Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Imaging Stress And Magnetism At High Pressures Using A Nanoscale Quantum Sensor, S. Hsieh, P. Bhattacharyya, C. Zu, T. Mittiga, T. J. Smart, F. Machado, B. Kobrin, T. O. Hohn, N. Z. Rui, Mehdi Kamrani, S. Chatterjee, S. Choi, M. Zaletel, V. V. Struzhkin, J. E. Moore, Valery I. Levitas, R. Jeanloz, N. Y. Yao Dec 2018

Imaging Stress And Magnetism At High Pressures Using A Nanoscale Quantum Sensor, S. Hsieh, P. Bhattacharyya, C. Zu, T. Mittiga, T. J. Smart, F. Machado, B. Kobrin, T. O. Hohn, N. Z. Rui, Mehdi Kamrani, S. Chatterjee, S. Choi, M. Zaletel, V. V. Struzhkin, J. E. Moore, Valery I. Levitas, R. Jeanloz, N. Y. Yao

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Pressure alters the physical, chemical and electronic properties of matter. The development of the diamond anvil cell (DAC) enables tabletop experiments to investigate a diverse landscape of high-pressure phenomena ranging from the properties of planetary interiors to transitions between quantum mechanical phases. In this work, we introduce and utilize a novel nanoscale sensing platform, which integrates nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers directly into the culet (tip) of diamond anvils. We demonstrate the versatility of this platform by performing diffraction-limited imaging (~600 nm) of both stress fields and magnetism, up to pressures ~30 GPa and for temperatures ranging from 25-340 K. For ...


Fem Modeling Of Plastic Flow And Strain-Induced Phase Transformation In Bn Under High Pressure And Large Shear In A Rotational Diamond Anvil Cell, Biao Feng, Valery I. Levitas, Wanghui Li Jan 2018

Fem Modeling Of Plastic Flow And Strain-Induced Phase Transformation In Bn Under High Pressure And Large Shear In A Rotational Diamond Anvil Cell, Biao Feng, Valery I. Levitas, Wanghui Li

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Combined three-dimensional plastic flow and strain-induced phase transformation (PT) in boron nitride (BN) under high pressure and large shear in a rotational diamond anvil cell (rotational DAC or RDAC) are investigated. Geometrically nonlinear frameworks including finite elastic, transformational, and plastic deformations and finite element method (FEM) are utilized. Quantitative information is obtained on the evolutions of the stress tensor, plastic strain, volume fraction of phases in the entire sample, and slip-cohesion transitions, all during torsion under a fixed compressive load in RDAC. The effects of the applied compressive stress and the sample radius on PT and plastic flow are discussed ...


An Experimental Study On The Characteristics Of Wind-Driven Surface Water Film Flows By Using A Multi-Transducer Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Technique, Yang Liu, Wen-Li Chen, Leonard J. Bond, Hui Hu Jan 2017

An Experimental Study On The Characteristics Of Wind-Driven Surface Water Film Flows By Using A Multi-Transducer Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Technique, Yang Liu, Wen-Li Chen, Leonard J. Bond, Hui Hu

Aerospace Engineering Publications

An experimental study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of surface water film flows driven by boundary layer winds over a test plate in order to elucidate the underlying physics pertinent to dynamic water runback processes over ice accreting surfaces of aircraft wings. A multi-transducer ultrasonic pulse-echo (MTUPE) technique was developed and applied to achieve non-intrusive measurements of water film thickness as a function of time and space to quantify the transient behaviors of wind-driven surface water filmflows. The effects of key controlling parameters, including freestream velocity of the airflow and flow rate of the water film, on the dynamics ...


Triaxial-Stress-Induced Homogeneous Hysteresis-Free First-Order Phase Transformations With Stable Intermediate Phases, Valery I. Levitas, Hao Chen, Liming Xiong Jan 2017

Triaxial-Stress-Induced Homogeneous Hysteresis-Free First-Order Phase Transformations With Stable Intermediate Phases, Valery I. Levitas, Hao Chen, Liming Xiong

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Starting with thermodynamic predictions and following with molecular dynamics simulations, special triaxial compression-tension states were found for which the stresses for the instability of the crystal lattice of silicon (Si) are the same for direct and reverse phase transformations (PTs) between semiconducting Si I and metallic Si II phases. This leads to unique homogeneous and hysteresis-free first-order PTs, for which each intermediate crystal lattice along the transformation path is in indifferent thermodynamic equilibrium and can be arrested and studied by fixing the strain in one direction. By approaching these stress states, a traditional two-phase system continuously transforms to homogenous intermediate ...


Phase Field Simulations Of Plastic Strain-Induced Phase Transformations Under High Pressure And Large Shear, Mahdi Javanbakht, Valery I. Levitas Dec 2016

Phase Field Simulations Of Plastic Strain-Induced Phase Transformations Under High Pressure And Large Shear, Mahdi Javanbakht, Valery I. Levitas

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Pressure and shear strain-induced phase transformations (PTs) in a nanograined bicrystal at the evolving dislocations pile-up have been studied utilizing a phase field approach (PFA). The complete system of PFA equations for coupled martensitic PT, dislocation evolution, and mechanics at large strains is presented and solved using the finite element method (FEM). The nucleation pressure for the high-pressure phase (HPP) under hydrostatic conditions near a single dislocation was determined to be 15.9 GPa. Under shear, a dislocation pile-up that appears in the left grain creates strong stress concentration near its tip and significantly increases the local thermodynamic driving force ...


Phase Field Approach With Anisotropic Interface Energy And Interface Stresses: Large Strain Formulation, Valery I. Levitas, James A. Warren Jun 2016

Phase Field Approach With Anisotropic Interface Energy And Interface Stresses: Large Strain Formulation, Valery I. Levitas, James A. Warren

Aerospace Engineering Publications

A thermodynamically consistent, large-strain, multi-phase field approach (with consequent interface stresses) is generalized for the case with anisotropic interface (gradient) energy (e.g. an energy density that depends both on the magnitude and direction of the gradients in the phase fields). Such a generalization, if done in the “usual” manner, yields a theory that can be shown to be manifestly unphysical. These theories consider the gradient energy as anisotropic in the deformed configuration, and, due to this supposition, several fundamental contradictions arise. First, the Cauchy stress tensor is non-symmetric and, consequently, violates the moment of momentum principle, in essence the ...


Simulation Of Chemical Mechanical Planarization Of Copper With Molecular Dynamics, Y. Ye, Rana Biswas, Ashraf F. Bastawros, Abhijit Chandra Sep 2002

Simulation Of Chemical Mechanical Planarization Of Copper With Molecular Dynamics, Y. Ye, Rana Biswas, Ashraf F. Bastawros, Abhijit Chandra

Aerospace Engineering Publications

With an aim to understanding the fundamental mechanisms underlying chemical mechanical planarization ~CMP! of copper, we simulate the nanoscale polishing of a copper surface with molecular dynamics utilizing the embedded atom method. Mechanical abrasion produces rough planarized surfaces with a large chip in front of the abrasive particle, and dislocations in the bulk of the crystal. The addition of chemical dissolution leads to very smooth planarized copper surfaces and considerably smaller frictional forces that prevent the formation of bulk dislocations. This is a first step towards understanding the interplay between mechanistic material abrasion and chemical dissolution in chemical mechanical planarization ...