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Elliptic And Hexadecapole Flow Of Charged Hadrons In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Aug 2010

Elliptic And Hexadecapole Flow Of Charged Hadrons In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Differential measurements of the elliptic (upsilon(2)) and hexadecapole (upsilon(4)) Fourier flow coefficients are reported for charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum (p(T)) and collision centrality or number of participant nucleons (N-part) for Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV/ The upsilon(2,4) measurements at pseudorapidity vertical bar eta vertical bar <= 0.35, obtained with four separate reaction-plane detectors positioned in the range 1.0 < vertical bar eta vertical bar < 3.9, show good agreement, indicating the absence of significant Delta eta-dependent nonflow correlations. Sizable values for upsilon(4)(p(T)) are observed with a ratio upsilon(4)(p(T), N-part)/upsilon(2)(2)(p(T), N-part) approximate to 0.8 for 50 less than or similar to N-part less than or similar to 200, which is compatible with the combined effects of a finite viscosity and initial eccentricity fluctuations. For N-part greater than or similar to 200 this ratio increases up to 1.7 in the most central collisions.


Transverse Momentum Dependence Of J/Psi Polarization At Midrapidity In P Plus P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jul 2010

Transverse Momentum Dependence Of J/Psi Polarization At Midrapidity In P Plus P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We report the measurement of the transverse momentum dependence of inclusive J/psi polarization in p + p collisions at root s = 200 GeV performed by the PHENIX Experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The J/psi polarization is studied in the helicity, Gottfried-Jackson, and Collins-Soper frames for p(T) < 5 GeV/c and vertical bar y vertical bar < 0.35. The polarization in the helicity and Gottfried-Jackson frames is consistent with zero for all transverse momenta, with a slight (1.8 sigma) trend towards longitudinal polarization for transverse momenta above 2 GeV/c. No conclusion is allowed due to the limited acceptance in the Collins-Soper frame and the uncertainties of the current data. The results are compared to observations for other collision systems and center of mass energies and to different quarkonia production models.


Transition In Yield And Azimuthal Shape Modification In Dihadron Correlations In Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jun 2010

Transition In Yield And Azimuthal Shape Modification In Dihadron Correlations In Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Hard-scattered parton probes produced in collisions of large nuclei indicate large partonic energy loss, possibly with collective produced-medium response to the lost energy. We present measurements of pi(0) trigger particles at transverse momenta p(T)(t) = 4-12 GeV/c and associated charged hadrons (p(T)(a) = 0.5-7 GeV/c) vs relative azimuthal angle Delta phi in Au + Au and p + p collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The Au + Au distribution at low p(T)(a), whose shape has been interpreted as a medium effect, is modified for p(T)(t) < 7 GeV/c. At higher p(T)(t), the data are consistent with unmodified or very weakly modified shapes, even for the lowest measured p(T)(a), which quantitatively challenges some medium response models. The associated yield of hadrons opposing the trigger particle in Au + Au relative to p + p (I-AA) is suppressed at high p(T) (I-AA approximate to 0.35-0.5), but less than for inclusive suppression (R-AA approximate to 0.2).


Enhanced Production Of Direct Photons In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev And Implications For The Initial Temperature, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Apr 2010

Enhanced Production Of Direct Photons In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev And Implications For The Initial Temperature, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The production of e(+)e(-) pairs for m(e+e-) < 0.3 GeV/c(2) and 1< p(T) < 5 GeV/c is measured in p + p and Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. An enhanced yield above hadronic sources is observed. Treating the excess as photon internal conversions, the invariant yield of direct photons is deduced. In central Au + Au collisions, the excess of the direct photon yield over p + p is exponential in transverse momentum, with an inverse slope T = 221 +/- 19(stat) +/- 19(syst) MeV. Hydrodynamical models with initial temperatures ranging from T-init similar to 300-600 MeV at times of similar to 0.6-0.15 fm/c after the collision are in qualitative agreement with the data. Lattice QCD predicts a phase transition to quark gluon plasma at similar to 170 MeV.


