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Metallurgy

Manganese alloys

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Influence Of Annealing And Phase Decomposition On The Magnetostructural Transitions In Ni50mn39sn11, William M. Yuhasz, Deborah L. Schlagel, Qingfeng Xing, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, Thomas A. Lograsso Feb 2009

Influence Of Annealing And Phase Decomposition On The Magnetostructural Transitions In Ni50mn39sn11, William M. Yuhasz, Deborah L. Schlagel, Qingfeng Xing, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Magnetic and structural transitions in the Ni50Mn50−xSnx (x = 10–25) ferromagnetic shape memory alloys are currently of interest. As in Ni–Mn–Ga, these alloys feature high-temperature austenite and low-temperature martensite phases, where the magnetic state is strongly composition dependent. To study the role of chemical ordering in fine-tuning their magnetostructural properties, they were first annealed for 4 weeks/1223 K to achieve structural and compositional homogeneity, and were then further annealed for 1 week ( ∼ 150 K below the reported B2 to L21 transition) at 773 K to increase the degree ...


Field-Driven Structural Phase Transition And Sign-Switching Magnetocaloric Effect In Ni–Mn–Sn, M. Pasquale, C. P. Sasso, L. Giudici, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel Sep 2007

Field-Driven Structural Phase Transition And Sign-Switching Magnetocaloric Effect In Ni–Mn–Sn, M. Pasquale, C. P. Sasso, L. Giudici, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel

Ames Laboratory Publications

Depending on the starting equilibrium temperature, the application of a magnetic field on a sample of Ni–Mn–Sn produces sample heating or cooling during adiabatic experiments. The competition between endothermal and exothermal effects is observed close to the martensite-to-austenite magnetostructural phase transition. A model assuming the coexistence of two phases and a field dependence of their volume allows to compute the evolution of entropy and heat capacity during the phase transition. The correct fitting of the results suggests that the field-induced reduction of the martensite-to-austenite transition temperature is responsible for the observed sign switching of the magnetocaloric effect.


Magnetostriction Of Ternary Fe–Ga–X (X = C,V,Cr,Mn,Co,Rh) Alloys, A. E. Clark, J. B. Restorff, M. Wun-Fogle, K. B. Hathaway, Thomas A. Lograsso, Mianliang Huang, E. Summers Apr 2007

Magnetostriction Of Ternary Fe–Ga–X (X = C,V,Cr,Mn,Co,Rh) Alloys, A. E. Clark, J. B. Restorff, M. Wun-Fogle, K. B. Hathaway, Thomas A. Lograsso, Mianliang Huang, E. Summers

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Binary iron-gallium (Galfenol) alloys have large magnetostrictions over a wide temperature range. Single crystal measurements show that additions of 2 at. % or greater of 3d and 4d transition elements with fewer (V, Cr, Mo, Mn) and more (Co, Ni, Rh) valence electrons than Fe, all reduce the saturation magnetostriction. Kawamiya and Adachi [J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 31–34, 145 (1983)] reported that the D03 structure is stabilized by 3dtransition elements with electron∕atom ratios both less than iron and greater than iron. IfD03 ordering decreases the magnetostriction, the maximum magnetostriction should ...


Magnetostructural Transitions And Adiabatic Temperature Variation In Polycrystal And Single-Crystal Ni2mnga Alloys, C. P. Sasso, M. Pasquale, L. Giudici, S. Besseghini, E. Villa, L. H. Lewis, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel Apr 2006

Magnetostructural Transitions And Adiabatic Temperature Variation In Polycrystal And Single-Crystal Ni2mnga Alloys, C. P. Sasso, M. Pasquale, L. Giudici, S. Besseghini, E. Villa, L. H. Lewis, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The magnetocaloric response of off-stoichiometric Ni2MnGa polycrystal and single-crystal samples with a Curie temperature coincident with the martensitic transition temperature was investigated. The direct measurement of temperature change (ΔTad) during an adiabatic transformation under a maximum field variation ΔH = 5.6×106 A/m (7 T) was performed. The polycrystalline sample shows a maximum ΔTad ≈ 1.5 K at a temperature close to the structural transition. The value of ΔTad and the 20 K span of the ΔTad peak encourage further studies of the effect of microstructure on ...


Large Magnetically Induced Strains In Ni50mn28.7ga21.3 Driven With Collinear Field And Stress, A. Malla, M. J. Dapino, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel Mar 2006

Large Magnetically Induced Strains In Ni50mn28.7ga21.3 Driven With Collinear Field And Stress, A. Malla, M. J. Dapino, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel

Ames Laboratory Publications

Despite the huge magnetic-field-induced strain (MFIS) of up to 9.5% exhibited by certain Ni–Mn–Ga alloys, their usefulness in applications is severely hindered by the electromagnet device needed for driving the alloys with a magnetic field and orthogonal loading stress. In this paper we present macroscopic measurements obtained from a single crystal of Ni50Mn28.7Ga21.3 which demonstrate a large reversible MFIS of −4100 ppm when the alloy is driven with quasistatic magnetic fields and fixed compressive stresses applied collinearly along the [001] axis. This collinear configuration marks a fundamental difference with prior ...


6% Magnetic-Field-Induced Strain By Twin-Boundary Motion In Ferromagnetic Ni–Mn–Ga, S. J. Murray, M. Marioni, S. M. Allen, R. C. O'Handley, Thomas A. Lograsso Aug 2000

6% Magnetic-Field-Induced Strain By Twin-Boundary Motion In Ferromagnetic Ni–Mn–Ga, S. J. Murray, M. Marioni, S. M. Allen, R. C. O'Handley, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Publications

Field-induced strains of 6% are reported in ferromagnetic Ni–Mn–Ga martensites at room temperature. The strains are the result of twin boundary motion driven largely by the Zeeman energy difference across the twin boundary. The strain measured parallel to the applied magnetic field is negative in the sample/field geometry used here. The strain saturates in fields of order 400 kA/m and is blocked by a compressive stress of order 2 MPa applied orthogonal to the magnetic field. The strain versus field curves exhibit appreciable hysteresis associated with the motion of the twin boundaries. A simple model accounts ...