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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Embedded-Atom-Method Modeling Of Alkali-Metal/Transition-Metal Interfaces, Jake D. Christensen Dec 2020

Embedded-Atom-Method Modeling Of Alkali-Metal/Transition-Metal Interfaces, Jake D. Christensen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Understanding the thermal properties of materials is essential to using those materials for technological advancement which can benefit civilization. For example, it has been proposed that essential components of tokamaks, devices which perform fusion, be made out of tungsten with a thin layer of lithium on the surface. To that end, this thesis seeks to calculate the thermal properties of a layer of alkali atoms, like lithium and sodium, on tungsten and molybdenum substrates. We use an Embedded Atom Method (EAM) model to perform our calculations. This type of model has been widely used to describe the interaction between atoms ...


The Development And Use Of A Secondary Electron Yield Database For Spacecraft Charge Modeling, Phillip Lundgreen Dec 2020

The Development And Use Of A Secondary Electron Yield Database For Spacecraft Charge Modeling, Phillip Lundgreen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Charge modeling of electron-solid interactions requires a detailed and accurate compilation of experimental data on which to base its physics and against which to test its predictions. Historically researchers used methods involving individual research or information taken from existing, vague, databases that were often found wanting. To streamline the charge modeling process, a collection of data has been assembled and categorized based upon surface morphology and contamination from various published sources and existing databases. The quality and quantity of the compilation vary widely with very little information offered with regards to surface conditions of various materials (contamination, morphology, etc. ...). Included ...


Finite-Strain Scale-Free Phase-Field Approach To Multivariant Martensitic Phase Transformations With Stress-Dependent Effective Thresholds, Hamed Babaei, Valery I. Levitas Nov 2020

Finite-Strain Scale-Free Phase-Field Approach To Multivariant Martensitic Phase Transformations With Stress-Dependent Effective Thresholds, Hamed Babaei, Valery I. Levitas

Aerospace Engineering Publications

A scale-free phase-field model for martensitic phase transformations (PTs) at finite strains is developed as an essential generalization of small-strain models in Levitas et al. (2004) and Idesman et al. (2005). The theory includes finite elastic and transformational strains and rotations as well as anisotropic and different elastic properties of phases. The gradient energy term is excluded, and the model is applicable for any scale greater than 100 nm. The model tracks finite-width interfaces between austenite and the mixture of martensitic variants only; volume fractions of martensitic variants are the internal variables rather than order parameters. The concept of the ...


Issues And Proposed Solutions To Team Based Assessment In University Physics Labs, Manqoba Q. Hlatshwayo Oct 2020

Issues And Proposed Solutions To Team Based Assessment In University Physics Labs, Manqoba Q. Hlatshwayo

STEM Instructional Graduate Teaching Assistant Posters

Many education experts considers peer-to-peer education as the most effective way for students to learn (Peersdom, 2014). Western Michigan University (WMU) physics laboratories embraces this philosophy and has designed the assessment to be based on the team report. The assumption is that every team member contributed (not necessarily equally) to the work submitted by the team hence every team member should receive the same grade. This is a ubiquitous assessment philosophy in education, and some forms of additional individual assessment in team projects are strongly discouraged (David Boud et al, 1999).

There is no doubt on the effectiveness of peer-to-peer ...


Improving Lab Experience For Students In Phys2080, Khushi Bhatt Oct 2020

Improving Lab Experience For Students In Phys2080, Khushi Bhatt

STEM Instructional Graduate Teaching Assistant Posters

University Physics II (PHYS 2080) deals with providing hands-on experience with the experiments of electricity and magnetism. It aids students to develop computational thinking in physics through analysis of experimental and theoretical data using python programming language.

In Fall-2019, I taught the newly designed PHYS2080 class for the first time as per the requirements. During Spring-2020, I implemented some subtle changes using the skills that I gained through various teaching training. These changes are described in Methodology section. Data clearly shows improvement that was observed without lowering the expectations or changing the curriculum of the class.