Double-Helicity Dependence Of Jet Properties From Dihadrons In Longitudinally Polarized P Plus P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jan 2010

Double-Helicity Dependence Of Jet Properties From Dihadrons In Longitudinally Polarized P Plus P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

It has been postulated that partonic orbital angular momentum can lead to a significant double-helicity dependence in the net transverse momentum of Drell-Yan dileptons produced in longitudinally polarized p + p collisions. Analogous effects are also expected for dijet production. If confirmed by experiment, this hypothesis, which is based on semiclassical arguments, could lead to a new approach for studying the contributions of orbital angular momentum to the proton spin. We report the first measurement of the double-helicity dependence of the dijet transverse momentum in longitudinally polarized p + p collisions at root s = 200 GeV from data taken by the PHENIX ...


Charged Kaon Interferometric Probes Of Space-Time Evolution In Au Plus Au Collisions At S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Oct 2009

Charged Kaon Interferometric Probes Of Space-Time Evolution In Au Plus Au Collisions At S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Bose-Einstein correlations of charged kaons are used to probe Au+Au collisions at s(NN)=200 GeV and are compared to charged pion probes, which have a larger hadronic scattering cross section. Three-dimensional Gaussian source radii are extracted, along with a one-dimensional kaon emission source function. The centrality dependences of the three Gaussian radii are well described by a single linear function of N-part(1/3) with a zero intercept. Imaging analysis shows a deviation from a Gaussian tail at r greater than or similar to 10 fm, although the bulk emission at lower radius is well described by a ...


Photoproduction Of J/Psi And Of High Mass E(+)E(-) In Ultra-Peripheral Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Aug 2009

Photoproduction Of J/Psi And Of High Mass E(+)E(-) In Ultra-Peripheral Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We present the first measurement of photoproduction of J/psi and of two-photon production of high-mass e(+)e(-) pairs in electromagnetic (or ultra-peripheral) nucleus-nucleus interactions, using Au + Au data at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The events are tagged with forward neutrons emitted following Coulomb excitation of one or both Au* nuclei. The event sample consists of 28 events with m(e+e-) > 2 GeV/c(2) with zero like-sign background. The measured cross sections at midrapidity of d sigma/dy (J/psi + Xn, y = 0) = 76 +/- 33 (stat) +/- 11 (syst) pb and d(2)sigma /dm dy (e(+) e ...


Photon-Hadron Jet Correlations In P Plus P And Au Plus Au Collisions At S(Nn)=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Aug 2009

Photon-Hadron Jet Correlations In P Plus P And Au Plus Au Collisions At S(Nn)=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We report the observation at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider of suppression of back-to-back correlations in the direct photon+jet channel in Au+Au relative to p+p collisions. Two-particle correlations of direct photon triggers with associated hadrons are obtained by statistical subtraction of the decay photon-hadron (gamma-h) background. The initial momentum of the away-side parton is tightly constrained, because the parton-photon pair exactly balance in momentum at leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics, making such correlations a powerful probe of the in-medium parton energy loss. The away-side nuclear suppression factor, I-AA, in central Au+Au collisions, is 0.32 ...


Measurement Of Bottom Versus Charm As A Function Of Transverse Momentum With Electron-Hadron Correlations In P Plus P Collisions At S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Aug 2009

Measurement Of Bottom Versus Charm As A Function Of Transverse Momentum With Electron-Hadron Correlations In P Plus P Collisions At S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The momentum distribution of electrons from semileptonic decays of charm and bottom quarks for midrapidity |y|< 0.35 in p+p collisions at s=200 GeV is measured by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider over the transverse momentum range 2 < p(T)< 7 GeV/c. The ratio of the yield of electrons from bottom to that from charm is presented. The ratio is determined using partial D/D -> e(+/-)K(-/+)X (K unidentified) reconstruction. It is found that the yield of electrons from bottom becomes significant above 4 GeV/c in p(T). A fixed-order-plus-next-to-leading-log perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculation agrees with the data within the theoretical and experimental uncertainties. The extracted total bottom production cross section at this energy is sigma(bb)=3.2(-1.1)(+1.2)(stat)(-1.3)(+1.4)(syst)mu b.


