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Articles 1 - 30 of 79

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino Apr 2019

Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino

Student Scholar Showcase

Automation of various modes of transportation is thought to make travel more safe and efficient. Over the past several decades, advances to semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles have led to advanced autopilot systems on planes and boats, and an increasing popularity of self-driving cars. We predicted the motion of an autonomous vehicle using simulations in Python. The simulation models the motion of a small scale watercraft, which can then be built and programmed using an Arduino Microcontroller. We examined different control methods for a simulated rescue craft to reach a target. We also examined the effects of different factors, such as ...


Solar Cells, D. Venkataraman Jan 2019

Solar Cells, D. Venkataraman

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

Solar cells convert the sun's energy into electrical energy. In this workshop, I will discuss the processes involved in solar cell and various types of solar cells that are being developed as an alternative to silicon solar cells. I will also demonstrate how students can build a solar cell from readily available materials.


Computational Techniques For Scattering Amplitudes, Juliano A. Everett Dec 2018

Computational Techniques For Scattering Amplitudes, Juliano A. Everett

Publications and Research

Scattering amplitudes in quantum field theory can be described as the probability of a scattering process to happen within a high energy particle interaction, as well as a bridge between experimental measurements and the prediction of the theory.

In this research project, we explore the Standard Model of Particle Theory, it’s representation in terms of Feynman diagrams and the algebraic formulas associated with each combination.

Using the FeynArts program as a tool for generating Feynman diagrams, we evaluate the expressions of a set of physical processes, and explain why these techniques become necessary to achieve this goal.


Characterization Of Magnetic Thin Films Using The Magneto Optic Kerr Effect, Nicholas J. Savino Apr 2018

Characterization Of Magnetic Thin Films Using The Magneto Optic Kerr Effect, Nicholas J. Savino

Student Scholar Showcase

Understanding magnetic properties of materials allows for advances in applications such as data storage. The Magneto-Optic Kerr Effect (MOKE) displays the reflective response a magnetic material has to a magnetic field. When polarized light reflects off of a magnetic material, the polarization orientation can change. The application of an external magnetic field can affect how much this polarization changes in a non-linear manner. Hysteresis loops are created when examining the relationship between intensity of the reflected light to the applied magnetic field provide information about magnetic properties of that material, such as the coercive field and field retention. Preliminary measurements ...


Search For Novel Electronic Properties In Topological Materials, Benjamin Schrunk Jan 2018

Search For Novel Electronic Properties In Topological Materials, Benjamin Schrunk

Creative Components

ØAFM MFM project •Sample preparation •AFM/MFM overview •Results • ØARPES project •Dirac and Weyl Materials •ARPES overview •Results


Topology Of Earth's Magnetic Shield, David Alan Smith Dec 2017

Topology Of Earth's Magnetic Shield, David Alan Smith

David Smith

The open-closed boundary (OCB) defines the region where geomagnetic field lines transition from being closed to open. Closed field lines have both foot points at or near Earth in opposing hemispheres. Open field lines have one foot point at Earth; the other maps to the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). Charged particles are able to follow these open field lines into Earth's upper atmosphere. The OCB also defines the polar cap boundary. Being able to identify and track the OCB allows study of several components of the geomagnetic system. Among them are the electrodynamics of the geomagnetic field and the ...


Searching For The Origins Of Matter, Joshua L. Barrow May 2017

Searching For The Origins Of Matter, Joshua L. Barrow

Andrews Research Conference

The big bang and inflation are experimentally confirmed by multitudes of astronomical observations, yet theoretical tension still exists upon a very important question: why is there something rather than nothing? In other words, why are there unequal amounts of matter and antimatter? Why did a supposedly initially symmetric state not annihilate perfectly?

The breaking of this symmetry has allowed for all of material existence--also known as baryogenesis, the prevalence of matter over antimatter--and yields the theoretical possibility of direct detection by observation of baryon number violating mechanisms, which have previously never been observed.

One such plausible mechanism can be found ...


