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Mechanical Engineering

Gas holdup

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Repeatability Of Gas Holdup In A Fluidized Bed Using X-Ray Computed Tomography, Joshua B. Drake, Theodore J. Heindel Aug 2009

Repeatability Of Gas Holdup In A Fluidized Bed Using X-Ray Computed Tomography, Joshua B. Drake, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Characterizing the hydrodynamics in fluidized beds is important to many processes from producing biofuels to coating pharmaceuticals. X-ray computed tomography (CT) can quantify local time-averaged phase fractions in multiphase systems that are highly dynamic, like fluidized beds. This paper describes the calibration methods used to produced CT images of a 15.24 cm diameter fluidized bed, how in-house software used these CTs to calculate gas holdup, and how well multiple CTs of a dynamic fluidized bed produced repeatable results while varying bed material and superficial gas velocities. It was concluded there is a very high degree of repeatability using the ...


The Effect Of A Modified Downcomer On The Hydrodynamics In An External Loop Airlift Reactor, Samuel T. Jones, Theodore J. Heindel Jul 2006

The Effect Of A Modified Downcomer On The Hydrodynamics In An External Loop Airlift Reactor, Samuel T. Jones, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Gas holdup and superficial liquid velocity in the downcomer and riser are studied for an external loop airlift reactor with an area ratio of 1:16. Two downcomer configurations are investigated consisting of the downcomer open or closed to the atmosphere. Experiments for these two configurations are carried out over a range of superficial gas velocities from UG = 0.5 to 20 cm/s using three aeration plates with open area ratios of 0.62, 0.99 and 2.22%. These results are compared to a bubble column operated with similar operating conditions. Experimental results show that the gas holdup ...


Gas Holdup In Opaque Cellulose Fiber Slurries, Sarah M. Talcott, Theodore J. Heindel Jun 2005

Gas Holdup In Opaque Cellulose Fiber Slurries, Sarah M. Talcott, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Three different cellulose fiber types are used to study their effect on gas holdup and flow regime transition in a 10.2 cm semi-batch bubble column. The three natural fiber types include bleached softwood chemical pulp (softwood), bleached hardwood chemical pulp (hardwood), and bleached softwood chemithermomechanical pulp (BCTMP). Gas holdup is recorded over a range of fiber mass fractions (0 ≤ C ≤ 1.6%) and superficial gas velocities (Ug ≤ 23 cm/s). Experimental results show that gas holdup decreases with increasing fiber mass fraction. Homogeneous, transitional, and heterogeneous flow is observed for all three fiber types at low fiber mass fractions ...


Effect Of Gas Distributor On Gas Holdup In Fiber Suspensions, Xufeng Su, Theodore J. Heindel Jul 2004

Effect Of Gas Distributor On Gas Holdup In Fiber Suspensions, Xufeng Su, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Two different aeration plates are used to study their effect on gas holdup and flow regime transition in fiber suspensions. Two gas distributors with different open areas (A = 0.57% and 2.14%) and the same orifice diameter (do = 1 mm) are used, and experiments are performed using three different Rayon fiber lengths (L = 3, 6, and 12 mm) over a range of superficial gas velocities (Ug ≤ 18 cm/s) and a range of fiber mass fractions (0 ≤ C ≤ 1.8%) in a 15.24 cm diameter semi-batch bubble column. Experimental results show that the distributor with A = 2.14 ...


Gas Holdup In A Cocurrent Air-Water-Fiber Bubble Column, Chengzhi Tang, Theodore J. Heindel Jul 2004

Gas Holdup In A Cocurrent Air-Water-Fiber Bubble Column, Chengzhi Tang, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Effects of superficial liquid velocity (Ul ), superficial gas velocity (Ug ), and fiber mass fraction (C) on gas holdup (ε) and flow regime transition are studied experimentally in well-mixed water-cellulose fiber suspensions in a cocurrent bubble column. Experimental results show that the gas holdup decreases with increasing Ul when C and Ug are constant. The gas holdup is not significantly affected by C in the range of C < 0.4%, but decreases with increasing C in the range of 0.4% ≤ C ≤ 1.5%. When C > 1.5%, a significant amount of gas is trapped in the fiber network and recirculates with the ...