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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Reconstruction Of Steps On The Cu(111) Surface Induced By Sulfur, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Reconstruction Of Steps On The Cu(111) Surface Induced By Sulfur, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Arich menagerie of structures is identified at 5Kfollowing adsorption of lowcoverages (≤0.05 monolayers) of S on Cu(111) at room temperature. This paper emphasizes the reconstructions at the steps. The A-type close-packed step has 1 row of S atoms along its lower edge, where S atoms occupy alternating pseudo-fourfold-hollow (p4fh) sites. Additionally, there are 2 rows of S atoms of equal density on the upper edge, bridging a row of extra Cu atoms, together creating an extended chain. The B-type close-packed step exhibits an even more complex reconstruction, in which triangle-shaped groups of Cu atoms shift out of their ...


Self-Organization Of S Adatoms On Au(111): √3r30° Rows At Low Coverage, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Self-Organization Of S Adatoms On Au(111): √3r30° Rows At Low Coverage, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Using scanning tunneling microscopy, we observe an adlayer structure that is dominated by short rows of S atoms, on unreconstructed regions of a Au(111) surface. This structure forms upon adsorption of low S coverage (less than 0.1 monolayer) on a fully reconstructed clean surface at 300 K, then cooling to 5 K for observation. The rows adopt one of three orientations that are rotated by 30◦ from the close-packed directions of the Au(111) substrate, and adjacent S atoms in the rows are separated by √ 3 times the surface lattice constant, a. Monte Carlo simulations are performed on ...


Determining Whether Metals Nucleate Homogeneously On Graphite: A Case Study With Copper, David Victor Appy, Huaping Lei, Yong Han, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, Dahai Shao, Emma Jane Kwolek, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel Nov 2014

Determining Whether Metals Nucleate Homogeneously On Graphite: A Case Study With Copper, David Victor Appy, Huaping Lei, Yong Han, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, Dahai Shao, Emma Jane Kwolek, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We observe that Cu clusters grow on surface terraces of graphite as a result of physical vapor deposition in ultrahigh vacuum. We show that the observation is incompatible with a variety of models incorporating homogeneous nucleation and calculations of atomic-scale energetics. An alternative explanation, ion-mediated heterogeneous nucleation, is proposed and validated, both with theory and experiment. This serves as a case study in identifying when and whether the simple, common observation of metal clusters on carbon-rich surfaces can be interpreted in terms of homogeneous nucleation. We describe a general approach for making system-specific and laboratory-specific predictions.


Analytic Formulations For One-Dimensional Decay Of Rectangular Homoepitaxial Islands During Coarsening On Anisotropic Fcc (110) Surfaces, Chi-Jen Wang, Yong Han, Holly L. Walen, Selena M. Russell, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans Jan 2013

Analytic Formulations For One-Dimensional Decay Of Rectangular Homoepitaxial Islands During Coarsening On Anisotropic Fcc (110) Surfaces, Chi-Jen Wang, Yong Han, Holly L. Walen, Selena M. Russell, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Submonolayer homoepitaxial fcc (110) systems display behavior reflecting strong anisotropy at lower temperatures, including one-dimensional decay during Ostwald ripening of rectangular islands maintaining constant width in the 〈001〉 direction. To appropriately describe this behavior, we first develop a refined continuum Burton-Cabrera-Frank formalism, which accounts for a lack of equilibration of island shape and importantly also for inhibited incorporation of adatoms at almost-faceted 〈1̄10〉 island edges through effective kinetic coefficients. This formalism is shown to describe accurately the adatom diffusion fluxes between islands and thus island evolution for a complex experimental island configuration, as confirmed by matching results ...


Communication: Structure, Formation, And Equilibration Of Ensembles Of Ag-S Complexes On An Ag Surface, Selena M. Russell, Yousoo Kim, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2013

Communication: Structure, Formation, And Equilibration Of Ensembles Of Ag-S Complexes On An Ag Surface, Selena M. Russell, Yousoo Kim, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We have utilized conditions of very low temperature (4.7 K) and very low sulfur coverage to isolate and identify Ag-S complexes that exist on the Ag(111) surface. The experimental conditions are such that the complexes form at temperatures above the temperature of observation. These complexes can be regarded as polymeric chains of varying length, with an Ag4S pyramid at the core of each monomeric unit. Steps may catalyze the formation of the chains and this mechanism may be reflected in the chain length distribution.