Gluon-Spin Contribution To The Proton Spin From The Double-Helicity Asymmetry In Inclusive Pi(0) Production In Polarized P Plus P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jul 2009

Gluon-Spin Contribution To The Proton Spin From The Double-Helicity Asymmetry In Inclusive Pi(0) Production In Polarized P Plus P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The double helicity asymmetry in neutral pion production for p(T) = 1 to 12 GeV/c was measured with the PHENIX experiment to access the gluon-spin contribution, Delta G, to the proton spin. Measured asymmetries are consistent with zero, and at a theory scale of mu 2 = 4 GeV2 a next to leading order QCD analysis gives Delta G([0.02,0.3]) = 0.2, with a constraint of -0.7 < Delta G([0.02,0.3]) < 0.5 at Delta chi(2) = 9 (similar to 3 sigma) for the sampled gluon momentum fraction (x) range, 0.02 to 0.3. The results are obtained using predictions for the measured asymmetries generated from four representative fits to polarized deep inelastic scattering data. We also consider the dependence of the Delta G constraint on the choice of the theoretical scale, a dominant uncertainty in these predictions.


Dilepton Mass Spectra In P Plus P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev And The Contribution From Open Charm, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jan 2009

Dilepton Mass Spectra In P Plus P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev And The Contribution From Open Charm, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

PHENIX has measured the electron-positron pair mass spectrum from 0 to 8 GeV/c(2) in p + p collisions at root s = 200 GeV. The contributions from light meson decays to e(+)e(-) pairs have been determined based on measurements of hadron production cross sections by PHENIX. Within the systematic uncertainty of similar to 20% they account for all e(+)e(-) pairs in the mass region below similar to 1 GeV/c(2). The e(+)e(-) pair yield remaining after subtracting these contributions is dominated by semileptonic decays of charmed hadrons correlated through flavor conservation. Using the spectral shape predicted ...


Inclusive Cross Section And Double Helicity Asymmetry For Pi(0) Production In P Plus P Collisions At Root S=62.4 Gev, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jan 2009

Inclusive Cross Section And Double Helicity Asymmetry For Pi(0) Production In P Plus P Collisions At Root S=62.4 Gev, Andrew Adare, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The PHENIX experiment presents results from the RHIC 2006 run with polarized p + p collisions at root s = 62.4 GeV, for inclusive pi(0) production at midrapidity. Unpolarized cross section results are measured for transverse momenta p(T) = 0.5 to 7 GeV/c. Next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations are compared with the data, and while the calculations are consistent with the measurements, next-to-leading logarithmic corrections improve the agreement. Double helicity asymmetries A(LL) are presented for p(T) = 1 to 4 GeV/c and probe the higher range of Bjorken x of the gluon (x(g)) with ...


Onset Of Pi(0) Suppression Studied In Cu Plus Cu Collisions At Root S(Nn)=22.4, 62.4, And 200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Oct 2008

Onset Of Pi(0) Suppression Studied In Cu Plus Cu Collisions At Root S(Nn)=22.4, 62.4, And 200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Neutral pion transverse momentum (p(T)) spectra at midrapidity (|y| less than or similar to 0.35) were measured in Cu + Cu collisions at root s(NN) = 22.4, 62.4, and 200 GeV. Relative to pi(0) yields in p + p collisions scaled by the number of inelastic nucleon-nucleon collisions (N-coll) the pi(0) yields for p(T) greater than or similar to 2 GeV/c in central Cu + Cu collisions are suppressed at 62.4 and 200 GeV whereas an enhancement is observed at 22.4 GeV. A comparison with a jet-quenching model suggests that final state parton ...


J/Psi Production In Root S(Nn)=200 Gev Cu+Cu Collisions, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Sep 2008

J/Psi Production In Root S(Nn)=200 Gev Cu+Cu Collisions, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Yields for J/psi production in Cu+Cu collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV have been measured over the rapidity range |y|< 2.2 and compared with results in p+p and Au+Au collisions at the same energy. The Cu+Cu data offer greatly improved precision over existing Au+Au data for J/psi production in collisions with small to intermediate numbers of participants, in the range where the quark-gluon plasma transition threshold is predicted to lie. Cold nuclear matter estimates based on ad hoc fits to d+Au data describe the Cu+Cu data up to N-part similar to 50, corresponding to a Bjorken energy density of at least 1.5 GeV/fm(3).


