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## Full-Text Articles in Physics

Investigating The Properties Of Superfluid He-4 Through Density Functional Calculations, Matthew Francis Dutra

#### Investigating The Properties Of Superfluid He-4 Through Density Functional Calculations, Matthew Francis Dutra

*Doctoral Dissertations*

We present a study of isotopically pure He-4 systems evaluated using helium density functional theory (He-DFT) with the intent of better understanding their ground state structural and energetic properties, particularly within the scope of singularly-doped helium droplets. We self-consistently solve for the density profiles and chemical potentials for a wide range of pure helium droplet sizes (up to 9500 atoms) via an imaginary time propagation method, and fit the resultant energetic data to a power law formula to be able to extrapolate values for even larger droplets. Subsequent calculations on singularly-doped droplets within the same size range yield accurate binding ...

Double Photoionization Of Helium, James A.R. Samson, Wayne C. Stolte, Z. X. He, Y. Lu, J. N. Cutler, R. J. Bartlett

#### Double Photoionization Of Helium, James A.R. Samson, Wayne C. Stolte, Z. X. He, Y. Lu, J. N. Cutler, R. J. Bartlett

*Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications*

The cross sections for double photoionization of helium and the ratios of double to single ionization have been measured from the double-ionization threshold to 820 eV. The results are in very good agreement with several recent calculations.

Three-Body Analytical Potential For Interacting Helium Atoms, Carol A. Parish, Clifford E. Dykstra

#### Three-Body Analytical Potential For Interacting Helium Atoms, Carol A. Parish, Clifford E. Dykstra

*Chemistry Faculty Publications*

Large basis set *ab initio* calculations have been carried out for a dense grid of points on the He, potential energy surface. Three-body contributions were extracted at every point, and a number of concise functional representations for the three-body potential surface were then examined. Three-body multipolar dispersion terms and other radial and angular terms were used in the representations, and an assessment of relative importance of the different terms is presented. Combined with a two-body He-He potential, the results of this work should offer a high quality interaction potential for simulations of aggregated helium.

High-Energy Behavior Of The Double Photoionization Of Helium From 2 To 12 Kev, Jon C. Levin, Ivan A. Sellin, B. M. Johnson, Dennis W. Lindle, R. D. Miller, Y. Azuma, H. G. Berry, D.-H. Lee, N. Berrah

#### High-Energy Behavior Of The Double Photoionization Of Helium From 2 To 12 Kev, Jon C. Levin, Ivan A. Sellin, B. M. Johnson, Dennis W. Lindle, R. D. Miller, Y. Azuma, H. G. Berry, D.-H. Lee, N. Berrah

*Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications*

We report the ratio of double-to-single photoionization of He at several photon energies from 2 to 12 keV. By time-of-Aight methods, we find a ratio consistent with an asymptote at 1.5%±0.2%, essentially reached by *h* v≈4 keV. Fair agreement is obtained with older shake calculations of Byron and Joachain [Phys. Rev. **164**, 1 (1967)], of Aberg [Phys. Rev. **A 2**, 1726 (1970)], and with recent many-body perturbation theory (**MBPT**) of Ishihara, Hino, and McGuire [Phys. Rev. A **44**, 6980 (1991)]. The result lies below earlier **MPBT** calculations by Amusia et al. [J. Phys. **B 8**, 1248 ...

Electron-Energy And –Angular Distributions In The Double Photoionization Of Helium, R. Wehlitz, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, U. Becker

#### Electron-Energy And –Angular Distributions In The Double Photoionization Of Helium, R. Wehlitz, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, U. Becker

*Environmental Studies Faculty Publications*

Photoelectron spectra of helium have been measured at different angles and at various energies above the double-ionization threshold up to 120 eV to investigate the behavior of the energy and angular distributions, of shake-off electrons. Both energy and angular distributions clearly show a U-shaped profile which turns to a flat curve near threshold pointing to a uniform intensity distribution over the kinetic energy for all angles in this excitation energy regime. Our results for the angular-distribution asymmetry parameter indicate qualitative agreement with theoretical predictions but fail to provide them quantitatively.

Measurement Of The Ratio Of Double-To-Single Photoionization Of Helium At 2.8 Kev Using Synchrotron Radiation, Jon C. Levin, Dennis W. Lindle, N. Keller, R. D. Miller, Y. Azuma, N. Berrah Mansour, H. G. Berry, Ivan A. Sellin

#### Measurement Of The Ratio Of Double-To-Single Photoionization Of Helium At 2.8 Kev Using Synchrotron Radiation, Jon C. Levin, Dennis W. Lindle, N. Keller, R. D. Miller, Y. Azuma, N. Berrah Mansour, H. G. Berry, Ivan A. Sellin

*Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications*

We report the first measurement of the ratio of double-to-single photoionization of helium well above the double-ionization threshold. Using a time-of-flight technique, we find He^{++}/He^{+}=1.6±0.3% at *h*ν=2.8 keV. This value lies between calculations by Amusia (2.3%) and by Samson, who predicts 1.2% by analogy with electron-impact ionization cross sections of singly charged ions. Good agreement is obtained with older shake calculations of Byron and Joachain, and of Åberg, who predict 1.7%.