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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Novel Mechanisms For Solid-State Processing And Grain Growth With Microstructure Alignment In Alnico-8 Based Permanent Magnets, Aaron G. Kassen, Emma M. H. White, Liangfa Hu, Wei Tang, Lin Zhou, Matthew J. Kramer, Iver E. Anderson Jan 2018

Novel Mechanisms For Solid-State Processing And Grain Growth With Microstructure Alignment In Alnico-8 Based Permanent Magnets, Aaron G. Kassen, Emma M. H. White, Liangfa Hu, Wei Tang, Lin Zhou, Matthew J. Kramer, Iver E. Anderson

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

An estimated 750,000 new hybrid electric and plug-in battery vehicles, most with permanent magnet synchronous alternating current (PMAC) drive motors, took to the road in 2016 alone. Accompanied by 40% year over year growth in the EV market significant challenges exist in producing large quantities of permanent magnets (on the order of tens of millions) for reliable, low-cost traction motors [IE Agency, Energy Technology Perspectives (2017)]. Since the rare earth permanent magnet (REPM) market is essentially 100% net import reliant in the United States and has proven to have an unstable cost and supply structure in recent years, a ...


Gd5(Si,Ge)4 Thin Film Displaying Large Magnetocaloric And Strain Effects Due To Magnetostructural Transition, Ravi L. Hadimani, Joao H. B. Silva, Andre M. Pereira, Devo L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Yang Ren, David C. Jiles, Joao P. Araújo Jan 2015

Gd5(Si,Ge)4 Thin Film Displaying Large Magnetocaloric And Strain Effects Due To Magnetostructural Transition, Ravi L. Hadimani, Joao H. B. Silva, Andre M. Pereira, Devo L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Yang Ren, David C. Jiles, Joao P. Araújo

Ames Laboratory Publications

Magnetic refrigeration based on the magnetocaloric effect is one of the best alternatives to compete with vapor-compression technology. Despite being already in its technology transfer stage, there is still room for optimization, namely, on the magnetic responses of the magnetocaloric material. In parallel, the demand for different magnetostrictive materials has been greatly enhanced due to the wide and innovative range of technologies that emerged in the last years (from structural evaluation to straintronics fields). In particular, the Gd5(Six Ge1−x)4 compounds are a family of well-known alloys that present both giant magnetocaloric and colossal magnetostriction effects. Despite their ...


Examination Of The Relationship Between The Parameters Of Barkhausen Effect Model And Microstructure Of Magnetic Materials, Chester C.H. Lo, S. J. Lee, L. C. Kerdus, David C. Jiles May 2002

Examination Of The Relationship Between The Parameters Of Barkhausen Effect Model And Microstructure Of Magnetic Materials, Chester C.H. Lo, S. J. Lee, L. C. Kerdus, David C. Jiles

Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Publications

A relationship between the parameters of a hysteretic-stochastic process model of the Barkhausen effect (BE) and the microstructural features of a series of ferritic/pearlitic steel samples has been identified. The root-mean-square values and pulse height distributions of the experimental and modeled BE signals showed similar dependence on the pearlite content. The correlation length parameter ξ of the model, which represents the range of interaction of domain walls with pinning sites, was found to obey ξ=AVfDf+BVpDp where Vf(Vp)and Df(Dp) are the volume fraction and grain size of ferrite (pearlite).


On The Temperature Dependence Of Multiple- And Single-Scattering Contributions In Magnetic Exafs, H. Wende, F. Wilhelm, P. Poulopoulos, K. Baberschke, J. W. Freeland, Y. U. Idzerda, A. Rogalev, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, D. Arvanitis Sep 1999

On The Temperature Dependence Of Multiple- And Single-Scattering Contributions In Magnetic Exafs, H. Wende, F. Wilhelm, P. Poulopoulos, K. Baberschke, J. W. Freeland, Y. U. Idzerda, A. Rogalev, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, D. Arvanitis

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

We demonstrate that the temperature dependence of structural as well as magnetic fluctuations can be probed by the use of the Magnetic Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (MEXAFS) spectroscopy. We compare those to the dynamic disorder as probed by the EXAFS. Here we present temperature-dependent MEXAFS investigations carried out at the L-edges of a thin Fe film and a Gd single crystal. By comparing the experimental results to ab initio calculations the single-scattering contributions are separated from multiple-scattering contributions. It is found that the multiple-scattering contributions are enhanced for the MEXAFS compared to the normal EXAFS.


Generalization Of Hysteresis Modeling To Anisotropic Materials, A. Ramesh, David C. Jiles, Y. Bi Apr 1997

Generalization Of Hysteresis Modeling To Anisotropic Materials, A. Ramesh, David C. Jiles, Y. Bi

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

An extension to the model of hysteresis has been presented earlier which included the effect of anisotropy in the modeling of the anhysteretic magnetization curves of uniaxially anisotropic single crystalline materials. Further exploration of this extension shown here considers different kinds of crystal anisotropy in materials. Theory considers that the differential susceptibility at any given field is determined by the displacement of the prevailing magnetization from the anhysteretic magnetization. Thus, it has been shown that the effect of anisotropy on magnetic hysteresis in materials can be incorporated into the model of hysteresis through the anisotropic anhysteretic. This extension is likely ...