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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Optical And Electronic Interactions At The Nanoscale, Michael Edward Turk Jan 2015

Optical And Electronic Interactions At The Nanoscale, Michael Edward Turk

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In this dissertation, we discuss optical and electronic interactions in three nanometer scale semiconductor systems in a broadly defined sense. These studies are performed using time-integrated and time-resolved optical spectroscopies and temperature- and field-dependent electrical transport measurements. We first discuss the construction and optimization of an optical apparatus for performing broadband, time-integrated and sub-picosecond fluorescence and absorption measurements. Using this apparatus, we then characterize the impact on the optically-excited carrier relaxation dynamics of cadmium selenide quantum dots due to a surface treatment previously shown to increase interparticle coupling, namely the solution exchange of native, aliphatic ligands for thiocyanate followed by ...


Quantum Computing With Steady State Spin Currents, Brian Matthew Sutton Jan 2013

Quantum Computing With Steady State Spin Currents, Brian Matthew Sutton

Open Access Theses

Many approaches to quantum computing use spatially confined qubits in the presence of dynamic fields to perform computation. These approaches are contrasted with proposals using mobile qubits in the presence of static fields. In this thesis, steady state quantum computing using mobile electrons is explored using numerical modeling. Firstly, a foundational introduction to the case of spatially confined qubits embodied via quantum dots is provided. A collection of universal gates implemented with dynamic fields is described using simulations. These gates are combined to implement a five-qubit Grover search to provide further insight on the time-dependent field approach. Secondly, the quantum ...


Quantum Dot Resonant Tunneling Diode For Telecommunication Wavelength Single Photon Detection, H. W. Li, B. E. Kardynał, P. See, A. J. Shields, P. Simmonds, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie Aug 2007

Quantum Dot Resonant Tunneling Diode For Telecommunication Wavelength Single Photon Detection, H. W. Li, B. E. Kardynał, P. See, A. J. Shields, P. Simmonds, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie

Paul J. Simmonds

The authors present a quantum dot (QD) based single photon detector operating at a fiber optic telecommunication wavelength. The detector is based on an AlAs/In0.53Ga0.47As/AlAs double-barrier resonant tunneling diode containing a layer of self-assembled InAs QDs grown on an InP substrate. The device shows an internal efficiency of about 6.3% with a dark count rate of 1.58 × 10−6 ns−1 for 1310 nm photons.


Growth By Molecular Beam Epitaxy Of Self-Assembled Inas Quantum Dots On Inalas And Ingaas Lattice-Matched To Inp, Paul J. Simmonds, H W. Li, H E. Beere, P See, A J. Shields, D A. Ritchie Apr 2007

Growth By Molecular Beam Epitaxy Of Self-Assembled Inas Quantum Dots On Inalas And Ingaas Lattice-Matched To Inp, Paul J. Simmonds, H W. Li, H E. Beere, P See, A J. Shields, D A. Ritchie

Paul J. Simmonds

The authors report the results of a detailed study of the effect of growth conditions, for molecular beam epitaxy, on the structural and optical properties of self-assembled InAs quantum dots (QDs) on In0.524Al0.476As. InAs QDs both buried in, and on top of, In0.524Al0.476As were analyzed using photoluminescence (PL) and atomic force microscopy. InAs QD morphology and peak PL emission wavelength both scale linearly with deposition thickness in monolayers (MLs). InAs deposition thickness can be used to tune QD PL wavelength by 170 nm/ML, over a range of ...


Bistable Operation Of A Two-Section 1.3-Mm Inas Quantum Dot Laser—Absorption Saturation And The Quantum Confined Stark Effect, Xiaodong Huang, A. Stintz, Hua Li, Audra Rice, G. T. Liu, L.F. Lester, Julian Cheng, K.J. Malloy Mar 2001

Bistable Operation Of A Two-Section 1.3-Mm Inas Quantum Dot Laser—Absorption Saturation And The Quantum Confined Stark Effect, Xiaodong Huang, A. Stintz, Hua Li, Audra Rice, G. T. Liu, L.F. Lester, Julian Cheng, K.J. Malloy

Faculty Publications

Room temperature, continuous-wave bistability was observed in oxide-confined, two-section, 1.3- m quantum-dot (QD) lasers with an integrated intracavity quantum-dot saturable absorber. The origin of the hysteresis and bistability were shown to be due to the nonlinear saturation of the QD absorption and the electroabsorption induced by the quantum confined Stark effect.