Particle-Species Dependent Modification Of Jet-Induced Correlations In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Aug 2008

Particle-Species Dependent Modification Of Jet-Induced Correlations In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Measurements in Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV of jet correlations for a trigger hadron at intermediate transverse momentum (p(T,trig)) with associated mesons or baryons at lower p(T,assoc) indicate strong modification of the away-side jet. The ratio of jet-associated baryons to mesons increases with centrality and p(T,assoc). For the most central collisions, the ratio is similar to that for inclusive measurements. This trend is incompatible with in-vacuum fragmentation but could be due to jetlike contributions from correlated soft partons, which recombine upon hadronization.


Source Breakup Dynamics In Au+Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev Via Three-Dimensional Two-Pion Source Imaging, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jun 2008

Source Breakup Dynamics In Au+Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev Via Three-Dimensional Two-Pion Source Imaging, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

A three-dimensional correlation function obtained from midrapidity, low p(T), pion pairs in central Au+Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV is studied. The extracted model-independent source function indicates a long range tail in the directions of the pion pair transverse momentum (out) and the beam (long). A proper breakup time tau(0) similar to 9 fm/c and a mean proper emission duration Delta tau similar to 2 fm/c, leading to sizable emission time differences ( approximate to 12 fm/c), are required to allow models to be successfully matched to these tails. The model comparisons also ...


Measurement Of Single Muons At Forward Rapidity In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev And Implications For Charm Production, S. S. Adler, Sergey Belikov, S. Bhagavatula, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Nov 2007

Measurement Of Single Muons At Forward Rapidity In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev And Implications For Charm Production, S. S. Adler, Sergey Belikov, S. Bhagavatula, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Muon production at forward rapidity (1.5 <=|eta|<= 1.8) has been measured by the PHENIX experiment over the transverse momentum range 1 <= p(T)<= 3 GeV/c in root s=200 GeV p+p collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. After statistically subtracting contributions from light hadron decays an excess remains which is attributed to the semileptonic decays of hadrons carrying heavy flavor, i.e. charm quarks or, at high p(T), bottom quarks. The resulting muon spectrum from heavy flavor decays is compared to PYTHIA and a next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. PYTHIA is used to determine the charm quark spectrum that would produce the observed muon excess. The corresponding differential cross section for charm quark production at forward rapidity is determined to be d sigma(c (c) over bar)/dy|(y=1.6)=0.243 +/- 0.013(stat.)+/- 0.105(data syst.)(-0.087)(+0.049)(PYTHIA syst.) mb.


Inclusive Cross Section And Double Helicity Asymmetry For Pi(0) Production In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev: Implications For The Polarized Gluon Distribution In The Proton, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Sep 2007

Inclusive Cross Section And Double Helicity Asymmetry For Pi(0) Production In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev: Implications For The Polarized Gluon Distribution In The Proton, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The PHENIX experiment presents results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider 2005 run with polarized proton collisions at root s=200 GeV, for inclusive pi(0) production at midrapidity. Unpolarized cross section results are given for transverse momenta p(T)=0.5 to 20 GeV/c, extending the range of published data to both lower and higher p(T). The cross section is described well for p(T)< 1 GeV/c by an exponential in p(T), and, for p(T)> 2 GeV/c, by perturbative QCD. Double helicity asymmetries A(LL) are presented based on a factor of 5 improvement in uncertainties as compared to previously published results, due to both an ...


Phenix Upgrade: Novel Stripixel Detector For Heavy Quark Detection And Proton Spin Structure Measurements At Rhic Energies, R. Nouicer, Sergey Belikov, S. Bhagavatula, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Aug 2007

Phenix Upgrade: Novel Stripixel Detector For Heavy Quark Detection And Proton Spin Structure Measurements At Rhic Energies, R. Nouicer, Sergey Belikov, S. Bhagavatula, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

New design of silicon stripixel sensor has been developed at BNL for PHENIX upgrade. The sensor is a single-sided, DC-coupled, two-dimensional position sensitive device with good position resolution. This design is simpler for sensor fabrication and signal processing than the conventional double-sided strip sensor. HPK has produced pre-production stripixel sensors with thickness of 625 μm. The quality assurance tests show that the very low leakage current 0.12 nA per strip allows the use of the SVX4 chip. A long term stability test shows that the leakage current is stable over a long period of time. The study of the ...