Substitutional And Interstitial Doping In Laco5 System For The Development Of Hard Magnetic Properties: A First Principles Study, Huseyin Ucar, Renu Choudhary, Durga Paudyal Sep 2020

Substitutional And Interstitial Doping In Laco5 System For The Development Of Hard Magnetic Properties: A First Principles Study, Huseyin Ucar, Renu Choudhary, Durga Paudyal

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We investigate here the changes in the electronic structure at the transition metal sites of the RE-TM5 structure (RE = Rare Earth, TM = Transition Metal) while doping the interstitial sites with nitrogen. LaCo5 compound is taken as the baseline compound owing to its critically needed intrinsic magnetic properties such as magneto-crystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) of ≈5 meV/fu [1] due to the contributions from the cobalt network. In addition, because of the lack of 4f electrons in lanthanum, complications originating from the treatment of the 4f localized electrons are absent in this compound; making it an ideal reference material to all ...


Optical Study Of Pks B1322-110, The Intra-Hour Variable Radio Source, Juan P. Madrid, Artem V. Tuntsov, Mischa Schirmer, Mark A. Walker, Carlos J. Donzelli, Keith W. Bannister, Hayley E. Bignall, Jamie Stevens, Cormac Reynolds, Simon Johnston Sep 2020

Optical Study Of Pks B1322-110, The Intra-Hour Variable Radio Source, Juan P. Madrid, Artem V. Tuntsov, Mischa Schirmer, Mark A. Walker, Carlos J. Donzelli, Keith W. Bannister, Hayley E. Bignall, Jamie Stevens, Cormac Reynolds, Simon Johnston

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Observations with the Australia Telescope Compact Array revealed intra-hour variations in the radio source PKS B1322-110 (Bignall et al. 2019). As part of an optical follow-up, we obtained Gemini Hα and Hα continuum (HαC) images of the PKS B1322-110 field. A robust 19 σ detection of PKS B1322- 110 in the Hα−HαC image prompted us to obtain the first optical spectrum of PKS B1322-110. With the Gemini spectrum we determine that PKS B1322-110 is a flat-spectrum radio quasar at a redshift of z = 3.007 ± 0.002. The apparent flux detected in the Hα filter is likely to originate ...


Spectral Properties Of Quaternionic Unit Gain Cycles, Nolan J. Coble Sep 2020

Spectral Properties Of Quaternionic Unit Gain Cycles, Nolan J. Coble

Senior Honors Theses

The quaternions are a non-commutative division ring that extends the complex numbers. A gain graph is a simple graph together with a gain function that assigns a value from an arbitrary group to each edge of the graph. We can define certain concepts on these graphs such as adjacency and Laplacian matrices, gains of paths, and more. If we restrict ourselves to the unit norm quaternions, we can define quaternionic unit gain graphs, or U(H)-gain graphs, as gain graphs where the domain of the gain function is the unit quaternions. Traditional methods from spectral graph theory are not ...


High Layer Uniformity Of 2-D Materials Surprisingly From Broad Features In Surface Electron Diffraction, Shen Chen, Michael Horn Von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, Adam Kaminski, Benjamin Schrunk, Thanassis Speliotis, Edward Henry Conrad, Michael C. Tringides Sep 2020

High Layer Uniformity Of 2-D Materials Surprisingly From Broad Features In Surface Electron Diffraction, Shen Chen, Michael Horn Von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, Adam Kaminski, Benjamin Schrunk, Thanassis Speliotis, Edward Henry Conrad, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

Paradoxically a very broad diffraction background, named the Bell-Shaped-Component (BSC), has been established as a feature of graphene growth. Although the BSC has been present in the earlier literature it has been ignored. Recent diffraction studies as a function of electron energy have shown that the BSC is not related to scattering interference. The BSC is a very strong effect, but its origin is still unclear. Here, additional experiments are carried out as a function of temperature while monitoring changes in the intensity of different spots over the range that single-layer-graphene (SLG) grows. Quantitative fitting of the profiles shows that ...