Anisotropic Coarsening: One-Dimensional Decay Of Ag Islands On Ag(110), Yong Han, Selena M. Russell, Anthony R. Layson, Holly L. Walen, Chad D. Yuen, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans Jan 2013

Anisotropic Coarsening: One-Dimensional Decay Of Ag Islands On Ag(110), Yong Han, Selena M. Russell, Anthony R. Layson, Holly L. Walen, Chad D. Yuen, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Scanning tunneling microscopy studies show that coarsening of arrays of rectangular single-layer Ag islands on Ag(110) at 220 K and below occurs by one-dimensional (1D) decay of narrower islands, which maintain roughly constant width in the 〈001〉 direction. Adatoms mainly detach from the island ends with 〈001〉 step edges. 1D decay derives from the absence of corner rounding diffusion from 〈001〉 to 〈1̅ 10〉 edges and from inhibited nucleation of new layers on 〈1̅ 10〉 edges. In contrast, rounding from 〈1̅ 10〉 to 〈001〉 edges is active. The island decay rate exhibits an unexpectedly low effective Arrhenius energy due ...


Creating Nanoscale Ag Patterns On The Si(111)–(√3 × √3)R30°-Ag Surface Via Guided Self-Assembly, Alex Belianinov, Barış Ünal, Michael C. Tringides, Patricia A. Thiel Jul 2012

Creating Nanoscale Ag Patterns On The Si(111)–(√3 × √3)R30°-Ag Surface Via Guided Self-Assembly, Alex Belianinov, Barış Ünal, Michael C. Tringides, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Patterns of Ag nanostructures can be created on the Si(111)–(√3 × √3)R30°-Ag surface, using a simple two-step process in ultrahigh vacuum. First, patterns are created using the tip of a scanning tunneling microscope. Second, Ag is deposited at room temperature. The Ag diffuses over long distances on the surface and selectively aggregates at the patterned regions. The size of the Ag features is ∼3–4 nm.


Growth Morphology And Thermal Stability Of Metal Islands On Graphene, Xiaojie Liu, Myron Hupalo, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Wen-Cai Lu, Patricia A. Thiel, Kai-Ming Ho, Michael C. Tringides Jan 2012

Growth Morphology And Thermal Stability Of Metal Islands On Graphene, Xiaojie Liu, Myron Hupalo, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Wen-Cai Lu, Patricia A. Thiel, Kai-Ming Ho, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

We performed an experiment to study the thermal stability of metal on graphene. We show that Fe, Gd, Dy, and Eu on graphene exhibit island growth morphology. The 3D islands of Fe, Gd, and Dy show a small decrease in island density and an increase in the height/width aspect ratio upon thermal annealing. By contrast, coarsening of Eu islands to a close flat film is observed after annealing to 365 K. By investigating the fundamental interactions (i.e., adsorption energies and diffusion barriers) between the metal adatoms and graphene using ab initio calculations, we predict that most of the ...


High Island Densities And Long Range Repulsive Interactions: Fe On Epitaxial Graphene, Steven Michael Binz, Myron Hupalo, Xiaojie Liu, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Wen-Cai Lu, Patricia A. Thiel, Kai-Ming Ho, E. H. Conrad, Michael C. Tringides Jan 2012

High Island Densities And Long Range Repulsive Interactions: Fe On Epitaxial Graphene, Steven Michael Binz, Myron Hupalo, Xiaojie Liu, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Wen-Cai Lu, Patricia A. Thiel, Kai-Ming Ho, E. H. Conrad, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

The understanding of metal nucleation on graphene is essential for promising future applications, especially of magnetic metals which can be used in spintronics or computer storage media. A common method to study the grown morphology is to measure the nucleated island density n as a function of growth parameters. Surprisingly, the growth of Fe on graphene is found to be unusual because it does not follow classical nucleation: n is unexpectedtly high, it increases continuously with the deposited amount θ and shows no temperature dependence. These unusual results indicate the presence of long range repulsive interactions. Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations ...