Stacking 2d Materials, Michael Hernandez, John C. Mann Mar 2017

Stacking 2d Materials, Michael Hernandez, John C. Mann

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Monolayer Transition Metal Dichalcogenides are atomically thin semi-conductors that are considered quasi 2D materials due to their extremely small thickness. It has been observed that atomically thin crystals exhibit different physical properties than their bulk counterparts due to quantum confinement effects. We are attempting discover new physical properties by developing a technique to stack two different monolayer crystals, MoS2 and MoSe2.


The Property Of Mass: An Interdisciplinary Metaphysical Investigation, Benjamin Hayworth Mar 2017

The Property Of Mass: An Interdisciplinary Metaphysical Investigation, Benjamin Hayworth

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The property of mass as used in the physical sciences is somewhat of a metaphysical conundrum. Not only has the definition of mass changed with various paradigm shifts in physics, but the powers belonging to the property have also varied. In my study, I begin by examining the historical context surrounding the term, including the changes to its definition. In doing so, it is revealed that various definitions of mass are used and circulated in general discussion, so a cogent criterion of identity is established by which each definition can be measured. After determining the distinctions between each mass term ...


Between-Day Reliability Activity Fluctuations In Young Adults At Baseline And 6-Months Follow-Up, Connor J. Wicks Mar 2017

Between-Day Reliability Activity Fluctuations In Young Adults At Baseline And 6-Months Follow-Up, Connor J. Wicks

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Human Daily Motor Activity (DMA) is characterized by complex temporal fluctuations and scale invariance. DMA is estimated from a time series composed of continuous amounts of activity recorded with the Actigraph GT9X monitor. The purpose of this study was to measure the complex temporal fluctuations in several young healthy adults over a 7-day period. After six months there was a follow-up of another 7-day period. Future collections will involve healthy older adults and adults with Parkinson’s disease. For the first phase of this study, 24 healthy young adults wore the monitor on their non-dominant hand for seven straight days ...


Overview, Benjamin Davidovitch, Narayanan Menon, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski Jan 2017

Overview, Benjamin Davidovitch, Narayanan Menon, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski

Patterns Around Us

No abstract provided.


Superhero Robotics, Frank Sup, Brian Umberger, Nick Sawyer Jan 2017

Superhero Robotics, Frank Sup, Brian Umberger, Nick Sawyer

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


A Review Of High Frequency Radio Wave Absorption, David Alan Smith Dec 2016

A Review Of High Frequency Radio Wave Absorption, David Alan Smith

David Smith

Although the technology dates back nearly to Marconi and his wireless telegraph, the high-frequency (HF) radio spectrum continues to be a useful communications medium.  Since long-distance HF propagation depends on the ionosphere, HF propagation is subject to variations in ionospheric characteristics.  Chief among these characteristics is the density of free electrons.  The sun provides the energy required to ionize neutral atmospheric constituents.  Hence, the production and loss of free electrons is not constant.  Day/night variations as well as the ebb and flow of the 11-year solar cycle cause changes in the density of free electrons.  In addition, space weather ...


Preliminary Results From A Ground Based Magnetometer Rotation Table, Rachel Newman, April Gross, Jolene Johnson, Kaye Smith, Erick Agrimson, James Flaten Aug 2016

Preliminary Results From A Ground Based Magnetometer Rotation Table, Rachel Newman, April Gross, Jolene Johnson, Kaye Smith, Erick Agrimson, James Flaten

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

Understanding high altitude balloon rotation is important for many types of scientific measurements, therefore, balloon and payload rotation is a continuing area of interest and research. In this work, we present results obtained from an Arduino logged magnetometer rotated on a ground based rotation table. This table allowed us to precisely rotate and locate the Arduino logged magnetometer. We compare the Arduino logged results with “known magnetic field orientation” using an AIM rocketry altimeter. This comparison allowed us to test the accuracy of our Arduino logged results and the sampling capabilities of our magnetometer system using different rotational speeds.


Thermal Analysis Of Borosilicate Glass For Its Biological Applications, Gregory Humble Apr 2016

Thermal Analysis Of Borosilicate Glass For Its Biological Applications, Gregory Humble

Symposium of Student Scholars

Borosilicate glass doped with varying wt% of cerium oxide is investigated for biological applications. Thermal studies of each formulation were conducted using an SDT Q600 differential scanning calorimeter. 30mg samples of 350 - 425 μm particle size of each type of glass were heated to 1200°C in order to obtain the glass transition, crystallization, and melting temperatures. Samples were then heated to 900°C at several heating rates, ranging from 2°C/min to 100°C/min, then compared against each other as well as against an undoped borosilicate glass.