Precision Measurement Of The Beam-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Forward-Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering, Qweak Collaboration, David Armstrong, Wouter Deconinck, K. Bartlett, J. C. Cornejo, R. D. Carlini, James F. Dowd, J. M. Finn, Valerie M. Gray, K. Grimm, J. R. Hoskins, J. P. Leckey, Jeong Han Lee, Joshua A. Magee, Victoria F. Owen Sep 2020

Precision Measurement Of The Beam-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Forward-Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering, Qweak Collaboration, David Armstrong, Wouter Deconinck, K. Bartlett, J. C. Cornejo, R. D. Carlini, James F. Dowd, J. M. Finn, Valerie M. Gray, K. Grimm, J. R. Hoskins, J. P. Leckey, Jeong Han Lee, Joshua A. Magee, Victoria F. Owen

Arts & Sciences Articles

A beam-normal single-spin asymmetry generated in the scattering of transversely polarized electrons from unpolarized nucleons is an observable related to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange process. We report a 2% precision measurement of the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering with a mean scattering angle of theta_lab = 7.9 degrees and a mean energy of 1.149 GeV. The asymmetry result is B_n = -5.194 +- 0.067 (stat) +- 0.082 (syst) ppm. This is the most precise measurement of this quantity available to date and therefore provides a stringent test of two-photon exchange models at far-forward scattering ...


Particle Dynamics In Anti-De Sitter Space By Eih Method, Jiusi Lei Sep 2020

Particle Dynamics In Anti-De Sitter Space By Eih Method, Jiusi Lei

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Following the work of Einstein, Infeld and Hoffmann, we show that particle dynamics in Anti-de Sitter spacetime can be built up by regarding singularities in spacetime manifold as the source of particles.

Since gauge fields play a foundational role in the action, the singularities are chosen to be point-like instantons. Their winding number, defined by an integration on the spheres surrounding those singularities, will turn out to be related to their masses. And their action, derived from the Chern-Simons forms, will be a co-adjoint orbit action, with group element g ∈ SO(4, 2) describing the collective coordinates of the particle ...


Wave Propagation In Random And Topological Media, Yuhao Kang Sep 2020

Wave Propagation In Random And Topological Media, Yuhao Kang

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis discusses wave propagation in two kinds of systems, random media and topological insulators. In a disordered system, the wave is randomized by multiple scattering. The scattering matrix and associated delay times are powerful tools with which to describe wave transport. We discuss the relation among the Wigner time, the transmission time, and energy density in a lossless or lossy system. We propose the zeros of the transmission matrix and show how to manipulate the zero-transmission mode in a nonunitary system. In a photonic topological insulator, we realize an edge mode and discuss its robustness in the face of ...


An Accurate Solution Of The Self-Similar Orbit-Averaged Fokker-Planck Equation For Core-Collapsing Isotropic Globular Clusters: Properties And Application, Yuta Ito Sep 2020

An Accurate Solution Of The Self-Similar Orbit-Averaged Fokker-Planck Equation For Core-Collapsing Isotropic Globular Clusters: Properties And Application, Yuta Ito

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Hundreds of dense star clusters exist in almost all galaxies. Each cluster is composed of approximately ten thousand through ten million stars. The stars orbit in the clusters due to the clusters' self-gravity. Standard stellar dynamics expects that the clusters behave like collisionless self-gravitating systems on short time scales (~ million years) and the stars travel in smooth continuous orbits. Such clusters temporally settle to dynamically stable states or quasi-stationary states (QSS). Two fundamental QSS models are the isothermal- and polytropic- spheres since they have similar structures to the actual core (central part) and halo (outskirt) of the clusters. The two ...


Electromagnetic Reciprocity In The Presence Of Topological Insulators, Huai-Yi Xie, P. T. Leung Sep 2020

Electromagnetic Reciprocity In The Presence Of Topological Insulators, Huai-Yi Xie, P. T. Leung

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Electromagnetic reciprocity is studied in the presence of topological insulators (TI) with application of axion electrodynamics for harmonic electromagnetic fields. The corresponding generalized Lorentz and Feld-Tai type lemmas are derived in terms of the axion coupling parameter, and their correlation to the conditional symmetry in source-observer coordinates for the various Green dyadics is established subjected to different types of boundary conditions. Possible application of the results to the probing of the topological magneto-electric effects from TI is discussed.