Far-From-Equilibrium Film Growth On Alloy Surfaces: Ni And Al On Nial(110), Yong Han, Dapeng Jing, Baris Unal, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans Jan 2011

Far-From-Equilibrium Film Growth On Alloy Surfaces: Ni And Al On Nial(110), Yong Han, Dapeng Jing, Baris Unal, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

STM analysis reveals diverse nonequilibrium island structures formed by deposition of Ni and Al on NiAl(110) at around 300 K. Epitaxial growth in this complex alloy system is described by multisite lattice-gas modeling incorporating DFT energetics for adatoms both at adsorption sites and transition states. This approach accounts for multiple adsorption sites and diffusion paths, and accurately describes diffusion and detachment kinetics for a vast number of step-edge configurations. This is key for realistic description of island growth shapes, structure, and partial alloy ordering.


Fe-Fe Adatom Interaction And Growth Morphology On Graphene, Xiaojie Liu, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Myron Hupalo, Wen-Cai Lu, Patricia A. Thiel, Kai-Ming Ho, Michael C. Tringides Jan 2011

Fe-Fe Adatom Interaction And Growth Morphology On Graphene, Xiaojie Liu, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Myron Hupalo, Wen-Cai Lu, Patricia A. Thiel, Kai-Ming Ho, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

The nucleation and growth of Fe on graphene is highly unusual. A constantly increasing island density indicates the presence of strong, predominantly repulsive, adatom interactions. We study these interactions by first-principles calculations to identify their origin. We find that the interactions consist of a short-range attraction and longer-range repulsion. We show that electric dipole-dipole interaction can contribute only part of the repulsive force (∼30%) between Fe adatoms, and the repulsion due to the elastic interaction is small. We suggest that the dominant contribution to the repulsive energy would originate from the indirect (or RKKY) interactions mediated through the delocalized electrons ...


Adsorbate-Enhanced Transport Of Metals On Metal Surfaces: Oxygen And Sulfur On Coinage Metals, Patricia A. Thiel, Mingmin Shen, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans Jan 2010

Adsorbate-Enhanced Transport Of Metals On Metal Surfaces: Oxygen And Sulfur On Coinage Metals, Patricia A. Thiel, Mingmin Shen, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Coarsening (i.e., ripening) of single-atom-high, metal homoepitaxial islands provides a useful window on the mechanism and kinetics of mass transport at metal surfaces. This article focuses on this type of coarsening on the surfaces of coinage metals (Cu, Ag, Au), both clean and with an adsorbed chalcogen (O, S) present. For the clean surfaces, three aspects are summarized: (1) the balance between the two major mechanisms—Ostwald ripening (the most commonly anticipated mechanism) and Smoluchowski ripening—and how that balance depends on island size; (2) the nature of the mass transport agents, which are metal adatoms in almost all ...


Islands And Holes As Measures Of Mass Balance In Growth Of The (√3×√3)R30° Phase Of Ag On Si(111), Alex Belianinov, Barış Ünal, Ning Lu, Min Ji, Kai-Ming Ho, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2010

Islands And Holes As Measures Of Mass Balance In Growth Of The (√3×√3)R30° Phase Of Ag On Si(111), Alex Belianinov, Barış Ünal, Ning Lu, Min Ji, Kai-Ming Ho, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

It is well known that conversion of Si(111)-(7×7) into the (√3×√3)R30° phase of adsorbed Ag requires a change in the Si density, and causes formation of islands and holes at the surface. By mass balance, the ratio of areas of islands and holes (RIH) should be approximately 1. However, we find that the ratio is significantly higher, depending on preparation conditions. A possible explanation would be that there are different types of (√3×√3)R30° structures. However, neither scanning tunneling microscopy nor density-functional theory (implemented as a genetic algorithm search) supports this explanation. We ...


