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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Insights Into The Power Law Relationships That Describe Mass Deposition Rates During Electrospinning, Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Simon Fullick, Mathieu Sellier, Mark P. Staiger Feb 2012

Insights Into The Power Law Relationships That Describe Mass Deposition Rates During Electrospinning, Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Simon Fullick, Mathieu Sellier, Mark P. Staiger

Jonathan J Stanger

This work explores how in electrospinning, mass deposition rate and electric current relate to applied voltage and electrode separation, factors give a range of applied electric fields. Mass deposition rate was measured by quantifying the rate of dry fibre deposited over time. Electric current was measured using a current feedback from the high voltage supply. The deposition of fibre was observed to occur at a constant rate for deposition times of up to 30 min. Both the mass deposition rate and electric current were found to vary with the applied voltage according to a power law. The relationship between the ...


Manipulation Of Electrospun Fibres In Flight: The Principle Of Superposition Of Electric Fields As A Control Method, Nurfaizey A. Hamid, Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Andrew Wallace, Mark P. Staiger Jan 2012

Manipulation Of Electrospun Fibres In Flight: The Principle Of Superposition Of Electric Fields As A Control Method, Nurfaizey A. Hamid, Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Andrew Wallace, Mark P. Staiger

Jonathan J Stanger

This study investigates the magnitude of movement of the area of deposition of electrospun fibres in response to an applied auxiliary electric field. The auxiliary field is generated by two pairs of rod electrodes positioned adjacent and parallel to the line of flight of the spun fibre. The changes in shape of the deposition area and the degree of movement of the deposition area are quantified by optical scanning and image analysis. A linear response was observed between the magnitude of movement of the deposition area and voltage difference between the auxiliary and deposition electrodes. A squeezing effect which changed ...


Effect Of Salts On The Electrospinning Of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol), Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Mark P. Staiger, Kerry Kirwan, Stuart Coles, Daniel Jacobs, Nigel Larsen Jan 2009

Effect Of Salts On The Electrospinning Of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol), Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Mark P. Staiger, Kerry Kirwan, Stuart Coles, Daniel Jacobs, Nigel Larsen

Jonathan J Stanger

Fibres with a diameter in the nanometer range were electrospun from aqueous poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH). In order to improve the mass deposition rate and decrease the final fibre diameter salts (NaCl, LiCl, LiBr and LiF) were added to the solution. The aim was to increase the charge density and hence increase the electrostatic forces on the fluid. It was found that with increasing salt concentration the charge density did increase. However the mass deposition rate was found to decrease and the final fibre diameter was found to increase. The decrease in mass deposition rate is explained by considering the ...


Effect Of Charge Density On The Taylor Cone In Electrospinning, Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Kerry Kirwan, Stuart Coles, Daniel Jacobs, Mark P. Staiger Jan 2009

Effect Of Charge Density On The Taylor Cone In Electrospinning, Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Kerry Kirwan, Stuart Coles, Daniel Jacobs, Mark P. Staiger

Jonathan J Stanger

A detailed understanding of charge density and its origins during the electrospinning process is desirable for developing new electrospinnable polymer-solvent systems and ensuring mathematical models of the process are accurate. In this work, two different approaches were taken to alter the charge density in order to measure its effect on the Taylor cone, mass deposition rate and initial jet diameter. It was found that an increase in charge density results in a decrease in the mass deposition rate and initial jet diameter. A theory is proposed for this behaviour in that an increase in charge density leads to the tip ...


The Effect Of Electrode Configuration And Substrate Material On The Mass Deposition Rate Of Electrospinning, Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Andrew Wallace, Nigel Larsen, Mark P. Staiger, Roger Reeves Jan 2009

The Effect Of Electrode Configuration And Substrate Material On The Mass Deposition Rate Of Electrospinning, Jonathan J. Stanger, Nick Tucker, Andrew Wallace, Nigel Larsen, Mark P. Staiger, Roger Reeves

Jonathan J Stanger

Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH) was electrospun using different methods to charge the polymer solution. A positive high voltage relative to the collecting electrode significantly increased the fibre deposition rate. Electron microscopy showed that approximately half of the increase in fibre mass was due to thicker fibres being deposited. The current flowing from the grounded electrode was measured to determine the charge carried on the PVOH jet. This showed that for a positive voltage charging condition there is a much larger current and hence more charge carriers generated in the PVOH solution. As a result, more mass is ejected from the ...


Dielectric Relaxation Behaviour Of Glycine In Acqueous Solution Medium In The Microwave Frequency Region, Ajaya Kumar Kavala Apr 2008

Dielectric Relaxation Behaviour Of Glycine In Acqueous Solution Medium In The Microwave Frequency Region, Ajaya Kumar Kavala

Mr Ajaya Kumar Kavala

No abstract provided.


Charge Transfer Mechanisms In Electrospinning, Jonathan J. Stanger Jan 2008

Charge Transfer Mechanisms In Electrospinning, Jonathan J. Stanger

Jonathan J Stanger

Electrospinning is a method of producing nano structured material from a polymer solution or melt using high strength electric fields. It is a process that has yet to find extensive industrial application yet shows promise if obstacles such as low rate of production overcome perhaps by more complete theoretical modelling. This work examines the effects of adding an ionic salt to a solution of poly(vinyl alcohol) in water. The direct effect was an increase the charge density and electric current. It was found that an increase in charge density decreases the mass deposition rate and forms a thinner initial ...