Information Literacy & Open Access For Physics And Astronomy Graduate Students, Jackie K. Werner Oct 2015

Information Literacy & Open Access For Physics And Astronomy Graduate Students, Jackie K. Werner

University Library Faculty Presentations

This presentation covers research on the physics and astronomy graduate students’ use and understanding of open access resources. The research, which was conducted in summer 2015, surveyed the physics and astronomy graduate students of Georgia Institute of Technology to discover how graduate students discover open access and other academic resources, as well as their level of awareness about open access in general and specific OA databases in particular. The research also included an interview with the graduate studies advisor in the Physics & Astronomy department Georgia Tech. The presentation also describes open access resources in Physics and Astronomy and relates the ...


Nasa Nebraska High Altitude Ballooning And The Fab Lab, Kendra Sibbernsen, Michael Sibbernsen Jun 2015

Nasa Nebraska High Altitude Ballooning And The Fab Lab, Kendra Sibbernsen, Michael Sibbernsen

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

The NASA Nebraska High Altitude Ballooning (N-NHAB) program has collaborated on projects with the Fab Lab at Metropolitan Community College (MCC) in Omaha, NE. Based on the MIT Center for Bits and Atoms, the Fab Lab contains 3D printers, laser cutters, CNC machines, and much more. In its trial phase, the Fab Lab encouraged projects from the sciences. In response to this request, one of these projects involved a HAB student who wanted to streamline custom circuitry for measuring the efficiency of solar cells. The circuit pathways were designed and precisely cut from a copper sheet and the laser cutter ...


Microfluidic Generator Of Sub-10-Micron Hydrosomes, Zhenghao Ding, Lunjun Liu, Gabriel C. Spalding, Faculty Advisor Apr 2015

Microfluidic Generator Of Sub-10-Micron Hydrosomes, Zhenghao Ding, Lunjun Liu, Gabriel C. Spalding, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

Known as the fundamental “lab on a chip” technology, microfluidics is a thriving young research area that first took off in the 1990s. It is commonly used for reducing the amount of material required for biochemical analysis, such DNA sequencing. Its narrow tunnels can annihilate turbulence even in high-speed fluid flow, facilitating controlled, systematic processing. Also, by leveraging lithographic techniques developed for the semiconductor industry, enormous capability can be integrated into a single microfluidic chip. We have thus far utilized templates designed and fabricated by previous students in our lab, for fabrication of a series of microfluidic chips, made of ...


Assembly, Alignment, And Maintenance Of An Automated Laser Cutter, Zhenghao Ding, Lunjun Liu, Gabriel C. Spalding, Faculty Advisor Apr 2015

Assembly, Alignment, And Maintenance Of An Automated Laser Cutter, Zhenghao Ding, Lunjun Liu, Gabriel C. Spalding, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

We have assembled a kit for an automated laser cutter system, intended to play an important role in a wide variety of student-led design projects on our campus. We began by electrically soldering the wiring for a powerful (60 Watt), pulsed infrared (10.6µm wavelength) CO2 laser beam, which can thermally induce shock waves that locally ablate a wide range of (non-reflective) materials. The laser tube itself generates significant heat when operating, so we also assembled the required water-cooling system. Given the high powers involved, careful alignment this invisible laser was required, to ensure that the beam is safely ...


A New Laboratory For Mm-/Sub-Mm-Wave Characterization Of Cosmic Dust Analogs, Lunjun Liu, Thushara Perera, Faculty Advisor Apr 2015

A New Laboratory For Mm-/Sub-Mm-Wave Characterization Of Cosmic Dust Analogs, Lunjun Liu, Thushara Perera, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

At visible wavelengths, cosmic dust obscures many interesting astronomical environments such as stellar nurseries and new planetary systems. Studying how light interacts with cosmic dust would help reveal the nature of the objects and environments that are obscured by dust. In order to study the optical properties of cosmic dust analogs in the lab, we constructed a custom apparatus, which consists of a vacuum chamber, a cooling mechanism to vary the temperature of dusts in an astronomically interesting range (7-50 Kelvin), and a long-wavelength spectrometer. Since completing the construction of the custom apparatus, we are currently assembling and testing the ...


