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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of C60, T. Liebsch, O. Plotzke, Franz Heiser, U. Hergenhahn, Oliver Hemmers, R. Wehlitz, J. Viefhaus, B. Langer, S. B. Whitfield, U. Becker Jul 1995

Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of C60, T. Liebsch, O. Plotzke, Franz Heiser, U. Hergenhahn, Oliver Hemmers, R. Wehlitz, J. Viefhaus, B. Langer, S. B. Whitfield, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Angle-resolved photoelectron spectra of gaseous C60 were recorded in the photon energy regions from 21 to 108 eV and from 295 to 320 eV. Partial cross sections σ and the angular distribution anisotropy parameter β vary significantly with photon energy, particularly in the near-threshold region of the valence and the core ionization regimes. Some of these effects may be attributed to scattering of the outgoing photoelectron by the atoms of the ionized C60 molecule. Our results indicate that the observed satellites of the C(1s) main line are most likely of shake-up character. Low-energy electrons emitted below the ...


Vibrational-State-Dependent Decay Of The Co C(1s) Excitation, N. Saito, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, A. Hempelmann, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker Jun 1995

Vibrational-State-Dependent Decay Of The Co C(1s) Excitation, N. Saito, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, A. Hempelmann, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Molecular ionization and ionic fragmentation of core excited CO valence and Rydberg states are studied by partial-ion-yield spectroscopy at vibrational resolution. The vibrational intensities of the Rydberg excitations differ significantly depending on the ionization and/or fragmentation channel. The observed intensity variations are explained by nondissociative excited final ionic states of the subsequent molecular Auger decay. The vibrational levels of these final states become selectively depopulated due to interaction with dissociative decay channels leading to ionic fragmentation.


Design And Performance Of The Advanced-Light-Source Double-Crystal Monochromator, G. Jones, S. Ryce, Dennis W. Lindle, B. A. Karlin, J. C. Woicik, Rupert C. Perera Feb 1995

Design And Performance Of The Advanced-Light-Source Double-Crystal Monochromator, G. Jones, S. Ryce, Dennis W. Lindle, B. A. Karlin, J. C. Woicik, Rupert C. Perera

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

A new “Cowan type” double-crystal monochromator, based on the boomerang design used at National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) beamline X-24A, has been developed for beamline 9.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS), a windowless ultrahigh vacuum beamline covering the 1-6 keV photon-energy range. Beamline 9.3.1 is designed to simultaneously achieve the goals of high energy resolution, high flux, and high brightness at the sample. The mechanical design of the monochromator has been simplified, and recent developments in technology have been included. Measured mechanical precision of the monochromator shows significant improvement over existing designs. In tests with ...


Observation Of Parity-Unfavored Transitions In The Nonresonant Photoionization Of Argon, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker Feb 1995

Observation Of Parity-Unfavored Transitions In The Nonresonant Photoionization Of Argon, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Single-photon ionization of an atom or molecule can be subdivided into parity-favored and -unfavored transitions, the latter characterized by electron emission, preferentially perpendicular to the electric vector. The nonresonant existence of these transitions is shown experimentally and studied over an extended energy range for a variety of satellite transitions in atomic argon. The spectra exhibit several clearly resolved satellite lines with strongly negative β values close to -1, independent of the photon energy. The results confirm the corresponding predictions of angular-momentum transfer theory.


Absolute Integrated Cross Sections For Some O2 Herzberg I Transitions Near 248–249 Nm, Zhen-Chuan Bao, Edward Yu, John R. Baker Jan 1995

Absolute Integrated Cross Sections For Some O2 Herzberg I Transitions Near 248–249 Nm, Zhen-Chuan Bao, Edward Yu, John R. Baker

Edward Yu

A frequency doubled tunable dye laser system with ∼0.4 cm−1 resolution was used to measure the integrated absorption cross sections of more than 20 rotational transitions in the O2 Herzberg I (A  3Σ+ u ←X  3Σ− g ) 8‐0 and 9‐0 vibrational bands near 248 nm and 249 nm. Oxygen pressures from 200 to 800 Torr and path lengths from 5 to 25 m were employed. The measured absorbances were fitted using a nonlinear least squares analysis and Beer’s Law to obtain absolute values for the individual transition integrated cross sections in good agreement with a ...


First Principles Linear Response Calculations Of Lattice Dynamics, Cheng-Zhang Wang Jan 1995

First Principles Linear Response Calculations Of Lattice Dynamics, Cheng-Zhang Wang

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

First principles calculations, using the density-functional theory and particularly the local density approximation (LDA), have achieved remarkable success in studying the properties of solid state systems. Although the basic results of these calculations are the electronic structures (eigenvalues, eigenfunctions, etc.) and the total energy of ground state, many other related physical properties can be deduced from them by investigating their response under external perturbations. Using the linear response method with linearized-augmented-plane-wave (LAPW) basis, we have calculated lattice dynamical properties of important semiconductors CuCl, SiC and ferroelectric KNbO{dollar}\sb3.{dollar} CuCl is known to exhibit large anharmonic effects and possibly ...