Variation Of Growth Morphology With Chemical Composition Of Terraces: Ag On A Twofold Surface Of A Decagonal Al-Cu-Co Quasicrystal, T. Duguet, Barış Ünal, Yong Han, James W. Evans, J. Ledieu, Cynthia J. Jenks, J.-M. Dubois, V. Fournée, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2010

Variation Of Growth Morphology With Chemical Composition Of Terraces: Ag On A Twofold Surface Of A Decagonal Al-Cu-Co Quasicrystal, T. Duguet, Barış Ünal, Yong Han, James W. Evans, J. Ledieu, Cynthia J. Jenks, J.-M. Dubois, V. Fournée, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Growth of Ag thin films on the twofold surface of a decagonal Al-Cu-Co quasicrystal is characterized by scanning tunneling microscopy, at different temperatures, and for coverages ranging from submonolayer to 11 monolayers. From prior work, three types of clean surface terraces are known to exist. By correlation with a bulk structural model, the major difference between them lies in their transition-metal (TM) content, two being aluminum-rich (0 and 15 at. % TM) and one being TM-rich (40–50 at. % TM). The present article focuses on understanding the difference between Ag film morphologies on these terminations, in terms of their chemical content ...


Formation And Coarsening Of Ag(110) Bilayer Islands On Nial(110): Stm Analysis And Atomistic Lattice-Gas Modeling, Yong Han, Barış Ünal, Dapeng Jing, Feili Qin, Cynthia J. Jenks, Da-Jiang Liu, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans Jan 2010

Formation And Coarsening Of Ag(110) Bilayer Islands On Nial(110): Stm Analysis And Atomistic Lattice-Gas Modeling, Yong Han, Barış Ünal, Dapeng Jing, Feili Qin, Cynthia J. Jenks, Da-Jiang Liu, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Scanning tunneling microscopy analysis of the initial stages of film growth during deposition of Ag on NiAl(110) reveals facile formation of bilayer Ag(110) islands at temperatures of 130 K and above. Annealing subsequent to deposition at 130 K induces coarsening of the bilayer island distribution. The thermodynamic driving force for bilayer island formation reflects a lower relative surface energy for films of even layer thicknesses. This feature derives from quantum size effects due to electron confinement in the Ag film. The kinetics of island formation and relaxation is controlled by terrace and edge-diffusion barriers, detachment barriers, interlayer diffusion ...


Lattice Expansion In Islands Stabilized By Electron Confinement: Ag On Si(111)-7×7, Barış Ünal, Alex Belianinov, Patricia A. Thiel, Michael C. Tringides Jan 2010

Lattice Expansion In Islands Stabilized By Electron Confinement: Ag On Si(111)-7×7, Barış Ünal, Alex Belianinov, Patricia A. Thiel, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

Ag on Si(111)-7×7 was one of the first systems where height selection of metal islands was attributed to electron confinement, i.e., stabilization of selected heights through a quantum size effect (QSE). However, it has been puzzling how the requisite electron standing waves can form, because the Fermi level EF (along the growth [111] direction) is within the gap for bulk Ag. With detailed experiments over a wide coverage and temperature range, we show that a large increase of 12% is present in the interlayer spacing within the bilayer islands. This can shift EF below ...


Nanoscale “Quantum” Islands On Metal Substrates: Microscopy Studies And Electronic Structure Analyses, Yong Han, Barış Ünal, Dapeng Jing, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans Jan 2010

Nanoscale “Quantum” Islands On Metal Substrates: Microscopy Studies And Electronic Structure Analyses, Yong Han, Barış Ünal, Dapeng Jing, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Confinement of electrons can occur in metal islands or in continuous films grown heteroepitaxially upon a substrate of a different metal or on a metallic alloy. Associated quantum size effects (QSE) can produce a significant height-dependence of the surface free energy for nanoscale thicknesses of up to 10–20 layers. This may suffice to induce height selection during film growth. Scanning STM analysis has revealed remarkable flat-topped or mesa-like island and film morphologies in various systems. We discuss in detail observations of QSE and associated film growth behavior for Pb/Cu(111), Ag/Fe(100), and Cu/fcc-Fe/Cu(100 ...


