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Full-Text Articles in Physics

K-Shell X-Ray Spectroscopy Of Atomic Nitrogen, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Wayne C. Stolte, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle, B. M. Mclaughlin Mar 2012

K-Shell X-Ray Spectroscopy Of Atomic Nitrogen, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Wayne C. Stolte, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle, B. M. Mclaughlin

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Absolute K-shell photoionization cross sections for atomic nitrogen have been obtained from both experiment and state-of-the-art theoretical techniques. Because of the difficulty of creating a target of neutral atomic nitrogen, no high-resolution K-edge spectroscopy measurements have been reported for this important atom. Interplay between theory and experiment enabled identification and characterization of the strong 1s → np resonance features throughout the threshold region. An experimental value of 409.64 ± 0.02 eV was determined for the K-shell binding energy.


Photofragmentation Of Third-Row Hydrides Following Photoexcitation At Deep-Core Levels, D. Hansen, M. E. Arrasate, J. Cotter, G. R. Fisher, Oliver Hemmers, K. T. Leung, Jon C. Levin, R. Martin, Paul Neill, Rupert C. Perera, I. A. Sellin, Marc Simon, Y. Uehara, B. Vanderford, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle Nov 1998

Photofragmentation Of Third-Row Hydrides Following Photoexcitation At Deep-Core Levels, D. Hansen, M. E. Arrasate, J. Cotter, G. R. Fisher, Oliver Hemmers, K. T. Leung, Jon C. Levin, R. Martin, Paul Neill, Rupert C. Perera, I. A. Sellin, Marc Simon, Y. Uehara, B. Vanderford, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The relaxation dynamics of HCl, DCl, H2S, and D2S following photoexcitation in the vicinities of the Cl and S K-shell thresholds (∼2.8keV for Cl, ∼2.5 keV for S) were studied by means of ion time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. In all cases, the onset of pre-edge core-shell photoionization precedes the formation on resonance of a significant amount of neutral hydrogen as well as postcollision-interaction effects above threshold. Examination of the width of the H+ peak in spectra taken with the analyzer parallel and perpendicular to the polarization vector of the incident light indicates that on resonance ...


High-Resolution Electron Time-Of-Flight Apparatus For The Soft-X-Ray Region, Oliver Hemmers, S. B. Whitfield, P. Glans, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, I. A. Sellin Nov 1998

High-Resolution Electron Time-Of-Flight Apparatus For The Soft-X-Ray Region, Oliver Hemmers, S. B. Whitfield, P. Glans, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, I. A. Sellin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

A gas-phase time-of-flight (TOF) apparatus, capable of supporting as many as six electron-TOF analyzers viewing the same interaction region, has been developed to measure energy- and angle-resolved electrons with kinetic energies up to 5 keV. Each analyzer includes a newly designed lens system that can retard electrons to about 2% of their initial kinetic energy without significant loss of transmission; the analyzers can thus achieve a resolving power (EE) greater than 104 over a wide kinetic-energy range. Such high resolving power is comparable to the photon energy resolution of state-of-the-art synchrotron–radiation beamlines in the soft x-ray ...


First Results From The High-Brightness X-Ray Spectroscopy Beamline 9.3.1 At Als, W. Ng, G. Jones, Rupert C. Perera, D. Hansen, J. Daniels, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, S. B. Whitfield, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle Sep 1996

First Results From The High-Brightness X-Ray Spectroscopy Beamline 9.3.1 At Als, W. Ng, G. Jones, Rupert C. Perera, D. Hansen, J. Daniels, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, S. B. Whitfield, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Beamline 9.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) is a windowless beamline, covering the 1–6 keV photon energy range. This beamline is designed to achieve the goal of high brightness at the sample for use in the x‐ray atomic and molecular spectroscopy (XAMS) science, surface and interface science, biology and x‐ray optical development programs at ALS. X‐ray absorption and time‐of‐flight photoemission measurements in 2–5 keV photon energy range along with the flux, resolution, spot size and stability of the beamline will be discussed. Prospects for future XAMS measurements will also be ...