Variability Of Active Galactic Nuclei From Differential Photometry, Nicholas Steven Yee Sep 2020

Variability Of Active Galactic Nuclei From Differential Photometry, Nicholas Steven Yee

Physics

The Seoul AGN Monitoring Project, or SAMP for short, is an international project (PI Jonghak Woo from Korea) with the goal of measuring the masses of black holes residing in the center of massive active galactic nuclei (AGNs). AGNs are some of the brightest objects in the universe. Their light is attributed to the accretion of material onto the black hole. However, these objects are too distant to spatially resolve the gravitational sphere of influence of the black hole directly. Instead, we use a technique called reverberation mapping which observes the variability of the AGN power-law continuum emission and the ...


New Techniques For Holography From Supergravity, Oscar Varela Aug 2020

New Techniques For Holography From Supergravity, Oscar Varela

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Yield-Stress Fluids In Confined Geometries, Thalia Magyar Aug 2020

Yield-Stress Fluids In Confined Geometries, Thalia Magyar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A yield-stress fluid is a material that has properties of both solids and conventional liquids that only begins to flow when subject to a finite stress. The behaviour of yield-stress fluids is interesting and important in many applications. It is expected that the rheological properties of a yield-stress fluid will change when confined to a region with a length scale comparable to the characteristic scale of its microstructure. The particle size and polydispersity of two yield-stress fluids, Carbopol and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), were determined using dynamic light scattering. A rheological characterization was performed on these two yield-stress fluids. Flow of ...


Understanding The Magnetic Properties Of Ii-Vi Semiconductor Nanocrystals, Alex Khammang Aug 2020

Understanding The Magnetic Properties Of Ii-Vi Semiconductor Nanocrystals, Alex Khammang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Semiconductor nanocrystals (NC) are well known for their unique size tunable optical properties making them suitable candidates for devices such as light emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells, and cellular labels. II-VI semiconductors in the bulk form behave diamagnetically, but can inherit paramagnetic (PM) or ferromagnetic (FM) properties at the nanoscale. Reports suggest that the emergence of weak PM or FM behavior in undoped NCs are attributed to the increased surface to volume ratio compared for NCs. Traditionally, these NCs only obtain magnetic properties after doping with certain transition metals, such as Co, Mn, or Fe. Many mechanisms have been proposed ...


Elmer Fem-Dakota: A Unified Open-Source Computational Framework For Electromagnetics And Data Analytics, Anjali Sandip Aug 2020

Elmer Fem-Dakota: A Unified Open-Source Computational Framework For Electromagnetics And Data Analytics, Anjali Sandip

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Open-source electromagnetic design software, Elmer FEM, was interfaced with data analytics toolkit, Dakota. Furthermore, the coupled software was validated against a benchmark test. The interface developed provides a unified open-source computational framework for electromagnetics and data analytics. Its key features include uncertainty quantification, surrogate modelling and parameter studies. This framework enables a richer understanding of model predictions to better design electric machines in a time sensitive manner.


H-Atom Ladder Operator Revisited, Carl W. David Aug 2020

H-Atom Ladder Operator Revisited, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

An error laden note (Am. J. Phys., 34, 984,(1966)) concerning the ladder operator solution to the hydrogen atom electronic energy levels is corrected.


Effects Of Surfactants On The Generation Of Sea Spray During Tropical Cyclones, Breanna L. Vanderplow Aug 2020

Effects Of Surfactants On The Generation Of Sea Spray During Tropical Cyclones, Breanna L. Vanderplow

All HCAS Student Capstones, Theses, and Dissertations

Despite significant improvement in computational and observational capabilities, predicting intensity and intensification of major tropical cyclones remains a challenge. In 2017 Hurricane Maria intensified to a Category 5 storm within 24 hours, devastating Puerto Rico. In 2019 Hurricane Dorian, predicted to remain tropical storm, unexpectedly intensified into a Category 5 storm and destroyed the Bahamas. The official forecast and computer models were unable to predict rapid intensification of these storms. One possible reason for this is that key physics, including microscale processes at the air-sea interface, are poorly understood and parameterized in existing forecast models.