Twofold Surface Of The Decagonal Al-Cu-Co Quasicrystal, T. Duguet, Barış Ünal, M. C. De Weerd, J. Ledieu, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, S. Deloudi, W. Steurer, Cynthia J. Jenks, J.-M. Dubois, V. Fournée, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2009

Twofold Surface Of The Decagonal Al-Cu-Co Quasicrystal, T. Duguet, Barış Ünal, M. C. De Weerd, J. Ledieu, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, S. Deloudi, W. Steurer, Cynthia J. Jenks, J.-M. Dubois, V. Fournée, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We have investigated the atomic structure of the twofold surface of the decagonal Al-Cu-Co quasicrystal using scanning tunneling microscopy and low-energy electron diffraction. We have found that most of the surface features can be interpreted using the bulk-structure model proposed by Deloudi and Steurer (S. Deloudi, Ph.D. thesis, ETH, Zürich, 2008). The surface consists of terraces separated by steps of various heights. Step heights and steps sequences match with the thickness and the stacking sequence of blocks of layers separated by gaps in the model. These blocks of layers define possible surface terminations consisting of periodic atomic rows which ...


Tribological Properties Of Quasicrystals: Effect Of Aperiodic Versus Periodic Surface Order, Jeong Young Park, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2006

Tribological Properties Of Quasicrystals: Effect Of Aperiodic Versus Periodic Surface Order, Jeong Young Park, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We investigated the nanoscale tribological properties of a decagonal quasicrystal using a combination of atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum. This combination permitted a variety of in situ measurements, including atomic-scale structure, friction and adhesion force, tip-sample current, and topography. We found that thiol-passivated tips can be used for reproducible studies of the tip-quasicrystal contact while nonpassivated probes adhere irreversibly to the clean quasicrystalline surface causing permanent modifications. The most remarkable results were obtained on the twofold surface of the Al-Ni-Co decagonal quasicrystal where atoms are arranged periodically along the tenfold axis and aperiodically in the ...


Sensing Dipole Fields At Atomic Steps With Combined Scanning Tunneling And Force Microscopy, Jeong Young Park, G. M. Sacha, M. Enachescu, D. F. Ogletree, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel, J. J. Sáenz, M. Salmeron Jan 2005

Sensing Dipole Fields At Atomic Steps With Combined Scanning Tunneling And Force Microscopy, Jeong Young Park, G. M. Sacha, M. Enachescu, D. F. Ogletree, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel, J. J. Sáenz, M. Salmeron

Chemistry Publications

The electric field of dipoles localized at the atomic steps of metal surfaces due to the Smoluchowski effect were measured from the electrostatic force exerted on the biased tip of a scanning tunneling microscope. By varying the tip-sample bias the contribution of the step dipole was separated from changes in the force due to van der Waals and polarization forces. Combined with electrostatic calculations, the method was used to determine the local dipole moment in steps of different heights on Au(111) and on the twofold surface of an Al-Ni-Co decagonal quasicrystal.


Elastic And Inelastic Deformations Of Ethylene-Passivated Tenfold Decagonal Al-Ni-Co Quasicrystal Surfaces, Jeong Young Park, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2005

Elastic And Inelastic Deformations Of Ethylene-Passivated Tenfold Decagonal Al-Ni-Co Quasicrystal Surfaces, Jeong Young Park, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

The adhesion and friction force properties between a tenfold Al‐Ni‐Co decagonal quasicrystal and a titanium nitride (TiN)-coated tip were investigated using an atomic force microscope in ultrahigh vacuum. To suppress the strong chemical adhesion found in the clean quasicrystal surfaces, the sample was exposed to ethylene that formed a protective passivating layer. We show that the deformation mechanism of the tip-substrate junction changes from elastic to inelastic at a threshold pressure of 3.8 to 4.0 GPa. Images of the indentation marks left above the threshold pressure indicate the absence of new steps, and indicate that ...


