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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Comparison Of S-Adsorption On (111) And (100) Facets Of Cu Nanoclusters, Jeffrey S. Boschen, Jiyoung Lee, Theresa L. Windus, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel, Da-Jiang Liu Oct 2016

Comparison Of S-Adsorption On (111) And (100) Facets Of Cu Nanoclusters, Jeffrey S. Boschen, Jiyoung Lee, Theresa L. Windus, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel, Da-Jiang Liu

Physics and Astronomy Publications

In order to gain insight into the nature of chemical bonding of sulfur atoms on coinage metal surfaces, we compare the adsorption energy and structural parameters for sulfur at four-fold hollow (4fh) sites on (100) facets and at three-fold hollow (3fh) sites on (111) facets of Cu nanoclusters. Consistent results are obtained from localized atomic orbital and plane-wave based density functional theory using the same functionals. PBE and its hybrid counterpart (PBE0 or HSE06) also give similar results. 4fh sites are preferred over 3fh sites with stronger bonding by ∼0.6 eV for nanocluster sizes above ∼280 atoms. However, for ...


Probing Bonding And Dynamics At Heterogeneous Adsorbate/Graphene Interfaces, Eric Charles Mattson May 2013

Probing Bonding And Dynamics At Heterogeneous Adsorbate/Graphene Interfaces, Eric Charles Mattson

Theses and Dissertations

Graphene-based materials are becoming an astoundingly promising choice for many relevant technological and environmental applications. Deriving graphene from the reduction of graphene oxide (GO) is becoming a popular and inexpensive route toward the synthesis of these materials. While the desired product from GO reduction is pristine graphene, defects and residual oxygen functional groups inherited from the parent GO render reduced graphene oxide (RGO) distinct from graphene. In this work, the structure and bonding for GO and RGO is investigated to the end of a working understanding of the composition and properties of these materials. In situ selected area electron diffraction ...


Alkane Adsorption On Mgo(100): Volumetric Isotherm, Inelastic Neutron Scattering, And Computational Studies, Andrew Spencer Hicks May 2013

Alkane Adsorption On Mgo(100): Volumetric Isotherm, Inelastic Neutron Scattering, And Computational Studies, Andrew Spencer Hicks

Doctoral Dissertations

Volumetric adsorption isotherms and computational molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed for nonane and decane adfilms on MgO(100) nanocubes. From the isotherms, variety of thermodynamic quantities are calculated. These values, along with visual inspection of the isotherms, indicate a layer by layer trend from 2D to 3D behavior. This is attributed to the increasing importance of vertical adsorbate-adsorbate interactions as distance from the surface increases. Additionally, a 2D phase transition is observed for the first adsorbed layer as indicated by the evolution of the widths of the isotherm first derivative peaks. These experimental results are complemented by the MD ...


Destabilization Of Ag Nanoislands On Ag(100) By Adsorbed Sulfur, Mingmin Shen, Selena M. Russell, Da-Jiang Liu, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2011

Destabilization Of Ag Nanoislands On Ag(100) By Adsorbed Sulfur, Mingmin Shen, Selena M. Russell, Da-Jiang Liu, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Sulfur accelerates coarsening of Ag nanoislands on Ag(100) at 300 K, and this effect is enhanced with increasing sulfur coverage over a range spanning a few hundredths of a monolayer, to nearly 0.25 monolayers. We propose that acceleration of coarsening in this system is tied to the formation of AgS2 clusters primarily at step edges. These clusters can transport Ag more efficiently than can Ag adatoms (due to a lower diffusion barrier and comparable formation energy). The mobility of isolated sulfur on Ag(100) is very low so that formation of the complex is kinetically limited at ...


Low-Temperature Adsorption Of H2s On Ag(111), Selena M. Russell, Da-Jiang Liu, Maki Kawai, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2010

Low-Temperature Adsorption Of H2s On Ag(111), Selena M. Russell, Da-Jiang Liu, Maki Kawai, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

H2S forms a rich variety of structures on Ag(111) at low temperature and submonolayer coverage. The molecules decorate step edges, exist as isolated entities on terraces, and aggregate into clusters and islands, under various conditions. One type of island exhibits a (×)R25.3° unit cell. Typically, molecules in the clusters and islands are separated by about 0.4 nm, the same as the S–S separation in crystalline H2S. Density functional theory indicates that hydrogen-bonded clusters contain two types of molecules. One is very similar to an isolated adsorbed H2S molecule, with both ...