Under tropical cyclones, the air-sea ...


Investigation Of The Chemical Kinetics In An Atmospheric Cold Plasma Towards Co2 Conversion, Daniel Piatek Aug 2020

Investigation Of The Chemical Kinetics In An Atmospheric Cold Plasma Towards Co2 Conversion, Daniel Piatek

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Hydrogenation of carbon dioxide (CO2) to methanol (CH3OH) is a promising route for utilization of excess and residual CO2. The conversion of CO to methanol is a well-developed process but the ability to use CO2 as a feed gas still requires high pressures (30-300 atm) to attain conversion. In this work, the hydrogenation of CO2 is explored using H2O as well as H2 in an atmospheric pressure nonthermal (cold) plasma created with a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor. Different gas mixtures such as argon (Ar) and helium (He) are used to understand their interactions in the process of CO2 hydrogenation ...


A Hybrid Achromatic Metalens, Fatih Balli, Mansoor A. Sultan, Sarah K. Lami, J. Todd Hastings Aug 2020

A Hybrid Achromatic Metalens, Fatih Balli, Mansoor A. Sultan, Sarah K. Lami, J. Todd Hastings

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Metalenses, ultra-thin optical elements that focus light using subwavelength structures, have been the subject of a number of recent investigations. Compared to their refractive counterparts, metalenses offer reduced size and weight, and new functionality such as polarization control. However, metalenses that correct chromatic aberration also suffer from markedly reduced focusing efficiency. Here we introduce a Hybrid Achromatic Metalens (HAML) that overcomes this trade-off and offers improved focusing efficiency over a broad wavelength range from 1000-1800 nm. HAMLs can be designed by combining recursive ray-tracing and simulated phase libraries rather than computationally intensive global search algorithms. Moreover, HAMLs can be fabricated ...


Fifth-Degree Elastic Energy For Predictive Continuum Stress–Strain Relations And Elastic Instabilities Under Large Strain And Complex Loading In Silicon, Hao Chen, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson, Xiancheng Zhang Aug 2020

Fifth-Degree Elastic Energy For Predictive Continuum Stress–Strain Relations And Elastic Instabilities Under Large Strain And Complex Loading In Silicon, Hao Chen, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson, Xiancheng Zhang

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Materials under complex loading develop large strains and often phase transformation via an elastic instability, as observed in both simple and complex systems. Here, we represent a material (exemplified for Si I) under large Lagrangian strains within a continuum description by a 5th-order elastic energy found by minimizing error relative to density functional theory (DFT) results. The Cauchy stress—Lagrangian strain curves for arbitrary complex loadings are in excellent correspondence with DFT results, including the elastic instability driving the Si I → II phase transformation (PT) and the shear instabilities. PT conditions for Si I → II under action of cubic axial ...


Characterization Of A Novel Double Cooled Electrode Dbd Reactor For Ozone Generation, Gustavo Duarte Aug 2020

Characterization Of A Novel Double Cooled Electrode Dbd Reactor For Ozone Generation, Gustavo Duarte

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) is used to generate atmospheric or higher-pressure non-thermal plasmas and has found various commercial applications such as in industrial large-scale ozone generation. Ozone (O3 ) is a powerful chemical reactant that is used to kill bacteria, to deodorize and to perform water purification. The effectiveness of the DBD reactors depends on the electrode arrangements, gap lengths, dielectric materials, operating gases and feed gas quality to name a few. However, the production of O3 is heat sensitive. In order to prevent O3 destruction thermal cooling of the DBD is needed. The industry approach to ...