Atomic Scale Coexistence Of Periodic And Quasiperiodic Order In A 2-Fold Al-Ni-Co Decagonal Quasicrystal Surface, Jeong Young Park, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2005

Atomic Scale Coexistence Of Periodic And Quasiperiodic Order In A 2-Fold Al-Ni-Co Decagonal Quasicrystal Surface, Jeong Young Park, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, R. A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Cynthia J. Jenks, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Decagonal quasicrystals are made of pairs of atomic planes with pentagonal symmetry periodically stacked along a 10-fold axis. We have investigated the atomic structure of the 2-fold surface of a decagonal Al-Ni-Co quasicrystal using scanning tunneling microscopy. The surface consists of terraces separated by steps of heights 1.9, 4.7, 7.8, and 12.6 Å containing rows of atoms parallel to the 10-fold direction with an internal periodicity of 4 Å. The rows are arranged aperiodically, with separations that follow a Fibonacci sequence and inflation symmetry. The results indicate that the surfaces are preferentially Al-terminated and in general ...


Surface Structures Of Approximant Phases In The Al-Pd-Mn System, V. Fournée, A. R. Ross, Thomas A. Lograsso, James W. Anderegg, C. Dong, Matthew J. Kramer, I. R. Fisher, Paul C. Canfield, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2002

Surface Structures Of Approximant Phases In The Al-Pd-Mn System, V. Fournée, A. R. Ross, Thomas A. Lograsso, James W. Anderegg, C. Dong, Matthew J. Kramer, I. R. Fisher, Paul C. Canfield, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We present a study of the surface of the ξ′-Al-Pd-Mn approximant phase based upon scanning tunneling microscopy and low-energy electron diffraction. Several structures are observed on two different samples grown either by the Bridgman technique or by a self-flux method, and which contain various degrees of disorder. We also describe some other complex crystalline phases that are sometimes observed on the fivefold surface of Al-Pd-Mn quasicrystalline samples after the sputter-annealing cleaning process under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. This includes the T approximant phase resulting from surface decomposition after a high-temperature annealing.


Electronic Structure Of Quasicrystalline Surfaces: Effects Of Surface Preparation And Bulk Structure, V. Fournée, P. J. Pinhero, J. W. Anderegg, Thomas A. Lograsso, A. R. Ross, Paul C. Canfield, I. R. Fisher, Patricia A. Thiel Dec 2000

Electronic Structure Of Quasicrystalline Surfaces: Effects Of Surface Preparation And Bulk Structure, V. Fournée, P. J. Pinhero, J. W. Anderegg, Thomas A. Lograsso, A. R. Ross, Paul C. Canfield, I. R. Fisher, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We elucidate the nature of the surface electronic properties of quasicrystalline Al-Pd-Mn. We do this by using photoelectron and Auger electron spectroscopies, and by making a variety of comparisons—across types of bulk samples, and across methods of surface preparation. The main conclusions are these: (i) The narrow Mn 2p3/2core-level line observed in the icosahedral phase is a fingerprint of a suppression in the density of states (a pseudogap) at the Fermi level and is not unique to the quasicrystalline phase. It is also independent of the symmetry of the quasicrystalline surface. The Auger line shape is ...


Crystalline Surface Structures Induced By Ion Sputtering Of Al-Rich Icosahedral Quasicrystals, Z. Shen, Matthew J. Kramer, Cynthia J. Jenks, A. I. Goldman, Thomas A. Lograsso, D. Delaney, M. Heinzig, W. Raberg, Patricia A. Thiel Oct 1998

Crystalline Surface Structures Induced By Ion Sputtering Of Al-Rich Icosahedral Quasicrystals, Z. Shen, Matthew J. Kramer, Cynthia J. Jenks, A. I. Goldman, Thomas A. Lograsso, D. Delaney, M. Heinzig, W. Raberg, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Low-energy electron diffraction patterns, produced from quasicrystal surfaces by ion sputtering and annealing to temperatures below ∼700 K, can be assigned to various terminations of the cubic CsCl structure. The assignments are based upon ratios of spot spacings, estimates of surface lattice constants, bulk phase diagrams vs surface compositions, and comparisons with previous work. The CsCl overlayers are deeper than about five atomic layers, because they obscure the diffraction spots from the underlying quasicrystalline substrate. These patterns transform irreversibly to quasicrystalline(like) patterns upon annealing to higher temperatures, indicating that the cubic overlayers are metastable. Based upon the data for ...


