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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Contact Angles And Contact Lines Around Particles At Isotropic And Anisotropic Liquid Interfaces, Nesrin Senbil Jan 2015

Contact Angles And Contact Lines Around Particles At Isotropic And Anisotropic Liquid Interfaces, Nesrin Senbil

Doctoral Dissertations

Liquid interfaces, capillarity and self-assembly of particles at interfaces are important in nature and technology. When a particle is adsorbed to a liquid interface, the contact line of the particle with the liquid interface and the associated contact angle are the crucial parameters that drive assembly of the particles. We looked at how the shape of the liquid interface and the shape of the particle affect the contact angle and the shape of the contact line. We used millimeter-sized PDMS-coated glass spheres and measured the contact angles at isotropic (planar) and anisotropic interfaces (saddle and cylindrical in shape). Anisotropy of ...


Aggregation And Interfacial Behavior Of Charged Surfactants In Ionic Liquids, Lang Chen Jan 2015

Aggregation And Interfacial Behavior Of Charged Surfactants In Ionic Liquids, Lang Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

Room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) exhibit a unique set of properties, leading to opportunities for numerous applications such as green solvents, batteries and lubricants. Their properties can be greatly tuned and controlled by addition of surfactants. It is therefore critical to obtain a better understanding of the aggregation and interfacial behavior of surfactants within ILs.

Firstly, the phase diagram and aggregation isotherms of surfactants in several distinct ILs were investigated by solubility and tensiometry. A connection between solubility of the surfactant and the physical properties of the underlying ionic liquid was established. We found that the interfacial energy was crucial in ...


Optical And Scanning Probe Studies Of Isolated Poly (3-Hexylthiophene) Nanofibers, Mina Baghgarbostanabad May 2014

Optical And Scanning Probe Studies Of Isolated Poly (3-Hexylthiophene) Nanofibers, Mina Baghgarbostanabad

Doctoral Dissertations

Plastic electronics have an essential role in the future technologies owing to their compelling characteristics such as light weight, biocompatibity, low cost fabrication, and tunable optoelectronic properties. However, the performance of polymer-based devices strongly depends on the efficiency of exciton formation and dynamics that are themselves strongly sensitive to polymer molecular packing and structural order. Therefore, the current challenge in achieving high efficiency is establishing a correlation between molecular packing and exciton coupling.

P3HT nanofibers represent an attractive platform for studying optical and electronic properties of exciton coupling because their nominal (highly crystalline) internal chain packing structure is known. A ...