Size Matters, Morton Sternheim Jan 2015

Size Matters, Morton Sternheim

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

Size matters in the way materials behave. An introductory PowerPoint and an activity write-up. Three activities illustrate how the surface to volume ratio changes as the size changes. In the first, a deck of playing cards is used to make square arrays of cards of increasing size. Next wooden cubes are used to make similar observations in 3 dimensions. Finally, comparing the rates at which an intact Alka Seltzer tablet and a crushed tablet react in water shows the effect of particle size on chemical reactions.


Nanoscale Thin Films, Rob Snyder Jan 2015

Nanoscale Thin Films, Rob Snyder

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

An activity that makes a nanoscale film of oleic acid on water. The student will

  • Learn about Ben Franklin’s observations of a thin film that had a nanoscale dimension.

  • Create a very thin film with a very dilute solution of oleic acid.

  • Use data you collect to determine if you made a thin film with a nanoscale dimension that formed on the surface of water.

  • Learn about the molecular interactions that resulted in the formation of the thin film.

  • Be introduced to the Big Ideas of Nanoscale Self-Assembly


Powers Of Ten: From Meters To Nanometers And Beyond, Rob Snyder Jan 2015

Powers Of Ten: From Meters To Nanometers And Beyond, Rob Snyder

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

The goal of this activity is to guide students toward an understanding of nanoscale dimensions by:

  • Making a number of measurements using meter sticks, magnifiers, microscopes and spectrometers so students can make observations and generate their own data.

  • Using scientific notation to compare the measurements they have made with the dimensions of very small structures


Gelatin Diffusion Experiment, Jennifer Welborn Jan 2015

Gelatin Diffusion Experiment, Jennifer Welborn

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

In this activity, nanotech participants will:

- See how food dyes and gelatin are used to model the delivery of nanoscale medicines to cells in the human body - Measure diffusion distances of 3 different colors of food dye by: Eye, photo image on a computer, ADI software (Analyzing Digital Images) Some useful websites:


The Science Of Two Dimensional Materials (Powerpoint), Jun Yan Jan 2015

The Science Of Two Dimensional Materials (Powerpoint), Jun Yan

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

Graphene is a single atomic sheet of graphite.

Exercise: how much graphene do we need to cover the surface of the empire state building?


Atomic Force Microscopes, Rob Snyder, Jennifer Welborn Jan 2015

Atomic Force Microscopes, Rob Snyder, Jennifer Welborn

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

PowerPoint overview. A student activity that builds an atomic force microscope model.


Ozone, Uv, And Nanoparticles, Morton Sternheim, Jennifer Welborn Jan 2015

Ozone, Uv, And Nanoparticles, Morton Sternheim, Jennifer Welborn

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

•Ultraviolet light causes skin damage and cancer •Ozone in the stratosphere blocks UV •Sunscreen blocks UV, partly •Nanoparticles in sunscreen improve blocking Sunscreen PowerPoint and activities based on NanoSense web site:

http://nanosense.sri.com/activities/clearsunscreen/index.html


Self Assembly, Mark Tuominem, Jennifer Welborn, Rob Snyder Jan 2015

Self Assembly, Mark Tuominem, Jennifer Welborn, Rob Snyder

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

No abstract provided.


Nanomedicine, Mark Tuominen Jan 2015

Nanomedicine, Mark Tuominen

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

An overview of nanomedicine. The end goal of nanomedicine is improved diagnostics, treatment and prevention of disease. Nanotechnology holds key to a number of recent and future breakthroughs in medicine.


Nanotechnology Overview Powerpoint, Mark Tuominen Jan 2015

Nanotechnology Overview Powerpoint, Mark Tuominen

Nanotechnology Teacher Summer Institutes

Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. This PowerPoint gives an overview of the field and introduces the teacher summer institute.