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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Segregation Of Bismuth To Triple Junctions In Copper, K.-M. Yin, Alexander H. King, T.E. Hsieh, F.-R. Chen, J.J. Kai, L. Chang Sep 1997

Segregation Of Bismuth To Triple Junctions In Copper, K.-M. Yin, Alexander H. King, T.E. Hsieh, F.-R. Chen, J.J. Kai, L. Chang

Alexander H. King

Bismuth segregation in copper has been studied using energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX) in a JEOL 2010F transmission electron microscope. In addition to the expected solute enrichment at grain boundaries, we have observed extremely high concentrations of bismuth at certain triple junctions, with significantly greater enrichment factors than in the adjacent grain boundaries. It is shown here that the triple junction segregation is a function of the parameters of the grain boundaries at the triple line, and existence of this type of segregation implies that the affected triple junctions embody excess free energy. At least one of the observed triple junctions ...


Nondipole Resonant X-Ray-Raman Spectroscopy: Polarized Inelastic Scattering At The K Edge Of Cl2, J. D. Mills, J. A. Sheehy, T. A. Ferrett, S. H. Southworth, R. Mayer, Dennis W. Lindle, P. W. Langhoff Jul 1997

Nondipole Resonant X-Ray-Raman Spectroscopy: Polarized Inelastic Scattering At The K Edge Of Cl2, J. D. Mills, J. A. Sheehy, T. A. Ferrett, S. H. Southworth, R. Mayer, Dennis W. Lindle, P. W. Langhoff

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Experimental and theoretical studies are reported on the inelastic (Raman) scattering of wavelength-selected polarized x rays from the K edge of gas-phase chlorine molecules. The polarized emission spectra exhibit prominent nondipole features consequent of phase variations of the incident and emitted radiation over molecular dimensions, as predicted by the Kramers-Heisenberg scattering formalism. Issues pursuant to the detection of core-hole localization by resonant Raman scattering from homonuclear diatomic molecules are critically examined. [S0031-9007(97)03486-8]


Breakdown Of The Independent Particle Approximation In High-Energy Photoionization, E. W. B. Dias, H. S. Chakraborty, P. C. Deshmukh, S. T. Manson, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, D. Hansen, H. Wang, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, Jon C. Levin, I. A. Sellin Jun 1997

Breakdown Of The Independent Particle Approximation In High-Energy Photoionization, E. W. B. Dias, H. S. Chakraborty, P. C. Deshmukh, S. T. Manson, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, D. Hansen, H. Wang, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, Jon C. Levin, I. A. Sellin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The independent particle approximation is shown to break down for the photoionization of both inner and outer nā„“ (ā„“>0) electrons of all atoms, at high enough energy, owing to interchannel interactions with the nearby ns photoionization channels. The effect is illustrated for Ne 2p in the 1 keV photon energy range through a comparison of theory and experiment. The implications for x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of molecules and condensed matter are discussed.


Structure And Stability Of The Twofold Surface Of Icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn By Low-Energy Electron Diffraction And X-Ray Photoemission Spectroscopy, Z. Shen, Cynthia J. Jenks, James W. Anderegg, D. W. Delaney, Thomas A. Lograsso, Patricia A. Thiel, A. I. Goldman Feb 1997

Structure And Stability Of The Twofold Surface Of Icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn By Low-Energy Electron Diffraction And X-Ray Photoemission Spectroscopy, Z. Shen, Cynthia J. Jenks, James W. Anderegg, D. W. Delaney, Thomas A. Lograsso, Patricia A. Thiel, A. I. Goldman

Ames Laboratory Publications

We have used low-energy electron diffraction and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy to investigate the structure of the twofold surface of icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn. The regrowth of the surface by annealing after sputtering took place in two distinct stages. The first stage was the appearance of a fine-grained surface phase with icosahedral, or near-icosahedral, symmetry. For higher annealing temperatures (above 800 K) a bulk terminated face-centered icosahedral surface was observed.


Structural Analysis Of The Fivefold Symmetric Surface Of The Al70pd21mn9 Quasicrystal By Low Energy Electron Diffraction, M. Gierer, M. A. Van Hove, A. I. Goldman, Z. Shen, S.-L. Chang, Cynthia J. Jenks, C.-M. Zhang, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 1997

Structural Analysis Of The Fivefold Symmetric Surface Of The Al70pd21mn9 Quasicrystal By Low Energy Electron Diffraction, M. Gierer, M. A. Van Hove, A. I. Goldman, Z. Shen, S.-L. Chang, Cynthia J. Jenks, C.-M. Zhang, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

The atomic structure of the fivefold symmetric quasicrystal surface of Al70Pd21Mn9 was investigated by means of a dynamical low energy electron-diffraction analysis. Approximations are developed to address the high structural complexity of quasicrystals, yielding average layer-by-layer structural and compositional information. A mix of several relaxed bulklike terminations is found, consistently favoring dense Al-rich outermost atomic layers. These results can be understood in terms of principles known to govern surface structures of simpler, crystalline metals.


Physicochemical Properties Of The Anion-Modified Surfaces Of Silver Nanostructures , Morgan Scot Sibbald Jan 1997

Physicochemical Properties Of The Anion-Modified Surfaces Of Silver Nanostructures , Morgan Scot Sibbald

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Nano-sized structures of silver were prepared, characterized, and then chemically-modified with the adsorption of molecules and ions on the metal surface. Nanostructures prepared as aqueous colloids were found to have highly regular polyhedral shapes by transmission electron microscopy. Electron diffraction techniques indicated that isolated Ag structures were composed of a single crystalline phase or were multiply-twinned, both having a lattice constant of 4.05 A;Adsorption of iodide and bromide ions on the silver surface was monitored by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. A characteristic halide-metal stretching vibration was observed at 112 cm-1 for I- and at 156 cm-1 for Br-. Extinction ...


Characterization Of Iron Oxides And Atmospheric Corrosion Of Steel, Sei Jin Oh Jan 1997

Characterization Of Iron Oxides And Atmospheric Corrosion Of Steel, Sei Jin Oh

Physics Theses & Dissertations

The study of corrosion behavior was performed using three different analytical techniques, which provided information on the formation, development and layering of iron oxides on the corrosion products as a function of atmospheric conditions, exposure time and type of steel. In particular, the protective layer formed on weathering steel was investigated as a function of different amounts of alloying elements in the steel, atmospheric conditions and exposure times. Combined together, the results provided a better understanding of the atmospheric corrosion behavior of steel, and formed a part of database of the atmospheric corrosion characteristics.

Accurate characterization of the iron oxides ...