Hodographic Analysis Of Na Lidar Data To Measure Atmospheric Gravity Wave Parameters, Jeffrey Ormsby Aug 2020

Hodographic Analysis Of Na Lidar Data To Measure Atmospheric Gravity Wave Parameters, Jeffrey Ormsby

Physics Capstone Projects

The Utah State University Sodium lidar observatory, hosted in Science and Engineering Research building at Logan campus, measures the winds and temperature near the boundary of eddy diffusion dominated upper atmosphere between 80 and 110-km, where various atmospheric internal waves, especially atmospheric gravity waves (buoyancy waves), play important roles in the dynamics and chemistry. In this study, using a hodographic algorithm, the lidar data were analyzed to extract critical parameters of these gravity waves detected in this region, such as horizontal propagating phase velocity and wavelength. Results were compared with the independent Advanced Atmospheric Temperature Mapper (AMTM) observations, co-located at ...


Electromagnetic Interference Reduction Of High-Speed Digital And Analog Circuits Using Engineered Electromagnetic Bandgap Structures, Brandon Ramos Aug 2020

Electromagnetic Interference Reduction Of High-Speed Digital And Analog Circuits Using Engineered Electromagnetic Bandgap Structures, Brandon Ramos

Undergraduate Research Journal

In this paper, we will discuss the concerns of a microstrip two patch antenna system. Coupling of the two-port system can be miniaturized using Electromagnetic Bandgap Structures (EBG) or Defected Ground Structures (DGS) centered between the two patch antennas half a wavelength in size. Different miniaturization methods were used in the design of the antenna system to change the properties of the signal. Changing via locations that are not found on EBG strips themselves, rather found on interleaved ledges between EBG strips allowed for further change in shifting the signals frequency.


Designing A Reactor Chamber For Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue Aug 2020

Designing A Reactor Chamber For Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue

SURF Posters and Papers

Catalysis provides pathways for efficient and selective chemical reactions by lowering the energy barriers for desired products. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) show excellent promise as plasmonic catalysts. Plasmonic materials have localized surface plasmon resonances, oscillations of the electron bath at the surface of a nanoparticle, that generate energetically intense electric fields which rapidly decay into energetically excited electrons. The excited electrons have the potential to destabilize atoms strongly bound to the catalysts through occupation of antibonding orbitals. Tuning the antibonding orbitals to make them accessible for occupancy by electrons is achieved by coating the AuNP in a thin layer of another ...


Free Charge Carrier Properties In Two-Dimensional Materials And Monoclinic Oxides Studied By Optical Hall Effect, Sean Knight Aug 2020

Free Charge Carrier Properties In Two-Dimensional Materials And Monoclinic Oxides Studied By Optical Hall Effect, Sean Knight

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this dissertation, optical Hall effect (OHE) measurements are used to determine the free charge carrier properties of important two-dimensional materials and monoclinic oxides. Two-dimensional material systems have proven useful in high-frequency electronic devices due to their unique properties, such as high mobility, which arise from their two-dimensional nature. Monoclinic oxides exhibit many desirable characteristics, for example low-crystal symmetry which could lead to anisotropic carrier properties. Here, single-crystal monoclinic gallium oxide, an AlInN/GaN-based high-electron-mobility transistor (HEMT) structure, and epitaxial graphene are studied as examples. To characterize these material systems, the OHE measurement technique is employed. The OHE is a ...


Diffuse Spectra Model Of Photoluminescence In Carbon Quantum Dots, S. E. Kumekov, N. K. Saitova, Karen S. Martirosyan Aug 2020

Diffuse Spectra Model Of Photoluminescence In Carbon Quantum Dots, S. E. Kumekov, N. K. Saitova, Karen S. Martirosyan

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

The attractive aspect of excitation related to fluorescence nature in carbon quantum dots (CQD) has guided to several assumptions correlated with clusters size distribution, shapes as well as presence of different emissive states. In this study, a dimer–excimer model of photoluminescence (PL) in CQD describing discrete multiple electronic states for the excitation-dependent emission is described. The functional dependence of the characteristic width of the diffuse spectra of PL on the size of a quantum dots are calculated. The effective width of PL spectrum can be tuned from 0.1 to 1 eV.