Elliptic Flow For Phi Mesons And (Anti)Deuterons In Au+Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jul 2007

Elliptic Flow For Phi Mesons And (Anti)Deuterons In Au+Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. Afanasiev, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Differential elliptic flow (v(2)) for phi mesons and (anti)deuterons ((d) over bar )d is measured for Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The v(2) for phi mesons follows the trend of lighter pi(+/-) and K-+/- mesons, suggesting that ordinary hadrons interacting with standard hadronic cross sections are not the primary driver for elliptic flow development. The v(2) values for ((d) over bar )d suggest that elliptic flow is additive for composite particles. This further validation of the universal scaling of v(2) per constituent quark for baryons and mesons suggests that partonic collectivity ...


Correlated Production Of P And (P)Over-Bar In Au+Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jun 2007

Correlated Production Of P And (P)Over-Bar In Au+Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Correlations between p and (p) over bar at transverse momenta typical of enhanced baryon production in Au + Au collisions are reported. The PHENIX experiment has measured same and opposite sign baryon pairs in Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. Correlated production of p and p with the trigger particle from the range 2.5 < p(T) < 4.0 GeV/c and the associated particle with 1.8 < p(T) < 2.5 GeV/c is observed to be nearly independent of the centrality of the collisions. Same sign pairs show no correlation at any centrality. The conditional yield of mesons triggered by baryons (and anti-baryons) and mesons in the same p(T) range rises with increasing centrality, except for the most central collisions, where baryons show a significantly smaller number of associated mesons. These data are consistent with a picture in which hard scattered partons produce correlated p and (p) over bar in the p(T) region of the baryon excess.


J/Psi Production Versus Centrality, Transverse Momentum, And Rapidity In Au+Au Collisions At Root S-Nn=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jun 2007

J/Psi Production Versus Centrality, Transverse Momentum, And Rapidity In Au+Au Collisions At Root S-Nn=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has measured J/psi production for rapidities -2.2 < y < 2.2 in Au+Au collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV. The J/psi invariant yield and nuclear modification factor R-AA as a function of centrality, transverse momentum, and rapidity are reported. A suppression of J/psi relative to binary collision scaling of proton-proton reaction yields is observed. Models which describe the lower energy J/psi data at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron invoking only J/psi destruction based on the local medium density predict a significantly larger suppression at RHIC and more suppression at midrapidity than at forward rapidity. Both trends are contradicted by our data.


J/Psi Production Versus Transverse Momentum And Rapidity In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jun 2007

J/Psi Production Versus Transverse Momentum And Rapidity In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

J/psi production in p+p collisions at root s=200 GeV has been measured by the PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider over a rapidity range of -2.2 < y < 2.2 and a transverse momentum range of 0 < p(T)< 9 GeV/c. The size of the present data set allows a detailed measurement of both the p(T) and the rapidity distributions and is sufficient to constrain production models. The total cross section times the branching ratio is B-ll sigma(J/psi)(pp)=178 +/- 3(stat)+/- 53(sys)+/- 18(norm) nb.


Centrality Dependence Of Pi(0) And Eta Production At Large Transverse Momentum In Root S(Nn) = 200 Gev D+Au Collisions, S. S. Adler, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, X. Zong, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Apr 2007

Centrality Dependence Of Pi(0) And Eta Production At Large Transverse Momentum In Root S(Nn) = 200 Gev D+Au Collisions, S. S. Adler, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, X. Zong, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The dependence of transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions and eta mesons with p(T) < 16 GeV/c and p(T) < 12 GeV/c, respectively, on the centrality of the collision has been measured at midrapidity by the PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in d + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The measured yields are compared to those in p + p collisions at the same root s(NN) scaled by the number of underlying nucleon-nucleon collisions in d + Au. At all centralities, the yield ratios show no suppression, in contrast to the strong suppression seen for central An + Au collisions at RHIC. Only a weak p(T) and centrality dependence can be observed.


Scaling Properties Of Azimuthal Anisotropy In Au Plus Au And Cu Plus Cu Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Apr 2007

Scaling Properties Of Azimuthal Anisotropy In Au Plus Au And Cu Plus Cu Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Differential measurements of elliptic flow (v(2)) for Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV are used to test and validate predictions from perfect fluid hydrodynamics for scaling of v(2) with eccentricity, system size, and transverse kinetic energy (KET). For KET equivalent to m(T)-m up to similar to 1 GeV the scaling is compatible with hydrodynamic expansion of a thermalized fluid. For large values of KET mesons and baryons scale separately. Quark number scaling reveals a universal scaling of v(2) for both mesons and baryons over the full KET range for ...