Fivefold Surface Of Quasicrystalline Alpdmn: Structure Determination Using Low-Energy-Electron Diffraction, M. Gierer, M. A. Van Hove, A. I. Goldman, Z. Shen, S.-L. Chang, P. J. Pinhero, Cynthia J. Jenks, James W. Anderegg, C.-M. Zhang, Patricia A. Thiel Apr 1998

Fivefold Surface Of Quasicrystalline Alpdmn: Structure Determination Using Low-Energy-Electron Diffraction, M. Gierer, M. A. Van Hove, A. I. Goldman, Z. Shen, S.-L. Chang, P. J. Pinhero, Cynthia J. Jenks, James W. Anderegg, C.-M. Zhang, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

The atomic structure of the fivefold symmetric quasicrystal surface of icosahedral AlPdMn has been investigated by means of a dynamical low-energy-electron diffraction (LEED) analysis. Approximations were developed to make the structure of an aperiodic, quasicrystalline surface region accessible to LEED theory. A mix of several closely similar, relaxed, bulklike lattice terminations is favored, all of which have a dense Al-rich layer on top followed by a layer with a composition of about 50% Al and 50% Pd. The interlayer spacing between these two topmost layers is contracted from the bulk value by 0.1 Å, to a final value of ...


Structural Analysis Of The Fivefold Symmetric Surface Of The Al70pd21mn9 Quasicrystal By Low Energy Electron Diffraction, M. Gierer, M. A. Van Hove, A. I. Goldman, Z. Shen, S.-L. Chang, Cynthia J. Jenks, C.-M. Zhang, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 1997

Structural Analysis Of The Fivefold Symmetric Surface Of The Al70pd21mn9 Quasicrystal By Low Energy Electron Diffraction, M. Gierer, M. A. Van Hove, A. I. Goldman, Z. Shen, S.-L. Chang, Cynthia J. Jenks, C.-M. Zhang, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

The atomic structure of the fivefold symmetric quasicrystal surface of Al70Pd21Mn9 was investigated by means of a dynamical low energy electron-diffraction analysis. Approximations are developed to address the high structural complexity of quasicrystals, yielding average layer-by-layer structural and compositional information. A mix of several relaxed bulklike terminations is found, consistently favoring dense Al-rich outermost atomic layers. These results can be understood in terms of principles known to govern surface structures of simpler, crystalline metals.


Photoelectron Spectra Of An Al70pd21mn9 Quasicrystal And The Cubic Alloy Al60pd25mn15, Cynthia J. Jenks, S.-L. Chang, James W. Anderegg, Patricia A. Thiel, David W. Lynch Sep 1996

Photoelectron Spectra Of An Al70pd21mn9 Quasicrystal And The Cubic Alloy Al60pd25mn15, Cynthia J. Jenks, S.-L. Chang, James W. Anderegg, Patricia A. Thiel, David W. Lynch

Chemistry Publications

Photoelectron spectra of a fivefold quasicrystalline alloy Al70Pd21Mn9 and a related cubic alloy Al60Pd25Mn15 reveal two noteworthy features. The first is that the Pd 3dlines fall at binding energies which are 2.2 eV higher than in pure Pd. A similar shift is observed for Pd in other alloys. The second noteworthy feature is that the Mn 2p3/2 line is very sharp in the quasicrystal. Fitting the experimental peaks with a Doniach-Sunjic line shpae suggests that the position and density of Mn states near EFis very ...


Low-Temperature Epitaxial Growth Of Thin Metal Films, James W. Evans, D. E. Sanders, Patricia A. Thiel, Andrew E. Depristo Mar 1990

Low-Temperature Epitaxial Growth Of Thin Metal Films, James W. Evans, D. E. Sanders, Patricia A. Thiel, Andrew E. Depristo

Chemistry Publications

We present a different mechanism to explain the occurrence of long-lived oscillations in diffraction spot intensities during epitaxial growth of metal films on fcc (100) substrates at low temperature. Rather than rely on the common picture of cyclical nucleation and growth to produce the oscillations, the model invokes ‘‘downward funneling’’ deposition dynamics to fourfold-hollow adsorption sites.