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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Morphological Transformations In The Magnetite Biomineralizing Protein Mms6 In Iron Solutions: A Small-Angle X‑Ray Scattering Study, Honghu Zhang, Xunpei Liu, Shuren Feng, Wenjie Wang, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Mufit Akinc, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin, Surya K. Mallapragada Feb 2015

Morphological Transformations In The Magnetite Biomineralizing Protein Mms6 In Iron Solutions: A Small-Angle X‑Ray Scattering Study, Honghu Zhang, Xunpei Liu, Shuren Feng, Wenjie Wang, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Mufit Akinc, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin, Surya K. Mallapragada

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Magnetotactic bacteria that produce magnetic nanocrystals of uniform size and well-defined morphologies have inspired the use of biomineralization protein Mms6 to promote formation of uniform magnetic nanocrystals in vitro. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) studies in physiological solutions reveal that Mms6 forms compact globular threedimensional (3D) micelles (approximately 10 nm in diameter) that are, to a large extent, independent of concentration. In the presence of iron ions in the solutions, the general micellar morphology is preserved, however, with associations among micelles that are induced by iron ions. Compared with Mms6, the m2Mms6 mutant (with the sequence of hydroxyl/carboxyl containing ...


Rhombohedral Magnetostriction In Dilute Iron (Co) Alloys, Nicholas J. Jones, Gabriela Petculescu, Marilyn Wun-Fogle, James B. Restorff, Arthur E. Clark, Kristi B. Hathaway, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso Jan 2015

Rhombohedral Magnetostriction In Dilute Iron (Co) Alloys, Nicholas J. Jones, Gabriela Petculescu, Marilyn Wun-Fogle, James B. Restorff, Arthur E. Clark, Kristi B. Hathaway, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Publications

Iron is a well-utilized material in structural and magnetic applications. This does not mean, however, that it is well understood, especially in the field of magnetostriction. In particular, the rhombohedral magnetostriction of iron, λ111 , is anomalous in two respects: it is negative in sign, in disagreement with the prediction of first principles theory, and its magnitude decreases with increasing temperature much too rapidly to be explained by a power law dependence on magnetization. These behaviors could arise from the location of the Fermi level, which leaves a small region of the majority 3d t2g states unfilled, possibly favoring small internal ...


Magneto-Structural Transformations Via A Solid-State Nudged Elastic Band Method: Application To Iron Under Pressure, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Duane D. Johnson Jan 2015

Magneto-Structural Transformations Via A Solid-State Nudged Elastic Band Method: Application To Iron Under Pressure, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Duane D. Johnson

Ames Laboratory Publications

We extend the solid-state nudged elastic band method to handle a non-conserved order parameter, in particular, magnetization, that couples to volume and leads to many observed effects in magnetic systems. We apply this formalism to the well-studied magneto-volumecollapse during the pressure-induced transformation in iron—from ferromagnetic body-centered cubic (bcc) austenite to hexagonal close-packed (hcp) martensite. We find a bcc-hcp equilibrium coexistence pressure of 8.4 GPa, with the transition-state enthalpy of 156 meV/Fe at this pressure. A discontinuity in magnetization and coherent stress occurs at the transition state, which has a form of a cusp on the potential-energy surface ...


Experimental Exploration Of The Origin Of Magnetostriction In Single Crystalline Iron, Qingfeng Xing, Thomas A. Lograsso, M. P. Ruffoni, C. Azimonte, S. Pascarelli, D. J. Miller Aug 2010

Experimental Exploration Of The Origin Of Magnetostriction In Single Crystalline Iron, Qingfeng Xing, Thomas A. Lograsso, M. P. Ruffoni, C. Azimonte, S. Pascarelli, D. J. Miller

Ames Laboratory Publications

The magnetostrictive atomic strain in a pure Fe single crystal was measured by differential x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The obtained tetragonal magnetostriction constant, (3/2)λ100, was determined to be 45 ppm, consistent with the previously reported theoretical value calculated from a spin-orbit coupling theory. These results provide a foundation for understanding the origin of magnetostriction in pure Fe as well as Fe-based binary alloys.


On The Temperature Dependence Of Multiple- And Single-Scattering Contributions In Magnetic Exafs, H. Wende, F. Wilhelm, P. Poulopoulos, K. Baberschke, J. W. Freeland, Y. U. Idzerda, A. Rogalev, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, D. Arvanitis Sep 1999

On The Temperature Dependence Of Multiple- And Single-Scattering Contributions In Magnetic Exafs, H. Wende, F. Wilhelm, P. Poulopoulos, K. Baberschke, J. W. Freeland, Y. U. Idzerda, A. Rogalev, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, D. Arvanitis

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

We demonstrate that the temperature dependence of structural as well as magnetic fluctuations can be probed by the use of the Magnetic Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (MEXAFS) spectroscopy. We compare those to the dynamic disorder as probed by the EXAFS. Here we present temperature-dependent MEXAFS investigations carried out at the L-edges of a thin Fe film and a Gd single crystal. By comparing the experimental results to ab initio calculations the single-scattering contributions are separated from multiple-scattering contributions. It is found that the multiple-scattering contributions are enhanced for the MEXAFS compared to the normal EXAFS.


Hydrogen Charging In Nickel And Iron And Its Effect On Their Magnetic Properties, A. Ramesh, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, J. M. Roderick Apr 1996

Hydrogen Charging In Nickel And Iron And Its Effect On Their Magnetic Properties, A. Ramesh, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, J. M. Roderick

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The current study was undertaken to explore the possibility of detecting hydrogen cavitation in magnetic materials through magnetic propertymeasurements. It is known that dissolved hydrogen in a material causes microvoids. These voids may affect the structure‐sensitive magnetic properties such as coercivity and remanence. In this study, hydrogen was introduced into nickel and iron by two processes, namely thermal charging and cathodic charging. The effect on the magnetic properties was measured. In addition, the variation of the magnetic properties with porosity was studied.