Energy Loss And Flow Of Heavy Quarks In Au+Au Collisions At Root S(Nn) = 200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Apr 2007

Energy Loss And Flow Of Heavy Quarks In Au+Au Collisions At Root S(Nn) = 200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has measured electrons with 0.3 < p(T) < 9 GeV/c at midrapidity (\y\ < 0.35) from heavy-flavor (charm and bottom) decays in Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The nuclear modification factor R-AA relative to p + p collisions shows a strong suppression in central Au + Au collisions, indicating substantial energy loss of heavy quarks in the medium produced at RHIC energies. A large azimuthal anisotropy v(2) with respect to the reaction plane is observed for 0.5 < p(T) < 5 GeV/c indicating substantial heavy-flavor elliptic flow. Both R-AA and v(2) show a p(T) dependence different from those of neutral pions. A comparison to transport models which simultaneously describe R-AA(p(T)) and v(2)(p(T)) suggests that the viscosity to entropy density ratio is close to the conjectured quantum lower bound, i.e., near a perfect fluid.


Evidence For A Long-Range Component In The Pion Emission Source In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. S. Adler, Sergey Belikov, S. Bhagavatula, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Mar 2007

Evidence For A Long-Range Component In The Pion Emission Source In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S(Nn)=200 Gev, S. S. Adler, Sergey Belikov, S. Bhagavatula, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Emission source functions are extracted from correlation functions constructed from charged pions produced at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at s(NN)=200 GeV. The source parameters extracted from these functions at low k(T) give first indications of a long tail for the pion emission source. The source extension cannot be explained solely by simple kinematic considerations. The possible role of a halo of secondary pions from resonance emissions is explored.


Qcd Resummation For The Fully Differential Drell-Yan Cross Section, Ricardo A. Rodriguez-Pedraza Jan 2007

Qcd Resummation For The Fully Differential Drell-Yan Cross Section, Ricardo A. Rodriguez-Pedraza

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We study an extension of resummation to the fully differential cross section in the Drell-Yan process. This new method extends the Collins-Soper-Sterman formalism to the longitudinal WL and double delta helicity structure function WDeltaDelta, recovering the next-to-leading-order predictions. The new extension also modifies the transverse structure function WT obtained in previous extensions.;The angular coefficients, lambda and nu, used for parametrization of the angular distribution, were studied with the new structure functions. No violation of the Lam-Tung relation was found. A possible solution to explain the difference between theoretical and experimental results is proposed. This solution may also explain the ...


Measurement Of Direct Photon Production In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, S. S. Adler, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, X. Zong, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jan 2007

Measurement Of Direct Photon Production In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, S. S. Adler, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Marzia Rosati, F. K. Wohn, X. Zong, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Cross sections for midrapidity production of direct photons in p+p collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are reported for transverse momenta of 3 < p(T)< 16 GeV/c. Next-to-leading order perturbative QCD (pQCD) describes the data well for p(T)> 5 GeV/c, where the uncertainties of the measurement and theory are comparable. We also report on the effect of requiring the photons to be isolated from parton jet energy. The observed fraction of isolated photons is well described by pQCD for p(T)> 7 GeV/c.


Measurement Of High-P(T) Single Electrons From Heavy-Flavor Decays In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Dec 2006

Measurement Of High-P(T) Single Electrons From Heavy-Flavor Decays In P+P Collisions At Root S=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, H. Pei, Marzia Rosati, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The momentum distribution of electrons from decays of heavy flavor (charm and bottom) for midrapidity |y|< 0.35 in p+p collisions at s=200 GeV has been measured by the PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider over the transverse momentum range 0.3 < p(T)< 9 GeV/c. Two independent methods have been used to determine the heavy-flavor yields, and the results are in good agreement with each other. A fixed-order-plus-next-to-leading-log perturbative QCD calculation agrees with the data within the theoretical and experimental uncertainties, with the data/theory ratio of 1.71 +/- 0.02(stat)+/- 0.18(sys) for 0.3 < p(T)< 9 GeV/c. The total charm production cross section at this energy has also been deduced to be sigma(cc)=567 +/- 57(stat)+/- 193(sys) mu b.