicity In Au-Au Collisions At Root(S)Nn=130 Gev, K. Adcox, Sergey Belikov, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Athanasios Petridis, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et. Al, Phenix Collaboration Apr 2001

Centrality Dependence Of Charged Particle Multiplicity In Au-Au Collisions At Root(S)Nn=130 Gev, K. Adcox, Sergey Belikov, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Athanasios Petridis, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et. Al, Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We present results for the charged-particle multiplicity distribution at midrapidity in Au-Au collisions at roots(NN) = 130 GeV measured with the PHENIX detector at RHIC. For the 5% most central collisions we find dN(ch)/d eta (|eta =0) = 622 +/- 1(stat) +/- 41(syst). The results, analyzed as a function of centrality show a steady rise of the particle density per participating nucleon with centrality.


Composite Magnetostrictive Materials For Advanced Automotive Magnetomechanical Sensors, R. William Mccallum, Kevin W. Dennis, David C. Jiles, John E. Snyder, Y. H. Chen Apr 2001

Composite Magnetostrictive Materials For Advanced Automotive Magnetomechanical Sensors, R. William Mccallum, Kevin W. Dennis, David C. Jiles, John E. Snyder, Y. H. Chen

Ames Laboratory Publications

In this paper we present the development of a composite magnetostrictive material for automotive applications. The material is based on cobaltferrite,CoO⋅Fe2O3, and contains a small fraction of metallic matrix phase that serves both as a liquid-phasesintering aid during processing and enhances the mechanical properties over those of a simple sinteredferrite ceramic. In addition the metal matrix makes it possible to braze the material, making the assembly of a sensor relatively simple. The material exhibits good sensitivity and should have high corrosion resistance, while at the same time it is low in cost.


Magnetic Force Microscopy Study Of Magnetization Reversal In Sputtered Fesial(N) Films, Chester C.H. Lo, J. E. Snyder, J. S. Leib, R. Chen, B. Kriegermeier-Sutton, Matthew J. Kramer, David C. Jiles, M. T. Kief Mar 2001

Magnetic Force Microscopy Study Of Magnetization Reversal In Sputtered Fesial(N) Films, Chester C.H. Lo, J. E. Snyder, J. S. Leib, R. Chen, B. Kriegermeier-Sutton, Matthew J. Kramer, David C. Jiles, M. T. Kief

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The magnetization reversal in a series of rf-sputtered FeSiAl(N) films has been studied using magnetic force microscopy. A system has been developed which has the capability to image domain structure while an in-plane magnetic field is applied in situ. All films exhibited a stripe domain structure in zero applied field which was indicative of a perpendicular component of domain magnetization which alternates in sign. All films showed a similar sequence of magnetization processes: on reducing the applied field from saturation a fine stripe domain structure nucleated and then coarsened as the field was decreased to zero. Local switching of ...


Higher Twist Corrections And Maxima For Dis On A Proton In The High Density Qcd Region, E. Gotsman, Eugene Levin, U. Maor, L. Mclerran, Kirill Tuchin Jan 2001

Higher Twist Corrections And Maxima For Dis On A Proton In The High Density Qcd Region, E. Gotsman, Eugene Levin, U. Maor, L. Mclerran, Kirill Tuchin

Kirill Tuchin

We show that the ratio of different structure functions have a maximum which depends on energy. We argue, using the Golec-Biernat and Wusthoff model as well as the eikonal approach, that these maxima are functions of the saturation scale. We analyze leading and higher twist contributions for different observables to check whether a kinematic region exists where high parton density effects can be detected experimentally.


The Pomeron Intercept In Lambda Phi**Theory In 4 Minkowski + 1 Compact Dimensions, Kirill Tuchin Jan 2001

The Pomeron Intercept In Lambda Phi**Theory In 4 Minkowski + 1 Compact Dimensions, Kirill Tuchin

Kirill Tuchin

We calculate the total cross section for two scalar particles scattering at high energies in λφ3 theory in five dimensions, four of which are usual Minkowski ones and the fifth is compact. It is shown that the cross section is dominated by exchange of Pomeron whose intercept is larger than in usual four-dimensional case.


Fe−3s Core-Level Splitting And Local Magnetism In Fe2val, Ye Feng, M. V. Dobrotvorska, James W. Anderegg, C. G. Olson, David W. Lynch Jan 2001

Fe−3s Core-Level Splitting And Local Magnetism In Fe2val, Ye Feng, M. V. Dobrotvorska, James W. Anderegg, C. G. Olson, David W. Lynch

Physics and Astronomy Publications

X-ray and soft x-ray photoelectron spectra were taken on Fe2VAl samples. The Fe−3s spectra show a shoulder on the higher binding energy side of the main peak, split by ≈4.7 eV. Based on current understanding of core-level multiplet splitting in transition-metal compounds, we believe this is direct evidence of a local moment in Fe2VAl.


Optical And Magneto-Optical Investigation On Electronic Structure Of Ordered Ferromagnetic Fe3pt, K. J. Kim, S. J. Lee, T. A. Wiener, David W. Lynch Jan 2001

Optical And Magneto-Optical Investigation On Electronic Structure Of Ordered Ferromagnetic Fe3pt, K. J. Kim, S. J. Lee, T. A. Wiener, David W. Lynch

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The optical and magneto-opticalproperties of ordered Fe3Pt have been investigated by spectroscopicellipsometry and magneto-opticalKerrspectroscopy. The diagonal component of the optical conductivity tensor of the compound exhibits a broad absorption peak at about 2 eV, which is shifted by about 0.5 eV to lower energies from the corresponding one in pure bcc Fe. The Kerr angle spectrum of the compound disperses quite similarly in both spectral trend and magnitude to that of pure Fe below 3.5 eV but differently above it. The lower-energy shift of the 2-eV-absorption structure of the compound is interpreted as due to the shift of ...