Design And Performance Of The Advanced-Light-Source Double-Crystal Monochromator, G. Jones, S. Ryce, Dennis W. Lindle, B. A. Karlin, J. C. Woicik, Rupert C. Perera Feb 1995

Design And Performance Of The Advanced-Light-Source Double-Crystal Monochromator, G. Jones, S. Ryce, Dennis W. Lindle, B. A. Karlin, J. C. Woicik, Rupert C. Perera

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

A new “Cowan type” double-crystal monochromator, based on the boomerang design used at National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) beamline X-24A, has been developed for beamline 9.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS), a windowless ultrahigh vacuum beamline covering the 1-6 keV photon-energy range. Beamline 9.3.1 is designed to simultaneously achieve the goals of high energy resolution, high flux, and high brightness at the sample. The mechanical design of the monochromator has been simplified, and recent developments in technology have been included. Measured mechanical precision of the monochromator shows significant improvement over existing designs. In tests with ...


Electron-Energy And –Angular Distributions In The Double Photoionization Of Helium, R. Wehlitz, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, U. Becker Dec 1991

Electron-Energy And –Angular Distributions In The Double Photoionization Of Helium, R. Wehlitz, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Photoelectron spectra of helium have been measured at different angles and at various energies above the double-ionization threshold up to 120 eV to investigate the behavior of the energy and angular distributions, of shake-off electrons. Both energy and angular distributions clearly show a U-shaped profile which turns to a flat curve near threshold pointing to a uniform intensity distribution over the kinetic energy for all angles in this excitation energy regime. Our results for the angular-distribution asymmetry parameter indicate qualitative agreement with theoretical predictions but fail to provide them quantitatively.


Measurement Of The Ratio Of Double-To-Single Photoionization Of Helium At 2.8 Kev Using Synchrotron Radiation, Jon C. Levin, Dennis W. Lindle, N. Keller, R. D. Miller, Y. Azuma, N. Berrah Mansour, H. G. Berry, Ivan A. Sellin Aug 1991

Measurement Of The Ratio Of Double-To-Single Photoionization Of Helium At 2.8 Kev Using Synchrotron Radiation, Jon C. Levin, Dennis W. Lindle, N. Keller, R. D. Miller, Y. Azuma, N. Berrah Mansour, H. G. Berry, Ivan A. Sellin

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the ratio of double-to-single photoionization of helium well above the double-ionization threshold. Using a time-of-flight technique, we find He++/He+=1.6±0.3% at hν=2.8 keV. This value lies between calculations by Amusia (2.3%) and by Samson, who predicts 1.2% by analogy with electron-impact ionization cross sections of singly charged ions. Good agreement is obtained with older shake calculations of Byron and Joachain, and of Åberg, who predict 1.7%.


High-Resolution Photoelectron Spectrometry Study Of Conjugate Shakeup Processes In The Li 1s Threshold Region, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, U. Becker Feb 1991

High-Resolution Photoelectron Spectrometry Study Of Conjugate Shakeup Processes In The Li 1s Threshold Region, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Partial cross sections and angular-distribution asymmetry parameters of diagram and satellite lines associated with Li 1s photoionization were measured using synchrotron-radiation excitation. Special emphasis was given to a high-resolution study of the 1P and 3P conjugate shakeup satellite lines testing qualitative predictions of the conjugate shakeup model: increasing σ and decreasing β values towards threshold, both being verified. Comparison with recent relaxed Hartree-Fock calculations shows good agreement for the 1P satellite, but demonstrates also that the present theory does not seem to be able to describe the cross-section behavior of the 3P satellite correctly.


Argon-Photoion–Auger-Electron Coincidence Measurements Following K-Shell Excitation By Synchrotron Radiation, Jon C. Levin, C. Biedermann, N. Keller, L. Liljeby, C.-S. O, R. T. Short, Ivan A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle Aug 1990

Argon-Photoion–Auger-Electron Coincidence Measurements Following K-Shell Excitation By Synchrotron Radiation, Jon C. Levin, C. Biedermann, N. Keller, L. Liljeby, C.-S. O, R. T. Short, Ivan A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Argon photoion spectra have been obtained for the first time in coincidence with K-LL and K-LM Auger electrons, as a function of photon energy. The simplified charge distributions which result exhibit a much more pronounced photon-energy dependence than do the more complicated noncoincident spectra. In the near-K-threshold region, Rydberg shakeoff of np levels, populated by resonant excitation of K electrons, occurs with significant probability, as do double-Auger processes and recapture of the K photoelectron through postcollision interaction.