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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino Apr 2019

Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino

Student Scholar Showcase

Automation of various modes of transportation is thought to make travel more safe and efficient. Over the past several decades, advances to semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles have led to advanced autopilot systems on planes and boats, and an increasing popularity of self-driving cars. We predicted the motion of an autonomous vehicle using simulations in Python. The simulation models the motion of a small scale watercraft, which can then be built and programmed using an Arduino Microcontroller. We examined different control methods for a simulated rescue craft to reach a target. We also examined the effects of different factors, such as ...


Characterization Of Magnetic Thin Films Using The Magneto Optic Kerr Effect, Nicholas J. Savino Apr 2018

Characterization Of Magnetic Thin Films Using The Magneto Optic Kerr Effect, Nicholas J. Savino

Student Scholar Showcase

Understanding magnetic properties of materials allows for advances in applications such as data storage. The Magneto-Optic Kerr Effect (MOKE) displays the reflective response a magnetic material has to a magnetic field. When polarized light reflects off of a magnetic material, the polarization orientation can change. The application of an external magnetic field can affect how much this polarization changes in a non-linear manner. Hysteresis loops are created when examining the relationship between intensity of the reflected light to the applied magnetic field provide information about magnetic properties of that material, such as the coercive field and field retention. Preliminary measurements ...


Superhero Robotics, Frank Sup, Brian Umberger, Nick Sawyer Jan 2017

Superhero Robotics, Frank Sup, Brian Umberger, Nick Sawyer

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


Ozone, Uv, And Nanoparticles, Morton Sternheim, Jennifer Welborn Jan 2015

Ozone, Uv, And Nanoparticles, Morton Sternheim, Jennifer Welborn

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

•Ultraviolet light causes skin damage and cancer •Ozone in the stratosphere blocks UV •Sunscreen blocks UV, partly •Nanoparticles in sunscreen improve blocking Sunscreen PowerPoint and activities based on NanoSense web site:

http://nanosense.sri.com/activities/clearsunscreen/index.html


Self Assembly, Mark Tuominem, Jennifer Welborn, Rob Snyder Jan 2015

Self Assembly, Mark Tuominem, Jennifer Welborn, Rob Snyder

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

No abstract provided.


Nanomedicine, Mark Tuominen Jan 2015

Nanomedicine, Mark Tuominen

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

An overview of nanomedicine. The end goal of nanomedicine is improved diagnostics, treatment and prevention of disease. Nanotechnology holds key to a number of recent and future breakthroughs in medicine.


Nanotechnology Overview Powerpoint, Mark Tuominen Jan 2015

Nanotechnology Overview Powerpoint, Mark Tuominen

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. This PowerPoint gives an overview of the field and introduces the teacher summer institute.


Magnetic Memory: Data Storage And Nanomagnets, Mark Tuominem Jan 2015

Magnetic Memory: Data Storage And Nanomagnets, Mark Tuominem

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

An overview of magnetic data storage and a simple activity.


Making Solar Cells, D. Venkataraman Jan 2013

Making Solar Cells, D. Venkataraman

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

Overview of solar energy and photovoltaic cells. Making a cuprous oxide cell activity.


Merrill-Cazier Library Gas Exhibition, Betty Rozum, Andrew Wesolek, Pamela N. Martin Dec 2012

Merrill-Cazier Library Gas Exhibition, Betty Rozum, Andrew Wesolek, Pamela N. Martin

Andrew Wesolek

This exhibition, presented in the Merrill-Cazier Library, captured the history and accomplishments of the GAS program. Click the download button to see a PowerPoint presentation featuring images and text from the exhibition.


Merrill-Cazier Library Gas Exhibition, Betty Rozum, Andrew Wesolek, Pamela N. Martin Jul 2012

Merrill-Cazier Library Gas Exhibition, Betty Rozum, Andrew Wesolek, Pamela N. Martin

Education and Outreach

This exhibition, presented in the Merrill-Cazier Library, captured the history and accomplishments of the GAS program. Click the download button to see a PowerPoint presentation featuring images and text from the exhibition.


Wind Power, Susn Reyes Jan 2012

Wind Power, Susn Reyes

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


Surface Geometry And Heat Flux Effect On Thin Wire Nucleate Pool Boiling Of Subcooled Water In Microgravity, Troy Munro, Andrew Fassman Mar 2011

Surface Geometry And Heat Flux Effect On Thin Wire Nucleate Pool Boiling Of Subcooled Water In Microgravity, Troy Munro, Andrew Fassman

Presentations

The motivation of this nucleate boiling research is to understand the effects of surface geometry and heat flux as applied to a thin wire heater. This will further the understanding of the fundamental behaviors of boiling onset, steady state heat transfer, and bubble dynamics with respect to nucleate boiling with the goal of creating efficient thermal management systems for future space applications. Using three different thin platinum wire geometries and five different power levels, subcooled water was boiled over a period of approximately 30 seconds for 15 parabolic arcs to simulate microgravity. To represent the trends in bubbles behavior across ...