Unbiased Density Functional Solutions Of Freezing In Binary Mixtures Of Hard Or Soft Spheres, M. Valera, R. F. Bielby, F. J. Pinksi, Duane D. Johnson Jan 2001

Unbiased Density Functional Solutions Of Freezing In Binary Mixtures Of Hard Or Soft Spheres, M. Valera, R. F. Bielby, F. J. Pinksi, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

various size ratios, σ2/σ1, using density functional theory. The Grand Potential is minimized using an unbiased, discrete, real-space mesh that does not constrain the shape of the density, and, in many cases, leads to solutions qualitatively different from those using Gaussians and plane-waves. Besides the usual face-centered-cubic solid-solution phase for σ2/σ1≈1.0, we find a sublattice-melt phase for σ2/σ1=0.85–0.5 (where the small-sphere density is nonlocalized and multi-peaked) and the NaCl phase for σ2/σ1=0.45–0.35 (when the small-sphere density again sharpens). For a range of size ratios of soft ...


Search For An Msugra Signature In The Electron + Jets + [Missing Transverse Energy] Final State In [Proton-Antiproton] Collisions At [Square Root Of S] = 1.8 Tev , Zhang Zhou Jan 2001

Search For An Msugra Signature In The Electron + Jets + [Missing Transverse Energy] Final State In [Proton-Antiproton] Collisions At [Square Root Of S] = 1.8 Tev , Zhang Zhou

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We describe a search for a Minimal Supergravity (mSUGRA) signature in Run 1 data taken by the DO detector at the Fermilab Tevatron from 1995--1996. The total data luminosity is 92.7 pb-1. The data were examined for events with a single electron, four or more jets and large missing transverse energy. The major backgrounds are from W+jets, QCD, tt[macron], and WW events. We observed no excess of events in our data. Based on the data and the expected signal rate we obtain new limits on new physics in terms of mSUGRA model parameters.


Critical Phenomena Of The Disorder Driven Localization-Delocalization Transition , Marc Rühländer Jan 2001

Critical Phenomena Of The Disorder Driven Localization-Delocalization Transition , Marc Rühländer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The critical behavior of non-interacting electrons in disordered systems is investigated. The scaling functions of the localization lengths in two-dimensional systems with a magnetic field perpendicular to the plane and anisotropic hopping are rescaled to the isotropic one. The geometric mean of the critical values of the scaling functions equals the critical value of the isotropic scaling function. The critical exponent of the localization lengths in the two anisotropic directions is found to be equal and also equal to that of the isotropic system. The critical energy is independent of the direction of propagation. If disorder is strong enough, the ...


Propagating Conformational Changes Over Long (And Short) Distances In Proteins, Edward Yu, Daniel E. Koshland Jr. Jan 2001

Propagating Conformational Changes Over Long (And Short) Distances In Proteins, Edward Yu, Daniel E. Koshland Jr.

Edward Yu

The problem of the propagation of conformational changes over long distances or through a closely packed protein is shown to fit a model of a ligand-induced conformational change between two protein states selected by evolution. Moreover, the kinetics of the pathway between these states is also selected so that the energy of ligand binding and the speed of the transition between conformational states are physiologically appropriate. The crystallographic data of a wild-type aspartate receptor that has negative cooperativity and a mutant that has no cooperativity but has native transmembrane signaling are shown to support this model.


Theoretical Studies Of The Nucleation And Growth Of Thin Metal Films: A Focus On Ag Deposited On Ag(100) , Kyle John Caspersen Jan 2001

Theoretical Studies Of The Nucleation And Growth Of Thin Metal Films: A Focus On Ag Deposited On Ag(100) , Kyle John Caspersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Theoretical studies of the nucleation and growth of metal films are performed, where the focus is the Molecular Beam Epitaxial (MBE) growth of Ag on the Ag(100) surface. Ag films grown under MBE, for the temperatures and atomic fluxes considered here (0→300K), are very far from equilibrium structures, due to the breaking of detailed balance during deposition. Included are studies of: metal film growth at very low temperatures; the temperature dependence of "mound" formation; the temperature dependence of kinetic roughening; the effect of the step-edge barrier on very thin films, and the post-deposition time dependence of nucleation. For ...


Thermodynamic Critical Field And Superconducting Fluctuation Of Vortices For High Temperature Cuprate Superconductor: La-214 , Yung Moo Huh Jan 2001

Thermodynamic Critical Field And Superconducting Fluctuation Of Vortices For High Temperature Cuprate Superconductor: La-214 , Yung Moo Huh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Thermodynamics has been studied systematically for the high temperature cuprate superconductor La2-xSrxCuO4-d , La-214, in the entire superconductive region from strongly underdoped to strongly overdoped regimes. Magnetization studies with H∥ c have been made in order to investigate the changes in free energy of the system as the number of carriers is reduced. Above the superconducting transition temperature, the normal-state magnetization exhibits a two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic behavior. Below Tc, magnetization data are thermodynamically reversible over large portions of the H-T plane, so the free energy is well defined in these regions. As the Sr concentration is varied over the wide range ...