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Articles 31 - 38 of 38

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Phonon Softening In Ni-Mn-Ga Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, C. Stassis Jun 2001

Phonon Softening In Ni-Mn-Ga Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, C. Stassis

Ames Laboratory Publications

The TA2 phonon dispersion curves of Ni-Mn-Ga alloys with different compositions which transform to different martensitic structures have been measured over a broad temperature range covering both paramagnetic and ferromagnetic phases. The branches show an anomaly (dip) at a wave number that depends on the particular martensitic structure, and there is softening of these anomalous phonons with decreasing temperature. This softening is enhanced below the Curie point, as a consequence of spin-phonon coupling. This effect is stronger for systems with higher electronic concentration.


Physical Properties Of Heusler-Like Fe2val, Ye Feng, J. Y. Rhee, T. A. Wiener, David W. Lynch, B. E. Hubbard, A. J. Sievers, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, L. L. Miller Apr 2001

Physical Properties Of Heusler-Like Fe2val, Ye Feng, J. Y. Rhee, T. A. Wiener, David W. Lynch, B. E. Hubbard, A. J. Sievers, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, L. L. Miller

Ames Laboratory Publications

A comprehensive characterization of the compound Fe2VAl was carried out. Samples grown by arc melting or the Bridgman method have Al and Fe deficiencies of up to 5 at. %. Czochralski-grown samples were Fe rich and Al deficient. X-ray diffraction implies appreciable antisite disorder in all of our samples. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy measurements showed that the carrier density and scattering time had little sample-to-sample variation or temperature dependence for near-stoichiometric samples. FTIR and dc resistivity suggest that the transport properties of Fe2VAl are influenced by both localized and delocalized carriers, with the former primarily responsible for ...


The Influence Of Growth Rate On Porosity In Al-Pd-Mn Icosahedral Quasicrystals, Amy R. Ross, Ian R. Fisher, Paul C. Canfield, Thomas A. Lograsso Jan 2000

The Influence Of Growth Rate On Porosity In Al-Pd-Mn Icosahedral Quasicrystals, Amy R. Ross, Ian R. Fisher, Paul C. Canfield, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Growth experiments have been carried out to characterize the occurrence and development of porosity in Bridgman and flux grown Al-Pd-Mn icosahedral quasicrystals. The porosity level has been observed to fluctuate between values of 0.0 and 3.75 percent along the length of Bridgman single crystals implying that the development of porosity is affected by the local growth conditions. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the influence of the rate of solidification on the occurrence of porosity. Alloys were solidified with different growth rates, 1mm/hr and >10 mm/hr, using the Bridgman configuration and at different cooling rates, ranging from ...


Lattice-Dynamical Study Of The Premartensitic State Of The Cu-Al-Be Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Dwight W. Delaney, C. Stassis Dec 1993

Lattice-Dynamical Study Of The Premartensitic State Of The Cu-Al-Be Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Dwight W. Delaney, C. Stassis

Ames Laboratory Publications

Neutron-scattering techniques have been used to study the premartensitic state of a family of Cu-Al-Be alloys, which transform from the bcc phase to an 18R martensitic structure. We find that the phonon modes of the TA2[110] branch have very low energies with anomalous temperature dependence. A slight anomaly at q=2/3 was observed; this anomaly, however, does not change significantly with temperature. No elastic peaks, related to the martensite structure, were found in the premartensitic state of these alloys. The results are compared with measurements, performed under the same instrumental conditions, on two Cu-Al-Ni and a Cu-Zn-Al ...


Dynamical X-Ray Diffraction From An Icosahedral Quasicrystal, S. W. Kycia, Alan I. Goldman, Thomas A. Lograsso, Dwight W. Delaney, D. Black, M. Sutton, E. Dufresne, R. Brüning, B. Rodricks Aug 1993

Dynamical X-Ray Diffraction From An Icosahedral Quasicrystal, S. W. Kycia, Alan I. Goldman, Thomas A. Lograsso, Dwight W. Delaney, D. Black, M. Sutton, E. Dufresne, R. Brüning, B. Rodricks

Ames Laboratory Publications

We present direct evidence of dynamical diffraction of x rays from a quasicrystal. High-resolution x-ray-diffraction measurements of the Al-Pd-Mn face-centered icosahedral quasicrystal were performed, revealing a mosaic full width at half maximum of less than 0.001°. In a second experiment, the anomalous transmission of x rays (the Borrmann effect) was observed. These measurements show that nearly perfect quasicrystals may be grown to centimeter-size dimensions allowing x-ray techniques based upon dynamical diffraction to be brought to bear on the analysis of icosahedral structures.


Twinned One-Dimensional Quasicrystals In Bridgman-Grown Al-Si-Cu-Co Alloys, L. X. He, Thomas A. Lograsso, Alan I. Goldman Jul 1992

Twinned One-Dimensional Quasicrystals In Bridgman-Grown Al-Si-Cu-Co Alloys, L. X. He, Thomas A. Lograsso, Alan I. Goldman

Ames Laboratory Publications

Single grains of Al60Si2Cu18Co20 with a decaprismatic morphology were grown by the Bridgman method and studied by transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. Although the diffraction patterns of these grains superficially resemble that of a decagonal quasicrystal, a closer inspection reveals that they are composed of tenfold twins of a one-dimensional quasicrystal along with small domains of three crystalline approximant phases.


The Resistivity And Microstructure Of Heavily Drawn Cu‐Nb Alloys, J. D. Verhoeven, H. L. Downing, L. Scott Chumbley, E. D. Gibson Jan 1989

The Resistivity And Microstructure Of Heavily Drawn Cu‐Nb Alloys, J. D. Verhoeven, H. L. Downing, L. Scott Chumbley, E. D. Gibson

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

A combined resistivitytransmission electron microscopy(TEM) study has been done on heavily drawn Cu‐20 vol % Nb alloys (so‐called i n s i t u alloys). The results show that electron scattering at Cu‐Nb interfaces makes the major contribution to resistivity in heavily drawn wire. The dislocation contribution is small and constant at deformation strains greater than around 4, apparently as a result of dynamic recovery/recrystallization of the Cu matrix which occurs during room‐temperature drawing. Results of this study and other recent TEM dislocation studies indicate that the dislocation density in heavily drawn Cu‐20 vol ...


Possible Twin-Boundary Effect Upon The Properties Of High-Tc Superconductors, M. M. Fang, Vladimir G. Kogan, Douglas K. Finnemore, J. R. Clem, L. Scott Chumbley, D. K. Farrell Feb 1988

Possible Twin-Boundary Effect Upon The Properties Of High-Tc Superconductors, M. M. Fang, Vladimir G. Kogan, Douglas K. Finnemore, J. R. Clem, L. Scott Chumbley, D. K. Farrell

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We have studied the field at which superconductivity nucleates in grain-aligned samples of Y1Ba2Cu3O7-δ very close to the transition temperature Tc. For the field parallel to the c axis and for temperatures within 2 K of Tc, the nucleation field is found to vary as (1-T/Tc)1/2. The data suggest that superconductivity localized near twin boundaries may exist at temperatures close to Tc. .AE