Measuring Albedo With Adi - An Intensity Application, Morton Sternheim Jan 2011

Measuring Albedo With Adi - An Intensity Application, Morton Sternheim

STEM Digital

Why are Polar Regions more affected by global warming than other parts of the globe? One reason (there are others) is that as sea ice melts and more open water appears, more energy is absorbed, and warming accelerates. This is a form of positive feedback and it makes the polar climate change faster than the climate in temperate areas. Increasing vegetation on land also has a similar positive feedback effect. This effect is a change in the albedo – the fraction of the incident sunlight that is reflected back to space.


Natural Organic Matter In Water, David Reckhow Jan 2011

Natural Organic Matter In Water, David Reckhow

STEM Digital

Formation in Watersheds and Removal in Water Treatment


Leaf Leaching Experiment, David Reckhow Jan 2011

Leaf Leaching Experiment, David Reckhow

STEM Digital

Water treatment engineers and public health officials need to pay careful attention to the presence of dissolved organic matter in water supplies selected for human consumption (i.e., raw drinking waters).


Human Variation In Skin Color And Race As A Social Construct, Jennifer Welborn Jan 2011

Human Variation In Skin Color And Race As A Social Construct, Jennifer Welborn

STEM Digital

This lesson is part of evolution unit which follows heredity and genetics

The lesson is interdisciplinary in nature in that I discuss the concept of race as a social construct and the idea that there are “black, white, red, yellow” skinned people is something that people developed. It is not based on biology. Race groupings are human-made groups.

Students first learn about mixing light and how to determine black and white from an ADI analysis. They learn that red and green = yellow, etc.

They then photograph each other’s forearms and analyze the images using ADI.

We then discuss skin ...


Measuring Angles With Adi, Stephen Schneider Jan 2011

Measuring Angles With Adi, Stephen Schneider

STEM Digital

No abstract provided.


Arsenic Project Topics, Julian Tyson Jan 2011

Arsenic Project Topics, Julian Tyson

STEM Digital

How do analytical chemists make light work in tracking potentially harmful chemicals?


Stem Digital And Adi In The Classroom, Jennifer Welborn Jan 2011

Stem Digital And Adi In The Classroom, Jennifer Welborn

STEM Digital

Applications of ADI by students at Amherst Regional Middle School


Institute Overview, Morton Sternheim Jan 2011

Institute Overview, Morton Sternheim

STEM Digital

Digital cameras and computers are widely available for students and teachers. However, they are mainly used for documentation: creating PPT presentations, handouts, posters, etc. STEM DIGITAL shows how digital image analysis can be applied to environmental (and other) research in STEM courses. Application to studies of air quality, water quality, arsenic contamination, climate change, diffusion, etc.


Co2 Diffusion Through Gelatin Experiment, Jennifer Welborn Jan 2011

Co2 Diffusion Through Gelatin Experiment, Jennifer Welborn

STEM Digital

An example of measuring lengths.


Using Adi To Quantify A Color Change In Crayfish, Jennifer Welborn Jan 2011

Using Adi To Quantify A Color Change In Crayfish, Jennifer Welborn

STEM Digital

Do Crayfish Change Color If Their Environment Changes? A Guided Inquiry Lab for 7th grade Life Science

Background: There is anecdotal evidence from bass fisherman that crayfish are able to change color depending on their surroundings. A (cursory) literature review of this phenomenon showed that no formal research has been done in this area. Students had an additional informal lesson about research funding (or lack thereof) because of this finding.

Students designed and conducted a controlled experiment to see the effect of changing environment color on crayfish color.

ADI was used to quantify a color change.


Detecting And Mixing Colors, Rob Snyder Jan 2011

Detecting And Mixing Colors, Rob Snyder

STEM Digital

How can Analyzing Digital Images software reveal the differences between primary colors of light and primary colors of paints or pigments?


Air Quality: Carbon Dioxide, Deborah Carlisle, Stephen Schneider Jan 2011

Air Quality: Carbon Dioxide, Deborah Carlisle, Stephen Schneider

STEM Digital

Measuring CO2 with BTB and ADI.


Digital Camera Basics, Stephen Schneider Jan 2011

Digital Camera Basics, Stephen Schneider

STEM Digital

No abstract provided.


Measuring G With Movie Tracker, Stephen Schneider Jan 2011

Measuring G With Movie Tracker, Stephen Schneider

STEM Digital

No abstract provided.


Using Solar Energy, Peter Talmage Jan 2010

Using Solar Energy, Peter Talmage

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

• Best energy source for the environment • It’s getting more economical every day • Easy to maintain • Cuts down on foreign oil imports


Nanofilters For Clean Water, Morton Sternheim Jan 2009

Nanofilters For Clean Water, Morton Sternheim

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

•The problem: adequate clean water •Kinds of filters •Desalination of salt water •Cleaning polluted water •Hands on nanofiltration experiment Adapted from the Nanosense project: http://nanosense.sri.com/activities/finefilters/index.html


More On Powers Of Ten, Morton Sternheim Jan 2009

More On Powers Of Ten, Morton Sternheim

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

A powers of ten personation and activity adapted from the Nanosense project:

http://nanosense.sri.com/activities/sizematters/index.html